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unit 1 -language focus

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Unit 1 Lesson 5 AIMS Pronunciation : /d / / /ʒ ʧ Grammar : 1. Infinitive with to 2. Infinitive without to WARMER (5ms) Say this limerick , paying attention to the final sounds in “Niger”, “tiger”, “ride”, and “inside”. Answer the question : What happened to her ? There was a young lady from Niger Who went for a ride on the tiger They returned from the ride With a lady inside And a smile on the face of the tiger PRONUNCIATION. (10ms) Consonant / d / and / /ʒ ʧ • Eg / /ʧ chain teacher watch / d /ʒ Jane enjoy age / d / and / /ʒ ʧ Listen and repeat / dʒ / / ʧ / (voiced ) (unvoiced) jam dangerous children mutual joke passenger changeable church January village cheese which Practice reading aloud these sentences 1. Just outside the village, there’s a bridge 2. Jane always enjoys George’s jokes. 3. Two jeeps went over the edge of the bridge 4. Which picture do you think the child wants to change ? 5. Mix the mushrooms, chili and cheese. 6. Do you like French salad and fish and chips. GRAMMAR The infinitive Read the message and find infinitive in these paragraphs and underline them . Unfortunately, it is very common to encounter aggressive drivers every day . They are usually trying to get somewhere in a hurry . Their speeding can cause them to follow too closely or change lanes frequently without signaling . In order to avoid becoming an aggressive driver, there are a number of rules following . First, allow enough time to reach yours destination . Second, change your schedule to keep from driving rush hours. Third, call ahead for explaining if you are going to be late. Then you can relax. If you see an aggressive driver, try to get out of the way safely. Never challenge an aggressive driver by speeding up or attempting to hold your position in your lane. Don’t let others make you drive dangerously . You need to be in control at all times. Unfortunately, it is very common to encounter aggressive drivers every day . They are usually trying to get somewhere in a hurry . Their speeding can cause them to follow too closely or change lanes frequently without signaling. In order to avoid becoming an aggressive driver, there are a number of rules following . First, allow enough time to reach yours destination. Second, change your schedule to keep from driving rush hours. Third, call ahead for explaining if you are going to be late. Then you can relax. If you see an aggressive driver, try to get out of the way safely. Never challenge an aggressive driver by speeding up or attempting to hold your position in your lane. Don’t let others make you drive dangerously. You need to be in control at all times. INFINITIVE WITH TO INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO 1. It +verb + noun + to V 1. S+ make + O +V It cost a lot to own a car He made me cry 2. It + be +adj + to V 2. S + let + O + V It is expensive to own a car He let me see. 3. S + be + adj + to V You are surprised to see him 4. S + Verb + O + to V 3. S + perception verbs +O +V Experts want people to drive (see, hear, feel, watch ) 5. S + V + sth, noth…+to V I saw him go out Do you have something to eat ? 6. S + V + too + adj + to V 4. After had better , would rather He is too old to play football. You had better wear a coat 7. S + V+ adj +enough to V 5. S + have +someone + V He is young enough to play football She has him fix the ball. 8.Purpose I’m learning English to get a good job 6. S + modal verbs + V [...]... order to make sentences Find the rules why we use infinitive with to or without to Exercise 1 1 Who wants something to eat ? 2 I have some letters to write 3 I am delighted to hear the news 4 My mother has some shopping to do 5 You always have too much to talk about 6 It’s lovely to see you again Exercise 2 1 The police watched them get out of the car 2 They let him write a letter to his wife 3 I... picnic ? MORE EXERCISE Fill in the sentences ,using infinitive with to or without to 1 I have got nothing _ 2 The teacher should let their students _ 3 I’m pleased 4 I saw her 5 She doesn’t want 6 We go to school _ HOME WORK (3ms) - Find these sounds in the reading (page 13 ) - Do the exercise in handout . Unit 1 Lesson 5 AIMS Pronunciation : /d / / /ʒ ʧ Grammar : 1. Infinitive with to 2. Infinitive without to. control at all times. INFINITIVE WITH TO INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO 1. It +verb + noun + to V 1. S+ make + O +V It cost a lot to own a car He made me cry 2.
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