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Câu 38: According to the passage, the sources of fossil fuels will have to be replaced because___.. they need to be transported B.[r] (1)SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN (ĐỀ LUYỆN 195) ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015 MÔN THI: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian: 90 phút PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM: (8 điểm) Question to 5: Read the passage and choose the correct answer Identify your choice by marking A, B, C or D on the answer sheet History books recorded that the first film with sound was The Jazz Singer in 1927 But sound films, or talkies, did not suddenly appear after years of silent screenings From the earliest public performances in 1896, films were accompanied by music and sound effects These were produced by a single pianist, a small band, or a full – scale orchestra; large movie theatres could buy sound effect machines Research into sound that was reproduced at exactly at the same time as the pictures – called “synchronized sound” – began soon after the very first films were shown With synchronized sound, characters on the movie screen could sing and speak As early as 1896, the newly invented gramophone, which played a large disc carrying music and dialogue, was used as a sound system The biggest disadvantage was that the sound and pictures could become unsynchronized if, for example, the gramophone needle jumped or if the speed of the projector changed This system was only effective for a single song or dialogue sequence In the “sound-on-film” system, sound was recorded as a series of marks on celluloid which could be read by an optical sensor These signals would be placed on the film alongside the image, guaranteeing synchronization Short feature films were produced in this way as early as 1922 This system eventually brought us “talking picture” Câu 1: It can be inferred that A sound-effects machines were not common because they were expensive B gramophones were developed about the same time as moving pictures C most movie theatres had a pianist D orchestra couldn’t synchronize sound with the pictures Câu 2: The word “sequence” is closest in meaning to A organization B distribution C interpretation D progression Câu 3: The word “screenings” is closest in meaning to _ A projections B demonstrations C revelations D diversions Câu 4: The passage is mainly about the A research into sound reproduction B development of sound with movies C history of silent movies D disadvantages of synchronized sound Câu 5: According to the passage, sound-on-film guaranteed synchronization because the recording was _ A read by an optical sensor B marked on the gramophone C made during the film of the picture D inserted beside the image on the film Question to 10: Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined part of the sentence Identify your choice by marking A, B, C or D on your answer sheet Câu 6: Women liberated from child care can pursue their own interests A leisure with B burdened with C having fun with D freed from Câu 7: I have to take up my dress I step on it all the time A shorten B make it longer C embellish D try on Câu 8: Lee doesn’t like conventional dressing She prefers something modern and shocking A new B old C social D traditional Câu 9: The film is not worth seeing The plot is too dull A simple B complicated C boring D slow Câu 10: I had a row with my boss and had to quit the job A quarreled B debated C ignored D discussed Question 11 to 20: Choose the best answers to fill in the blanks Identify your choice by marking A, B, C or D on your answer sheet The expression on your face can actually dramatically alter your feelings and perceptions, and it has been proved that (11) smiling or frowning can create corresponding emotional responses The idea was first (12) by a French physiologist, Israel Way Baum, in 1906 He believed that different facial (13) affected the flow of blood to the brain, and that this could create positive or negative feelings A happy smile or irrepressible (14) _ increased the blood flow and contributed to joyful feelings But sad, angry (2) expressions decreased the flow of oxygen-carrying blood, and created a vicious circle of gloom and depression by effectively starving the brain of essential fuel Psychologist Robert Zajonc rediscovered this early (15) , and suggests that the temperature of the brain could affect the production and synthesis of neurotransmitters ─ which definitely influence our moods and energy levels He argues that an impaired blood flow could not (16) _ deprive the brain of oxygen, but create further chemical imbalance (17) inhibiting these vital hormonal messages Zajonc goes on to propose that our brains remember that smiling is associated with being happy, and that by deliberately smiling through your tears you can (18) _ your brain to release uplifting neurotransmitters — replacing a depressed condition (19) a happier one People suffering from psychosomatic illness depression and anxiety states could (20) from simply exercising their zygomatic muscles which pull the corners of the mouth up and back to form a smile — several times an hour Câu 11: A desperately B determinedly C deliberately D decidedly Câu 12: A put off B put down C put by D put forward Câu 13: A aspects B looks C expressions D appearances Câu 14: A laughter B sadness C humour D depression Câu 15: A result B subject C research D experiment Câu 16: A even B only C ever D always Câu 17: A by B without C when D from Câu 18: A make B persuade C allow D decide Câu 19: A through B by C after D with Câu 20: A recover B improve C benefit D progress Question 21 to 30: Choose the sentence that is similar in meaning to the one given Identify your choice by marking A, B, C or D on the answer sheet Câu 21: Kate works for an organization which collects money to help orphans A The organization which Kate works for collects money to help orphans B The organization where Kate works for collects money to help orphans C The organization for that Kate works collects money to help orphans D Money of orphans is collected in the organization where Kate works Câu 22: Lin’s success took us all by surprise A Lin was successful, which surprised all of us B We took all of Lin’s successes surprisingly C We were taken aback by all of Lin’s successes D Lin’s success was surprised to all of us Câu 23: I no longer speak to my neighbour since our quarrel A Before our quarrel, I spoke longer to my neighbour than now B I stopped speaking to my neighbour since our quarrel C I have spoken long to my neighbour since our quarrel D I have longed for speaking to my neighbour since our quarrel Câu 24: The Minister said that he had not done anything improper A The Minister denied that he would anything improper C The Minister denied doing anything improper B The Minister refused to have done anything improper D The Minister refused to anything improper Câu 25: Sue is too slow to understand what you might say A What you might say, Sue can understand slowly B Sue is not enough quick to understand what you might say C Sue is so slow to understand what you might say D So slow is Sue that she can’t understand what you might say Câu 26: Fiona goes to the theatre once in a blue moon A Fiona goes to the theatre only once a month B Fiona occasionally goes to the theatre C Fiona goes to the theatre when the blue moon is on D Fiona goes to the theatre when the moon is full Câu 27: It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car A The man is believed to have been escaped in a stolen car B The man is believed to be escaped in a stolen car C The man is believed to have escaped in a stolen car D The man is believed to escape in a stolen car (3) Câu 28: Optimistic as Jack is, he cannot bear to learn the truth A Jack cannot bear to learn the truth because he is so optimistic B Despite Jack’s optimism, he cannot bear to learn the truth C Learning the truth is not what Jack can optimistically bear D Jack is optimistic and cannot bear to learn the truth Câu 29: Soon after they sold their house, they were offered a better price for it A No sooner had they sold their house and they were offered a better price for it B No sooner they sold their house were they offered a better price for it C They had no sooner sold their house than they were offered a better price for it D They were offered a better price for their house, and they sold it Câu 30: The accused couldn’t convince the jury of his innocence A The accused did not manage to convince the jury of his innocence B The accused did not succeed to convince the jury of his innocence C The accused made it impossible to convince the jury of his innocence D The accused couldn’t be able to convince the jury of his innocence Question 31 to 40: Read the passage and choose the correct answer Identify your choice by marking A, B, C or D on the answer sheet In the course its history, human inventions have dramatically increased the average amount of energy available for use per person Primitive peoples in cold regions burned wood and animal dung to heat their caves, cook food, and drive off animals by fire The first step toward the developing of more efficient fuels was taken when people discovered that they could use vegetable oils and animal fats in lieu of gathered or cut wood Charcoal gave off a more intensive heat than wood and was more easily obtainable than organic fats The Greeks first began to use coal for metal smelting in the 14 th century, but it did not come extensive use until the Industrial Revolution In the 1700s, at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, most energy used in the United States and other nations undergoing industrialization was obtained from perpetual and renewable sources, such as wood, water streams, domesticated animal labour, and wind These were predominantly locally available supplies By mid-1800s, 91 percent of all commercial energy consumed in the United States and European countries was obtained from wood However, at the beginning of the 20 th century, coal became a major energy source and replaced wood in industrializing countries Although in most regions and climate zones wood was more readily accessible than coal, the latter represents a more concentrate source of energy In 1910, natural gas and oil firmly replaced coal as the main source of fuel because they are lighter and, therefore, cheaper to transport They burned more cleanly than coal and polluted less Unlike coal, oil could be refined to manufacture liquid fuels for vehicles, a very important consideration in early 1900s, when the automobile arrived on the scene By 1984, nonrenewable fossil fuels, such as oil, coal, and natural gas, provided over 82 percent of the commercial and industrial energy used in the world Small amounts of energy were derived from nuclear fission, and the remaining 16 percent came from burning direct perpetual and renewable fuels, such as biomass Between 1700 and 1986, a large number of countries shifted from the use of energy from local sources to a centralized generation of hydropower and solar energy converted to electricity The energy derived from nonrenewable fossil fuels has created a dependency on a finite resource that will have to be replaced Alternative fuel sources are numerous, and shale oil and hydrocarbons are just two examples The extraction of shale oil from large deposits in Asia and European regions has proven to be labor consuming and costly The resulting product is sulfur-and nitrogen rich, and large-scale extractions are presently prohibitive Similarly, the extraction of hydrocarbons from tar sands in Alberta and Utah is complex Semisolid hydrocarbons cannot be easily separated from the sandstone and limestone that carry them, and modern technology is not sufficiently versatile for a large-scale removal of the material However, both sources of fuel may eventually be needed as petroleum prices continue to rise and limitations in fossil fuel availability make alternative deposits more attractive Câu 31: What is the main topic of the passage? A Applications of various fuels B Natural resources and fossil fuels C A history of energy use D A historical overview of energy rates Câu 32: In line 2, the phrase “per person” is close in meaning to _ A per capita B per year C per family D per day Câu 33: It can be inferred from the first paragraph that _ A coal mining was essential for primitive peoples B the Greeks used coal in industrial production (4) C the development of efficient fuels was gradual process D the discovery of efficient fuels was mostly accidental Câu 34: The author of the passage implies that in the 1700s, sources of energy were _ A used for commercial purposes B used in various combinations C not derived from mineral deposits D not always easy to locate Câu 35: In line 16, the phrase “the latter” refers to _ A wood B coal C most regions D climate zones Câu 36: According to the passage, what was the greatest advantage of oil as fuel? A It was a concentrated source of energy B It was lighter and cheaper than coal C It replaced wood and coal and reduced pollution D It could be converted to automobile fuel Câu 37: In line 18, the word “They” refers to _ A coal and wood B main sources of fuel C natural gas and oil D industrializing countries Câu 38: According to the passage, the sources of fossil fuels will have to be replaced because _ A they need to be transported B they are not efficient C their use is centralized D their supply is limited Câu 39: It can be inferred from the passage that in the early 20th century, energy was obtained primarily from A fossil fuels B nuclear fission C hydraulic and solar sources D burning biomass Câu 40: The author of the passage implies that alternative sources of fuel are currently _ A being used for consumption B being explored C available in few locations D examined on a large scale Question 41 to 45: Choose the word whose stressed syllable is different from that of the others Câu 41: A obey B refuse C delay D prison Câu 42: A intention B enjoyable C criminal D percentage Câu 43: A national B history C library D introduce Câu 44: A idol B power C basic D succeed Câu 45: A manufacture B environment C continental D conservation Question 46 to 65: Choose the right word or phrases to complete the following sentences Identify your choice by marking A, B, C or D on the answer sheet Câu 46: I _ you to the woman I was speaking with, but I couldn’t think of her name A will introduce B would have introduced C would introduce D couldn’t have introduced Câu 47: I thought that you us, but I was wrong You never have enough courage A joined B had joined C will join D would join Câu 48: You look rather _ Are you worried about something? A occupant B preoccupying C occupied D preoccupied Câu 49: “Which is more important, luck or effort?” - “Luck is effort” A as the same important as B the same importance as C of the same importance as D of the same importance Câu 50: An employer may look with _ on a young college graduate A suspicion B suspiciously C suspicious D suspect Câu 51: The man shouted loudly as if we _ all deaf A had been B are C would be D were Câu 52: _ saying was so important that I asked everyone to stop talking and listen A What was the woman B That the woman was C What the woman was D The woman was Câu 53: These instructions are easy for beginners All you have to is listen carefully A hardly B virtually C relatively D frequently Câu 54: It is believed that books are _ species, fighting for survival in competition with TV, film, the internet and CD A endangered B dangerous C danger D dangerously Câu 55: It is for me to see you go away for a year (5) A undeniable B unbearable C intolerant D incompetent Câu 56: Thanks to the British Channel, A which helped England not to be invaded for some time B England was not invaded for some time C it saved England from being invaded for some time D they did not invade England for some time Câu 57: The man who _ had been in the sea for ten hours A had been rescued B was rescued C rescued D had rescued Câu 58: The selection and welfare of staff is the responsibility of the department A personal B personated C personnel D personality Câu 59: I am sorry but we have to _ the discussion We have no more time A put an end to B make room for C take advantage of D put effort into Câu 60: The police finally arrested the _ criminal A notorious B famous C renowned D respectable Câu 61: One purpose to make up for money spent in the French and Indian War A of the Stamp Act which was B the Stamp Act C of the Stamp Act was D of the Stamp Act Câu 62: Although drama is a form of literature, from the other types in the way it is presented A despite the difference B but it is different C it differs D is different Câu 63: She spoke quietly to him _ someone hear a word of their conversation A for fear that B for fear of C so that D in order that Câu 64: She resented waiting for hours in front of the cinema A being kept B keeping C being keeping D to be kept PHẦN TỰ LUẬN: (2 điểm) I Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that the original meaning is exactly the same as the provided one “Don’t forget to phone the office,” she told him She reminded _ I’m afraid I haven’t got time to listen to you I wish _ The police has just released John John _ I couldn’t hear them because they were speaking too softly They were speaking _ We spent hours getting to London It took _ II Topic: why people want to go on university education? People study in college or university for many different reasons I think the most important reason is to gain more knowledge and learn more skills Of course, there are also many other reasons that people study in college such as to get more friends, and increase one's self-confidence These days, most jobs require people who are educated and have good job skills Therefore, the people who want a good job have to study hard and at least graduate with a high education Furthermore, as technology advances all over the world, more and more education is required of people Some people who study in college or university want to make more friends and increase their interpersonal skills They enjoy their lives in university or college and tend to socialize a lot They can meet more people who have the similar interests with themselves They can go to university after school and make more friends who they trust The people who graduate from college seem more confident in our community These people are more respected by society Many people want to be respected and to be important by family, friends, their bosses, and others in their lives They find that most of them can confidently talk and their jobs as they are more educated Therefore, most people want to get the confidence through the university or college study In today's society, people need more knowledge and skills to be adapted The university and college study is a good way to achieve this -THE END (6)
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