Tóm tắt luận án Tiến sĩ Sea island tourism development in Phu Yen province

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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION & TRAINING HCMC UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION LAM THI THUY PHUONG SEA-ISLAND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN PHU YEN PROVINCE Major: Geography Code: 62310501 SUMMARY OF THE DISSERTATION IN GEOGRAPHY Ho Chi Minh City - 2021 The dissertation is completed at HCMC UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION Supervisors: Dr TRUONG VAN TUAN Assoc.Dr PHAM XUAN HAU Reviewer 1: Assoc.Prof.Dr Nguyen Thi Son Hanoi National University of Education Reviewer 2: Assoc.Prof.Dr Nguyen Thi Trang Thanh Vinh University Reviewer 3: Assoc.Prof.Dr Dao Ngoc Canh Can Tho University The dissertation will be defensed in front of the institutional-level dissertation grading committee at Ho Chi Minh City University of Education at ………… on ……… 2021 Can find the dissertation at the library: - National Library of Vietnam - Library of Ho Chi Minh City University of Education - Library of General Science in Ho Chi Minh city INTRODUCTION Rationale Sea-island tourism (SIT) is a type that is increasingly becoming a trend and attracting many tourists around the world Therefore, most of the countries with the advantage of the sea choose this type of tourism as the driving force to play a key role, making tourism a key economic sector of the country Phu Yen is one of 28 provinces and cities bordering the sea, in the South Central Coast region, with a coastline of 189km With its advantages, the province has identified tourism as a key economic sector in the socio-economic development strategy Being aware of its significance, over the years, researches on the development of the SIT in Phu Yen have been interested by many industries, organizations and scientists from different angles However, so far, there has not been any in-depth research, assessment of influencing factors, analysis of the current situation of SIT under the perspective of tourism geography - an interdisciplinary, territorial space oriented science Stemming from the above reasons, the author chooses the topic “Sea-island tourism development in Phu Yen province” for research The research results can be applied to propose solutions and strategic planning for tourism development in Phu Yen province in the integration period Aim On the basis of an overview of documents and works related to the topic The main objective of the dissertation is to evaluate the potentials of the sea-island tourism; to analyze the current situation of sea-island tourism development in Phu Yen province; then, to propose orientations and solutions to develop sea-island tourism of Phu Yen province to 2025 with a vision to 2030 Objectives To achieve the set goals, the dissertation focuses on solving the following tasks: - An overview of domestic and foreign studies in order to systematize the theoretical and practical basis of sea-island tourism; - Determining criteria to evaluate the development of sea - island tourism in Phu Yen province; - Evaluating factors affecting the development of SIT in Phu Yen province; - Analysing the current situation of SIT in Phu Yen province; - Proposing orientations and some solutions to develop football tourism in Phu Yen province to 2025 with a vision to 2030 Objects of the research - Object of the research is the tourism resources to develop Phu Yen sea-island tourism; - Objects of investigation: tourists, authorities, local residents, tourism service businesses, experts, relevant state management units in tourism in the province Scope of the research - Content: Focusing on studying factors affecting the development of SIT in Phu Yen province, in which, focusing deeply on sea-island tourism resources; Analysing the current situation of SIT development in Phu Yen province in terms of geography By industry, it is based on criteria (tourists, tourism revenue, tourism technical infrastructure, ) By territory, we focus on a number of forms of tourism territory organizations: SIT sites, SIT routes - Territory: Phu Yen province The dissertation focuses on the scope of the research on administrative units with potential for sea-island tourism such as: Dong Hoa district-level town, Tuy Hoa city, Tuy An district and Song Cau district-level town - Time: Focusing on research in the period 2009 - 2019; primary data surveyed and investigated in 2019; forecast time to 2025, vision to 2030 Literature review 6.1 In the world Pirojnik II said that: "Tourism is a clearly resource-oriented industry", the author group CA Gunn: Designing Tourist Regions introduced a model of the tourism system and a process, specifically derived from the case of recreation planning for the Michigan peninsula Gunn is also the editor of "Tourism Planning: Basics, Concepts, Cases"; C.M Hall considers the issue of territorial planning in relation to the tourism development policy of the country and regions at the lower level The research works on the SIT include the work "Island tourism: management principles and practice" From a topical perspective, in the work "Tourism, Globalization and Development" refers to issues related to tourism territory in the context of globalization; "Marine Tourism: Development, Impacts and Management" Mark Orams of the Center for Tourism Studies at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand said that the sea creates many opportunities for recreational and tourism purposes; The book “Climate change And Island and Croastal Vulnerability” by Sundaresan et al., the authors assessed the increasing risks from climate change in coastal communities; the book “Community integration: Island tourism in Peru” by R.E Mitchell, D.G Reid - Annals of tourism research; The book "Tourism and development in tropical islands: political ecology perspectives" mentions that political ecology is a powerful tool for investigating the role and interests of different parties In the report, Global Trends in Coastal Tourism by Martha Honey and David Krantz, on the basis of analysis and providing tools for research and development of sustainable tourism, analyzed current trends as well as tested hypotheses about the driver programs behind marine and coastal tourism activities 6.2 In Vietnam - In the whole country: + From the perspective of SIT development planning, there are works: "Master plan on economic development of Vietnam's sea, coastal areas and islands up to 2010" chaired by the Ministry of Planning and Investment; or "Project on development of tourism and coastal areas until 2020" and the book "Strategy for development of tourism in Vietnam to 2020 and vision to 2030; Relating to the directions of economic development of marine and island tourism in a sustainable way, Le Duc To has the study "Scientific arguments on the model of ecological economic development on a number of islands and island clusters selected for Vietnam's coastal regions"; Research on "Some breakthrough solutions to develop coastal and marine tourism" and "Strategy for tourism development to 2020 with a vision to 2030" approved by the Prime Minister in Decision 2473/QD-TTg , dated December 30, 2011, determining the priority direction of tourism development associated with sea and island + The Institute of Geography, as one of the units that research and evaluate resources for socio-economic development of sea-island areas, has also actively participated in national research programs Those are the works “Assessment of natural conditions, natural resources and socio-economic conditions of coastal island systems in the marine economic development strategy” in 1995 and “Theory and methodology of assessment of natural conditions and resources for the purpose of socio-economic development in coastal island districts of Vietnam”; Project "Development of sea-island tourism and coastal areas until 2020" of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, 2013; the topic “Research on building sea and island tourism products in Northern tourism region”; Uong Dinh Khanh, Institute of Geography with the project "The potential for tourism development of the coastal island system of Vietnam" has assessed the potential in terms of nature, humanity, infrastructure and tourism types of the system of coastal islands - In Phu Yen: “Phu Yen - Potential for development of SIT”; The topic "Basis for learning and implementing development of marine tourism products in Xuan Dai Bay and its vicinity"; In the Decision No 2127 / QD-TTg dated December 29, 2017 of the Prime Minister approving the "Master plan on development of the National Tourism Area of Xuan Dai Bay, Phu Yen province to 2030", this is also a necessary document for research process of Phu Yen sea-island tourism The above-mentioned works help the author to orientate in the research on the current situation of tourism development, especially the system of methods to be implemented when assessing tourism resources and services of coastal localities in Phu Yen province Viewpoints and research methods To carry out this dissertation, the author uses points of view and methods, which are Territorial perspective; General view; System view; Historical perspective view; Ecological perspective and sustainable development; Research methods: Methods of collecting, analyzing and synthesizing documents; Statistical methods; Field survey method; Professional method; Methods of sociological investigation; Mapping and GIS methods; Synthetic scoring method The approach To evaluate the development of sea-island tourism, the thesis approaches in the following directions: approach to tourism resources; approach by tourist area; approach with the participation of stakeholders and approach from the perspective of tourism supply and demand Contributions - Inheriting, supplementing and clarifying the theoretical and practical basis for the development of physical tourism Determine the criteria for evaluating the development of sports tourism for Phu Yen province - Clarifying the strengths and limitations of factors affecting the development of sports tourism in Phu Yen province - Clearly state the achievements and limitations of the actual development of sea-island tourism in Phu Yen province - Propose some basic solutions to effectively develop sea - island tourism activities in Phu Yen province in the near future to become a sea - island tourism destination of the South Central Coast region 10 Structure of the dissertation In addition to the introduction, conclusion, list of references, appendices, maps, the thesis is structured in three chapters: Chapter 1: Theoretical and practical basis for the development of sea-island tourism; Chapter 2: Influencing factors and the actual situation of the development of sea-island tourism in Phu Yen province; Chapter 3: Orientation and solutions to develop the sea-island tourism of Phu Yen province to 2025, vision to 2030 CHAPTER THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL BASIS ON SEA-ISLAND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT 1.1 Theoretical basis on sea-island tourism development 1.1.1 Some concepts and related content - Sea-island tourism (SIT): SIT is a type of tourism developed on the basis of exploiting resources in the sea-island area.Aassociated with this type of resource are activities such as swimming, sunbathing, water sports to satisfy needs of rest, treatment, entertainment and recreation of tourists in the sea area In addition, there are many authors who have their own views when studying tourism - Tourism development: It is the exploitation and rational use of marine and island resources, tourism facilities, human resources and other resources to satisfy the needs of tourists 1.1.2 Characteristics and role of sea-island tourism in socio-economic development - Characteristics The activities of SIT are greatly influenced by climate and weather factors; SIT is organized mainly in the "coastal area"; Investment in infrastructure, technical facilities serving the SIT is often difficult and complicated; The development of SIT has a close relationship with other marine economic sectors - Role: The development of tourism has an important role in the socio-economic development of a country, especially the coastal strip and islands, affecting the whole economic field; society and the field of security - defense 1.1.3 Principles of development of sea - island tourism Firstly, the development of SIT must be carried out in a harmonious relationship with other economic sectors Secondly, it is associated with exploiting the advantages of tourism resources of sea and islands, combined with exploitation of humanistic tourism resources of sea and islands as well as their conservation Third, it is suitable for the capacity of sea and island areas Fourth, it is associated with the work of ensuring national security 1.1.4 Classification of resources, products and types of sea and island tourism - Classification of SIT resources includes: natural tourism resources; cultural tourism In addition, status is considered a special and important and valuable resource in tourism development - Type of sea - island tourism: The PhD student inherits and applies the classification of author Pham Trung Luong to conduct the dissertation It is based on the purpose of the trip, including two types of tourism: travelling according to interests, desires and travelling according to obligations, responsibilities - SIT products are collection of services on the basis of exploiting the value of sea - island tourism resources to satisfy the needs of tourists Classification chart of types of marine tourism (Pham Trung Luong, 2003) 1.1.5 Factors affecting the development of sea - island tourism The dissertation examines the factors affecting the development of tourism tourism from the perspective of directly affecting the content of tourism development, affecting the supply and demand of tourism, including Position resources; Travel resources; Infrastructure and technical facilities; Sea-island tourism development planning; Ancillary service system for sea and island tourism; The natural environment and the assurance of security - defense; Seasonality of SIT; Participation of the local community in the provision of a number of tourism services; Impact of climate change; and Regional Links 1.1.6 Criteria to evaluate the development of sea - island tourism - By industry: Tourists; revenue; Labor; technical facilities - By territory (provincial level): The dissertation will develop criteria for evaluating forms of territorial organization of sea - island tourism including tourist spots and routes a Tourist spots: Through practical survey and inheritance of previous studies, the researcher selected criteria and determined a ladder (5 steps according to the degree of convenience) and the coefficients according to the degree of influence, importance to exploitation for the development of provincial SIT, then determining the corresponding rating score Coefficient 3: Attractiveness, technical facilitiesservices, operating time; Coefficient 2: Location and accessibility, environment, ability to link, organization and management; Factor 1: Capacity b Tourist route: Coefficient is the average number of tourism resources in the route; attractiveness of tourism resources; time can operate tourism; Factor 2: convenience in terms of transportation; the synchronization of facilities From the above criteria, the evaluation scores for the criteria are determined by four levels 4,3,2,1 Table of results of evaluating the level of convenience, Phu Yen sea-island route No Tourist spots Evaluation level Very convenient Convenient Quite convenient Inconvenient Score 72 - 90 54 - 71 36 - 53 18 - 35 No Tourist routes Evaluation level Score Very convenient 39 - 52 Convenient 26 - 38 Inconvenient 13 - 25 (Source: Author) 1.2 Practical basis on sea-island tourism development The dissertation has generalized the experience of developing SIT of a number of countries with sea - islands such as: Experience in developing land tourism of Thailand; Malaysia; Indonesia In Vietnam, the dissertation inherits the experience of developing SIT in a number of typical provinces of Vietnam and the South Central Coast such as the experience of developing SIT in Danang; Khanh Hoa; and Binh Thuan province CHAPTER AFFECTING FACTORS AND CURRENT SITUATION OF SEA-ISLAND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN PHU YEN PROVINCE 2.1 Overview of Phu Yen province 2.1 Factors affecting the development of sea-island tourism in Phu Yen province Phu Yen is a coastal province of South Central Coast It borders Binh Dinh province to the North, Khanh Hoa to the South, Dak Lak and Gia Lai to the West, the East Sea to the East Sea with a coastline of 189 km Natural area of the province: 5,060.70 km2, accounting for 1.53% of the total natural area of the country There are 09 administrative units, including districts and towns bordering the sea: TuyAn district, SongCau town, Dong Hoa town and Tuy Hoa 2.1.1 Position resources - Natural position: The coastal area of Phu Yen has a full range of position resources such as estuaries, lagoons, bays, islands, creating the characteristics of the coastal area in terms of geomorphology In terms of geology, most of the coastal hills and islands are made of magma rock, both intrusive and erupting, creating many attractive landscapes, many scenic spots, many valuable geomorphological and geological heritages: Xuan Dai Bay, Ganh Da Dia, - Economic position: Phu Yen has National Highway 1A and North-South railway running through, National Highway 25 connecting Gia Lai, National Highway 29 connecting Dak Lak province, Vung Ro seaport and Tuy Hoa airport in the south North - South, East - West traffic routes, seaports, airports, etc create favorable conditions for economic, cultural and tourism cooperation and exchange between Phu Yen and other provinces in the region, nationally and internationally - Political position: Valuable for delimiting national boundaries and sovereignty at sea Dai Lanh Cape of Phu Yen is the easternmost point on the mainland of Vietnam, it is also an important eastern defense area of the province, the South Central Coast and the Central Highlands 2.1.2 Travel resources - Natural tourism resources: + Topographic: Coastal plains; Beach and coast terrain + Sea - island climate: The sea - island area of Phu Yen province is located in a climate zone with basic characteristics of the tropical monsoon region, which is relatively favorable for the development of geotourism + Hydrology: Regarding hydrology, there are about 50 large and small rivers creating an abundant source of fresh water In addition, there are about 21,000 hectares of water surface in lagoons, bays and estuaries creating a unique coastal ecological area Phu Yen has many mineral water sources discovered such as: Tra O, Triem Duc (Dong Xuan); Phu Sen (Phu Hoa) About the oceanography: The tides in Phu Yen sea belong to the irregular diurnal tide regime In addition, the marine - island ecosystem is very rich, which is convenient in organizing visitors to visit ecotourism, entertainment, discovery tourism, + Natural resources of lagoons, bays, sea - islands: Play an important role in developing the province's geotourism The lagoon, bays, and a system of beaches are distributed stretching from the north of Cu Mong to the south of Vung Ro It is an ideal place for leisure activities, entertainment, picnics, camping, swimming, scuba diving and enjoying seafood specialties - Cutural tourism resources: + Material cultural tourism resources: The most typical one is the Tomb of Ong Fish (Nam Hai god) In addition, there are historical sites of Phu Yen associated with the sea and islands such as: Vung Lam historical relic; The unnumbered wharf historical site at Bai Chua, Vung Ro bay; Temple of Thien YaNa + Intangible cultural tourism resources: Festivals in Phu Yen are quite rich associated with culture and labor in sea-island area such as: Cau Ngu festival; Tam Giang river and water festival; O Loan lagoon boat race; Da Rang river boat racing festival; Da Nong river boat racing festival; Along with that, there are traditional folk craft villages that have existed for a long time such as making fish sauce, making salt, building ships, knitting nets, farming, catching and processing seafood Besides, the cuisine of the sea - island is one of the cultural tourism activities that stimulate the development of tourism tourism because most tourists have a need to eat when traveling 13 Labor in the tourism industry Currently, the province's labor force is 554,138 people, accounting for 63.5% of the total population; Trained workers with primary vocational certificates or higher are about 19% of the total number of employed people The number of employees working in the service industry is 192,438 people, with university and college degrees accounting for 9.47 %, intermediate professional level accounting for 17.1%, elementary level accounting for 25.94% and trained workers joining onthe-job and short-term professional classes accounting for 47.49% The training, fostering and development of local tourism human resources are focused This is considered an important and decisive factor for the direction of sustainable tourism development In addition to the general situation of tourism human resources in the province, human resources for sea-island tourism are also lacking and weak, lacking a team of well-trained and knowledgeable guides and narrators who know much about the seas and islands in their home province In addition, the service force for specific types of sea-island tourism such as diving to see corals, sea-island sports is almost non-existent (mainly local fishermen and guides support) There are no experts in marketing and business development strategies, tourism product development, entertainment business, etc Technical facilities in tourism Accommodation: In the period of 2009 - 2019, the system of accommodation facilities serving tourists in general and sea-island tourism in particular has developed at a fairly rapid rate There are 161 tourist accommodation business establishments, the total number of accommodation rooms is expected to be 3,410 rooms, of which over 700 rooms are of 3-5 star standard Dining facilities, restaurants: There are more than 55 dining rooms in accommodation establishments with about 24,500 seats, serving different dishes to meet the needs of guests when participating in tourism in Phu Yen Recreational and sports facilities: There is currently a shortage of entertainment and sports facilities and services for tourists They not only lack in quantity of entertainment facilities but they are also very poor, monotonous without proper investment Means of passenger transport: There are over 20 businesses providing tourist car rental services However, most car rental businesses are small and mediumsized Table of visitors' evaluation results of tourism service quality (%) Content Transport service Sightseeing service Accomodation service Food and drink service Entertainment service Other services Very good 18,3 7,6 15,3 19,3 9,9 14,5 Good 31,6 33,3 22,2 31,1 20,8 43,8 Normal 40,2 46,7 50,7 38,3 51,3 33,2 Not good 9,9 12,4 11,8 11,3 18,0 8,5 14 Currently, the quality is only very average and there are many limitations Services are poor, especially entertainment and sightseeing services, followed by accommodation and food services Therefore, in order for Phu Yen tourism to survive and develop in the current trend of integration and competition, the immediate problem is to pay attention to investment and development of services on technical facilities of the sea-island tourism industry, to synchronize, commensurating with resources, meeting the needs of tourists about tourism Investment and association to develop sea-island tourism a Investment and development of sea-island tourism: Regarding investment and construction of tourist attractions: Phu Yen has detailed planning of three tourist clusters Regarding the attraction of investment projects in sea-island tourism, up to now, Phu Yen has had a number of big projects such as: Hon Ngoc Bai Tram eco-tourism park (US$60 million), which has been put into operation in phase I with villas, hotels, restaurants; Sao Viet eco-tourism area (30 million USD), has been completed and is being expanded In general, the investment capital in the development of sea-island tourism in recent years has been small, not meeting the needs and potential of the province's sea-island tourism development Therefore, it is necessary to have strong measures to attract investment to promote the development of sea - island tourism in particular and tourism in Phu Yen province in general b Links to develop sea-island tourism: The linkage in the development of sea-island tourism in Phu Yen province is still limited and has not been focused The construction and development of products and the organization of tourism space are still spontaneous and independent, but they are not able to link with neighboring provinces such as Khanh Hoa, Binh Dinh, Promotion, advertising and building tourism image and brand The work of introducing, promoting and promoting sports tourism has been interested and actively implemented, with the participation of state management agencies and tourism business units in various forms such as: building publications to promote sea and island tourism in order to introduce domestic and foreign tourists to natural images, scenic spots, sea-island beauty, tours, tourism routes, and traditional beauties of the island Phu Yen people come to tourists It is necessary to actively host large-scale cultural and art programs at national and international levels With the above activities, the survey shows that the promotion of Phu Yen seaisland tourism has initially achieved some results: information that tourists know from multidimensional synthesis accounts for the highest (34.5%), from friends and relatives (21.3%), from television and from the Internet almost 18-19% alike Particularly, promotional information from travel companies accounts for a negligible proportion (6.4%) 2.3.2 Current status of tourism development by territory Actual situation of exploiting sea - island tourist spots and routes 15 a Sea-island tourist attractions being exploited: The author selects 16 representative tourist attractions that are being exploited stretching along sea-island tourism spaces of the province to conduct an assessment survey based on the criteria for evaluating tourist attractions according to the developed method The unifying criteria are as follows: Criterion 1: Attractiveness of tourist attractions (coefficient 3); Criterion 2: Technical and infrastructure facilities (coefficient 3); Criterion 3: Location and accessibility (coefficient 2); Criterion 4: Tourist capacity (coefficient 1); Criterion 5: Natural and Cultural Environment (coefficient 2); Criterion 6: Seasonality (coefficient 3); Criterion 7: Linkability (coefficient 2); Criterion 8: Organization and management (coefficient 2) Dong Hoa town: Is a bridge connecting with Khanh Hoa tourist center in the south, connecting and trading with tourists from the south to Phu Yen and to other tourist clusters in the tourism space of the province No Results of evaluation of sea - island tourist attractions in Dong Hoa town Criteria Tourist attractions (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Total Bai Mon 15 10 12 65 Vung Ro 15 12 63 Bai Goc 15 10 12 65 Hai Dang Mui Dien 15 10 12 64 Scores of tourist attractions in Dong Hoa town are rated at: 63-65 points, which is convenient for orienting, exploiting and building sea-island tourist routes combined with sightseeing and relaxation in the upcoming time Tuy Hoa city Area: Located in the administrative center - tourism center of Phu Yen province This is the driving space for tourism in Phu Yen province today Results of evaluation of sea - island tourist attractions in Tuy Hoa city Criteria No Tourist attractions (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Total Long Thuy beach 12 10 12 6 68 Hon Chua island 12 10 12 60 Cau Ngu festival 6 45 Tuy Hoa beach 12 12 10 12 73 It can be seen that the scores of the sea and island tourist spots in Tuy Hoa city area are evaluated as follows: Quite favorable: 45 points belong to the cultural tourist attraction Cau Ngu festival; and favorable level (from 60 to 68 points) for sea-island natural tourist attractions: Long Thuy sea and Hon Chua island Particularly, Tuy Hoa beach tourism site is rated 73 points: it is a very convenient beach tourist destination for marine tourism activities combined with sightseeing, shopping, public services, MICE, transit, and entertainment Tuy An District area: This is home to many natural tourist attractions: Da Dia Reef, O Loan lagoon, Yen island, beautiful sandy beaches and beaches along with unique cultural and festival tourist attractions of fishermen 16 Indigenous people: fishing festival, O Loan lagoon festival, traditional craft villages, No Results of evaluation of sea - island tourist attractions in Tuy An district Criteria Tourist attractions (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Total Ganh Do fish sauce 8 12 57 Da Dia-Ganh Den 15 10 12 8 75 Hon Yen-Ganh Yen 15 10 12 66 O Loan lagoon 12 10 12 68 Evaluation results of the tourist sites in Tuy An district: tourist sites of fish sauce making villages and natural tourist attractions of sea - island: Yen island - Ganh Yen; O Loan lagoon is evaluated (from 57 to 68 points) as sea-island tourism spots that are currently favorable for the development of current and future sports tourism Particularly, Ghenh Da Dia tourist site is rated 75 points: very convenient for the development of tourism in general to visit landscapes, sea resorts, eco-tourism, scuba diving, yachting, culinary culture such as shellfish, etc oysters, crabs, lobsters Song Cau town: Located in the North of Phu Yen, in charge of connecting and trading with tourists from the North to Phu Yen and to other tourism clusters in the province's tourism space No Results of evaluation of sea - island tourist attractions in Criteria Tourist attractions (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Cu Mong lagoon 12 10 12 Xuan Dai Bay 15 6 10 12 Bai Xep 15 6 10 12 Nhat Tu Son island 15 10 12 Song Cau town (7) 6 6 (8) Total 61 66 64 71 It can be seen that the scores of most of the sea and island tourist spots in the Song Cau town area, put into operation and survey, are rated as favorable (from 61 to 71 points) for sea-island tourism activities, combining with sightseeing, sea resort, eco-tourism, scuba diving, culinary culture such as blood cockles, king crabs, oysters, crabs, lobsters, etc Based on the evaluation results with reference to experts and tourists about the sea and island tourist destinations that tourists have visited and experienced in the sea - island tourism spaces of Phu Yen province as well as based on the evaluation criteria, the dissertation determined the favorable levels of exploitation in the sea and island tourism space of the province as follows: Very convenient: Tuy Hoa city; Quite convenient: Song Cau town; Convenient: Tuy An district and Dong Hoa town b Sea-island tourist routes are being exploited  Intra-provincial tourism route: Tuy Hoa City Sightseeing tour: Main tourist attractions: Nhan Tower - Da Rang River - Tuy Hoa Beach - Long Thuy Beach - Chop Chai Mountain - Bao Lam Pagoda - Sao Viet Ecotourism Area Line nature: Organized according to 17 the traffic system in the city Tuy Hoa, serving visitors, swimming, learning about monuments and landscapes in the Tuy Hoa city; enjoying cultural and artistic programs: Bai Choi, Ho Khoan, Ho Ba Trao, rock trumpet performances, etc Northern tour route: - Tuy Hoa city-Tuy An- Song Cau town: This is a tourist route organized along the National Highway 1A axis to reach most of the valuable marine tourist destinations in the northeastern coastal area of Phu Yen to serve tourists to organize sightseeing, various types of tourism such as: : visit the sea - island, swim, relax and enjoy the specialties of Phu Yen such as lobster, blood cockle, shrimp, squid, etc - Tuy Hoa - Long Thuy - Hon Chua tourist route: This is a tourist route organized along the inner city route from Tuy Hoa city to valuable sea -island tourist destinations Serving for entertainment, relaxation, sea sports, swimming, fishing, squid fishing, resorting at coastal resorts: learning about the life of the people in fishing villages, visiting fish sauce processing facilities, Southern tourist route: Tuy Hoa city - Ca Pass - Vung Ro - Da Bia Mountain: Organized along National Highway 1A from Tuy Hoa city to Ca pass, this is a general sightseeing tour route: eco-tourism of the sea - island of Phu Yen province as tour fishing in Vung Ro, climbing Da Bia mountain, watching the sunrise at Bai Mon - Mui Dien, swimming To evaluate the actual situation of exploiting the tourism routes of Phu Yen province over the past time The author has selected the typical sea -island tourism routes above to the survey and assessment based on the criteria for evaluating tourist routes: Criterion 1: Number of tourist spots (coefficient 3); Criterion 2: Attractiveness of tourist attraction (coefficient 3); Criterion 3: Transport convenience (coefficient 2); Criterion 4: Quality of technical infrastructure for tourism (coefficient 2), Criterion 5: Time of tourism activities (coefficient 3) From the results of the assessment of the above tourist routes, it can be seen that the scores of most of the intra-provincial tourism routes put into operation and survey are evaluated as convenient tourist routes (37 points) to very convenient tourist routes (39-45 points Table of the evaluation results of convenience for tourism routes in inner Phu Yen province Criteria Tourist routes Total Conveniencdegree (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Very convenient Tuy Hoa city sightseeing tour 8 12 43 Tuy Hoa city - Tuy An - Song Cau town 12 12 45 Very convenient Tuy Hoa city - Long Thuy - Hon Chua 12 39 Very convenient Tuy Hoa city - Deo Ca - Vung Ro 9 37 Convenient 18  Sea-island tourist routes are being exploited in connection with the province: - Route 1: Tuy Hoa - Quy Nhon - Tuy Hoa: Depart to Quy Nhon, visit Xep beach, take souvenir photos at Ganh Ong, visit Da Dia Reef, admire the wild beauty of O Loan lagoon, stop visit Mang Lang church Discover Nhat Tu Son, a small island located in Xuan Dai Bay, where every time the tide recedes, a road of more than 200 meters connects the mainland to the island Overnight in Quy Nhon, visit Ky Co In the afternoon, visit Eo Gio and Ngoc Hoa vihara; Quang Trung Museum, Ham Ho landscape - Route 2: Tuy Hoa - Song Cau - Quy Nhon - Da Nang - Tuy Hoa: Visitors can swim at Tuy Hoa, Long Thuy, Bau, Tram, Tu Nham, scuba diving , learn about the lifestyle of coastal residents, learn about craft villages, take a boat to the islands, take a boat with fishermen fishing in Xuan Dai bay, Cu Mong lagoon, walk in the middle of the sea to Nhat Tu Son island in Song Cau Go to Quy Nhon to swim, take pictures, swim at Queen's beach, egg beach, visit Han Mac Tu tourist area, take a boat to Cu Lao Xanh island, Go to Da Nang to visit Non Nuoc sea, swimming, visiting the Marble Mountains, Ba Na Hill tourist area, taking the cable car, taking photos, participating in sports, entertainment, shopping, culinary activities, Route 3: Tuy Hoa - Nha Trang - Tuy Hoa: Visit Mui Dien Lighthouse, which used to be considered the easternmost point on the mainland of the country, continue to Vung Ro, visit the historical site of unumbered ship, learn about the lobster farming of fishermen, admire the magnificent Da Bia mountain, visit historical sites in Nha Trang city such as Ponagar Tower, Long Son pagoda, Hon Tre island, come to the Vinpearland amusement park It is free to participate in all games here, visit the Aquarium Route 4: Ho Chi Minh City - Nha Trang - Tuy Hoa: Visit the Institute of Oceanography, cruise in Nha Trang Bay, swim, scuba dive, take the cable car through Vinpearl Land (Vietnamese Pearl), play the Sea sports games, sightseeing, taking souvenir photos, sunbathing, enjoying seafood, walking the streets at night, having fun, shopping, relaxing with high-class spa services Coming to Tuy Hoa, visitors can swim in Tuy Hoa and Long Thuy beaches, visit coastal islands, visit Nhan tower, learn about the lifestyle of fishing villagers, learn about craft villages, and bridge festivals fishing, boating on holidays, taking pictures, walking the streets, enjoying special sea food General assessment of the current status of development of football tourism in Phu Yen province a These achievements: - The number of international and domestic visitors to Phu Yen is constantly increasing The market of international tourists traveling to tourism is increasingly expanding; The system of infrastructure and technical facilities serving sea-island tourism is being invested and developed, creating conditions to promote the growth 19 of tourism development targets, contributing to creating a new face for the province - The territory of sea - island tourism has made significant development steps, following the trend of increasing the number of sea - island tourist attractions Forming sea-island tourist routes serving domestic and foreign tourists with new experiences at tourist destinations; The training and retraining of tourism human resources is also gradually being completed with the combination of training institutions across the country for retraining and additional training of human resources; The awareness of the local community in tourism economic activities has been raised one step and has created favorable conditions in many aspects, supporting tourism activities; The quality of tourism business activities of enterprises in the area gradually improved b Limitations: - The number of tourists is still quite modest in terms of both international and domestic visitors compared to two neighboring provinces, Khanh Hoa and Binh Dinh The number of tourists coming to sea and island tourism in Phu Yen to stay overnight are few and the length of stay is short, pure tourists still account for a low proportion, most of them are visitors to work in combination with tourism; Tourism products are not clear, not have their own characteristics, so they are not attractive enough for tourists; Revenue from sea and island tourism is still low compared to the goal of developing into a spearhead economic sector, the impact of tourism on social life is still not commensurate with the position and potential of the province - Infrastructure and technical facilities for sea and island tourism have been improved, but still have not met the increasing demands of tourists Currently, the traffic routes to the sea and island tourist destinations have not been paid attention to and invested properly, which is an obstacle for Phu Yen sea and island tourism; Tourism environment (landscape environment, tourism business environment, social environment) has been improved, but there are still a few tourist spots that are polluted: Xuan Dai bay, O Loan lagoon: aquaculture, - Tourism human resources are still limited in quantity and quality, there is no strategy and plan to attract human resources with expertise in serving Phu Yen tourism; The link between Phu Yen and localities throughout the country, especially with the South Central Coast provinces and the Central Highlands provinces, is not really effective to create common tourism products for the whole region; The implementation of the planning in some key sea-island tourist destinations still lacks professionalism Awareness of the role of sea-island tourism in socio-economic is still limited, unable to meet the requirements of rapid and sustainable development of tourism in Phu Yen in general.; Market research; management of tourist areas, tourist spots, is still limited 20 CHAPTER ORIENTATION AND SOLUTIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF SEA -ISLAND TOURISM IN PHU YEN PROVINCE TO 2025 AND VISION TO 2030 3.1 Orientation to develop sea and island tourism in Phu Yen province 3.1.1 Orientation building base The author bases on the context and development trend of sea-island tourism of the State, the South Central Coast region and documents on socio-economic development planning, in which the development of tourism in general and seaisland tourism in particular to determine orientations, as a basis for building orientations and solutions 3.1.2 Orientation for development of sea-island tourism in Phu Yen province to 2025, vision to 2030 General orientation of tourism development in Phu Yen province In the tourism development planning of Phu Yen province to 2020, with a vision to 2025, it is emphasized: “Investment with focus according to the plan to create a breakthrough in the direction of fast and sustainable development; Avoid scattered, fragmented and small investments Focus on investing in tourist routes and attractions that bring into play the advantages of national monuments and landscapes, comparative advantages in marine tourism resources, islands, lagoons, bays, forests and mountains and typical cultural features” Specific direction a Market development - International tourist market: Potential market: mainly includes Western European countries, India and the Middle East, which are capable of long-term exploitation due to the large number of foreign tourists from these countries every year Besides, the ASEAN market is a potential market of Phu Yen tourism because the price is suitable with the income level of the people in these countries, the conditions of travel in the region are getting easier and easier; Key markets: Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe, Northern Europe, North America) are markets that are likely to come to Phu Yen easily in the current period and in the near future, including traditional domestic and international tourist markets; - Domestic tourist market: Focus on exploiting key tourist sources from Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, South Central Coast - Central Highlands) via the air, road, In particular, priority is given to expanding the tourist market to the North Central region and the southwestern provinces The orientation of exploiting the tourist market is the basis for developing strategies for sea and island tourism products, developing appropriate marketing policies to attract tourists to Phu Yen b Orientation of sea-island tourism products: - Group of general sea and island tourism products of the province: Sea-island eco-tourism products; Sea-island resort tourism products; Products of cultural tourism of sea - island 21 - Sea - island tourism products exploited based on the advantages of the following areas: Area (Dong Hoa Town): Prioritize the development of highclass resort ecotourism in Hon Nua island associated with activities extreme sports scuba diving, beach tourism products; Cultural tourism, combined with visiting scenic spots, visiting the products of farming and seafood processing villages, ; Area (Tuy Hoa city): Priority is to be given to the development of various types and products of marine-island ecotourism, swimming, convalescence, cultural tourism, visiting scenic spots in combination with the development of tourist attractions Services: Entertainment services, shopping, MICE, dining, ; Area (Tuy An district): Prioritize the development of marine-island ecological tourism, resort tourism; Cultural tourism, sea bathing tourism products combined with visiting scenic spots, visiting handicraft village products and seafood processing Area (Song Cau Town): Prioritize the development of resort, sightseeing, marine - island ecological tourism, marine sports; entertainment, scientific research products - Typical sea and island tourism products of Phu Yen: Specialized high-class marine tourism; Sea sport tourism… mainly focuses on Song Cau Town in the North, Dong Hoa Town in the South and Tuy Hoa City in the center c Orientation for human resource training Expand the scale and quality of human resource training institutions in Phu Yen in the direction of linking training units with enterprises using human resources to create human resources with practical skills Training according to social needs, diversifying training forms based on the cooperation of business d Orientation to develop the system of technical facilities for tourism Continue to invest in developing the quantity and improving the quality of the system of accommodation facilities, the system of high-class beach resorts both onshore and on some potential coastal islands such as: Chua island, Hon Chua island Lao Mai Nha, Hon Nua, ; give priority to the construction of general sports and entertainment facilities, urban parks, fairs and exhibitions associated with culinary activities; Development of entertainment projects, e Development orientation by territory of tourism space: - Common tourist spaces of the province: (i) North - South longitudinal axis (main direction): Connecting Phu Yen with central coastal provinces along national highway 1A axis (ii) East-West direction: Connecting Phu Yen with Central Highlands and Central provinces through economic corridors: National Highway 14,19,24,25 - Tourism spaces oriented to exploit sea and island tourism: Tourism space in the center of Tuy Hoa city, and some adjacent areas in Dong Hoa and Tuy An towns: Sightseeing, sea resort, eco-tourism associated with sea sports; Visiting to learn about traditional craft villages associated with the life of coastal residents; Space for sea and island tourism in Song Cau town and its vicinity (north of Phu Yen): visiting scenic spots; sea resort tourism; adventure sports tourism; Tourism associated with culinary culture 22 f Orientation to continue investing in exploiting tourism zones, points and routes - Orientation to exploit sea and island tourist areas of national significance; orientation of exploiting local sea and island tourist spots and orientation of exploiting sea-island general tourism destinations - Intra-provincial tourist routes: Road route: Tuy Hoa city sightseeing tour (1 day); Tuy Hoa - Tuy An - Song Cau route (1-2 days); Tuy Hoa - Tuy An - Dong Xuan tourist route (1-2 days); Route Tuy Hoa - Vung Ro - Ca Pass - Da Bia Mountain (1-2 days); Waterway: Tourist route on Xuan Dai bay - Cu Mong lagoon; Tourist route on O Loan lagoon - Hon Lao Mai Nha; Tourist route on Vung Ro bay - Hon Nua; Tourist route on Chua river: organizing fun activities, cultural and folk activities of Phu Yen residents; Tourist route along the lower Ba River (Da Rang River) - Inter-provincial tourism routes, inland areas: Route 1: Tuy Hoa-Quy NhonTuy Hoa (2 days-1 nights); Route 2: Tuy Hoa-Hoi An-Da Nang-Hue-Tuy Hoa (4 days -3 nights); Route 3: Tuy Hoa-Nha Trang-Ninh Chu-Tuy Hoa (3 days -2 nights); Route 4: Tuy Hoa - Nha Trang - Phan Thiet - City HCM - Tuy Hoa (4 days -3 nights) There are also a number of sea and air routes: Sea route: Hai Phong - Da Nang - Xuan Dai Bay - Vung Ro - Nha Trang - Vung Tau; Air route: Hanoi Phu Yen - City Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi - Da Nang - City Ho Chi Minh City - Phu Yen At the same time, Phu Yen tourism is also oriented to develop a number of other thematic tourist routes such as: DL route to visit the tangible and intangible cultural values of rocks; General sports tourism route: mountain climbing, scuba diving, boat racing, ; tourism route by bicycle, horse-drawn carriage to visit, explore the scenery of rural villages in Phu Yen; Adventure sports tourism route, hiking, adventure motorbike riding 3.2 Solutions to develop sea and island tourism in Phu Yen province by 2025 with a vision to 2030 3.2.1 Group of solutions on organization, management and policy mechanism Establishing a management board of local tourist areas; Developing mechanisms and policies to encourage enterprises to invest, especially in tourism infrastructure in key tourist areas and spots of the province; Formulating policies to prioritize budget allocation for tourism development planning activities; Step by step perfecting mechanisms and policies for state management of tourism; Supplementing, completing and implementing the policy of regional linkage in the development of sea and island tourism with the two neighboring provinces of Khanh Hoa and Binh Dinh 3.2.2 Solution group to develop infrastructure, technical facilities for tourism Infrastructure development: Construction of a longitudinal transport route along the coast Continue to build roads connecting with existing tourist areas such as highways connecting airports; Development of technical facilities for tourism Especially at night activities, entertainment areas to meet the needs of guests, contributing to prolonging the stay of tourists in the area, 23 3.2.3 Solutions for tourism investment capital Formulate and implement investment mechanisms and policies suitable to actual conditions; Promote administrative reform, improve investment environment, simplify administrative procedures and develop investment support services (credit, tax, ); Promote the socialization of tourism investment, encourage and create all favorable conditions to call all economic sectors to participate in investment in building models of community cultural tourism, marine-island ecology, and resorts, entertainment on the sea 3.2.4 Solution group for human resource development Combine training institutions in the province link and organize classes for training and retraining in many forms for managers of restaurants, hotels, tourist areas, receptionists, rooms, desks , kitchen, tour guide; Select appropriate training programs, methods and institutions; Having a policy to attract good experts and high-quality tourism human resources from the outside into the field of sea and island tourism business and management activities 3.2.5 Group of solutions to develop sea-island tourism products Improve the quality of available tourism products; Diversify tourism products in accordance with the characteristics of each space in the sea - island tourism area; Clearly define the target market to build and develop tourism products suitable for the market, improve the level of satisfaction and payment of visitors 3.2.6 Group of solutions to enhance promotion and advertising Key investment in E - Marketing in promoting and promoting Phu Yen tourism Upgrading and completing Phu Yen tourism website with multiple languages; Build Phu Yen into a stopover, design a system of banners with uniformity at important gateway locations; Provincial tourism promotion center to develop promotion strategy, strengthen promotion; Continue to host cultural and sports events of regional and national scale, creating resonance and attracting investment opportunities in tourism development and visitors to Phu Yen sea and island tourism, 3.2.7 Group of solutions on marine - island environment Need to pay more attention to environmental issues at tourist sites; Train staff on environmental protection issues; problems when environmental incidents occur (oil spills, floods, storms, ); apply technology to adapt and minimize adverse impacts of climate change on tourism activities; It is necessary to take into account the effects of climate change when building special tourist sites and sites on the coast or on the island 3.2.8 Local resident community solution Encourage the community to participate in marine and island tourism development activities: such as fishing, scuba diving, fishing, tourists and fishermen catching seafood, etc to help people understand that tourism will create many benefits jobs and provide decent income, contributing to career change, livelihood improvement and poverty alleviation 3.2.9 Group of solutions to limit the seasonality of sea and island tourism 24 Developing new tourism products, adding additional services; develop types of sightseeing tourism, spiritual cultural tourism, have policies to encourage and reduce prices of services for tourists during the off-season of main island tourism 3.2.10 Solutions to strengthen links for tourism development It is necessary to develop tourism products, especially marine-island ecotourism, taking advantage of biological resources; promote investment, expand tourism routes by sea connecting the main tourist routes and points of Phu Yen with the main tourist routes and points of neighboring provinces, … CONCLUSION Developing sea and island tourism tends to be popular and plays an increasingly important role in the economies of many countries around the world, generating income and increasing socio-economic contributions to the country and locality in association with the protection of marine resources and ecological environment and ensuring security and national defense The dissertation has clearly analyzed a number of theoretical and practical issues on the development of sea and island tourism; factors affecting the development of sea and island tourism, developing criteria for assessing the development of sea and island tourism; apply the contents related to the development of sea and island tourism of a number of domestic and foreign research works as a premise for the development of sea and island tourism in Phu Yen province; The dissertation has properly assessed the potential, analyzed clearly the current situation of developing Phu Yen sea and island tourism in recent years, there are many limitations, development is not commensurate with the potential and strengths of sea - island resources that nature cannot afford gift; Tourism infrastructure and infrastructure are not synchronized, tourism products are monotonous and poor, tourism human resources lack professionalism The dissertation has proposed orientations and solutions to focus on solving existing problems of Phu Yen island tourism such as: market development; product; organize tourism space for sea and island Phu Yen with the strengthening of tourism routes in the region and outside the region At the same time, propose specific and feasible solutions to develop Phu Yen sea and island tourism in the coming time LIST OF RELATED PUBLIC WORKS Lam Thi Thuy Phuong (2018) Combining conservation and development of marine eco-tourism in Nam An Thoi archipelago, Hon Thom commune Proceedings of the Scientific Conference of Master’s and PhD students of HCMC University of Education, Ho Chi Minh city, 2018 Lam Thi Thuy Phuong (2018) Developing eco-tourism sea-island products in Phu Yen province in association with neighboring regions Journal of Development and Integration, ISSN 1859-428x, No 39 (49) 03-04/2018 Lam Thi Thuy Phuong (2018) Development of sea-island tourism in Phu Yen province Journal of Development and Integration, ISSN 1859­428x, số 43 (53) 11- 12/2018 Lam Thi Thuy Phuong (2019) Development of tourism in Phu Yen province in the year 2010 - 2017 Proceedings of the 11th National Geographic Science conference, 04/2019 Lam Thi Thuy Phuong (2019) Training and development of tourism human resources in Phu Yen province in the context of integration Proceedings of the Conference “Phu Yen tourism in the Central Highlands South Central Region link”, Phu Yen University, 06/2019 Lam Thi Thuy Phuong (2019) Strengthening the cultural factors of the marine community in diversifying tourism products in Phu Yen province Proceedings of the international Conference “Community-based tourism and sustainable development in the context of globalization”, Van Lang University, 08/2019 Lam Thi Thuy Phuong (2020) Analysis of factors affecting the development of sea-island tourism in Phu Yen province Proceedings of the Scientific Conference of Master’s and PhD students of HCMC University of Education, Ho Chi Minh city, 11/2020 ... the development of sea - island tourism in Phu Yen province; - Evaluating factors affecting the development of SIT in Phu Yen province; - Analysing the current situation of SIT in Phu Yen province; ... ? ?Sea- island tourism development in Phu Yen province? ?? for research The research results can be applied to propose solutions and strategic planning for tourism development in Phu Yen province in. .. attract investment to promote the development of sea - island tourism in particular and tourism in Phu Yen province in general b Links to develop sea- island tourism: The linkage in the development
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