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GRAMMAR POINTS IN ENGLISH ENTRANCE EXAM

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Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1-  thành công trong bài thi i hc các em ghi nh nhng ni dung ng pháp tng kt di đây (cùng vi tt c các kin thc đã hc) Chúc các em hc tt nhé! STT Grammar Point Examples in Entrance exams 1 Expressions of quantity A/ the minority of N(đđsn) +V (chia s nhiu) A/ the minority of N(kđđ) + V (chia s ít) A/ the majority of N(kđđ) + V (chia s ít) A/ the majority of N(đđsn) + V (chia s nhiu) Chú ý: khi the majority hoc the minority đng đc lp thì V chia ngôi th 3 s ít An/the amount of N(kđđ)+ V(chia s ít) The amounts+ N(kđđ)+ V(chia s nhiu) A number of N(đđsn)+ V(chia s nhiu) The number of N(đđsn) + V(chia s ít) Most+ N(kđđ/đđsn) Most of the/one’s/these/those+ N(kđđ/đđsn) Few/a few, little/a little Almost all + N(kđđ/đđsn) Almost every + N (đđs.it)+ V(ít) Very few/very little/only a few/only a little Chú ý: So và Too đi vi many, much, little, few 1. A small minority of the students in the class are Hispanic. (H 2010) 2. Increasing ________ of fruit on the diet may help to reduce the risk of heart disease. (H 2008) A. the amount B. an amount C. Most of D. a number 3. According to ________ surveys, the majority of Britons want capital punishment restored (H 2008) A. The most B. Most C. Most of D. the most of 4. Nowadays, due to the increasing unemployment rate, young graduates have ________ opportunities to find a job (H 2008) A. little B. A little C. few D. A few 5. It seems that ________ of the students are interested in going to the art museum (H 2008) A. no B. No one C. None D. nobody 6. It takes ________ of time to master a language (2008) A. a great deal B. a great number C. a great many D. a great quantity 2 CÂU GIÁN TIP + “Would you like sth?”  “To offer sb sth” + “I’ll + V…” là du hiu ca mt li ha + “I’ll+ V…/Shall I+ V…?” là du hiu ca mt li đ xut nên s dng “To offer to V” + Ngoài ra, I’ll còn là du hiu ca li đe do (threaten to V) hoc quyt đnh (decide to V) + “Remember to V” và “Don’t forget to V” -> Remember sb to V + “Why don’t we + V/Shall we + V/How about+ V_ing/What about+ V_ing” -> Suggest + V_ing/Suggest that +S + V(inf) hoc có 1. “Why don’t we go out for dinner?” said Mary  Mary suggested a dinner out 2. My friend told me, “If I were you, I would not smoke so much”  My friend advised me not to smoke so much. 3. “Mum, please don’t tell dad about my mistake.”, the boy said.  The boy begged his mother not to tell his father about his mistake. 4. “You shouldn’t have leaked our GRAMMAR POINTS IN ENGLISH ENTRANCE EXAM (TÀI LIU THAM KHO) ây là tài liu tham kho “Grammar points in English entrance exam” thuc khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – cô Nguyn Ngc Anh.  có th nm vng toàn b kin thc ôn thi Tt nghip và i hc môn Ting Anh, Bn nên tham gia khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – cô Nguyn Ngc Anh ti Hocmai.vn. Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2- Should. + Khi câu trc tip có “Please…”  To insist on sb’s V_ing/ insist that + S + V. + Khi câu trc tip có câu mnh lnh và du hiu nguy him thì dùng To Ware sb to V/not to V/Against V_ing Chú ý : Trong đ thi i hc thng có 5 câu gián tip, nói chung đây là phn bài rt c bn và không th thiu trong k thi.  ngh các em ôn li tt c các đng t có cu trúc “To V” và “V_ing” đ vit li câu gián tip. confidential report to the press, Frank’, said Jane.  Jane criticized Frank for having disclosed their confidential report to the press. 5. “Would you like some more beer?”, he asked.  He offered me some more beer 6. She said, “John, I’ll show you round my city when you are here”  She promised to show John round her city. 7. “I will let you know the answer by the end of this week”, Tom said to Janet.  Tom promised to give Janet the answer by the end of the week. 3 Câu đo (INVERION) - No sooner + Mnh đ 1 (QKHT – o)+ than + Mnh đ 2 (QK – xuôi) - Hardly/scarely/barely + Mnh đ 1 (QKHT- đo) + when/before + Mnh đ 2 (QK – xuôi) - Only (đng đu câu/đu v mt v câu/trc mt cm gii t/liên t) + Mnh đ xuôi  Mnh đ chính đo - Trng ng ph đnh đng đu câu thì sau đó là câu đo. - So + adj/adv + Mnh đ đo + that + Mnh đ chính xuôi - Such + to be + S (là N) + that + Mnh đ chính xuôi. - o đc bit (o vn chng): Adv + V+ S (noun) 1. Only what you grow up ________ the truth A. do you know B. you will know C. you know D. will you know 2. ________ he arrived at the bus stop when the bus came. A. no sooner had B. No longer has C. Not until had D. Hardly had 3. No sooner had she put the telephone down than her boss rang back.  Scarcely had she put down the phone when her boss rang back. 4. Never before ________ as accelerated as they are now during the technological age. A. have historical changes been B. have been historical changes C. historical changes have been D. historical have changes been 4 Các đng t theo sau là “to V/V/V_ing” Mt vài ví d trong các đ thi: V_ing To discourage sb from sth/V_ing To be worth + V_ing (V_ing có th mang ngha b đng) To need + V_ing (V_ing mang ngha b đng khi S là 1 vt) Chú ý: Khi V_ing hoc to V làm S thì V chia s ít. Ví d: ___raw material into useful product is called manufacturing. A. Transform B. Transforming C. Being transform D. When transforming Lu ý câu này: đã có đng t chia là is nên câu này thiu ch ng  chn B Eg: 1. Neil Armstrong was the first man ________ on the moon. A. has walked B. walked C. walking C. to walk 2. Nowadays children would prefer history ________ in more practical ways. A. be taught B. teach C. To be taught D. to teach 3. James was the last to know about the change of schedule  Everyone had heard about the change of the schedule before James did 4. “How many times have I told you ________ football in the street?” A. not to play B. not playing C. do not play D. not to have played Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 3- Các đng t có cu trúc nguyên th: 1. I’ve warned you many times ________ the front door unlocked. A. won’t leave B. not leaving C. not to leave D. don’t leave 2. The sign ‘No Trespassing” tell you ________ A. not to photograph B. not to smoke C. not to enter D. not to approach ng t nguyên th trong mnh đ quan h rút gn: The first/last/second/only/adj (so sánh hn nht) +N + to V\to be P2 Chú ý: Có th b by nh sau: They are the third year students ________ a special scholarship A. To give B. To be given C. Being given D. Giving 5 Adj/adv/much + as + mnh đ (S+V chia): mc dù… Adj/adv/much + though + mnh đ + (S + may/might +V) 1. Wealthy as they were, they were, they were far from happy  Although they were wealthy, they were not unhappy 2. ________ , he felt so unhappy and lonely A. Despite of his health B. Rich as was he C. Rich as he was D. Despite he as so rich 6 To be too+adj+(for sb)+ to V: Quá nh th nào…đn ni mà không th… The woman was too weak to lift the suitcase  So weak was the woman that she couldn’t lift the suitcase. Ms. Rose is too good a teacher for us to forget 7 Phân bit So và Such So+ adj/so+adj+ mo t a/an+ N(đđ s ít) Such + cm danh t (a/an+adj+N) Ví d: ________ that everybody desires to have it. A. So valuable gold is B. Such is the value of gold C. Such the value of gold D. So is the value of gold * Such + cm N: nh th He can’t keep on living with such a woman 1. He was ________ speaker! A. So good a B. What a good C. So a good D. How good a Chú ý: SO và SUCH mà đng đu câu thì ngh ngay đn câu đo nhé 2. The woman too weak to lift the suitcase  So weak was the woman that she couldn’t lift the suitcase Trong câu có cha mnh đ ch kt qu nu trc danh t có much/many/few/little thì không dùng “such” mà dùng “so” Eg: He has so many girlfriends that he can’t remember who she is. 8 Cu trúc song song 1. We admire Lucy (A) for her (B) intelligence cheerful (C) deposition and (D) she is honesty 2. (A) The first important requirements for you (B) to become a mountain climber (C) are your strong passion and (D) you have good health. 9 Participle adj - V_ing/V_ed (tính t hai dng) Ms Jose is an ________ teacher. She tells Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 4- V_ing là tính t ch tính cht ca s vic, bn cht ca s vic hoc bn cht ca ngi và mang ngha ch đng còn V_ed ch cm xúc ca ngi và có th mang ngha b đng hoc đã thc hin good jokes. Amused hay amusing  Amusing (vì bn cht ca teacher, teacher đa ra hành đng làm ngi khác vui v) 10 Cu trúc ch mc đích In order to V/so as to V ph đnh -> so as not to V. (ng pháp chun thì không có in order to nhng trong SGK12 nâng cao thì có dùng) So that/in order that + mnh đ (có can, could, may/might/will/would/should 1. Ensure there is at least a 3cm space ________ allow adequate ventilation. A. so as to B. so that C. in view of D. with a view to 2. The doctor decided to give her a thorough examination ________ he could identify the causes of her illness. A. so as B. unless C. after D. so that 3. I suppose you just go to the speaking club…improve your communicative ability. A. so as B. for C. in order to D. so that 11 Cu trúc gi đnh vi các tính t ch s cn thit, cp bách. It is/was important/ necessary/ essential/ vital/imperative/critical/disvisable that + S+V (nguyên th không chia) hoc S + be (nguyên th không chia) + P2 Cu trúc gi đnh vi các đng t ch s yêu cu To insist/ require/ ask/ demand/ advise/ propose/ suggest/ recommend + that + S+ V(nguyên th không chia) hoc S + be (nguyên th không chia) + P2 Chú ý: Ngi ra đ thi có th đt by các em bng cách cho các đng t này  dng b đng thì cu trúc ca nó vn là gi đnh (V nguyên th không chia) Eg: It is propose that she be the new manager. B đng nguyên th Cu trúc gi đnh vi: S1+ would rather +S2+V (chia thì quá kh) 1. It’s imperative ________ what to do when there is a fire. A. we knew B. that everyone know C. that he knew D. he must know about 2. Susan’s doctor insists ________ for a few days A. that she is resting B. her to rest C. her resting D. that she rest 3. “I’d rather you ________ home now” A. go B. gone C. went D. going 12 Cm t c đnh (Coliocation) 1. Make/do: phi ôn li nhé vì trong đ thi s có th có 1 câu thôi và nm nào cng có. 2. To take it for granted that clause: cho rng…hin nhiên. 1. “Please, will you just tidy your room, and stop ________ excuses!” A. making B. having C. doing D. taking 2. I just took it ________ that he’d always be available. A. for granted B. into consideration C. easy D/ into account 13 Câu điu kin và các liên t thay th if Câu điu kin vi: - In case + mnh đ (chia  thì hin ti, ging đk 1) - In case + mnh đ (chia  quá kh đn, ging đk 2) - Provided + mnh đ = if + mnh đ - We have bought extra food in case our guests stay to dinner - “Should we bring a lot of money on the trip”. “Yes, in case we decide to stay longer” Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 5- - Câu điu kin vi ch ng là It - S dng “without/but for”: đ rút gn mnh đ điu kin. - Câu điu kin loi 1,2,3 mà mixed - Unless - S dng “otherwise” thay mnh đ quan h - You’ll get a free month’s subscription, provided you renew your membership by the end of May - If it hadn’t been for the heavy storm, the accident would not have happened. - What world life on earth be like without animals and plants - If everyone could fly, how would we control the traffic? - If she hadn’t been sick, she would have gone out with me to the party. - She will be ill unệess she taỆes a few day’s rest - “Never be late for an interview, otherwise you can’t get the job. 14 Cu trúc so sánh (lý thuyt đã có ri) Mi nm ch có 1 câu thôi các em xem k li lí thuyt - “The inflation rate in Greece is five times as high as that in my country” he said. - This shirt is not nearly as expensive as that one. - John paid $2 for his meal, not so much as he had thought it would cost. - The sooner we solve this problem, the better it will be for all concerned  If we can solve this problem soon, it will be better for all concerned 15 Các liên t ni (liên kt câu và conjunction) 1. Phân bit as well as, as far as, as soon as, as long as. 2. Whereas/while (kt ni 2 v trong cùng mt câu ch s ngc li, tng phn) 3. As a result 4. However thng đng đu câu, trc du phy hoc sau S kp gia hai du phy nhng trong đ thi H nm 2011 thì li đng  cui câu sau du phy (mc đích là ni hai câu). However có th đng sau du chm phy đ ni hai v trong cùng 1 câu. 5. Cách s dng ca But: Clause 1, but, clause 2 But + N: ngoi tr But còn là t kt ni trong cu trúc song song 6. Các t ni ch s ngc li: in contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand (ngc li, mt khác) cng có v trí trong câu ging However. 7. Các t ni ch kt qu: therefore, as a result, consequently, thus (kt qu là, do đó mà) cng có v trí trong câu ging However. Chú ý: as a result of sth/Ving. 8. Các t ni ch s thêm vào: in addition, moreover, beside, furthermore (ngoài ra, thêm vào, hn na…) có v trí trong câu ging vi However. 1. “ You can go to the party tonight as long as you are sober when you come home” 2. The price of fruit has increased recently, whereas the price of vegetables has gone down. 3. Because they erected a barn, the cattle couldn’t get out into the wheat field. -> They erected a barn, and as a result, the cattle couldn’t get out into the wheat field. 4. The sky was cloudy and foggy. We went to the beach, however 20011 5. Ms. Rose is a cheerful teacher. In addition her knowledge of English is very wide. 6. Ms. Rose is a cheerful teacher. Her knowledge of English, in addition is very wide. 7. In addition to being a cheerful teacher, Ms. Rose’s knowledge of English is very wide. Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 6- Chú ý: In addition to sth/ V_ing 16 Câu nhn mnh: 1. It is + S+ who/that + mnh đ 2. It is + O/cm N/cm adv (ch ni chn thi gian) that + mnh đ 3. However+ adj/adv+ Clause= No matter how+ adj/adv + clause = It doesn’t matter how… 4. Whatever + (N) + Clause = No matter what + (N) + Clause = It doesn’t matter what… 5. Whoever + Clause = No matter who + Clause = It doesn’t matter who. 6. Wherever + Clause = No matter where + Clause = It doesn’t matter where. 7. Whenever + Clause = No matter when + Clause = It doesn’t matter when. Chú ý: sau How thng có adj hoc adv. 1. Try as I might, I couldn’t open the door. 2. I won’t change my mind no matter what you say. 3. It’s doesn’t matter to them which film they go to.  They don’t mind which film they go to. 4. “No matter how you treat him, he’ll help you. He’s so tolerant. 17 S hoà hp gia ch ng và đng t 1. The captain as well as all the passengers is very frightened by the strange noise. 2. It was announced that neither the passengers nor the driver was injured in the crash. 18 Rút gn mnh đ ch lí do hoc mnh đ ch thi gian khi 2 mnh đ đó có cùng ch ng vi mnh đ chính Not having written about the require topic I was given a low mark 19 Thì ca đng t (tense) Ôn li tt c các thì 20 Mnh đ quan h (ôn li) Chú ý: Cái by trong mnh đ quan h: Eg: I have 2 sisters, both of whom are teachers (trong câu này, mnh đ trên gii thích thêm ý ngha cho sisters nên dùng whom. Nu ch cn thêm mt liên t ni nh although hay but, and thì s không phi là câu có mnh đ quan h na và s s dng both of them live far from me. I have sisters and both of them are teachers I have sisters, both of whom are teachers 1. The reason why so many species are becoming extinct is that people have destroyed their habitats through deforestation. 2. The temperature at which melting takes place varies widely from material to material. 3. The United states consists of fifty states, each of which has its own government 21 I. Modal verbs for past prediction D đoán chc chn dùng must, ph đnh ca must là can’t - S+ must/can’t/may(not)/could(not)/+ have + P2 (have+ been + V_ing) - S+ needn’t have + P2 - S+ could have done 2. Modal verbs for present prediction S+ must/can’t/may(not)/ might (not)/ could (not)+ V (be + V_ing) Chú ý: - Have been V_ing sau modal verbs là d đoán đang din ra  quá kh - Be + V_ing sau modal verbs là d đoán din ra  hin ti. 1. He should have gone to the doctor after the accident, but he continued to play instead. 2. “You needn’t have cooked so many dishes. There are only three of us for lunch. 3. What a dangerous thing to do! You might have been killed. 4. The kitchen can’t be dirty because she has just clean it 5. “Why wasn’t your boyfriend at the party last night?” He may have attended the lecture at Shaw Hall. I know he very much wanted to hear the speaker. Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 7- 22 Cu trúc có ch ng gi và tân ng gi: It 1. To find/make it + adj (for sb) to V: Nhn thy làm cho nh th nào đ làm gì. Chú ý: mt s tính t vi ngha có th: - Tính t possible/impossible luôn đi vi ch ng gi và tân ng gi - To be+ able/unable to V: luôn đi vi ch ng là ngi - To be+ capable of Ving: luôn đi cùng ch ng là ngi hoc vt - It is/was + adj for sb to V : làm gì nh th nào đi vi ai. - It is/was + adj of sb to V : đây là li nhn xét hành đng ca ai đó và thng s dng các tính t nh: good/kind/nice/polite/wrong; considerate/unkind/stupid… 1. They didn’t find it easy to live in a foreign country. 2. They couldn’t climb up the mountain because of the storm.  The storm discouraged them from climbing up the mountain. 3. Alfonso: “I had a really good time. Thanks for the lovely evening, Maria: “…”  I’m glad you enjoyed it 23 Câu hi đuôi Chú ý: khi câu có I think + Clause/I suppose + Clause  thì đuôi s láy li ch ng ca mnh đ phía sau 1. I don’t think she will agree on your proposal, will she? 2. “Buy me a newspaper on your way back…?”  will you? 24 Mnh đ ch thi gian Chú ý: Câu có mnh đ ch thi gian  tng lai (có cu trúc ging nh câu điu kin loi 1 – mnh đ chính là tng lai đn hoc modal verbs, mnh đ thi gian là hin ti đn hoc hin ti hoàn thành) Clause 1 (tng lai đn/ modal verbs) + before/after/when/until/the moment/as soon as + Clause 2 (hin ti hoàn thành/ hin ti đn)  Có th hoán v 2 v 1. You can’t enter the class until you have bought a ticket. We will go home as soon as the lesson finishes. 25 Mt s câu hi đòi hi phi xác đnh đúng t loi và ngha ca câu hoc các phng án tr li có th cùng t loi nhng các t có tin t, hu t khác nhau. Vy chn đáp án đúng các em phi chú ý đ ngha ca câu. Thng da vào t đng ngha, trái ngha, da vào các tin t và hu t 1. Don’t be afraid. The snake is… A. harm B. harmful C. harmless D. unharmed 2. The two countries have reached an agreement through dialogues described as… A. counterproductive B. unproductive C. productivity D. productive 26 i vi mt s câu hi, ch cn xác đnh đc đúng t loi ca t cn đin vào là các em có th tìm đc câu tr li: + The government initiated the program of ________ reform in the 1980s A. economist B. economic C. economy D. economized  economic (adj) + reform (n) = s ci cách kinh t + The operation was ________ and she got better quickly + Fresh air is ________ for your health A. usefully B. use C. using D. useful  useful (adj) = hu ích (be+ adj) + John is ________ in fashion magazines A. interesting B. interested C. interests D. interest  interested in sth/sb = quan tâm thích thú cái gì. Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 8- A. succeeding B. succeeded C. success D. successful -> Successful (adj) = thành công (be+ adj) + We should stop ________ our environment A. polluting B. polluted C. pollution D. pollutant  stop + V_ing 27 1. Li tha 2. Li tng đng 1. In my judgment (A) I think Helen is the (B) best physicist (C) among the scientists of (D) the USA region . 2.Educated in (A) the UK, (B) his qualifications are, widely (C) recognized in the (D) world of professionals 28 Phrasal verbs: hc thuc lòng tt c các t đã hc vì phn này có 3- 4 câu trong đ thi. 1. The Second World War broke out in 1939. 2. “We’d better speed up if we want to get there in time.” 3. I could not take in the lecture at all. It was too difficult for me. 4. He never lets anything come between him and his weekend fishing trip 29 Mnh đ danh t (Mnh đ danh ng) 1. Mnh đ danh t bt đu bng mt t đ hi là What,Where, When, Why, How many, How much, If, Whether, that…đóng vai trò nh mt danh t (thành phn sau các t đ hi là 1 câu xuôi) Các mnh đ danh t đng ngày sau đng t, gii t, làm ch ng trong câu. 2. Mnh đ danh t “that” làm ch ng trong câu That + S1 + V(chia) +O +V(chính chia s ít)+O Ch ng 3. Mnh đ danh t “what” làm ch ng trong câu What + S1+ V+ O+ V(chính chia s ít)+O Ch ng 1.That Serbia defeated Germany surprised everyone 2. What we refer to as taste is really a composite sense made up of both taste and smell. 3. What he does sometimes annoys me very much. 4. I did not want to believe them, but in fact, what they said was true. 30 Gii t 1. They are staying with us for the time being until they can afford a house. 2. It is very important for a firm or a company to keep up with the changes in the market. 3. Anna persisted in her search for the truth about what had happened. 31 Other và another 1. Is it true that this country produces more oil than any other countries? 2. “Don’t worry. I have another tire at the back of my car” 32 The Passive Chú ý: Câu có dng tân ng  dng b đng Active: People know/believe/think…+ that + clause tân ng. Passive Cách 1: It is/was+P2(know/believe…) + that+ 1. When the old school friend met, a lot of happy memories were brought back. 2. She is said to have broken several world records in swimming Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 9- clause Cách 2: S(ca mnh đ tân ng) + to be (chia theo thì) + P2 (known/believed…)+ to V/ to have P2 33 Prepositions Eg: 1. be capable of sth/Ving: có kh nng, nng lc làm gì Be able to do sth: có th làm gì Be suitable for sth: phù hp vi Be compatible with: tng hp 2. agree with sb/sth: đng ý vi ai/ cái gì Accept sth: chp nhn cái gì complain about sth: than phin v cái gì argue with sb about sth: tranh cãi vi ai v cái gì 3. get used/accustomed to sth: quen vi tell sb sth: k vi ai cái gì say sth to sb: nói cái gì vi ai explain sth to sb: gii thích cái gì cho ai direct sb to (a place): ch đng cho ai đn 1. My computer is not capable of running this software 2. He completely agreed with what I said 3. I’ve lived near the airport for so long that I’ve got used to the noise of the planes. 4. The policeman told me the way to the station 34 S kt hp thông thng ca t (collocations) ôi khi câu hi liên quan đn các t hay cm t thng đi cùng nhau trong ting anh, đc gi là s kt hp thông thng ca t Well-done: chín k Dismiss a case/a class: gii tán mt v x/ mt lp hc Hold a meeting: t chc mt cuc hp Daily routine: thói quen thng nht The pace of life: nhp sng Electrical appliances: đ đin, đ dùng bng đin Toss a coin: tung/ qung mt đng xu 1. How do you like your streak done? Well – done, please 2. A meeting will be help to discuss the matter 3. Make exercise part of your daily routine 4. Many people like the pace of life in the countryside 5.Today, household chores have been made much easier by electrical applications 6. The referee tossed the coin to decide which team would kick the ball first. 35 Ngha ca câu (meaning) Vì phi da vào ngha ca câu nên đ làm nhanh dng câu hi này, phi có vn t vng nhiu và kin thc ng pháp đ đc và hiu 1. A newspaper which is punished everyday is called a daily newspaper. 2. He’s a very influential person because he can make other workers follow his advice 3. He left discouraged when he failed the exams the second time 36 Linking verbs Là nhng đng t đc s dng đ din t trng thái tình cm ca con ngi hay s vic. ây là nhng ni đng t nên không s dng b đng và luôn theo sau là adj hoc adj  dng so sánh. To look/feel/taste/smell+ adj To remain= stay + adj To seem = appear + adj To became = get = turn = go + adj = go = grow It’s getting darker and darker so let’s go home Her face turned red (went red) when she saw him Her shirt stays new after many years, 37 Câu hi tìm t đng ngha, trái ngha theo ng cnh, đây là loi câu hi mi xut hin trong đ thi H 2012. Chú ý là nhng câu hi này còn có c trong phn đc hiu. Nh là phi tìm t Tìm t đng ngha: We have lived here for years and grow fond of the surroundings. A. planted many trees in the surroundings Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn– Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 10- theo ng cnh và phi đc tht k câu hi. Mt s thành ng đng ngha trong đ thi rt hay gp: 1. before long = soon 2. blow one’s top = lose one’s temper = become very angry 3. beat round the bush= avoid giving a direct answer 4. beat one’s brain out = try very hard to understand or do sth. 5. break a leg = good luck 6. break one’s heart = make someone feel discouraged/disappointed/sad 7. call it a day = stop work for one day 8. Can’t make head or tail of something = can’t understand sth at all 9. catch one’s eyes = attract someone’s attention 10. Change one’s mind = decide to do sth differently from plan 11. cool it = calm down 12. drop someone a line = write to someone 13. drag one’s feet = delay, take longer than necessary to do sth 14. far – fetched = difficult to accept, difficult to believe 15. Feel blue = feel sad/depressed 16. fire someone = dismiss sb from job 17. Get going = leave 18. Get it = understand sth (I don’t get it) 19. Get a kick out of sth = find sth amusing 20. get on one’s nerves = irritate sb/ make sb upset 21. get a move = hurry 22. get out of hand = become out of control/become badly managed 23. get up and go = energy B.haunted by the surroundings C. loved the surroundings D. possessed by thesurroundings Tìm t trái ngha Such problems are haste and inexperience are universal feature of youth A. mark B. shared C. Hidden D. separated 24. Give sb a hand= help sb = applaud 25. Green = inexperienced 26. Hit the book = study 27. in the black = profitable/ not showing a financial loss 28. Junk mail = unsolicited mail 29. Keep an eye on sth= check sth carefully 30. Keep an eye out for=watch for 31. make up one’s mind=decide to do 32. Now and then=occasionally/from time to time 33. No way=absolutely not/definitely not 34. Once in a while = occasionally/from time to time 35. Step on it = hurry up 36. take it easy = relax 37. tell a white lie = tell sth untrue no to hurt sb 38. under the weather = ill/sick/unwell 39. what’s up = what’s new = what’s happening 40. You’ve got to be kidding = You can’t be serious/what you said can’t be true 41. Pull one’s leg = tease sb by trying to make him believe sth that in untrue 42. Jump all over sb = severely criticize/find fault with sb 43. In the stock = in supply and available to buy/sell. Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Ngun: Hocmai.vn . “You shouldn’t have leaked our GRAMMAR POINTS IN ENGLISH ENTRANCE EXAM (TÀI LIU THAM KHO) ây là tài liu tham kho Grammar points in English entrance exam thuc khóa hc Luyn đ thi. usefully B. use C. using D. useful  useful (adj) = hu ích (be+ adj) + John is ________ in fashion magazines A. interesting B. interested C. interests D. interest  interested in sth/sb = quan. of the surroundings. A. planted many trees in the surroundings Khóa hc Luyn đ thi H-C môn Ting Anh – Giáo viên: Nguyn Ngc Anh Grammar points in English entrance exam Hocmai.vn–
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