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Nghiên cứu đề xuất mô hình sản xuất bền vững theo hướng kinh tế tuần hoàn cho chuỗi sản xuất, chế biến thanh long tại huyện bắc bình, tỉnh bình thuận

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  • Nghiên cứu đề xuất mô hình sản xuất bền vững theo hướng kinh tế tuần hoàn cho chuỗi sản xuất, chế biến thanh long tại huyện bắc bình, tỉnh bình thuận

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2520 o0o -HCM PGS.TS PGS.TS - - MSHV:1870283 8850101 I (Proposed research on sustainable production model towards circular economy for dragon fruit production and processing chain in Bac Binh district, Binh Thuan province) II III 06/9/2021 IV V : 12/12/2021 : OA i n qua em, anh, ii iii kinh doanh iv ABSTRACT Dragon fruit is dominant and brings the highest economic benefits among fruit trees in Bac Binh district, Binh Thuan province In recent years, along with the development of fresh dragon fruit production, Bac Binh district has also developed other products from dragon fruit in order to expand and diversify the product consumption market, improving the value of Binh Thuan dragon fruit products However, these processes cause some environmental problems such as branches and buds disposal without collecting and treating, no saving-energy solution, excessive use of plant protection products and inorganic fertilizers, no bottles of plant protection products collection These activities degrade the quality of the environment In addition, fragmented and small production causes the output of dragon fruit in Bac Binh district to be narrowed, affecting people's income Research and propose a circular economic production model according to the production and processing chain of dragon fruit in Bac Binh district, Binh Thuan province in order to improve the economic efficiency and minimize environmental pollution The economic benefits that the model brings include: (i) using LED bulbs that save more electricity but still have the effect of stimulating off-season flowering like Compact bulbs; (ii) using solar panels to generate own electricity, both saving energy cost and generating additional income by selling excess electricity to the national grid; (iii) collecting discarded buds to sell to the factory to generate new income; (iv) reducing the cost of external fertilizer sources by organic fertilizer composted from branches; (v) collecting and producing pigments from waste dragon fruit skins in order to provide new products In order for the model to be highly effective and to be replicated in practice, local functional units need to implement solutions to promote propaganda so that people can clearly understand economic - social - environment benefits brought about by the model, encouraging people to apply the model in production and processing activities; regularly organize agricultural extension training courses, seminars on production experience In addition, it is necessary to pay more attention to output markets for products to help people feel more secure in production and business v vi vi ix xi xiii 1.2.2 M 14 14 15 16 16 16 18 20 25 25 34 35 vii 41 41 44 .46 48 - 49 51 55 2.5 58 - 60 60 60 67 70 3.2 70 3.2.2 72 76 78 3.3.1 78 80 93 96 102 102 102 110 111 115 118 134 ZinMac NANO ngang p theo (l n 3) 50 mL Ga3 c m ch (16 L ) Bm10 or kali Nano b c ng Senifos 50 mL Atonik Chelate 50 cc Kh c ph Agrilife 20 cc ch (16 L/b nh) 135 100 100 0,2 20 0,2 20 0,5 50 0,5 50 0,2 20 0,1 10 136 th 0,90 0,42 0,50 NPK 1,10 0,35 0,65 3,75 3,23 3,12 0,25 0,20 0,42 1,02 1,16 1,09 1,08 1,57 1,52 137 138 Thanh long phi u: - Nam Agriculture Practice t (Good - - - - - - ) 139 - Xin - - m - - m - m - m - - - - - ? - 140 - - kg/ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 141 - - - - - - - -L - 142 - - - - - - - - - Phun di - - 143 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 144 - -N : xu t hi n 0: xu t hi n 1: R xu t hi n 2: Xu t hi n ng 3: Xu t hi n r t ng M i 1: Thi t h 0: i i 25% su t) 2: Thi t h i tr ng (t 25% i 50% su t) B nh th u B B m tr ng B B nh n m t B nh n 3: Thi t h i r t tr ng su t) 145 S l n thu ho ch Kh ng long thu ho ch n ch - - ) - : 146 - - - - - - k - - - - - - - - - - 147 i kh i tham gia kh o - - 148 - - : 09/8/1994 0941575579 : Kinh ng 8/2012-04/2017 07/2018-01/2022 5/20179/2019 9/20199/2020 9/2020-nay Tp.HCM 22 ... anh, ii iii kinh doanh iv ABSTRACT Dragon fruit is dominant and brings the highest economic benefits among fruit trees in Bac Binh district, Binh Thuan province In recent years, along with the... 61,4 39,1 75,1 15,29 5,5 3,5 50,2 2,74 0,6 90 0,1 156,8 100 60,2 m - - - KTTH 6 - - - - long KTTH - - long - - 10 - - - - 11 : - ct =A +A +A - : - :A = n1 2 - +A : 12 - :A = n1 2 ); P n3 Doanh... KgCO2/TJ 74.100 DO IPCC (2006) Ure 3,47 DAP 1,36 KCl 0,26 KgCO2eq/kg Chojnacka et al (2019) 17,05 Cheng (2017) 11,59 Compost 0,04 Chojnacka et al (2019) 0,118 Phong N.T (2012) 14 e 15 - 16 C (Cassou
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