CHUYÊN ĐỀ 3. CÂU TRỰC TIẾP, GIÁN TIẾP VÀ CÂU CHỦ ĐỘNG, BỊ ĐỘNG (CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THI ĐẠI HỌC CỦA CÔ VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG)

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CHUYÊN ĐỀ 3. CÂU TRỰC TIẾP, GIÁN TIẾP VÀ CÂU CHỦ ĐỘNG, BỊ ĐỘNG (CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THI ĐẠI HỌC CỦA CÔ VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG)

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Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan CÂU TR C TI P, GIÁN TI P VÀ CH A BÀI T P CÓ LIÊN QUAN (TÀI LI U BÀI GI NG) Giáo viên: VŨ TH MAI PHƯƠNG I GI I THI U Khi thu t l i l i nói c a ngư i khác, ta có th nh c l i nguyên văn Trư ng h p g i l i nói tr c ti p (Direct Speech) vi t ph i ñ t ngo c kép Ex: Nam said, “I am going to the cinema” Nhưng ta có th s a đ i chút l ng vào câu nói c a Trư ng h p g i l i nói gián ti p (Indirect speech) Ex: Nam said that he was going to the cinema II QUI T C CHUY N L I NÓI TR C TI P SANG GIÁN TI P Mu n chuy n m t câu tr n thu t t l i nói tr c ti p sang gián ti p c n ph i ý nh ng thay đ i sau đây: ð i ngơi th c a đ i t nhân xưng, tính t ñ i t s h u cho thích h p Ex: DIRECT I am going to repair your bicycle; you can take mine INDIRECT Nam told me that he was going to repair my bicycle and I could take his We did the work ourselves They said that they had done the work themselves N u nh c l i l i nói q kh dùng đ ng t q kh m nh đ (He said…; they told…) đ ng t l i nói gián ti p ph i lùi v kh m t bư c theo quy t c thí d sau đây: Thay đ i nh ng tính t , phó t hay c m phó t ch nơi ch n, th i gian… cho thích h p, theo nh ng quy t c thí d sau ñây DIRECT This, these, here, now, tomorrow, yesterday Three days, ago Last week, next week Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t INDIRECT today, That, those, there, then, that day, the next day, the previous day (the day before) Three days, before The previous week, the next week (the following week) T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan Ex: I met the man here in this office today He said (that) he had met the man there, in that office that day We spoke to him the day before He said (that) they had spoken to him yesterday two days before We shall be home tomorrow They would be home the next day I will it here and now He would it there and then Chuy n nh ng câu sau ñây sang l i nói gián ti p: He said: “My son will be here soon” They said: “We have never been defeated” She told me: “I am going to the party with my mother” They said: “We have plenty of time to our work” They declared: “We shall continue to fight till final victory” He told them at once: “The trains is gone, you are too late” He said: “This is the book you have been looking for” She said: “You can come with us if you like” The old man said: “I will take you to my house right now” 10 He was still declaring: “You are the man who did it” 11 The new was announced: “The hero is coming” 12 She said: “I wrote to my sister only last week” 13 The man declared: “I shall be doing exactly the same work next Monday as I am doing today” 14 The foreigner told him: “I am French but I have learned English at school” 15 The boy said: “I have to go to the dentist tomorrow” 16 We were informed: “The car is ready; we shall have to get back before the clock strikes four” 17 The librarian said: “This book was lent to him weeks ago and he has only just returned it” 18 The girl said: “I was born in 1954 and I have been living in this small town since” 19 They said: “We have stayed here for a month; we shall go home next week” 20 He repeated day after day: “This climate does not suit my health; I must go away as soon as I can” Chuy n nh ng câu sau ñây sang l i nói tr c ti p Chú ý thêm d u ch m câu vi t hoa cho ñúng: He said he was very sorry for the mistake he had made My father told me that I could go to the seaside this summer He said that the train would arrive in five minutes She said that she hoped it wouldn’t rain that morning He admitted that he had not worked so hard as his brother had done She promised her friend that she would write to her every week The boy said that he would be 18 on the 1st of May Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan They said that he had deserved their thanks for all be had done The manager assured them that he had would return before they left 10 The Chairman told me he had been reading the documents all day 11 The policemen told him they would never believe what he said 12 All who heard this said he was speaking the truth III CÂU H I GIÁN TI P Khi chuy n câu h i sang l i nói gián ti p ph i áp d ng nh ng quy t c chung ñ i v i câu trân thu t, ý thêm nh ng ñi m sau ñây: ð ng t m nh đ đ gi i thi u l i nói gián ti p ask (ho c enquire, wonder, want to know, v.v…) T ñ n i m nh ñ ph if ho c want to know, v.v… T ñ n i m nh ñ ph if ho c whether ñ i v i câu h i chung ñ i v i câu h i ñ c bi t b t ñ u b ng nghi v n what, why, v.v… dùng l i t D ng câu h i chuy n thành câu tr n thu t khơng dùng tr đ ng t do, did, does, câu h i gián ti p Ex: DIRECT INDIRECT a Câu h i chung He asked me if (whether) that boy was Is that boy your brother? my brother He asked me if I could speak Russian Can you speak Russian? Will you come tomorrow? He asked if I would come the next day Has Henry worked hard? He enquired whether Henry had worked hard They wondered if they understood them He wanted to know if I had seen Ba the day before He said if she played the piano He wondered whether we should accept the offer Do they understand us? Did you see Ba yesterday? Does she play the piano? Shall we accept the offer b Câu h i ñ c bi t What is your name? He asked me what my name was Where does she live? What did the teacher say? He enquired where she lived He asked what the teacher had said How will it work? How have you come back He wondered how it would work She asked me why I had come back Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Who teaches you that rule? Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan He wanted to know who taught us that rule Chuy n nh ng câu sau sang l i nói gián ti p (b t ñ u b ng: He asked…; they enquired… v.v…) What you want, my boy? Who will come to the pictures with me? Is your new baby a boy or a girl, Mrs Brown? May I borrow your bicycle, Nam? When will you get back from Peking, Mr Counsellor? When did they tell you that? Have you seen the new film? Which is the road to Long Bien Bridge? How you spell your name? 10 Did they all attend the meeting? 11 Where are they going tonight? 12 How did they travel back home? 13 Who showed enjoying yourself? 15 Does she always wear that blue dress? 16 Why does he sing so loudly? 17 Which book are you reading? 18 Ought the light to be on? 19 Will the taxi be here at seven o’clock? 20 Where has she put her hat? IV CÂU C U KHI N GIÁN TI P Chuy n câu c u n sang l i nói gián ti p ph i theo quy t c sau: M nh ñ ñ gi i thi u ph i dùng nh ng ñ ng t order, command, tell, ask, request… ti p theo tân ng ch ngư i ñư c l nh hay yêu c u ð ng t nguyên văn m c m nh l ch ph i ñ i sang d ng ñ ng t ngun th có to đ ng trư c N u m nh l ch th ph đ nh thêm not trư c to + infinitive DIRECT Get out! Sit down, please Please give us some help Fire Don’t leave the door open Don’t come here tomorrow Don’t run away Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t INDIRECT He ordered him (them) to get out She asked me (him) to sit down They requested us to give them some help The office commanded the soldiers to fire He asked me not to leave the door open He told us not come there the next day He ordered them not to run away T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan V CÂU H N H P Trư ng h p ph i chuy n nh ng câu h n h p g m lo i câu tr n thu t, câu h i câu c u n sang l i nói gián ti p, ph i dùng nh ng đ ng t thích h p đ gi i thi u t ng ph n Ex: - “I am off to the pictures Where are you going?” He said that he was off to the pictures and wanted to know where I was going - “I have left my watch on your desk Please bring it back to me” He said that he had left his watch on my desk and asked me to bring it back to him Chuy n nh ng câu sau sang l i nói gián ti p: Go at once! Have a cup of tea, please Wrap it up in a piece of paper Don’t put your elbow on the table Write your name clearly on the top Don’t wipe your dirty fingers on my clothes Wait here under the tree until the rain stops Come and see me whenever you have a few hours to spare Don’t spend all your money on food and drinks 10 Be careful, don’t answer hastily 11 Bring the gun into position 12 Hurry up if you want to go out with me Chuy n nh ng câu sau ñây sang l i nói gián ti p: It is cold here Is the window open? Do you think it will rain? – It is cloudy I must write some letters now – What date is it? How you like my brother’s hat? – I bought it for him in a department store What time is it? – My watch has stopped This is the most interesting book Have you read it? Are you free tomorrow night? – I would like you to come to my party What is the matter? – You don’t look very well We are going for a walk Would you like to come, too? 10 How far is it to Nam Dinh? I hope we can get there before dark Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Ngu n Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan CÂU TR C TI P, GIÁN TI P VÀ CH A BÀI T P CÓ LIÊN QUAN (BÀI T P T LUY N) Giáo viên: VŨ TH MAI PHƯƠNG A Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D to complete each sentence John asked me … in English A what does this word mean B what that word means C what did this word mean D what that word meant The mother told her son … so impolitely A not behave B not to behave C not behaving D did not behave She said she … collect it for me after work A would B did C must D had She said I … an angel A am B was C were D have been Jason told me that he … his best in the exam the … day A had done / following B will / previous C would / following D was going / previous I told him … the word to Jane somehow that I … to reach her during the early hours A passing / will try B he will pass / tried C to pass / would be trying D he passed / have tried Laura said she had worked on the assignment since … A yesterday B two days ago C the day before D the next day John asked me … interested in any kind of sports A if I were B if were I C if was I D if I was I … you everything I am doing, and you have to the same A will tell B would tell C told D was telling 10 John asked me … that film the night before A that I saw B had I seen C if I had seen D if had I seen 11 Peter said that he had lived in London four years … A ago B before C later D then 12 The guest told the host that … A I must go now B he must go now C he had to go now D he had to go then 13 The teacher told Joe … A to stop talking B stop talking C stops talking D stopped talking 14 She said she … A was very tired last night B was very tired the night before C had been very tired last night D had been very tired the night before 15 Emily said that her teacher … to London … A will go / tomorrow B went / tomorrow C would go / the next day D had gone / the next day Hocmai.vn – Ngơi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan 16 She told the boys … on the grass A not play B did not play C not playing D not to play 17 She asked … A where was her umbrella B where her umbrella was C where were her umbrella D where her umbrella were 18 Jason asked me … me the book the day before A if who gave B if who has given C who had given D that who had given 19 Robert said that his father … to Dallas the year before A goes B went C has gone D had gone 20 He wanted to know … shopping during the previous morning A if we had been going B that if we had been going C we were going D that we were going 21 He asked me … Robert and I said I did not know … A that did I know / who were Robert B that I knew / who Robert were C if I knew / who Robert was D whether I knew / who was Robert 22 The mother asked her son … A where he has been B where he had been C where has he been D where had he been 23 Martin asked me … A how is my father B how my father is C how was my father D how my father was 24 The host asked Peter … tea or coffee A whether he preferred B that he preferred C did he prefer D if he prefers 25 She asked me … my holidays … A where I spent / the previous year B where I had spent / the previous year C where I spent / last year D where did I spend / last year 26 He advised … too far A her did not go B her not go C her not to go D she did not go 27 John often says he … boxing because it … a cruel sport A does not like / is B did not like / were C not liked / had been D had not liked / was 28 Nancy asked me why I had not gone to New York the summer … A before B ago C last D previous 29 He asked … him some money A her to lend B she to lend C she has lent D she lends 30 Andrew told me that they … fish two … days A have not eaten / ago B had not eaten / previous C did not eat / before D would not eat / last B Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting Did you say that you will have a lot of things to the following week? A B C D Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan He told me to that he had sent the gift A B C D John said he will invited some of his friends for dinner so Mary had to buy more food and drink A B C D The secretary said me that I would receive the letter from him A B C D They asked him washing the glassware carefully in the laboratory A B C D Her doctor advised her stay out of crowds A B C D They said that they had a lift but very often it doesn’t work A B C D He asked them what time did the plane arrived A B C D I asked to him whose car he had borrowed the night before A B C D 10 They said that they went to the supermarket before coming home A B C D 11 My little sister suggested to go to the beach for a change A B C D 12 The women accused the boy to break her house’s window A B C D 13 The teacher told the students to not discuss the test with each other A B C D 14 Mrs Green said to John, ‘’Come to our dinner that night.’’ A B C D 15 He said that he will be there again the day after A B C D 16 Betty said Bill that she didn’t like that film A B C D 17 Tom said that he was going away for a few days and will phone me when he got back A B C D 18 Tom said that he had seen John the day before but John didn’t see him A B C D 19 My mother asked me how many classes were there in my school A B C D 20 Phillip asked Oliver whether he can remember where he had put the camera A B C D C Choose one sentence that best rewrites the sentence given “Why don’t you ask the teacher for help?” Peter asked me A Peter advised me to ask the teacher for help B Peter recommended me not to ask the teacher for help Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan C Peter told me the reason why I did not ask the teacher for help D Peter suggested that he should ask the teacher for help The driver said to us: “Don’t get off the bus while it’s going.” A The driver told us not to get off the bus while it was going B The driver told to us not to get off the bus while it was going C The driver said to us not to get off the bus while it was going D The driver told us don’t get off the bus while it was going She asked me: “How high was the church?” A She asked me how high the church is B She asked me how high is the church C She asked me how high the church had been D She asked me how the church had been The director asked the secretary to send him an application form A “Send him an application form”, the director asked the secretary B “To send him an application form”, the director said to the secretary C “Send me an application form”, the director asked the secretary D “To send me an application form”, the director said to the secretary Tom said to me: “Did they tell you when they left?” A Tom asked me if they had told me when they had left B Tom asked me if they had told me when they left C Tom asked me if they told me when they had left D Tom asked me if they told me when they left Helen said: “I bought this camera last month.” A Helen said she bought that camera last month B Helen said she had bought that camera the month before C Helen said she bought that camera the month before D Helen said she had bought this camera the month before She asked: “Will it rain tonight?” A She asked me if it would rain tonight B She asked me if it will rain that night C She asked me if it rains that night D She asked me if it would rain that night He asked me: “Have you just returned from a tour of France?” A He asked me if I have just returned from a tour of France B He asked me if I had just return from a tour of France C He asked me if I had just returned from a tour of France D He asked me if I has just returned from a tour of France The teacher ordered me not to make so much noise A “Didn’t make so much noise”, the teacher told me B “Not to make so much noise”, the teacher ordered me C “Don’t make so much noise”, the teacher said to me D “Not make so much noise”, the teacher said me 10 Helen asked: “Do you want to make a musical instrument?” A Helen asked me if I want to make a musical instrument B Helen asked me if I will want to make a musical instrument Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan C Helen asked me if I wanted to make a musical instrument D Helen asked me if I won’t want to make a musical instrument 11 “What is the name of your latest album?”, Tom asked Helen A Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album is B Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album will be C Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album would be D Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album was 12 She asked me where I was going the following day A She asked me: “Where I am going tomorrow?” B She asked me: “Where was I going tomorrow?” C She asked me: “Where are you going tomorrow?” D She asked me: “Where were you going tomorrow?” 13 John asked me where I had put his book A John said to me: “Where have you put her book?” B John said to me: “Where have you put my book?” C John said to me: “Where you have put her book?” D John said to me: “Where have you put my book?” 14 “Thank you very much for your help, John,” said Daisy A Daisy thanked John for helping her B Daisy told John to help her C Daisy wanted John to help her and said thanks D Daisy would like John to help her 15 “Don’t stay up late You should go to bed early”, Peter told me A Peter told me not to stay up late and promised to go to bed early B Peter promised not to stay up late and told me to go to bed early C Peter told me not to stay up late and advised me to go to bed early D Peter told me not to stay up late and advised me to go to bed early 16 “I will bring you some food”, he said to me A He invited me to eat some food B He offered to bring me some food C He told me to bring some food D He advised me to bring some food 17 “Go on, Susan! Apply for the job”, the father said A The father invited Susan to apply for the job B The father denied applying for the job C The father encouraged Susan to apply for the job D The father wanted Susan not to apply for the job 18 ‘’ Whose composition haven’t we heard yet?’’ -> The teacher asked us to tell her…………… A Whose composition we haven’t heard yet B Whose composition we hadn’t heard yet C Whose composition hadn’t we heard yet D Whose composition we hadn’t heard yet? 19 “Hi, Bob Did you take the job?” -> Bob’s friend asked him ……… Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan C Helen asked me if I wanted to make a musical instrument D Helen asked me if I won’t want to make a musical instrument 11 “What is the name of your latest album?”, Tom asked Helen A Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album is B Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album will be C Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album would be D Tom asked Helen what the name of her latest album was 12 She asked me where I was going the following day A She asked me: “Where I am going tomorrow?” B She asked me: “Where was I going tomorrow?” C She asked me: “Where are you going tomorrow?” D She asked me: “Where were you going tomorrow?” 13 John asked me where I had put his book A John said to me: “Where have you put her book?” B John said to me: “Where have you put my book?” C John said to me: “Where you have put her book?” D John said to me: “Where have you put my book?” 14 “Thank you very much for your help, John,” said Daisy A Daisy thanked John for helping her B Daisy told John to help her C Daisy wanted John to help her and said thanks D Daisy would like John to help her 15 “Don’t stay up late You should go to bed early”, Peter told me A Peter told me not to stay up late and promised to go to bed early B Peter promised not to stay up late and told me to go to bed early C Peter told me not to stay up late and advised me to go to bed early D Peter told me not to stay up late and advised me to go to bed early 16 “I will bring you some food”, he said to me A He invited me to eat some food B He offered to bring me some food C He told me to bring some food D He advised me to bring some food 17 “Go on, Susan! Apply for the job”, the father said A The father invited Susan to apply for the job B The father denied applying for the job C The father encouraged Susan to apply for the job D The father wanted Susan not to apply for the job 18 ‘’ Whose composition haven’t we heard yet?’’ -> The teacher asked us to tell her…………… A Whose composition we haven’t heard yet B Whose composition we hadn’t heard yet C Whose composition hadn’t we heard yet D Whose composition we hadn’t heard yet? 19 “Hi, Bob Did you take the job?” -> Bob’s friend asked him ……… Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan A did he take the job B whether you took the job C if he had taken the job D had he taken the job 20 “How many people are there in your family?” -> The interviewer asked me……… A how many people there were in your family B how many people were there in your family C how many people were there in my family D how many people there were in my family Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Ngu n Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan CÂU CH ð NG, B ð NG VÀ CH A BÀI T P CÓ LIÊN QUAN (TÀI LI U BÀI GI NG) Giáo viên: VŨ TH MAI PHƯƠNG GI I THI U So sánh hai d ng c n dư i ñây: D ng ch ñ ng D ng b ñ ng The teacher praises Nam Nam is praised by the teacher Th y giáo khen Nam (ch ng : The Nam ñư c th y giáo khen (Chú teacher, hành ñ ng, vi c khen) ng : Nam, gi vai trị th đ ng) M t vài thí d khác: People speak English all over the world They are repairing the bridge The window was broken English is spoken all over the world The bridge is being repaired I QUY T C CHIA ð NG T D NG B ð NG Ch ñ ng - They repair the bridge - They repaired the bridge - They will repaired the bridge B ñ ng The bridge is repaired The bridge was repaired The bridge will be repaired Stephenson invented the first steam-engine Did Stephenson invent the first steam-engine? A butcher does not make bread Does a butcher make bread? His father forgave him Did his father forgive him? Mother often takes my little brother to the kindergarten Beethoven composed this piece of music The waiter will bring in the coffee 10 The storm carried away the bridge câu d ng ch đ ng có hai tân ng (m t gián ti p, m t tr c ti p) có th chuy n Ghi nh : N u ñ ng t sang d ng b ñ ng b ng hai cách: Ex: (d ng ch ñ ng): The policeman will show you the way (The policeman will show the way to you) Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan (d ng b đ ng): You will be shown the way by the policeman The way will be shown to you by the policeman 1.The teacher will give her a prize if she works well 2.Nam told me the news this morning 3.The jury will award him a gold medal 4.The guide pointed out the old pagoda to me 5.Lan lent me this book Chú ý (L i ghi): N u ch ng câu d ng ch đ ng có tính ch t chung mơ h someone, somebody, one, they, people… (có nghĩa là: ngư i đó, ngư i ta, đó, ai, h ) nên chuy n sang d ng b ñ ng nh ng trư ng h p khơng c n dùng by Ex: People speak English all over the world Không nên vi t: English is spoken by people all over the world Mà nên vi t: English is spoken all over the world People play football all over the world People always admire this picture People must not take these books away People see the valley from the top of the hill People speak well of him Do people speak well of him? People should make lessons more interesting for children Somebody invited him to dinner yesterday Somebody told him to wait outside 10 Somebody must finish the work 11 Somebody must something for those poor men 12 Somebody left the light all right 13 One uses milk for making butter and cheese 14 Does one use milk of making butter and cheese? 15 One praises a pupil when he works hard 16 They make progress every day in the world of science 17 They didn’t tell me the truth about the situation 18 They were repairing the bridge 19 Did they build the house in 1960? 20 They didn’t invite me to the tea-party II CÁCH DÙNG D NG B ð NG Có th dùng d ng b đ ng v i ti p di n (ch y u hi n t i ti p di n kh ti p di n) hồn thành (b đ ng c a hồn thành hoàn thành ti p di n nhau) Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan Ch đ ng B ñ ng - They were repairing the bridge The bridge was being repaired - They had carried the injured player to the The injured player had been carried to the ambulance ambulance Có th dùng d ng b ñ ng có tr ñ ng t Ch ñ ng B ñ ng - You must shut these doors The doors must be shut -You ought to open the windows The windows ought to be opened 3.ð ng danh t d ng b ñ ng (The passive Gerund) Being + Past participle Ch ñ ng B ñ ng - I remember my father taking me I remember being taken to the to the zoo zoo by my father 4.Ghi nh v trí c a gi i t vi t d ng b ñ ng Ch ñ ng - We must write to him - People speak well of him B ñ ng - He must be written to - He is well spoken of 5.ð i v i nh ng ñ ng t như: think, consider, know, acknowledge, believe, understand, claim, report, say, suppose, có hai cách chuy n sang d ng b ñ ng (chú ý cách vi t c a hai d ng) Ch ñ ng - People think that he is a very clever man - People know that he was in London for many years - People said that he could swim across this river B ñ ng 1.It is thought that he is a very clever man 2.He is thought to be a very clever man 1.It is known that he was in London for many years 2.He is known to have been in London for many years 1.It is said that he could swim across this river 2.He was said to be able to swim across this river Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Ngu n Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan CÂU CH ð NG, B ð NG VÀ CH A BÀI T P CÓ LIÊN QUAN (BÀI T P T LUY N) Giáo viên: VŨ TH MAI PHƯƠNG A Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D to complete each sentence “What a beautiful shirt you’re wearing!” “Thank you! It …… especially for me by my mother.” A is made B has made C made D was made I don’t understand why the students didn’t keep silent while the speech…… A has been made B was made C would be made D was being made This is the first time I have been this car Where ……….? A did it make B did it made C was it make D Was it made Today, many serious childhood diseases …… by early immunization A are preventing B can prevent C prevent D can be prevented Whole-grain food products…… in most large supermarkets across the United States and Canada A now can purchase B can now be purchased C now to purchase D the purchase of which All that rubbish will have to be…… at once A get rid of B got rid of C got rid D getting rid of “What happened to the postman?” “He…… to a new town to work.” A has sent B was send C was sent D sent Excuse me Is this seat ………? A taking B took C occupy D taken There’s somebody walking behind us I think……… A we are following B We are being followed C We are followed D We are being following 10 We’re late The film…… by the time we get to the cinema A will already start B will be already started C will already have started D will be starting 11 I still can not believe it My bicycle…… Some minutes ago A was stolen B was stealing C stolen D stole 12 Some funny situations……… in class yesterday A happened B was happened C happens D is happened 13 The child’s arm was swollen because he …… by a bee A stung B had stung C had been stung D had being stung 14 I…….with you on that subject A am agree B am agreed C agreeing D agree 15 Many US automobiles…… in Detroit, Michigan Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan A manufacture B have manufactured C are manufactured D are manufacturing 16 When I came, an experiment……in the lab A was being holding B has been held C was being held D has held 17 George is…… Lisa A marry with B marry to C married with D married to 18 Last night a tornado swept through Rockville It…….everything in its path A destroyed B was destroyed C was being destroyed D had been destroyed 19 Dynamite…………by Alfred Bernard Nobel A have been invented B invented C was invented D was being invented 20……… this work………before you went to Moscow? A will/have been done B Has/been done C will/be done D had/been done 21 If you…… about it, will you be able to answer? A are asked B ask C will be asked D asked 22 Do you believe that such a problem can……… ? A solve B be solving C is solved D be solved 23 “Can’t we something about the situation?” – “Something… right now.” A is doing B is C is being done D has been doing 24 The university…………by private funds as well as by tuition income A is supported B supports C is supporting D has supported 25 This picture……….by Johnny when I came A painted B was painted C was being painted D had been painted 26 It must……… without delay A B have been done C be doing D be done 27 This exercise may ………….with a pencil A be written B to be write C be writing D write 28 The money ………to him months ago, but it…… back yet A Was lent/had not been given B has been lent/was not given C was lent/has not given D was lent/has not been given 29 She could easily……… for a top model A mistaken B have mistaken C been mistaken D be mistaken 30 My shirt…… by my sister on my last birthday A gave B was given C had been given D was being given B Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting When he arrived at the furniture shop, they had been sold the table he wanted A B C D The first May Day celebrated in England in 1890 A B C D Hocmai.vn – Ngơi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan Most of them were build in the nineteenth century and some are very grand A B C D Many universities, school classes taught in English even though the native language is not English A B C D The Americans tend to be informal while they’re being received company or coming for a social engagement A B C D He has given freely of his time by caring for the wounded during the Civil War A B C D Two prisoners were hang this morning by Taliban A B C D Daisy’s ring is make of gold A B C D Hamlet was wrote by William Shakespeare A B C D 10 English is studying by Henry every night A B C D 11 More people are infecting with HIV this year than they were years ago A B C D 12 The meeting was be rearranged shortly before it had been due to take place A B C D 13 Every possible effort were made by the orphanage to find the boy’s parents A B C D 14 Cheques should only be accept with proof of identity A B C D 15 Dent station is situated on the Seattle to Carlisle railway line, said be the most scenic in the country A B C D 16 The last day of the holiday will ended in disaster A B C D 17 Do not blame me if the tin-opener is break A B C D 18 This class has canceled because too few students had registered before registration closed A B C D 19 This building will have finished by the end of 2020 A B C D 20 He avoids be recognized by wearing dark glasses A B C D C Choose one sentence that best rewrites the sentence given He broke my watch A My watch were broken C My watch is broken The teacher explained the rule to the student A The rule was explained to the student C The students were explained the rule Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t B My watch be broken D My watch was broken B The students were explained the rule D A and B are correct T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b đ ng ch a t p có liên quan He often asked to help them A He is often asked to help them B They are often asked to help me C I am often asked to help them D I am often asked him to help me His friends never forgave his betrayal A His betrayal were never forgiven by his friends B His betrayal was never forgiven by his friends C His betrayal was never forgave by his friends D His betrayal never forgave by his friends I am sure we’ll settle the matter easily A I’m sure the matter will settle easily B I’m sure the matter will be settled easily C I’m sure the matter will settled easily D I’m sure the matter won’t be settled easily We sent for the police A The police was sent for B The police was sent C The police were sent for D The police was sent for us They speak much about this book A This book is much spoken about B This book is much spoken C This book is much about spoken D This book is much spoken about them Have they tested all the machines? A Have all the machines be tested? B Have all the machines been testing? C Have all the machines been tested? D Have all the machines been being testing? Does he realize that they are laughing at him? A Does he realize that he is being laughed at? B Is he realize that he is being laughed at? C Does he realize that he is laughing at? D Is he realize that he is laughing at? 10 The manager offers me several jobs A I was offers several jobs B I am offered several jobs C Several jobs are offered to me D B and C are correct 11 We found that they had cancelled the soccer match A We found that the soccer match had been cancelled B The soccer match had been cancelled C The soccer match was found that had been cancelled D The soccer match was found to have been cancelled by us 12 “Did Shakespeare write this play?” A Did this play be written by Shakespeare? B Was this play written by Shakespeare? C This play was written by Shakespeare? D Did this play Shakespeare write? 13 Which book the students love? A Which book are done love by the students? B Which book is the students loved? C Which book are loved by the students? D Which book is loved by the students? Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan 14 How many slums are they going to clear? A How many slums are being gone to clear? B How many slums are being cleared? C How many slums are going to clear? D How many slums are going to be cleared? 15 Who wrote the report on the air pollution? A By whom was the report on the air pollution written? B Whom was the report written on the air pollution by? C A and B are correct 16 Who killed President John Kennedy? A By whom President John Kennedy was killed? B By whom was President John Kennedy killed? C By whom was President John Kennedy? D By whom killed President John Kennedy? 17 How many students are carrying the bookshelf? A By how many students are the bookshelf being carried? B By how many students is the bookshelf being carried? C By how many students are the bookshelf been carrying? D By how many students are the bookshelf be carrying? 18 People say that Mary is a good worker A Mary is said that she is a good worker B Mary is said that to be a good worker C It is said to be a good worker D Mary is said that to be a good worker 19 It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car A The man is believed to escaped in a stolen car B The man is believed to have escaped in a stolen car C The man is believed to escaped in a stolen car D They believed that the man stole the car 20 It was thought that the building had been destroyed A The building was thought had been destroyed B The building was thought to have been destroyed C The building thought to be destroyed D They have destroyed the building Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Hocmai.vn Ngu n : Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan CÂU CH ð NG, B ð NG VÀ CH A BÀI T P CÓ LIÊN QUAN (ðÁP ÁN BÀI T P T LUY N) Giáo viên: VŨ TH MAI PHƯƠNG A Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D to complete each sentence “What a beautiful shirt you’re wearing!” “Thank you! It …… especially for me by my mother.” A is made B has made C made D was made I don’t understand why the students didn’t keep silent while the speech…… A has been made B was made C would be made D was being made This is the first time I have been this car Where ……….? D Was it made A did it make B did it made C was it make Today, many serious childhood diseases …… by early immunization A are preventing B can prevent D can be prevented C prevent Whole-grain food products…… in most large supermarkets across the United States and Canada A now can purchase B can now be purchased C now to purchase D the purchase of which All that rubbish will have to be…… at once B got rid of C got rid D getting rid of A get rid of “What happened to the postman?” “He…… to a new town to work.” C was sent D sent A has sent B was send Excuse me Is this seat ………? A taking B took C occupy D taken There’s somebody walking behind us I think……… B We are being followed A we are following C We are followed D We are being following 10 We’re late The film…… by the time we get to the cinema A will already start B will be already started C will already have started D will be starting 11 I still can not believe it My bicycle…… Some minutes ago A was stolen B was stealing C stolen D stole 12 Some funny situations……… in class yesterday A happened B was happened C happens D is happened 13 The child’s arm was swollen because he …… by a bee C had been stung D had being stung A stung B had stung 14 I…….with you on that subject D agree A am agree B am agreed C agreeing 15 Many US automobiles…… in Detroit, Michigan Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan A manufacture B have manufactured C are manufactured D are manufacturing 16 When I came, an experiment……in the lab A was being holding B has been held C was being held D has held 17 George is…… Lisa A marry with B marry to C married with D married to 18 Last night a tornado swept through Rockville It…….everything in its path B was destroyed A destroyed C was being destroyed D had been destroyed 19 Dynamite…………by Alfred Bernard Nobel A have been invented B invented C was invented D was being invented 20……… this work………before you went to Moscow? A will/have been done B Has/been done D had/been done C will/be done 21 If you…… about it, will you be able to answer? A are asked B ask C will be asked D asked 22 Do you believe that such a problem can……… ? A solve B be solving C is solved D be solved 23 “Can’t we something about the situation?” – “Something… right now.” C is being done D has been doing A is doing B is 24 The university…………by private funds as well as by tuition income A is supported B supports C is supporting D has supported 25 This picture……….by Johnny when I came C was being painted D had been painted A painted B was painted 26 It must……… without delay A B have been done C be doing D be done 27 This exercise may ………….with a pencil A be written B to be write C be writing D write 28 The money ………to him months ago, but it…… back yet A Was lent/had not been given B has been lent/was not given D was lent/has not been given C was lent/has not given 29 She could easily……… for a top model D be mistaken A mistaken B have mistaken C been mistaken 30 My shirt…… by my sister on my last birthday A gave B was given C had been given D was being given B Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting When he arrived at the furniture shop, they had been sold the table he wanted A B C D The first May Day celebrated in England in 1890 A B C D Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b đ ng ch a t p có liên quan Most of them were build in the nineteenth century and some are very grand A B C D Many universities, school classes taught in English even though the native language is not English A B C D The Americans tend to be informal while they’re being received company or coming for a social engagement A B C D He has given freely of his time by caring for the wounded during the Civil War A B C D Two prisoners were hang this morning by Taliban A B C D Daisy’s ring is make of gold A B C D Hamlet was wrote by William Shakespeare A B C D 10 English is studying by Henry every night A B C D 11 More people are infecting with HIV this year than they were years ago A B C D 12 The meeting was be rearranged shortly before it had been due to take place A B C D 13 Every possible effort were made by the orphanage to find the boy’s parents A B C D 14 Cheques should only be accept with proof of identity A B C D 15 Dent station is situated on the Seattle to Carlisle railway line, said be the most scenic in the country A B C D 16 The last day of the holiday will ended in disaster A B C D 17 Do not blame me if the tin-opener is break A B C D 18 This class has canceled because too few students had registered before registration closed A B C D 19 This building will have finished by the end of 2020 A B C D 20 He avoids be recognized by wearing dark glasses A B C D C Choose one sentence that best rewrites the sentence given He broke my watch A My watch were broken C My watch is broken The teacher explained the rule to the student A The rule was explained to the student C The students were explained the rule Hocmai.vn – Ngơi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t B My watch be broken D My watch was broken B The students were explained the rule D A and B are correct T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan He often asked to help them A He is often asked to help them B They are often asked to help me C I am often asked to help them D I am often asked him to help me His friends never forgave his betrayal A His betrayal were never forgiven by his friends B His betrayal was never forgiven by his friends C His betrayal was never forgave by his friends D His betrayal never forgave by his friends I am sure we’ll settle the matter easily A I’m sure the matter will settle easily B I’m sure the matter will be settled easily C I’m sure the matter will settled easily D I’m sure the matter won’t be settled easily We sent for the police A The police was sent for B The police was sent C The police were sent for D The police was sent for us They speak much about this book A This book is much spoken about B This book is much spoken C This book is much about spoken D This book is much spoken about them Have they tested all the machines? A Have all the machines be tested? B Have all the machines been testing? C Have all the machines been tested? D Have all the machines been being testing? Does he realize that they are laughing at him? A Does he realize that he is being laughed at? B Is he realize that he is being laughed at? C Does he realize that he is laughing at? D Is he realize that he is laughing at? 10 The manager offers me several jobs A I was offers several jobs B I am offered several jobs D B and C are correct C Several jobs are offered to me 11 We found that they had cancelled the soccer match A We found that the soccer match had been cancelled B The soccer match had been cancelled C The soccer match was found that had been cancelled D The soccer match was found to have been cancelled by us 12 “Did Shakespeare write this play?” A Did this play be written by Shakespeare? B Was this play written by Shakespeare? C This play was written by Shakespeare? D Did this play Shakespeare write? 13 Which book the students love? A Which book are done love by the students? B Which book is the students loved? C Which book are loved by the students? D Which book is loved by the students? Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trò Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH mơn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu ch ñ ng, b ñ ng ch a t p có liên quan 14 How many slums are they going to clear? A How many slums are being gone to clear? B How many slums are being cleared? C How many slums are going to clear? D How many slums are going to be cleared? 15 Who wrote the report on the air pollution? A By whom was the report on the air pollution written? B Whom was the report written on the air pollution by? C A and B are correct D None is correct 16 Who killed President John Kennedy? A By whom President John Kennedy was killed? B By whom was President John Kennedy killed? C By whom was President John Kennedy? D By whom killed President John Kennedy? 17 How many students are carrying the bookshelf? A By how many students are the bookshelf being carried? B By how many students is the bookshelf being carried? C By how many students are the bookshelf been carrying? D By how many students are the bookshelf be carrying? 18 People say that Mary is a good worker A Mary is said that she is a good worker B Mary is said that to be a good worker C It is said to be a good worker D Mary is said that to be a good worker 19 It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car A The man is believed to escaped in a stolen car B The man is believed to have escaped in a stolen car C The man is believed to escaped in a stolen car D They believed that the man stole the car 20 It was thought that the building had been destroyed A The building was thought had been destroyed B The building was thought to have been destroyed C The building thought to be destroyed D They have destroyed the building Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Ngu n Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng đài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | - ... Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu tr c ti p, gián ti p ch a t p có liên quan V CÂU H N H P Trư ng h p ph i chuy n nh ng câu h n h p g m lo i câu tr n thu t, câu h i câu c u n sang l i nói gián ti... viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Ngu n Hocmai.vn – Ngơi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu. .. viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Ngu n Hocmai.vn – Ngơi trư ng chung c a h c trị Vi t T ng ñài tư v n: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | - Khóa h c LTðH môn Ti ng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Th Mai Phương Câu

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