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The nuclear force in the S waves is attractive

TẢI GIÁO ÁN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8: THE SECOND 45 MINUTE TEST - GIÁO ÁN ĐIỆN TỬ MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8

TẢI GIÁO ÁN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8: THE SECOND 45 MINUTE TEST - GIÁO ÁN ĐIỆN TỬ MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8

The Organization is an educational force inside and outside the school, is a reserve force of Ho Chi Minh Communistic Youth Party, is a main force in children’s movement.. The [r]
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ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY: A PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH PART 14 PPTX

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY: A PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH PART 14 PPTX

The image charge distance b obeys a similar relation as was found for line charges and cylinders in Section 2.6.3. Now, however, the image charge magnitude does not equal the magnitude of the inducing charge because not all the lines of force terminate on the sphere. Some of the field lines
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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF WAVE FORCES ON VERTICAL BREAKWATER

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF WAVE FORCES ON VERTICAL BREAKWATER

In this study, a series of hydraulic model tests with regularirregular waves was carried out in a wave flume to investigate thewave forces acting on a compositetype breakwater. Waves in frontof the breakwater, wave pressures on the vertical wall and at thebottom of caisson were measured simultaneously. The maximumhorizontal force and uplift force were calculated and compared withGoda’s wave force theories. The results had shown that Goda’stheories offer higher safety factor. However, the measured upliftforce was smaller than Goda’s and nonzero at the landside end of thebottom which might be caused by the path of water flow in the porousmedia beneath the caisson. It also shows that the results fromdifferent irregular wave train with the same spectrum are different,and thus the effectiveness of conventional irregular wave tests withseveral repeats of the same wave train should be reconfirmed.
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Estimation of the crustal structure in Central Anatolia (Turkey) using receiver functions

Estimation of the crustal structure in Central Anatolia (Turkey) using receiver functions

The receiver function analysis method was used to determine the crustal structure in Central Anatolia, Turkey, by using teleseismic earthquake records. The method is based on the conversion of incident P waves into S waves reaching an interface in the crust or upper mantle and arrival of the converted wave to the station just after the direct P waves.
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ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY  A PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH PART 59 PPT

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY A PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH PART 59 PPT

11. We wish to compare various measurements between two observers, the second moving at a constant velocity vi, with respect to the first. (a) The first observer measures simultaneous events at two positions z and z 2 so that tL = lt. What is the time interval
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THERE ONCE WAS A CLASSICAL THEORY  INTRODUCTORY CLASSICAL MECHANICS  WITH PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS PDF

THERE ONCE WAS A CLASSICAL THEORY INTRODUCTORY CLASSICAL MECHANICS WITH PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS PDF

Conservation laws are extremely important in physics. They are enormously helpful, both quantitatively and qualitatively, in figuring out what is going on in a physical system. When we say that something is “conserved”, we mean that it is constant over time. If a certain quantity is conserved, for example, while a ball rolls around on a hill, or while a group of particles interact, then the possible final motions are greatly restricted. If we can write down enough conserved quantities (which we are generally able to do, at least for the problems in this book), then we can restrict the final motions down to just one possibility, and so we have solved our problem. Conservation of energy and momentum are two of the main conservation laws in physics. A third, conservation of angular momentum, is discussed in Chapters 6-8. It should be noted that it is not necessary to use conservation of energy and momentum when solving a problem. We will derive these conservation laws from Newton’s laws. Therefore, if you felt like it, you could always simply start with first principles and use F = ma , etc. You would, however, soon grow weary of this approach. The point of conservation laws is that they make your life easier, and they provide a means for getting a good idea of the overall behavior of a given system.
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SAT II PHYSICS  SN  EPISODE 1 PART 5 POTX

SAT II PHYSICS SN EPISODE 1 PART 5 POTX

A system oscillates as a way of giving off energy. A system that is thrown off-kilter has more energy than a system in its equilibrium position. To take the simple example of a spring, a stretched-out spring will start to move as soon as you let go of it: that motion is evidence of kinetic energy that the spring lacks in its equilibrium position. Because of the law of conservation of energy, a stretched-out spring cannot simply return to its equilibrium position; it must release some energy in order to do so. Usually, this energy is released as thermal energy caused by friction, but there are plenty of interesting exceptions. For instance, a plucked guitar string releases sound energy: the music we hear is the result of the string returning to its equilibrium position.
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TWELVE LEAD ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY   PART 5 PPS

TWELVE LEAD ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY PART 5 PPS

If the aneurysm is very large, as in the patient whose ECG is shown in Figure 9.17, the ST elevation may even extend into the lateral and inferior walls. A clue to the age of the infarction shown in Figure 9.17, however, is that there is no reciprocal depression. The absence of reciprocal depression is characteristic of old infarctions that demonstrate persistent ST eleva- tion. When there is a question of whether an ECG infarction pattern is new or old, the presence of reciprocal depression lends strong support to the con- clusion that the infarction is acute. Conversely, the absence of reciprocal depression should raise the question in the reader’s mind of whether observed ST elevation may actually represent ventricular aneurysm as the result of a remote infarction. The best way to deal with the question of age is to always compare the current tracing with a previous one on file and to lay heavy emphasis on correlation of the current ECG with the clinical picture.
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THERMODYNAMICS INTERACTION STUDIES SOLIDS  LIQUIDS AND GASES 2011 PART 9 PPTX

THERMODYNAMICS INTERACTION STUDIES SOLIDS LIQUIDS AND GASES 2011 PART 9 PPTX

Another application in this field is the coating of metal–metal gaskets in the high- and ultrahigh-pressure stop and control valves. In addition to intense corrosion, abrasion and erosion wear, the working surfaces of ball cocks and dampers are subject of seizing under high pressure; W–C-coatings prevent the seizure. An important advantage of the carbide coatings is their accessibility for the quality of surface polishing, due to the initial smooth morphology. The examples mentioned above relate not only to oil and gas but also to chemical industry. The W–C-coatings are promising for working in contact with hydrogen- sulfide-rich oil, acids, molten metals, as well as chemically aggressive gases. Due to their high wear and corrosion resistance, these coatings can be use instead of hard chromium. The abrasion mass extrusion and the metal shape draft require expensive extrusion tools; the product price depends on the working surface quality and life time. The extrusion tools must often have sophisticated shape inappropriate for coating with PVD or PACVD methods. Therefore, W–C-coating prepared by a thermal CVD-method is promising in strengthening these tools. Strengthening of spinneret for drawing wires or complicated section of steel, copper, matrices for aluminum extrusion, ceramic honeycomb structures for the porous substrate of catalytic carriers may give the same effect. Also, very perspective is the deposition of strengthening coatings onto components of equipment for the pressing of powdered abrasion materials. One may also mention the strengthening of knife blade used for cutting paper, cardboard, leather, polyethylene, wood, etc [38].
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PHASE TRANSITION IN ASYMMETRIC NUCLEAR MATTER IN ONE-LOOP APPROXIMATION

PHASE TRANSITION IN ASYMMETRIC NUCLEAR MATTER IN ONE-LOOP APPROXIMATION

The equations of state (EoS) of asymmetric nuclear matter (ANM) starting from the effective potential in a one-loop approximation is investigated. The numerical computation showed that chiral symmetry is restored asymptotically at high nuclear density and liquid-gas phase transition in asymmetric nuclear matter is first-order.
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SAT II PHYSICS  GARY GRAFF  EPISODE 1 PART 4 PPSX

SAT II PHYSICS GARY GRAFF EPISODE 1 PART 4 PPSX

NEWTON’S LAWS OF MOTION Unbalanced forces are the cause of motion. This can be seen by taking a walk and watching any objects that are not moving. A stone on the ground, a flowerpot on a window ledge, or a hat on someone’s head all remain where they rest unless something happens. What exactly must happen? Sir Isaac Newton applied his attention to that same question almost 400 years ago. The result was Newton’s Laws of Motion. The first Law of Motion as expressed by Sir Isaac has come to be known as the Law of Inertia.
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ENGINEERING MECHANICS   STATICS EPISODE 1 PART 4 PPSX

ENGINEERING MECHANICS STATICS EPISODE 1 PART 4 PPSX

Problem 2-136 The leg is held in position by the quadriceps AB , which is attached to the pelvis at A . If the force exerted on this muscle by the pelvis is F, in the direction shown, determine the stabilizing force component acting along the positive y axis and the supporting force component acting along the negative x axis.
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TÀI LIỆU PHYSICS EXERCISES SOLUTION  CHAPTER 04 PDF

TÀI LIỆU PHYSICS EXERCISES SOLUTION CHAPTER 04 PDF

(b) Since there is no horizontal force opposing F , any value of F , no matter how small, will cause the crates to accelerate to the right. The weight of the two crates acts at a right angle to the horizontal, and is in any case balanced by the upward force of the surface on them.
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WAVE PROPAGATION PART 10 POTX

WAVE PROPAGATION PART 10 POTX

First of all, in this section, we briefly review the historical perspective of the electromagnetic waves in plasmas, and we point out the reasons why the concept of electromagnetic media composed of plasmas and their discontinuities is focused on in this chapter. Electromagnetic waves in magnetized plasmas have been well investigated for more than half century, aiming at ultimate goals of controlled fusion plasmas for energy production and space plasmas for launching human beings using spacecrafts. In a magnetized plasma, various kinds of wave branches are present from low to high frequency ranges, and change of the external magnetic field induces “walk” on the dispersion curves in a “zoo” of plasma waves. Sometimes a branch leads to another totally-different branch; that is called mode conversion (Stix, 1962; Swanson, 1989). These waves can be launched from the outer side of the plasma, but there are also many inherent waves found as magnetohydrodynamic and micro instabilities (Swanson, 1989; Nishikawa & Wakatani, 1990). Other characteristic features of plasma waves are their nonlinearity; shock waves, solitons, and nonlinear mode conversion originate from the aspects of high-energy-state substance (Swanson 1989). The main focus in this chapter is different from such conventional scientific interests.
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Advances in Haptics Part 14 pot

Advances in Haptics Part 14 pot

Fig. 6. The staircases of the applied forces. ( no : N; yes : Y) The average velocity is used because the subject stops at the end of the bar and moves towards the other side of the bar in the 2D VE, as shown Figure 2. If the velocity at each instant in time is used, then the ball’s colour would turn to yellow at the end of the bar, and the subject might inadvertently apply extra force. This can distract the subject and affect the process of measuring the force JNDs. Thus, the mean velocity value is used as it does not change rapidly when the subject stops at the end of the bar, and the ball’s colour does not turn to yellow. The staircase method, which is explained in Section 3.1.3, is used to measure the force JNDs. In the middle of each trial, the experimenter applies a certain amount of either opposed or aid force to the subject’s hand motion based on the staircase procedure. Each subject is asked to report any changes in the haptic sensations on their hand during each trial. Before applying the force, the experimenter ensures that each subject maintained the hand velocity within the reference range. The procedure is finished when 12 transition points are obtained. Therefore, the number of trials is variable. As a results, the duration of experiment is variable, and one experiment typically takes from 15 to 25 minutes. Twelve transition points are recorded and the force JND value is the average value of the transition points.
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Handbook of algorithms for physical design automation part 37 doc

Handbook of algorithms for physical design automation part 37 doc

18.1 INTRODUCTION Force-directed methods have been studied over the past four decades as a means of placing cells. These methods employ forces to move cells into positions of shorter wirelength or smaller delay. The use of forces was borne out of the physical analogy with Hooke’s law in which cells connected by nets can be viewed as exerting attractive spring forces on one another. If the cells in such a system could move freely, they would move in the direction of their forces until the system achieved equilibrium at a minimum energy state. Unfortunately, a minimum energy placement is most often not valid as cells have physical dimensions that are ignored in the spring analogy. Consequently, additional repulsive forces are applied to perturb the cell positions and remove overlap. Force-directed methods, in general, purge cell overlap over many placement iterations, while trading off attractive and repulsive forces to achieve a placement in which cells are placed with little overlap. For example, the progress made by a force-directed placer on circuit IBM04 from the ICCAD04 mixed-size placement benchmark suite [1] is illustrated in Figure 18.1.
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Fundamentals of Structural Analysis Episode 2 Part 5 pdf

Fundamentals of Structural Analysis Episode 2 Part 5 pdf

1. Introduction The present text covers mainly the two major methods of linear structural analysis, the force method and the displacement method under static loads. There are other topics either within the realm of linear static analysis or beyond, that are fundamental to structural analysis. We will briefly touch on these topics and outline the relevant issues and encourage readers to study in more depth in another course of structural engineering or through self-study.
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Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11   lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster

Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11 lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster

Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11 lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11 lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11 lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11 lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11 lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster Radioactivity in the environment chapter 11 lessons from the fukushima daiichi nuclear disaster
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On shallow water waves in a medium with time-dependent dispersion and nonlinearity coefficients

On shallow water waves in a medium with time-dependent dispersion and nonlinearity coefficients

In this paper, we studied the progression of shallow water waves relevant to the variable coefficient Korteweg–de Vries (vcKdV) equation. We investigated two kinds of cases: when the dispersion and nonlinearity coefficients are proportional, and when they are not linearly dependent. In the first case, it was shown that the progressive waves have some geometric structures as in the case of KdV equation with constant coefficients but the waves travel with time dependent speed. In the second case, the wave structure is maintained when the nonlinearity balances the dispersion. Otherwise, water waves collapse. The objectives of the study are to find a wide class of exact solutions by using the extended unified method and to present a new algorithm for treating the coupled nonlinear PDE’s.
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SCIENCE REASON ENGLISH 6 DOC

SCIENCE REASON ENGLISH 6 DOC

4. f. The question could be answered by going back to the passage. Rock candy is made by first com- pletely dissolving the excess sugar, at a high temperature, then slowly cooling to room temperature. Choices g , h , and j don’t describe heating, followed by slow cooling. 5. d. You can solve this problem by drawing a line through the 45 degree Celsius mark. It intersects the solubility curve at about 250 g of solute per 100 g of solvent. In order for a solution to be supersatu- rated, the amount of sugar has to exceed solubility. Therefore, a total of more than 250 g is necessary. If a solution already contains 50 g of sugar, more than 200 grams are required.
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HIGH VOLTAGE XLPE CABLE SYSTEMS TECHNICAL USER GUIDE PHẦN 2 PDF

HIGH VOLTAGE XLPE CABLE SYSTEMS TECHNICAL USER GUIDE PHẦN 2 PDF

In addition to the above mentioned, the short- circuit current capacity of metallic sheaths depends on their layout. The short-circuit current capacity is different for tubular sheats and wire screens, but generally the total short-circuit current capacity of a metallic sheath is the sum of the capacity of its components.
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Algebra-Based College Physics: Part II: Electricity to Nuclear Physics - eBooks and textbooks from bookboon.com
Eksteen, Elriena (bookboon.com, 2012)

Algebra-Based College Physics: Part II: Electricity to Nuclear Physics - eBooks and textbooks from bookboon.com Eksteen, Elriena (bookboon.com, 2012)

Discussion: This wavelength of the electron is comparable to the spacing of atoms in crystals. Thus, crystals can be used to probe the wave-nature of electrons [Davisson-Germer experiment]. Electrons show all phenomena associated with waves, particularly diffraction and interference. The underlying physics was discovered by Schrödinger, Heisenberg, Bohr, and Born [among many others] during the first two decades at the beginning of the 20th-century. A discussion is however outside the scope of introductory physics. In the following example, we study standing waves of electrons. Recall that standing waves are generated by the superposition of an incoming and reflected waves. An electron is contained in a box of length a . The possible wavelengths follow from the condition that the amplitude is zero at the boundaries: nλ/ 2 = a so that
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Vietnam’s Private Sector after Ten Years of the Country’s WTO Membership

Vietnam’s Private Sector after Ten Years of the Country’s WTO Membership

The development of private sector can be seen as one of the positive and important results of Vietnam’s offi cial accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2007. The sector has become a signifi cant force contributing to economic growth and international economic integration, which is a major driving force of the Vietnamese economy. This paper evaluates the development of private sector enterprises after 10 years of Vietnam’s WTO membership and the challenges to their role as an important and fundamental driving force of economic growth and development in Vietnam, especially in the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
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VOLUME 18   FRICTION  LUBRICATION  AND WEAR TECHNOLOGY PART 1 PPT

VOLUME 18 FRICTION LUBRICATION AND WEAR TECHNOLOGY PART 1 PPT

Somewhat more refined models of surface topography and of the deformation model have been proposed (Ref 24), as has a slightly different plasticity index (Ref 25). These are relatively minor improvements and have been omitted from this discussion for the sake of simplicity. The effect of friction on the deformation process for idealized single-asperity contact has been described by Johnson (Ref 21) for the case of a two-dimensional asperity (a wedge), which lends itself to slip-line field analysis. The nature of the deformation under a blunt wedge depends on the interface friction between the wedge face and the surface of the metal (see Fig. 11 for a rigid, perfectly plastic material). If the friction is large, a cap of restrained material that does not flow plastically will form below the tip of the wedge. If the friction is zero, no such cap develops and the metal deformation takes place in a narrower zone around the indentation. If the wedge is made to move across the metal surface, it will initially dig deeper into the counterface, because the load will have to be supported on one side only. This is equivalent to the junction growth discussed above. Eventually, the wedge will return to the surface level, riding on its own "bow wave" and pushing a prow of plastically deformed material ahead of it. When the interface friction is high (perfect adhesion), the overall coefficient of friction approaches 1. If the adhesion is zero, pure plowing takes place. The wedge does not dig into the surface as deeply, and the final "bow wave" is much smaller (Fig. 12). In this case, the final friction is cot , where is the wedge half-angle.
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TÀI LIỆU THE MIDDLE EAST DOC

TÀI LIỆU THE MIDDLE EAST DOC

allied with the United States. In addition, several participants noted, Iran’s acquisition of nuclear weapons could stimulate other states in the region, especially Egypt and Saudi Arabia, to seek a nuclear option. Russia’s role was also discussed. Russia, one participant argued, is tired of Iranian cheating. At the same time, it considers Iran a strategic partner in the region and part of a “Rising Asia,” which also includes India and China. It is also unclear whether all the past Russian deals with Iran have already surfaced. But another participant pointed out that Russia’s position has evolved. In the l990s, Russia had been a major proliferator. Today, Moscow says it would take Iran before the UN Security Council. Others, however, doubted whether Russia would really do this. Both China and Russia, it was pointed out, have shielded Iran at the NPT conference. The reality test will come if and when the dossier is submitted to the UN in New York.
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PRACTISE TEST FROM UNIT 9 TO UNIT 16

PRACTISE TEST FROM UNIT 9 TO UNIT 16

Next year, I’m going to try the London Marathon. It’s hard race 26 miles, or 42 kilometres- and you have to be tough to finish, but I very much want to do it. I worry a bit about getting too old, and I’d like to prove to myself that I’m still almost as fit as I was twenty years old. I’m interested in mountaineering s well as running. I’ll never become an except climber, but I know what I’m doing in the mountains. I successfully completed a course in snow and ice climbing when I was younger; and I’ve done a series of easy climbs in the Alps during the last few years. My wife doesn’t share my interest in mountains. She agreed to go climbing with me once, but she found that she felt ill as soon as she got above 1,000 metres.
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BT THỰC HÀNH 11 CTC  HKII

BT THỰC HÀNH 11 CTC HKII

In the near, people in the developing countries may use wind or sea waves as the environment-friendly energy sources.. What is the role of energy to human beings.[r]
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HEAT TRANSFER HANDBOOK PART 119 PPT

HEAT TRANSFER HANDBOOK PART 119 PPT

16.1 INTRODUCTION 16.1.1 Heat Pipe Basics Capillary-driven two-phase systems offer significant advantages over traditional single-phase systems. With the typically increased thermal capacity associated with the phase change ofa working fluid, considerably smaller mass flow rates are re- quired to transport equivalent amounts than in single-phase liquid or gas systems for a given temperature range. Moreover, heat transfer coefficients of two-phase sys- tems are much greater than in single-phase flows and result in enhanced heat transfer. Lower mass flow rates and enhanced thermal characteristics provide the benefits of smaller system size (and weight) while providing increased performance. The thermal capacity ofa single-phase system depends on the temperature change ofthe work- ing fluid; thus, a large temperature gradient or a high mass flow rate is required to transfer a large amount of heat. However, a two-phase system can provide essentially isothermal operation regardless ofvariations in the heat load. Additionally, single- phase systems require the use ofmechanical pumps and fans to circulate the working fluid, while capillary-driven two-phase systems have no external power requirements, which make such systems more reliable and free of vibration.
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Advances and innovations in nuclear decommissioning3   the cultural aspects of decommissioning

Advances and innovations in nuclear decommissioning3 the cultural aspects of decommissioning

Advances and innovations in nuclear decommissioning3 the cultural aspects of decommissioning Advances and innovations in nuclear decommissioning3 the cultural aspects of decommissioning Advances and innovations in nuclear decommissioning3 the cultural aspects of decommissioning Advances and innovations in nuclear decommissioning3 the cultural aspects of decommissioning Advances and innovations in nuclear decommissioning3 the cultural aspects of decommissioning
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 OCEAN MODELLING FOR BEGINNERS PHẦN 4 PPTX

OCEAN MODELLING FOR BEGINNERS PHẦN 4 PPTX

At location X = x = 0 and Y = y = 5 km, a disturbance is introduced such that the flui parcel obtains a relative speed of u o = 0.5 m/s and v o = 0.5 m/s. In the f xed coordinate frame, the initial velocity is U o = 0.864 m/s and V o = 0.5 m/s. The results show that the resultant path of the flui parcel is elliptical (Fig. 3.16). With a closer inspection of selected snapshots of the animation (Fig. 3.17), we can also see that the flui parcel comes closest to the rim of the tank twice during one full revolution of the flui tank. This finding which is simply the result of the elliptical path, is the important clue to understand why so-called inertial oscilla- tions, described below, have periods half that associated with the rotating coordinate
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TÀI LIỆU ÔN TẬP CHO HỌC SINH HỌC TẬP TẠI NHÀ TRONG THỜI GIAN NGHỈ HỌC PHÒNG DỊCH BỆNH VIÊM ĐƯỜNG HÔ HẤP CẤP DO CHỦNG MỚI CỦA

TÀI LIỆU ÔN TẬP CHO HỌC SINH HỌC TẬP TẠI NHÀ TRONG THỜI GIAN NGHỈ HỌC PHÒNG DỊCH BỆNH VIÊM ĐƯỜNG HÔ HẤP CẤP DO CHỦNG MỚI CỦA

1.People throw rubbish in the street.The street doesn’t look attractive.. EX: If people didn’t throw rubbish in the street, it would look attractive.[r]
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SEDIMENT TRANSPORT – FLOW PROCESSES AND MORPHOLOGY pdf

SEDIMENT TRANSPORT – FLOW PROCESSES AND MORPHOLOGY pdf

2. Coherent structure of flow over the bed Analysis of the turbulence characteristics is based on the concept of the bursting phenomenon which was initially introduced by Kline et al. (1967) as a means of describing the transfer of momentum between the turbulent and laminar regions near a boundary. They defined bursting process as; Sweep event ( ' 0, ' 0 u  v  ); Ejection event ( ' 0, ' 0 u  v  ); Outward interaction event ( ' 0, ' 0 u  v  ); and Inward interaction event ( ' 0, ' 0 u  v  ) (Figure 1). The four bursting events have been identified having different effects on the mode and rate of sediment transport (Bridge and Bennett 1992). Particle entrainment from the bed is closely correlated to the sweep event (Thorne et al. 1989; Nelson et al. 1995; Drake et al. 1988; Nakagwa and Nezu 1978; Grass 1971 and Keshavarzi and Ball 1997, 1999). Also the contribution of sweep and ejection events has been found to be more important than outward and inward interactions. Furthermore, sweep and ejection events occur more frequently than outward and inward interactions (Nakagwa and Nezu 1978; Thorne et al. 1989; Keshavarzi and Ball 1997). In addition to the above characteristics, the average magnitude of the shear stress during sweep event being much higher than the time averaged shear stress (Keshavarzi and Ball 1997). A number of studies, for example, Offen and Kline (1975) and Papanicolaou et al. (2002) investigated the characteristics of the bursting process and its effect on particle motion. Consideration of this research led Yen (2002) to point out the necessity to incorporate the bursting process into the modelling of turbulent flow and sediment transport. Jafari Mianaei and Keshavarzi (2008, 2009) found that at the stoss side of ripples, ejection and sweep events and at the lee side of the ripple outward interaction and inward interaction events were dominant. The studies by Ojha and Mazumder (2008) showed that the ratio of shear stress for sweep and ejection events along the dunes varied in an oscillatory pattern at the near bed region, whereas such patterns disappear towards the outer flow. Also they found that along the dune length, sweep events contribute to shear stress generation more than other events. Termini and Sammartano (2009) investigated the effects of the variation of bed roughness conditions on the vertical distributions frequency of the occurrence of ejection and sweep events and concluded that the occurrence of sweep events increases as the bed roughness increases.
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ENGINEERING MECHANICS   STATICS EPISODE 2 PART 8 PDF

ENGINEERING MECHANICS STATICS EPISODE 2 PART 8 PDF

The beam has depth a and is subjected to a uniform distributed loading w which acts at an angle θ from the vertical as shown. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and moment in the beam as a function of x. Hint:The moment loading is to be determined from a point along the centerline of the beam (x axis).
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Wave Propagation 2010 Part 15 pdf

Wave Propagation 2010 Part 15 pdf

based on the simulations on the photonic band diagrams and the transmission spectra, by which we can identify three different types of PBGs. In particular, it is shown that “magnetic surface plasmon” (MSP) resonance induced PBGs can be completely tunable by an EMF and robust against position and size disorder of the ferrite rods. In the second part, we develop an effective-medium theory (EMT) within the coherent potential approximation, which is specially suitable to retrieve the effective constitutive parameters of the anisotropic MM. In addition, we demonstrate a construction of negative index metamaterial (NIM) based on MM, which possesses effective constitutive parameters ε eff = μ eff = −1 and the magnetically tunable working frequency. In the third part, we propose and conceptualize an alternative type of graded PC, MGPC. With the MGPC, we can also mold the flow of EM wave, resulting in the focusing effect and the mirage effect for an TM Gaussian beam. In fourth part, we examine the reflection behavior of an EM waves from an MM slab. It is demonstrated that at some frequency the reflected wave is found to exhibit a giant circulation in that locally the angular momenta of the components are all of the same sign due to the MSP resonance and the broken of time reversal symmetry (TRS). As a result of this finite circulation, a dramatic change is exhibited for beams incident from different directions.
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Summary of Doctoral thesis on Law: National responsibility for ensuring nuclear safety in accordance with international law, practice in some countries, and lessons learned for Vietnam

Summary of Doctoral thesis on Law: National responsibility for ensuring nuclear safety in accordance with international law, practice in some countries, and lessons learned for Vietnam

The purpose of the study is to clarify the theoretical and practical issues of national responsibility for ensuring nuclear safety through in-depth and comprehensive study of the rules of international law executed in some typical countries in the world. On that basis, recommendations are made to improve the law on national responsibility for ensuring nuclear safety in Vietnam.
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MODELLING OF MECHANICAL SYSTEM VOLUME 2 EPISODE 6 PPSX

MODELLING OF MECHANICAL SYSTEM VOLUME 2 EPISODE 6 PPSX

Modal analysis methods 217 Finally, it may be also of interest to complete the theoretical results concerning buckling by two numerical examples to illustrate the practical importance of such problems. Let us consider first a cantilevered steel beam of length 1 m and square cross-sectional area 1 cm 2 which is erected vertically and loaded axially at its free end by a mass M much larger than the beam mass ( m b = 0.8 kg). The critical load is found to be nearly equal to 411 N that is, M = 40 kg in the terrestrial gravity field. In the second example, the same beam is provided with clamped-clamped end supports and its temperature is T0 . The critical load for buckling is found to be four times the value for a clamped-sliding beam and is equal here to 6900 N. This result can be derived from the preceding one by noticing that the deflection of the clamped- clamped beam can be deduced from that of the clamped-sliding beam through a symmetry about the sliding cross-sectional plane. On the other hand, by using the results established in Chapter 2, section 2.3, it is seen that the critical buckling load can be reached by increasing the initial beam temperature by 27 ◦ C, provided a thermal dilatation coefficient of 12 − 6 / ◦ C is assumed. Going a step further, it can be noted that thermal buckling does not necessarily lead to catastrophic failure, because bending induces an axial tension – via the geometrical nonlinearities shortly discussed in Chapter 2 subsection 2.2.4.7, example 4, which tends to alleviate the thermal compressive load. The amount of axial strain which is necessary to relax entirely the thermal stress turns out to be very small ε = α θ c ∼ = 3.310 − 4 ; so if the temperature increase is still insufficient to induce plastic deformation, the beam recovers its original shape when the temperature decreases again to its initial value.
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BÀI TẬP TÌM LỖI SAI – SỐ 1 DOCX

BÀI TẬP TÌM LỖI SAI – SỐ 1 DOCX

From the monitoring of earthquake waves it is evidence that the Earth's outer core is A B C liquid, whereas the inner core is solid.. Alike all other mammals, dolphins have lungs.[r]
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ÔN TẬP THEO UNIT 9

ÔN TẬP THEO UNIT 9

Ôn tập theo unit 9 I. Choose A, B, C, D to complete the following sentences (3ms). 1. Ninety percent of ………… occur around the Pacific Rim. a. volcano b. volcanoes c. earthquakes d. earthquake 2. In ………. a huge earthquake struck the city of Kobe in Japan.
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GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LAW 3RD EDITION VOLUME 1 P37 DOC

GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LAW 3RD EDITION VOLUME 1 P37 DOC

The government petitioned the court for a rehearing on whether the three-judge panel had exceeded its authority. The full court of appeals vacated the decision of the panel and ordered a rehearing before the full court on the constitu- tionality question. In November 1994, the full court reversed the decision of the three-judge panel and held that Steffan ’ s dismissal did not violate the Constitution. The court said that the Navy ’ s ban on homosexuals, like its height or eyesight requirements, did have a rational basis. The court also dismissed Steffan ’ s argument that the ban punished status rather than conduct. Judge Laurence H. Silberman, writing for the majority, said, “ Steffan ’ s claim that the Government cannot rationally infer that one who states he or she is gay or lesbian is a practicing homosexual, or is at least likely to engage in homosexual acts, is so strained a constitutional argument as to amount to a basic attack on the policy itself ” ( Steffan v. Perry, 41 F.3d 677, 693 [ D.C. Cir. 1994 ] ). In an impas- sioned dissent, Judge PATRICIA M . WALD wrote, “ In years to come, we will look back with dismay at these unconstitutional attempts to enforce silence upon individuals of homosexual orien- tation, in the military and out. Pragmatism should not be allowed to trump principle, or the soul of a nation will wither ” (41 F.3d 677, 721). In January 1995 Steffan announced that for tactical reasons he would not appeal the decision to the Supreme Court. Steffan ’ s case was brought under the old policy, and he and his attorneys felt that the best case to have the Supreme Court address was one involving the new policy, which they believed was more vulnerable to constitu- tional attack. After his discharge from the naval academy, Steffan became a lawyer.
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ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES PART 9 PPT

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES PART 9 PPT

Monitoring of 7 Be in ground level air in the Institute Vinca started in 1991. Average monthly concentrations of 7 Be in air up to 2006 were in the range of 2.0-7.0 mBq/m 3 and exhibited one/two maxima in summer/early autumn and a minimum in winter (Fig.4), corresponding to the values measured in Europe and elsewhere (Gaffney et al., 1994; Groundsel & Postendurfen, 2004; Hernandez et al., 2005; Ioanidou & Papastefanou, 1997; Iskihawa et al., 1995). The maxima were correlated with the increment of temperature, while the minimums were linearly correlated with precipitation. Sharp increase of 7 Be concentrations in air in 2001 and 2003 was probably due to increased stratosphere-to-troposphere exchange (Hernadez et al., 2005; Todorovic et al., 1997; Todorovic et al., 2000; Todorovic et al., 2005). Concentrations of 137 Cs in air in the same period were in the range of 0.1 - 8.5 x 10 -5 Bq/m 3 with a maximum in spring/summers and one in winter due to local resuspension effects (Fig.5). We should note that since 1989, 137 Cs concentrations were decreasing and in 1998 obtained the level before the Chernobyl accident (Todorovic et al., 2005; Todorovic et al., 2007). Activity of 210 Pb in ground level air has been measured since 1985 and was in the range of 0.1 – 31.7x10 -4 Bq/m 3 , with a maximum in early/late autumns (Fig.6) (Todorovic et al., 1997; Todorovic et al., 1999; Todorovic et al., 2000; Todorovic et al., 2002; Todorovic et al., 2005). This corresponds to the values reported by other authors (Arimoto et al., 1999; Duenas et al., 2004; Gaffney et al., 1994; Ionadiou & Papastefanou, 1997). Higher values of 210 Pb measured in Belgrade air in some periods are probably due to the anthropogenic sources (heavy traffic run by leaded gasoline and city heating plants run by crude oil and coal). The maxima are due to increased radon emanation from soils (Todorovic et al, 2005).
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