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John advised Tom didn’t lend them any more money.. John advised Tom to lend them more money.[r] (1)“The one who can move a big mountain is the very one who has taken away stone after stone” Người chuyển dời núi lớn chính là kẻ đã chuyển dời viên đá nhỏ (Ngạn ngữ Trung Hoa) Phaàn 1: PRONUNCIATION I Pronunciation: Consonants: / p, b, t, d, k, g, dz, r, j, m, n, f, l, v, h, w, s, z,.… / vowels: / i, e, a, o, u,… / Notes:  Cách đọc âm tận cùng là / s, es / a Đối với từ tận cùng là: s, x, ch, sh, ge, ce ……  / iz / : washes, loses, kisses……… b Đối với từ tận cùng là: p, k, t  / s / : sits, stops, looks …… c Đối với từ tận cùng là: m, d, r, n, l, v, b, g … và nguyên âm  / z / : knows, sings,…  Cách đọc âm tận cùng là / ed / a Đối với từ tận cùng là: t,d  / id / : ended, started …… b Đối với từ tận cùng là: p, k, f, ss, x, sh, sh ………  / t /: stopped, passed, finished …… c Đối với từ tận cùng là: m, r, n, l, v, b, g, z … và nguyên âm  / d / : robbed, clothed, …  Exercise: Pick out the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the other words A university B student C volunteer D museum A game B organize C angry D college A win B wine C wrong D wet A read B teach C please D break A hour B honest C vehicle D happy A blood B food C childhood D understood 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 A music A church B city B child C send C chemistry D said D cheese A here A who A off A corn A well B there B when B of B price B week C cheer C what C first C piece C two D sphere D why D fan D concept D forward B reason B oxide C laser C timber D sack D tiny A sword A surgery A heal A ear A satellite A laser A energy A meat 22 A poison 23 24 25 26 27 A nitric A summer A vapor A erosion A washed B wear B curtain B head B hear B light B cancer B gift B accept B since B famous B smog B matched C wet C cure C seal C near C might C attack C biology C ending C sure C waste C disposal C indented D swamp D curdle D lean D heart D lit D scalpel D agency D weather D sound D plastic D process D walked (2) 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 A repaired A left – handed A plays A shakes A pleasant A stops A than A consumption A little A habitat A quay A company A respect A accustomed A plough A wild A possibly A situation A drive A supply A possession A coming A toothache B watched B looked B gets b washes B pens B calculates B theatre B production B possible B rapid B technique B companion B estimate B accurate B rough B wide B psychology B aspiration B bike B reply B address B ocean B therefore C finished C stopped C swims C steps C books C laughs C theory C industrial C edible C informant C key C apprentice C guess C accompany C tough C white C special C statue C idea C why C guess C contrary C thrill D taped D liked D cleans D meets D opens D occasion D thorough D industry D terrible D manage D queen D extra D access D success D enough D bewilder D program D lecture D winning D rhythm D mess D obstacles D author II Stress: Dấu nhấn từ có âm tiết thường nằm ở: + vần thứ động từ + vần thứ danh từ tính từ  Notes: Đối với từ tận cùng là đuôi: en, er, on ……… và số từ không nằm quy luật này nên cách phát âm từ này phải dựa vào từ điển để phát âm cho chính xác Dấu nhấn từ có âm tiết thường phát âm dựa trên quy luật sau: a Dấu nhấn thường nằm vần trước ion, ial, ical, ity, itive, itant, ic, ous, ual : mathematical, magic b Đối với từ tận cùng là: fy, ate, ize… Dấu nhấn nằm vần thứ đếm từ lên : delicate … c Dấu nhấn thường nằm chính vần oon, ese, ee, oo …… : bamboo, afternoon ………… d Danh từ kép có dấu nhấn nằm danh từ đứng trước : bookshop, welfare ……… A Choose the word that the stress is on the first syllable: A company B protect C situation D possession A volcanic B welfare C retain D organic A legal B convention C cosmetic D absorb A discover B scientific C horrible D develop A American B intelligent C impossible D comfortable A forbid B fearsome C inject D involve A discard B disposal C especially D element A investigate B irrigate C intensity D nonsmoker A alone B customer C conceal D conflict 10 A apprentice B attendance C basic D caress (3) B Choose the word that the stress is on the second syllable: A sulphur B sulphuric C undergrowth D tissue A solidify B section C scalpel D process A independent B whether C open D together A sugar B double C enough D argue A special B medicine C language D experience A gallery B everyone C reservation D guitarist A police B government C modern D consequent A safeguarding B resources C sanguine D property A part – time B obstacle C mineral D outnumber 10 A element B erosion C gesture D foreign C Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others in each group: A private B property C approach D foreign A outnumber B continent C scholarship D illustrate A nation B possess C themselves D provide A different B instruction C anything D singular A meaning B business C recognize D prediction A example B following C homonym D difficulty A understand B overcome C disappoint D apparent A maintain B reclaim C enjoy D concert A suggestion B cigarette C environment D protection 10 A necessary B continue C irrigate D different 11 A against B believe C drainage D enrich 12 A element B fertilizer C quantity D erosion 13 A American B represent C discover D adventure 14 A experience B communicate C frightening D inherit 15 A disappoint B ancestry C comfortable D heavily 16 A repeat B between C caress D welfare 17 A military B committee C intimacy D surgery 18 A before B arrive C imply D countless 19 A incredible B humidity C necessity D definition 20 A begin B mountain C kingdom D passage 21 A dinosaur B calendar C eternal D history 22 A document B develop C opponent D astonish 23 A definition B production C situation D politician 24 A photography B qualification C occasion D Canadian 25 A ancient B edible C visual D delicious 26 A personal B entry C personnel D sample 27 A accordance B understand C acupuncture D incomplete 28 A appropriate B emotion C pronounce D situation 29 A cultivate B machine C terminate D operate 30 A prediction B judgment C intelligent D compulsion 31 A unlucky B displeased C courage D encourage 32 A combination B illustration C comprehension D origin 33 A follow B apology C experience D direct 34 A explain B obtain C promise D suspect 35 A national B complain C alone D accept 36 A community B peninsula C participant D concentration (4) 37 A accuracy 38 A accident 39 A beginner 40 A ambulance B individual B direction B encounter B another C recreation C factory C disappear C government D independence D hospital D remember D institute Phaàn 2: VOCABULARY I Expression of quantity: SOME: Dùng câu khẳng định, lời mời, lời đề nghị, trước danh từ đếm và không đếm ANY: Dùng câu phủ định nghi vấn MUCH – MANY – A LOT OF/ LOTS OF – A GREAT DEAL OF – A LARGE NUMBER OF…… With countable nouns With uncountable nouns many much a large / great number of a large amount of / a great deal of plenty of plenty of a lot of / lots of a lot of / lots of few / a few little / a little  Notes:  few – little: ( ít, không nhiều ), thường mang nghĩa phủ định và số lượng ít  a few – a little: ( vài, ít ), thường mang nghĩa khẳng định và số lượng nhỏ as Eg: A large number of students have part time jobs nowadays  A large number of và A great deal of dùng câu khẳng định  Much/ Many dùng câu phủ định và nghi vấn, câu khẳng định có so, such, too,  Only a few = few, Only a little = little ALL – MOST – SOME – NO………  all , most, some, no + ( adjective ) + plural noun / uncountable noun  all of, most of, some of, none of + determiners ( a, an, the, my, his, this, that…… ) + noun + pronouns ( them , us…… ) Eg: Most of her friends live abroad All children are fond of candy  Exercise: Choose the best answer: When we were on holiday, we spend too money A a lot of B many C much D lots of We couldn’t buy anything because of the shops were open A all B half C most D none I think that lemon juice on fish makes it taste better A few B a few C little D a little don’t visit this part of the town A The most tourists B Most of tourists C Most tourists D Most the tourists has left a bicycle outside A Anyone B Anything C Someone D Something cups of coffee have you taken? A How many B How much C How D How far There’s use in complaining They probably won’t anything about it A a few B a little C few D little (5) It is boring here ever happens in this place A Anything B Something C Things D Nothing I spend my spare time gardening A most B the most of C most of D most of the 10 The village is very small There are houses A a few B only a few C some D only a little 11 All the guests were dancing having the good time A All were B Every was C Everyone was D Someone were 12 We tried a lot of hotel but of them had any rooms A some B most C any D none 13 Bill is very lazy He never does work A some B any C no D few 14 Mason owns a chain of supermarket He’s made money A a lot of B many C much D a great number of 15 He can speak English, so it is not difficult to communicate with him A little B a little C few D a few 16 Her employer gave her a good recommendation because she makes mistakes in her work A a few B little C very few D some 17 I don’t want to buy any of these books I have got A all B all them C everything D them all 18 The shop is very quiet There are customers have come in A a few B a little C only a few D only a little 19 paintings have been sold A A large number of B a great deal of C much of D many of 20 The tickets cost , so we can’t afford them A too much B too many C so much D so many II Prepositions and Phrasal verbs: Giới từ sau tính từ Cụm từ: Verb + Noun phrase + Preposition Giơiù từ theo sau GO: Giới từ với thời gian:  AT: dùng để thời điểm ( at o’clock/ at midnight/ at noon/ at night/ at lunch time/ at Christmas/ at the weekend … )  ON: duøng chæ ngaøy, ngaøy thaùng, ngaøy thaùng naêm… (on Monday/ on Sunday morning/ on 16 Friday/ on 30 April, 2008/ on my birthday… )  IN: dùng để tháng, năm, mùa, buổi … (in September/ in 2008/ in the morning/ in the summer… Giới từ theo sau động từ: apologize to sb for sth / V - ng apply/ask for (a job) belong to wait for differ from smile/ laugh at introduce to sb suffer from give up arrive at/ in look at/ up/ for/ after/ forward to consist of put on/ off concern with/ about stand for run out of infer from account for succeed in date back to prevent sb from V- ing be used up protect sb/sth from be up to (6) provide/ supply sb with be involved in depend/ rely on be keen on insist on take off  Exercise: Choose the best answer: Attending all the lectures is important us A for B to C at D on Smoking is to your health A good B serious C accustomed D harmful I am sorry the noise last night We were having a party A in B at C about D with I am sure you are capable guiding the tourists A of B on C for D about It’s very kind him to it for us A about B of C to D with He is very keen English, but he is not good listening A at/ on B on/ at C at/ at D to/ of Your hairstyle is quite similar me A of B to C from D with Hurry up or you will be late school A on B in C to D for What he said was contrary common sense A for B about C of D to 10 I don’t think he was present the meeting yesterday A about B in C at D on 11 Are you serious learning to be an architect? A for B about C with D at 12 She has become very famous her novels A for B about C on D in 13 What is the difference a boat and a ship? A between B from C under D with 14 We are all bored this game A about B at C for D with 15 The cameras prevent motorists speed A by B from C for D with 16 A great number of people are involved the use of English A in B on C at D to 17 English is used an access to world scholarship and world trade A to B for C like D as 18 There were a power failure and all the lights went A up B out C after D along 19 The police went the burglars A after B over C down D up 20 We are going a few days for the holidays A away B up C on D out 21 The dog wants to go towards the fire A away B back C after D along 22 The prize of petrol is going because the cost of the exploitation is too high A down B up C along D on (7) 23 Go your work carefully before you hand it in A over B up C back D into 24 As time goes my memory seems to get worse A down B by C out D away 25 You should try to study hard to your classmates A make fun of B keep pace with C lose track of D pay attention to 26 The man whom you on the bus yesterday is my father A took notice of B made fuss over C put a stop to D made room for 27 He was very angry because they him A took account of B set fire to C made fun of D lost touch with 28 The teacher made allowance his marks because his father was in hospital A up B for C to D of 29 Write your name the top of the page A in B at C to D with 30 Mozart was born in Salzburg 1756 A at B on C in D from 31 Saturday night I went to bed 11 o’clock A At/ on B In/ at C On/ at D At/ to 32 These days everybody is aware the dangers of smoking A up b of C to D with 33 Many young people want to be independent their parents nowadays A on B up C from D of 34 Why are two schools so from each other A similar B same C different D afraid 35 The child is very at arithmetic A quick B prefect C sad D rich III Word form and word meaning: Nouns: Danh từ thường đứng các vị trí sau: a Chủ ngữ câu ( S ) b Sau tính từ tính từ sở hữu ( adj + N, her/ his/ my/ their/ ‘s ……… + N ) c Sau mạo từ: a/ an/ the ( a/ an/ the + adj + noun ) d Sau giới từ: ( of, in, on, from, to, about, with ) từ số lượng ( a few/ little, some, any, much, most… Adjectives: Tính từ thường đứng các vị trí sau: a Trước danh từ, bổ nghiã cho danh từ b Sau động từ “ to be” động từ “ linking verbs" ( get, seem, keep, make, become, feel ……… ) c Sau caùc caáu truùc: so… that, enough…, too… to, daïng so saùnh ( more, most, less, as as ) Adverbs: Trạng từ thường đứng các vị trí sau: a Trước động từ thường: ( S - V … + adv S + adv + V … ) b Trước tính từ: ( be, seem … + adv + adj … ) c Đầu câu ( sau dấu phẩy ) cuối câu  Exercise: Choose the best answer: He is unhappy because of his A deaf B deafen C deafness D deafened This country has climate A continent B continental C continence D continentally (8) She has a for pink A prefer B preferential C preferentially D preference Computers are used in schools and universities A widely B wide C widen D width I sometimes not feel when I am at a party A comfort B comfortable C comforted D comfortably English is the language of A communicative B communication C communicate D communicatively I have to this job because I have no A choose B choice C choosing D chosen He is not very of criticism A tolerable B tolerated C tolerant D tolerating English is used by pilots to ask for landing in Cairo A instruct B instructors C instructions D instructive 10 He did some odd jobs at home A disappointment B disappoint C disappointed D disappointedly 11 Don’t be afraid This snake is A harm B harmful C harmless D unharmed 12 During his , his family lived in the United State A child B childhood C childish D childlike 13 Jack London wrote several novels on adventure A interest B interestedly C interesting D interested 14 He failed the final exam because he didn’t make any for it A prepare B preparation C preparing D prepared 15 The custom was said to be a matter of A convenient B convenience C conveniently D convene 16 She is in her book A absorbed B absorbent C absorptive D absorb 17 As she is so with her present job, she has decided to leave A satisfy B satisfied C satisfying D unsatisfied 18 Although her visit wasn’t , we made her welcome just the same A expect B expected C expectation D expecting 19 He plays the piano well A tolerate B tolerable C tolerably D tolerance 20 Prices continue to show an upward A tendency B tend C tended D tending 21 They will this road because its is too narrow A widen/ widely B wide/ width C widen/ width D width/ widely 22 They did everything possible to the police force A strengthen B strengthening C strength D strong 23 I spent a ( an ) night because of my toothache I am very tired now A sleepy B sleeping C sleepless D asleep 24 Your money will be refunded if the goods prove to be A satisfying B dissatisfied C satisfactory D unsatisfactory 25 The of old buildings should be taken into consideration A preserve B preservation C preservative D preserves 26 Our education will help with the of knowledge for the young A enrichment B enrich C rich D richness (9) 27 Getting such a well – paid job is beyond my A expectation B expected C expectant D expecting 28 That is not true of single parents A necessarily B necessary C need D necessity 29 That is silly What you are seeing is A reasonably B reason C reasonable D unreasonable 30 Hunting for meat and burning forest for soil wildlife A conserve B protect C destroy D reclaim 31 This new kind of generator can generate a current of high A potential B intensity C preference D absorbent 32 The children always get on long journey A harmless B restless C motionless D speechless 33 Most of the rivers flowing through big cities are with chemical waste factories A polluted B eroded C mixed D flooded 34 It is necessary for the host to make his guests feel comfortable and A relaxed B relaxation C relaxing D relax 35 A laser beam’s is strong enough to kill cancer cells A intention B intensity C intend D intensive IV Prefixes and suffixes: out, super, sur, sub, under, over Don’t be ; everything will be all right A overanxious B overbearing C overnight D oversea You should eat more You are a bit a underweight B overweight C outweight D weightless She her husband by five years A outrun B outweighed C outlived D outnumbered We protest against their treatment of prisoners A subhuman B superhuman C surhuman D over human There is a determination to problems A overwork B overturn C overwrite D overcome Boiled meat can keep in containers and shipped to other countries A airsick B airtight C airship D airbase When - “un” , the word “happy” becomes its opposite A it adds B it is adding C added D adding V Verb form: V + Verb ( bare ): had better (d’ better), would rather (d’ rather), used to, have to, help (toV/ Vbare), Can/could/may/must/will…,  make/ let + O + V (Nếu dạng bị động : Be let/made + to V) V + V-ing: admit, avoid, appreciate, delay, deny, detest, dislike, enjoy, look forward, mind, miss, postpone, risk, practice, suggest, give up, finish, can’t bear, can’t help, feel like, be busy, be worth, be used to, get used to, it’s no use/good …  After prepositions: to, at from, about,…… V + to V: agree, arrange, ask, beg, decide, determine, desire, expect, fail, hope, invite, manage, offer, plan, refuse, seem, tell, tend, wish, want, would like, be willing…  S + V ( be, seem, look, feel,… ) + ADJ + to V Verb ( want, ask, tell, request, order, beg, advise, …………… ) + O + to V Các trường hợp ngoại lệ khác: (10)  Allow/ permit/ recommend/ advise … + V-ing + O + To V  Stop + to V : dừng lại để… V-ing: từ bỏ (thói quen)  Remember + V-ing: nhớ đã làm gì (quá khứ) To V: nhớ làm gì (tương lai)  Forget + V-ing: đã quên làm gì (quá khứ) To V : Seõ(khoâng) queân laøm gì (töông lai)  Regret + V-ing: hối hận vì đã… To V: thoâng baùo moät tin xaáu  Try + V-ing: thử làm gì đó To V: cố gắng làm gì đó  Need: chủ ngữ người: S + need, require, want + to V Nếu chủ ngữ vật: S + need, require, want + V- ing or to be V(pp)  Exercise: Choose the best answer: Many young people are fond of football and other kinds of sports A play B to play C playing D played They couldn’t help when they heard the little boy singing a love song A laughing B to laugh C laugh D laughed Your house needs A redecorated B redecorating C being redecorated D to redecorate I remember them to play in my garden A to allow B allow C allowing D allowed It was a nasty memory Do you remember both of us wearing sunglasses to avoid by the supervisors? A to recognize B to be recognized C recognizing D being recognized I can’t bear thinking back of that time I’d rather equally A treat B be treated C have treated D treating Did you accuse Nam of a plate? Well, I saw him it off the table with his elbow A break/ knock B breaking/ knocking C to break/ to knock D breaking/ knock We found it very difficult with Gamma A to work B work C working D worked I can’t read when I am traveling It makes me sick A feel B to feel C felt D feeling 10 I need what’s in the letter Why don’t you let me it? A to know/ to read B know/ read C to know/ read D knowing/ read 11 I suggest some more mathematical puzzles A B to C doing D done 12 We regret you that we cannot approve your suggestion A inform B to inform C informing D informed 13 The driver stopped a coffee because he felt sleepy A have B to have C having D had 14 Have you ever considered a pharmacist? A become B becoming C to become D became 15 You had better at home until you feel better A staying B stayed C to stay D stay 16 I remember my mother said the grass in the garden needed A to hear/cutting B hear/cut C heard/to cut D hearing/ cutting (11) 17 Peter sometimes help his sister A homework B to homework C with homework D all are correct 18 I would rather at home than out with you A staying/going B to stay/ to go C stay/go D stayed/went 19 I would rather you A drive B to drive C drove D driven 20 She didn’t say a word and left the room A She left the room without saying a word B She leaving the room without saying a word C She left the room saying a word D She left the room to say a word 21 My father wanted me a pilot A become B to become C becoming D became 22 Please wait a minute My boss is busy something A write B writing C to write D to writing 23 My teacher doesn’t allow us while he is explaining the lesson A talk B to talk C talking D talked 24 We have plenty of time We needn’t -A hurry B to hurry C hurrying D hurried 25 I promised on time I mustn’t late A be/be B to be/to be C to be/ be D be/to be 26 Mary and I are looking forward you A of seeing B for seeing C to seeing D to see 27 I’m sure that he knows this new machine A to use B using C how using D how to use 28 Psychiatrists and doctors have failed people not to drink A to tell B telling C tell D told 29 The students are used to in the school library A working B work C to work D worked 30 Our room needs up A tidied B to tide C tidy D tidying 31 Mercury’s low gravity makes you very light in a spaceship A feel B feeling C to feel D felt 32 “ Was the test long?” “ Yes, John was the only one it” A to finish B finishing C finished D finish 33 A lots of needs to the house before anyone can move in A be done B doing C to D done 34 It is about time you harder for the next exam A worked B working C work D to work 35 If he really doesn’t feel like now, I suggested that he should go out for some fresh air A work B to work C worked D working I Phaàn 3: GRAMMAR Tenses, transformation of tenses, subject and verb agreement, inversion, tag question : A Tenses: The simple present tense: (thì hieän taïi ñôn) S + V(s/es) ( động từ “to be” : S + am / is / are ) Adverbs: always, usually, often, sometimes, everyday/week/night…, seldom, rarely… Diễn tả thật hiển nhiên việc thường xuyên xảy The present continuous tense: (thì hieän taïi tieáp dieãn) (12) S + am / is / are + V-ing Adverbs: now, at the moment, at present, right now Diễn tả việc xảy thời điểm Cấu trúc be + going to + V diễn tả thì tương lai dự định The present perfect tense: (thì hoàn thành) S + have / has + V pp(ed/3) Adverbs: just, already, not…yet, never, ever, recently, several/many times, up to now, so far, For + khoảng thời gian, Since + mốc thời gian… Diễn tả việc đã xảy không xác định thời gian việc đã xảy xác định thời gian nhöng chöa keát thuùc The simple past tense: (thì quá khứ đơn) S + Ved/2 (Động từ “to be”: S + was / were) Adverbs: yesterday, last, ago, in (2005) Diễn tả việc diễn thời điểm xác định quá khứ The past continuous tense: (thì quá khứ tiếp diễn) S + was / were + V -ing Diễn tả việc diễn thời điểm quá khứ ( at 7:00 last night) Diễn tả việc song song diễn tả quá khứ ( với các liên từ : when, while, as) The past perfect tense : (thì quá khứ hoàn thành) S + had + Vpp Diễn tả hành động xảy trước thời điểm việc khác quá khứ Thường dùng cùng với thì quá khứ đơn ( câu có các liên từ: before, after, until) The simple future tense: (thì töông lai ñôn) S + will / shall + V(bare) (Duøng “be going to + V” dieãn taû töông lai gaàn) Adverbs: tomorrow, in the future, next…, in six days (trong ngày tới) The present perfect continuous : (thì hoàn thành tiếp diễn) S + have / has + been + V-ing Diễn tả hành động xảy quá khứ, kéo dài liên tục đến tại( wait, sleep, study….) Ex: I have been waiting for her for hours/ since o’clock The future continuous: (thì töông lai tieáp dieãn) S + will + be + V-ing Diễn tả việc xảy xảy song song với hành động khác tương lai Ex: This time next week we will be lying on the beach 10 The future perfect: (thì tương lai hoàn thành) S + will + have + Vpp Diễn tả việc hoàn thành trước thời điểm tương lai Ex : We will have left school before this July  The adverbial clauses of time: (mệnh đề trạng ngữ thời gian): Là mệnh đề bắt đầu các liên từ: when, while, as, after, before, as soon as, till, until, since… Sự phối hợp thì câu có mệnh đề trạng ngữ thời gian: Main clause Adverbial clause of time Present tenses ( hieän taïi) à present tenses Past tenses (quá khứ) à past tenses Future tenses (töông lai) à present tenses  Notes :  Không dùng thì tương lai ( will/shall ) mệnh đề trạng ngữ thời gian (13)  Đối với liên từ Since: S + has/have +Ved/3 since S + Ved/2  Cả hành động đã xảy ra: S + had +Ved/3 before S + Ved/2 S + Ved/2 after S + had + Ved/3  Sau WHILE/AS thường dùng thì tiếp diễn: while/ as S + was/were + V-ing  Sau các liên từ mà không có S ta dùng Ving: After having finished the exam, I’ll go home  Exercise: Choose the best answer: I this film twice A see B saw C will see D have seen After her performance, she invited the audience to ask questions A she finishes B finished C finishing D she will finish His father of cancer last year A will die B has died C died D had died The train when we got to the station A just left B just leaves C has just left D had just left As soon as Martina saw the fire, she the fire department A was telephoning B telephoned C had telephoned D has telephoned Before Jennifer won the lottery, she any kind of contest A hasn’t entered B doesn’t enter C wasn’t entering D hadn’t entered Every time Parkas sees a movie made in India, he homesick A will have left B felt C feels D is feeling Since I left Venezuela six years ago, I to visit friends and family several times A return B will have returned C am returning D have returned Yesterday while I was attending a sales meeting, Mathew on the company annual report A was working B had been working C has worked D works 10 When my parents for a visit tomorrow, they will see our new baby for the first time A will arrive B arrived C arrive D will have arrived 11 The last time I in Athens, the weather was hot and humid A had been B was C am D will have been 12 After the race , the celebration began A had been won B is won C will be won D has been won 13 Andy out of the restaurant when he Jenny A came/saw B is coming /saw C came/was seeing D was coming/had seen 14 While he was washing his car, Mr Brown a small dint in the rear fender A has discovered B was discovering C is discovering D discovered 15 Linda has lost her passport again It’s the second time this A has happened B happens C happened D had happened 16 At this time tomorrow, we our final exam A will have taking B will be taken C would take D will be taking 17 The baby Don’t make so much noise A sleep B sleeps C is sleeping D slept 18 Peter said he a test the following day A had had B will have C has had D would have 19 It is not so hot today as it yesterday A is B was C would be D had been 20 a party next Saturday We have sent out the invitation A we had B we have C we’ll have D we have had 21 I’m very tired over four hundred miles to day A I drive B I’ve driven C I’m driving D I’ve been driving (14) 22 I’m busy at the moment on the computer A I work B I’m worked C I’m working D I worked 23 Our friends meet us at the airport tonight A are B are going to C go to D will be to 24 I will tell Anna all the news when her A I’ll see B I’m going to see C I see D I’m seeing 25 Don’t worry, I here to help you A be B will be C am going to be D won’t be 26 When I entered the room, everyone A has been dancing B was dancing C had danced D danced 27 Before the invention of the steamboat there no way to cross the ocean A has been B could have been C had been D would be 28 He said that he his homework since o’clock A had done B did C has done D was doing 29 Tom said everything ready when the match A will be/starts B would be/started C is/started D will be/started 30 How long able to drive? - Since 1990 A could you B have you been C were you D are you 31 She won't get married until she 25 years old A is B will be C had been D was 32 Look The yard is wet It last night A must rain B couldn’t have rainedC must have rained D should have rained 33 After Mary her degree, she intends to work in her father's company A will finish B is finishing C finishes D will have finished 34 When he all the letters, he took them to the post office A has written B had written C wrote D had been writing 35 By the end of this month, I English for years A have learnt B will have learnt C had learnt D learnt 36 We in touch with each other for years A will not keep B are not keeping C did not keep D have not kept 37 She has learnt French the age of five A since B for C before D in 38 Tom before we arrived there A has left B had left C will leave D leaves 39 Up to now, I a lot of information about her A learnt B have learnt C will learn D would learn 40 Wait here until I you A am going to call B will call C am calling D call 41 When I came to visit her, she a bath A was having B has C is having D had Mary had to go to New York last week, but she almost -42 - the plane She -43 - in the queue at the check-in desk when she suddenly 44 that she 45 her passport at home Fortunately, she -46 - very far from the airport, so she 47 time to take a taxi at home to get it 42 A missed B was missing C had missed D had been missing 43 A stood B had stood C was standing D had been standing 44 A was realizing B realized C had realized D would realize (15) 45 A was leaving B left C had left 46 A hadn’t lived B doesn’t live C didn’t live 47 A had B had had C has 48 It is an hour since he , so he should be at office now A left B has left C had left B Transformation of tenses: D would leave D hasn’t lived D has had D was leaving  Notes: a It + be + time + since + simple past b It is the first/ second/ third …… time + present perfect c The last time + simple past d Present perfect + since + simple past  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: The last time she had a swim was ten years ago  She hasn’t I have never met such a famous person before  It is I last saw him when I was a student  I haven’t I haven’t come there for two years  I last I have studied English for seven years  I started  Exercise: Choose the best answer: I have never seen such beautiful pictures before A These pictures are the most beautiful I have never seen B These pictures are the most beautiful I have ever seen C This is the first time I see beautiful pictures D This is the first time I have seen beautiful pictures Jack has stopped writing letters to Jill A Jack has no longer stopped writing letters to Jill B Jack used to write letters to Jill C Jack has never written letters to Jill D Jack stopped writing letters to Jill when Jill come Mary has been working in this company for five years A Mary began to work in this company for five years B Mary began working in this company for five years ago C Mary began to work in this company five years ago D Mary has begun to work in this company five years ago I have never eaten this kind of food before A I used to eat this kind of food before B Before I came here I had ever eaten this kind of food C This is the first time I have ever eaten this kind of food D This is the most delicious food I have ever eaten She last saw him years ago A She hasn’t seen him years ago B She hasn’t seen him for years ago C She didn’t see him for years D It’s years since she last saw him It’s ages since I last saw a Hollywood film A It’s ages because I last saw a Hollywood film (16) B I haven’t seen any Hollywood film before C I saw a last Hollywood film since ages ago D I haven’t seen a Hollywood film for a long time He hasn’t smoked a cigarette for a week A It is for a week that he hasn’t smoked a cigarette B It is a week since he last smoked a cigarette C It is a cigarette that he smoked a week ago D It is a week ago that he smoked a cigarette It started to rain at o’clock and it is still raining A It has been raining at o’clock B It has been raining since o’clock C It has been raining for o’clock D It has been raining in o’clock They had finished their tea and then they left A They finished their tea after they had left B After they had left, they finished their tea C They had left before they finished their tea D After they had finished their tea, they left 10 John began playing the piano 10 years ago A John played the piano 10 years ago B John has played the piano for 10 years C John used to play the piano 10 years ago D John doesn’t play the piano anymore C Subject and verb agreement: Singular SUBJECT + singular VERB Plural SUBJECT + plural VERB  Notes: a Singular noun:Là danh từ không đếm được: butter, water, happiness, work, information Là danh từ đếm số ít: book, student, chair, dog, cat… b Plural noun: Là danh từ đếm dược số nhiều: books, students, chairs, dogs, cats …  Cách thành lập danh từ số nhiều: + Theâm s: boys, houses, mothers, pens… + Theâm es: dishes, churches, boxes, buses… + Đổi y thành i, thêm es: baby _ babies , party _ parties, fly _ flies… + Đổi f, fe thành ves: knife_ knives, wife _ wives, life _ lives… + Luôn số nhiều: trousers, jeans, scissors, glasses… + Ñaëc bieät: man/ men, woman/ women, foot/ feet, child/ children, sheep/ sheep… Other rules: Subject and verb agreement: SUBJECT VERB every, each, either, neither… (of) + N everything, nobody , someone, something, somebody… money, time, distance( khoảng cách), subject, weight, disease,… S1 and S2 ( things/ people) The + adj ( ex: the poor, the rich, the old, the young…) police, people, cattle, children… S1 + as well as/ along with/ accompanied with + S2 Neither, Either, Not only + S1 + nor, or, but also + S2 The number of + N 10 A number of + N 11 There +be + N 12 That clause, to verb, verb – ing 13 The + noun + preposition(of, in ,on…………) + noun phrase (17)  Exercise: Choose the best answer: No news good news A is B are C were D have been Here some accounts that you must check A is B are C were was A lot of homework me tired A make B makes C have made D are making Not only Mr Pike but also his sons tea A likes B like C has liked D liking Mathematics us with many aspects A helps B help C have helped D helping The United States of about 160 nations A consists B consist C consisting D have consisted Coffee contains caffeine, and -A tea does so B so tea does C so does tea D does tea so Both Tom Mary are students A and B nor C or D with Plenty of milk consumed everyday A are B is C was D were 10 Neither you nor I responsible for the bad result A are B is C am D be 11 Ten thousand dollars a large sum of money A are B is C were D being 12 Each of us a book report next week A will have B has C is having D have 13 I can not speak Spanish – -A So can I B Neither can I C Either can I D Neither can’t I 14 Both Jane and Mary, as well as John, ready for the exam A is B was C are D has been 15 Working for 12 hours a day her very tired A make B makes C making D have made 16 The number of the days in a week seven A is B was C are D were 17 Both Jane and Mary, as well as John, ready for the exam A is B was C are D has been 18 What he told you to be of no importance A seems B seem C is seeming D has seemed 19 The army eliminated this section of the training test A has B have C are D is 20 The quality of these recordings not very good A is B are C have D were D Inversion: D Là đảo ngược vị trí trợ động từ và chủ từ câu ADVERB + AUXILARY VERB + SUBJECT Một số trạng từ và trạng ngữ theo sau hình thức đảo ngữ động từ: hardly, never, no sooner…than, not only, not till, not until, nowhere, only, rarely, seldom, scarcely……… Ex: My father never drinks coffee in the evening  Never does my father drink coffee in the evening She hardly complained about her job  Hardly did she complain about her job I have seldom seen such a remarkable creature  Seldom have I seen such a remarkable creature  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: He hardly studied anything when his parents were away  Hardly I will never see him again  Never He no longer lives in this town  No longer I have never heard such a lie in my life  Never We had hardly started when it began to rain  Hardly (18)  Exercise: Choose the best answer: No longer this typewriter I’ve just bought a computer A I use B I use C I use D I using out of the house than it began to rain A No sooner I got B No sooner I had got C No sooner had I got D No had I got sooner Did you think here before? A she has come B has she come C she had come D had she come Tom was not only late, but he had left all his books behind A Not only Tom was late, but he had left all his books behind B Not only had Tom left all his books behind, but he was late C Not only was Tom late, but he had left all his books behind D Not was Tom only late, but he had left all his books behind Seldom exactly as illustrated A the designs are reproduced B did the designs reported C are the designs reproduced D the designs did reported He no longer plays in an orchestra A No longer does he plays in an orchestra B No longer does he play in an orchestra C No longer does plays he in an orchestra D No longer he plays in an orchestra He would never be allowed to set foot in their house again A Would never he be allowed to set foot in their house again B Never again would he allowed to set foot in their house again C He would never again be allowed to set foot in their house D Never again would he be allowed to set foot in their house again Only when I got home A did I realize how dangerous the situation had been B I realized how dangerous the situation had been C did I realized how dangerous the situation had been D I did realize how dangerous the situation had been E Tag question: ( Caâu Hoûi Ñuoâi ) Câu hỏi đuôi là câu hỏi ngắn thêm vào cuối câu trần thuật dể kiểm tra điều gì đó có đúng hay không để yêu cầu đồng ý: Caâu khaúng ñònh  caâu hoûi ñuoâi phuû ñònh Ex: You live near here, don’t you? Caâu phuû ñònh  caâu hoûi ñuoâi khaúng ñònh Ex: You didn’t lock the door, did you?  Notes: I am late, aren’t I? Let’s go for a walk, shall we? You never say what you’re thinking, you? Everything can happen, can’t it? Nobody would object, would they?  Exercise: Choose the best answer: She’s finished the course, ? A isn’t she B hasn’t she C doesn’t she D didn’t she Nobody was injured in the accident, ? A was there B was he C were they D wasn't it Jogging is good for our hearts, ? A aren’t we B aren’t they C doesn’t it D isn’t it The film wasn’t as good as you expected, ? A wasn’t it B was it C wasn’t the film D was the film (19) The building used to be a library, ? A doesn’t it B didn’t it C isn’t it D wasn’t it II Passive: Form: BE + Vpp ( ed/ ) The structures: Tenses Simple present 2.Present continuous Present perfect Simple past Past continuous Past perfect Simple future Modal verbs Động từ đặc biệt: Have / Get 10 Caáu truùc ñaëc bieät Active Passive S + V(s/es) S + am/is/are +V-ing S + has/have + Vpp S + Ved/2 S + was/ were +V-ing S + had + Vpp S + will + V(bare) S + can/could/should/must/may + (bare) S + have + O (person) + V (bare) + O (thing) S + get + O ( person ) + to V + O ( thing ) S1 +V1 + that + S2 +V2 + +  Notes: a Các tân ngữ : by him, by her,by someone, by them… câu bị động thường lược bỏ b Trạng từ nơi chốn đứng trước by+ O Trạng từ thời gian đứng sau by + O  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences in the pasive form: People speak English here  Nguyen Du wrote Kieu’s story  Someone was cleaning the classroom when I came  She will send him a gift on his birthday  People believe that 13 is an unhappy number  This factory is producing more and more pollution  No one has signed the cheque  The manager had his secretary prepare the report  I am going to get Harry to repair my car  10 They used to make little boys climb the chimneys to clean them   Exercise: Choose the best answer: This word wrongly A spells B is spelt C is spelling D is spell The story I’ve just read Jack London A was written B was written by C was written from D wrote by (20) I’m going to go out and A have cut my hair B have my hair cut C my hair be cut D cut my hair The man died because medical help was not summoned A doctor should A be have called B been called C have been called D be called Something funny in class yesterday A happened B was happened C happens D is happened We by a loud noise during the night A were woken up B are woken up C were working up D woke up Some film stars difficult to work with A are said be B are said to be C say to be D said to be People say that some Americans are superficially friendly A Some Americans are said as being superficially friendly B Some Americans are said that they are superficially friendly C People are said that some Americans are superficially friendly D Some Americans are said to be superficially friendly I still can believe it My bicycle last night A was stolen B was stealing C stolen D stole 10.John last week A had his house painted B had painted his house C had his father to paint D had his house paint 11 It is believed that he is the richest man in the city A He was believed to be the richest man in the city B He is believed to be the richest man in the city C They believe that he is the richest man in the city D B and C are correct 12.I can’t go along here because the road A is preparing B is prepared C is being repaired D repairs 13 “ about the eight o’clock flight to Chicago?” - “Not yet” A Has been an announcement made B Has an announcement made C Has an announcement been made D Has been made an announcement 14 Do you get your heating every year? A checking B check C be checked D checked 15.Why did Tom keep making jokes about me? I don’t enjoy at A be laughed B to be laughed C laughing D being laughed 16.Claude Jennings is said his memory A to have been lost B to be lost C to have lost D to lost 17.I might watch this programme It very funny A supposes to be B is supposed being C is supposed to be D was supposed be 18 Today, many serious childhood diseases by early immunization A are preventing B can prevent C prevent D can be prevented III Clauses and phrases: Khi biến đổi từ mệnh đề sang cụm danh từ thường gặp các trường hợp sau:  Noun + be + adj è The/ (her, his, their … ) + Adj + noun  Pronoun + be +Adj è The/ (her, his, their … ) + Noun ( of the adj )  Pronoun + Verb + (adv) è The/ (her, his, their … ) + Adj (of the adv) + Noun ( of the verb)  Pronoun +Verb + (O) è V-ing ( same Subject)  There be + Noun è The + Noun (21) A Clauses and phrases of reason: Because/ Since/As + Clause ( S+V ) Because of/ Due to/ Thanks to + Phrase ( N phrase/ V-ing phrase ) B Clauses and phrases of concession: Although/ Though/ Even though + Clause ( S+V ) In spite of/ Despite + Phrase ( N phrase/ V-ing phrase )  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: He left school because his life was hard  Because of John succeeded in his exam because of his hard and mathedical work  Because We didn’t want to go out because of the heavy rain  Because Although he had much experience in machinery, he didn’t succeed in repairing this machine  Despite In spite of the darkness, they continued to work  Though We postponed our trip because the driving conditions were bad  Because of The water in most rivers is unsafe to drink because it is polluted  Because of We all have received the best of everything because of our generous parents  Because  Exercise: Choose the best answer: The boys were punished he made many mistakes A in spite of B because C even though D as if the liberation of women, women can take part in social activities A Because B Thanks to C While D As Despite feeling cold, we kept walking A Although we felt cold, but we kept walking B Although we felt cold, we kept walking C However cold we felt, but we kept walking D However we felt cold, we kept walking She decided to leave her job in the company she could earn a lot of money there A because B although C despite D since The children laughed a lot because of the funny story A The children laughed because the story is funny B The children laughed because of the story funny C The children laughed because it was funny D The children laughed because the story was funny Although he took a taxi, Bill still arrived late for the concert A Bill arrived late for the concert because he takes a taxi B Bill arrived late for the concert because of the taxi C In spite of taking a taxi, Bill arrived late for the concert D Although Bill took a taxi he can’t come to the concert on time The flight was delayed the fog A in spite of B because of C though D since Clauses and phrases of result: A Clause of result: (22)  S - V + SO + adv/ adj + THAT + S - V  S - V + SUCH + ( a/ an ) + adj + noun + THAT + S - V  S - V + SO MANY ( plural countable noun) / + THAT + S - V SO MUCH ( uncountable noun ) B Phrase of result:  S - V + TOO + adj/ adv + ( for some one ) + TO V  S - V + ENOUGH + noun + ( for some one ) + TO V Adj/ adv + ENOUGH  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: The weather was so bad that all the flights had to be cancelled  It was such The test wasn’t easy enough for them to  The test was too The play we saw yesterday was so difficult that we couldn’t finish it an hour  We saw such These goods are so expensive that they can’t be sold quickly  These goods are too He studied too badly to pass his exam ( enough ….to )  My friend is very strong He can lift up the table by himself  My friend is so I ate a lot of sandwiches I felt uneasy  I ate so many Tom is still too young to join the police  Tom isn’t  Exercise: Choose the best answer: She was so busy that she couldn’t answer the phone A She was very busy that she couldn’t answer the phone B She was too busy to answer the phone C She was too busy not to answer the phone D She was very busy so that she could answer the phone It was that we went for a hike in the mountains A so a nice day b so nice day C such nice day D such a nice day There are in the universe that we can not count them A so much stars B so many stars C such stars many D such stars much He has to that he can’t go to the cinema with us A so much work B so many work C such much work D such a work Faraday’s father was poor to send him to school A too B much C so D very It is book that just a few people like it A so an old B so old C such old D such an old He spoke too for us to understand A quick B slow C quickly D slowly “ She came too late to see off” or we can say: A She came so late to see him off B She didn’t come early enough to see him off C She came early enough to see him off D She didn’t come late enough to see him off Which sentence is correct? A It was such a hot tea that I couldn’t drink it B It was such hot tea that I couldn’t drink C Tea wasn’t too hot to drink D Tea was so hot that I couldn’t drink it (23) 10 “ Nobody could move the piano It was too heavy A The piano was so heavy that nobody couldn’t move B The piano was too heavy to move C It was such a heavy piano that nobody could move it D It was such heavy piano that nobody could move it Clauses and phrases of purpose:  Clause: S - V + so that / in order that + S + can/ could/ will/ would + V ( bare – infinitive)  Phrase:  Khaúng ñònh: S - V + to/ so as to/ in order to + V(bare-inf.) S - V + in order for some one to + V(bare-inf.)  Phuû ñònh: S - V + so as not to/ in order not to + V(bare-inf.)  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: We lower the volume of the radio We don’t want to bother our neighbors ( clause of purpose )  Please shut the door I don’t want the dog to go out of the house ( phrase of purpose )  He climbed the tree in order to get a better view ( clause of purpose )  I am going to be very careful so that I won’t have an accident ( clause of purpose )  I wore boots because I didn’t want my feet to get wet ( phrase of purpose )   Exercise: Choose the best answer: She locked the door A so that to go to bed B in order to be disturbed C to enter the house D in order not to be disturbed The boy always does his homework before class A so as not to be punished by the teacher B so as to be punished by the teacher C so that he will be punished by the teacher D in order to be punished by the teacher I got up early in order not to be late for school A I got up early so as not to being late for school B I got up early so that I won’t be late for school C I got up early so that I wouldn’t be late for school D I got up early for me not to be late for school They whispered They didn’t want anyone to hear them A They whispered to make anyone hear them B They whispered so that no one could hear them C They whispered so that everyone could hear them D They whispered in order not to hear them He wore glasses and false beard so that no one could recognize him A He wore glasses and the false beard in order not to recognize him B He wore glasses and the false beard in order to recognize him C He wore glasses and the false beard in order to be recognized D He wore glasses and the false beard in order not to be recognized I try to learn English well I want to get a good job A I try to study English well so that I can get a good job B I try to study English well so as I can get a good job (24) 10 C So that I can get a good job, I try to study English well D I try to study English well for me to get a good job You may put money in a small coin bank A in order to keep it safe B so as not to keep it safe C so that to keep it safe D to keeping it safe The schoolboys are in a hurry they will not be for the meeting A so as to B to C in order that D for Which part is not correct in English? Sound is carried from (A) the eardrum to (B) the nerves so as (C) to we can hear it (D) He was (A) tired so that (B) he could not (C) continue his (D) work IV Conditional clauses, Wish and if only A Conditional Clauses: Loại If – clause Main clause  Future Possible Present: S + V(s/es) Future: S + Will + V(bare)  Unreal Condition Past simple: S + Ved/2 Would + V(bare)  Past Unreal Past perfect: S + Had + Ved/3 Would have + Ved/3  Notes: a Unless = If …… not Ex: If you don’t study hard, you’ll fail the exam  Unless you study hard, you’ll fail the exam b Ta có thể diễn tả câu điều kiện loại và cách đảo ngữ mà không cần dùng If Ex: If I were rich, I would travel around the world  Were I rich, I would travel around the world B Wish and If only: Loại  Ước cho tương lai  Ước điều trái với  Ước điều trái với quá khứ Wish or if only S + wish + (that) + S + would + V(bare) S + wish + (that) + S + Ved/2 S + wish + (that) + S + had + Ved/3 could have + Ved/3  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: Hurry up or we will be late for the last bus  If I regret that you didn’t give me a change to tell you the truth  I wish It was very cold yesterday, so we couldn’t go swimming  If You talk more than you work The teacher wants you to work more than to talk  The teacher wishes He had a flu because he went out in the rain last night  If Ellen didn’t have much money in the bank, so she was very worried  If Stop talking or you won’t understand the lesson  Unless Why don’t you study hard?  If I’d like to buy this book but I don’t have money to buy it  If only 10 She can’t buy the dictionary because she doesn’t have enough money (25)  If  Exercise: Choose the best answer: Are we lost? I think so I wish we a map with us today A were bringing B brought C had brought D would bring These figures are too complicated to work out in your head Yes, - a calculator A.I wish we would have B if only we had C if only we had had D I wish we have If Jake - to go on the trip, would you have gone? A doesn’t agree B didn’t agree C hadn’t agreed D wouldn’t agree If energy - inexpensive and unlimited, many things in the world would be different A is B will be C would be D were Unless you - all of my questions, I can’t anything to help you A answered B answer C would answer D are answering Had you told me that this was going to happen, I - it A hadn’t believed B don’t believe C can’t believe D would never have believed My feet are killing me I wish I - more comfortable shoes Year, me too I wish I - that we were going to have to walk this much A had worn/ knew B am wearing/ had known C were wearing/ would know D wore/ had known interested in that subject, I would try to learn more about it A If I am B Should I C I was D Were I If I had enough money, A I will buy that house B I am buy that house C I can buy that house D I could buy that house 10 Had I had time, I to the beach with you this weekend A will come B would come C will have come D would have come 11 If he that she was in the hospital, he to see her A knows/ will come B knew/ would come C had known/ would have come D has known/will have come 12 If everything is all right, we our work on time A complete B are completing C have completed D will complete 13 If I were you, I would work hard A You would rather not work so hard B You should work harder C You should work with me D Do not work so hard 14 We didn’t visit the museum because we had no time A If we have time, we will visit the museum C If we had had time, we would have visited the museum B If we had time, we would visit the museum D If we had had time, we will have visited the museum 15 I have time, I will go with you A If B Unless C So D So that 16 harder, you would have passed the exam A If you studied B If had you studied C Had you studied D Were you studied 17 If the police hadn’t saved me, I at that time A will die B would die C will have died D would have died 18 at o’clock, we would have missed seeing Bob A If we had gone B Had we gone C because we had gone D A and B V Comparison: (26) Comparative: ( so saùnh hôn ) a short adj/ adv – er + than b more + long adj/ adv + than Superlative: ( so saùnh hôn nhaát) a the + short adj/ adv – est b the most + long adj/ adv Positive: ( so saùnh baèng ) As + adj/ adv + as  Notes: a The + comparative + S - V + the + comparative + S + V ( caøng …… Caøng ) b short adj/ adv – er + and + short adj/ adv – er ( caøng ngaøy caøng ) more and more + long adj/ adv  Exercise: Choose the best answer: Mike is 1.7 meters tall, but Harriet is 1.8 meters A Mike is taller than Harriet B Harriet is taller than Mike C Mike and Harriet are both tall D Mike is as tall as Harriet You and Luke are both better than A I B me C my D mine Which part in this sentence is incorrect in English? She is (A) the rich (B) woman in (C) the (D) world What is (A) the weather (B) like in (C) Ho Chi Minh city? – It is bader and bader (D) It is becoming for me to keep up A the most difficult B more and more difficult C more difficult than D the more The lesson is difficult We try hard A The more difficult the lesson is, the more hard we try B The more hard we try, the more difficult the lesson is C The more difficult the lesson is, the harder we try D The more difficult the lesson is and the harder we try Tom is the best football player in this team A No one is the best football player in this team B No one can play football better than Tom C The best football player in this team is not Tom D Tom can play football as well as others in his team Jane cooks better than her sister A Jane can’t cook better than her sister B Jane’s sister can cook better than her C Jane’s sister can’t cook as good as her D Jane’s sister can’t cook as well as her I didn’t spend as much money as A you are B your C you spend D you did They speak English we A the most influently B more influently than C more and more fluently D the more fluently VI Relative clauses: Who, Whom: Được dùng để thay cho danh từ người Which, That: Được dùng để thay cho danh từ vật Whose: Được dùng để thay cho tính từ sở hưu trước danh từ ( his, her, their …………… ) Where: ( = in/ at which): Thay cho cụm từ nơi chốn When : ( = in/ on/ at which): Thay cho cụm từ thời gian Why: ( = for which): Thay cho cụm từ lý  Notes: (27)  Mệnh đề không giới hạn( non-restrictive clause) là mệnh đề đứng sau tiền ngữ có đặc điểm: là tên riêng ( Mr Long, Mary), có tính từ sở hữu( my, our, your, Lan’s), có các từ xác định ( this, that, these, those) Không dùng THAT mệnh đề quan hệ không giới hạn  Ta có thể đưa giới từ lên trước đại từ quan hệ whom và which Ex: That’s the man about whom I was talking  Ta có thể dùng Present Participle ( V – ing ) thay cho mệnh đề quan hệ mang nghĩa chủ động và Past Participle ( Vpp ) cho mệnh đề quan hệ mang nghĩa bị động Ex: I like the story which is written by Nguyen Du  written  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: This is Rex hotel and it is the biggest hotel in the city  The dog was very frightened The boys threw storms at it  There wasn’t any directory in the telephone box I was phoning from this box  Her father died last year She looked after him for over twenty years  Do you remember the day? We first met on that day   Exercise: Choose the best answer: The boy with I have talked is very successful student A who B whom C that D for that The composition by Jane was really interesting A to write B writing C wrote D written Fleming’s discovery of penicillin, , had a major influence on the lives of people in the 20 th century A which was awarded the Nobel Prize B which awarded the Nobel Prize C that he was awarded the Nobel Prize D for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize I want you to meet the woman -A who taught me how to drive B teaching me how to drive C that is taught me how to drive D who is taught me how to drive Mr Pike, is our boss, has just come back from Paris A who B whom C that D which The girl is my new friend A who is sitting on the bench B that is sitting on the bench C sitting on the bench D all are correct We don’t know the reason Peter is absent today A who B which C that D why Dr Smith is a good surgeon He lives next door A Dr Smith that lives next door is a good surgeon B Dr Smith who lives next door is a good surgeon C Dr Smith, who lives next door, is a good surgeon D Dr Smith, whom lives next door, is a good surgeon The reading table I put my books is in the corner of the room A when B where C why D whose 10 It is him helped me last night A who B that C which D whose 11 Anybody finishes that test early can leave A that B whom C why D when 12 He is the good colleague A to work for us with B to us for working with C for working with us D for us to work with 13 Mary was the last applicant by that interviewer A to be interviewed B to be interviewing C to have interviewed D to interview 14 I’m hungry Is there any food ? A to be eaten B to eat C eating D for me eating (28) 15 Dien Bien Phu is a place our army won a resounding victory in 1954 A where B what C which D that VII Reported speech: Động từ mệnh đề tường thuật: say, say to + O, tell + O, ask, advise, beg, want to know……… Khi động từ tường thuật thì thì không thay đổi thì Khi động từ tường thuật thì quá khứ thì phải có thay đổi thì theo nguyên tắc sau: + Present tense  Past tense + Simple past  Past perfect + must, have to  had to + will / can / shall/ may  would/ could/ should/ might Thay đổi các trạng từ thời gian và nơi chốn: Today  that day, tomorrow the following day/ the day after, yesterday  the previous day/ the day before, next (week)  the following (week)/ the (week) after, last (week)  the previous (week)/ the (week) before, now then, ago  before Các dạng câu tường thuật: a Statements ( caâu keå ): b Imperative sentences ( caâu meänh leänh ):  Theå khaúng ñònh: to V  Theå phuû ñònh: not to V c Questions ( câu hỏi ):  Với từ để hỏi: S - V + wh_ + S - V  Caâu hoûi yes/ no: S – V + if/ whether + S - V  Exercise: Rewrite these sentences: John said to his mother “ I don’t know how to this exercise”  “Push as hard as you can” She said to me  “Don’t wait for me if I am late” He said to her  “Where are you from, Nam?” said Mai  Mary said “ I cannot go to the cinema with you, John” . Tom asked Mary “Did you phone me last night?”  He asked me “Why didn’t you go to school yesterday?” . “ Why don’t you stop smoking?” the doctor said to him  The doctor advised him “How many students are there in your class?”  The man asked me 10 “Have you seen John recently?” said Ann  Ann asked me  Exercise: Choose the best answer: He begged them A help him B should help him C to help him D help to him She said that she there the year before A went B had gone C would go D goes (29) Peter asked Jane why the film on T.V the previous night A didn’t she watch B hadn’t she watched C she doesn’t watch D she hadn’t watched They said they us if we needed A help B helped C would help D had helped He advised them in class A to not talk B not to talk C to talk not D don’t talk She said to us “Don’t be late again” A She said us not to be late again B She told us to be not late again C She told to us not to be late again D She told us not to be late again “John shouldn’t have behaved so badly.”, said Janet A Janet doesn't like John's behaviors B Janet was angry with John C Janet disliked John D Janet objected to John's behaviors John said “You had better not lend them any money, Daisy” A John said Daisy not to lend them any money B John advised Daisy should not lend any money C John said to Daisy not lend them any money D John advised Daisy not to lend them any money “I’m sorry I have to leave so early’, he said A He apologized for having to leave early B He apologized to have to leave early C He apologized that he has to leave early D He apologized to have left early 10 “Can I borrow your pen please, Sam?”, said Gillian A Gillian asked Sam if she can borrow his pen B Gillian asked Sam if she could borrow his pen C Gillian asked Sam she can borrow his pen D Gillian asked Sam she could borrow his pen 11 “Where did you go last night, Nam?”, said Hoa A Hoa said to Nam where had he gone the night before B Hoa said to Nam where he had gone the night before C Hoa told Nam where he had gone last night D Hoa asked Nam where he had gone the night before 12 “What were you doing last night, Mr John?” The police asked A The police asked what were you doing last night, Mr John B The police asked Mr John what he had been doing the night before C The police asked Mr John what had he been done the night before D The police asked Mr John what he had done the night before 13 Some one was wondering if the taxi yet A had arrived B arrived C arrives D had arrived 14 The government has announced that taxes A would be raised B had been raised C were raised D will be raised 15 Some one the tickets are free A said me B said me that C told to me D told me 16 He said he would it A yesterday B the following day C the previous day D the day before 17 He proved that the earth round the Sun A had gone B was going C goes D would go 18 I told you the computer, didn’t it? A to switch off B don’t switch off C not switch off D switch off 19 Claire wanted to know what time A the banks close B the banks closed C did the banks close D the banks would close 20 Ann and left A said good bye B said me good bye C told me good bye D goodbye me VIII OTHER STRUCTURES: (30) Extra subject: ( Chủ ngữ giả ) S + be/ linking verbs + adj + To V Extra object: ( Tân ngữ giả ) S + V ( think, consider, find … ) + it + adj/ noun phrase + to V It takes/ took + some one + time + to something S + spend + time + doing something  Exercise: Choose the best answer: Learning to dance is quite expensive A It is expensive to learn to dance C It is expensive learning to dance Smoking in the theatre is forbidden B It is expensive for learning to dance D It will be quite expensive if we learn to dance A The theatre is forbidden to smoke in C It is forbidden for people to smoke in the theatre He was very kind to help us B It is forbidden form smoking in the theatre D It is forbidden to smoke in the theatre A It was very kind of him when he helped us C It was very kind of him for helping us B It was very kind of him to help us D It was very kind of him because of helping us A spend C spending D spent C boring D bores It is great fun holiday summer by the sea B to spend We find it to homework A bore B bored It was impossible for them to speak English fluently A They found impossible to speak English fluently B They found it possible to speak English fluently B They found it impossible to speak English fluently D They found it speaking English fluently possible Mary often considered advertisements on TV A to watch it wasteful B to watch wasteful it C it wastefully to watch Phaàn 4: EXERCISES D it wasteful to watch A Choose the best answer: I rang my friend in Australia yesterday, and she said it A is raining B rained C was raining D would rain Hello, Jim I didn’t expect to see toy today Solia said you ill A are B were C was D should be These snakes will not cause you any harm even if they bite you They are A harm B harming C harmful D harmless You must lend me the money for the trip , I won’t be able to go A Consequently B Nevertheless C Even though D Other wise Tom is still too young to join the police A Tom isn’t old enough for joining the police B Tom isn’t old enough that he can’t join the police C Tom isn’t enough old to join the police D Tom isn’t old enough to join the police Emily is too motivated to study b she knows that a good education can improve her life A therefore B because of C because D so the post office was closed I couldn’t mail my package A Therefore B Because C Due to D Although I get angry and upset; I try to take ten deep breaths A Until B Whenever C Therefore D For (31) My mouth is burning! This is spicy food that I don’t think I can finish it A such B so C very D too 10 The road will remain safe the flood washes out the bridge A as long as B unless c providing that D since 11 To people in African, Asia and South American, English is an important language A for master B for mastering C to master D necessary to master 12 The room was so full that we couldn’t get in A The room was too full for us to get in B The room was too full so that we can’t get in C The room was too full that we can’t get in D The room was such full that we can’t get in 13 This flat is too small for my family A This flat is not rather big for my family B This flat is not very big for my family C This flat is not big enough for my family D The flat is not big for my family 14 It is such a long letter I won’t read it to you A The letter is so long that I won’t read it to you B The letter is too long for us to read C This is a long letter so that I won’t read it to you D The letter is a long one that I won’t read it 15 The football match was so exciting A for us to stay to watch B that we didn’t stay up to watch it C for us to go to bed early D that we stayed up to watch it 16 Please arrive early because we want to be able to start our meeting early A Please arrive early so that we can start our meeting early B Please arrive early so that we are able to start our meeting early C Please arrive early so that we would able to start our meeting early D Please arrive early for us to be able to start our meeting early 17 Sally can type faster than Jane A Jane can type less fast than Sally B Jane can type not as fast as Sally C Jane cannot type as fast as Sally D Jane can type slower than Sally 18 Non-smokers have now become more about smoking in public places A militant B military C militancy D militaristic 19 We are very fond folk music A of B on C in D at 20 Farmers can prevent by ploughing along the contours of the hill A erosion B rotation C pollution D contamination 21 Both of the computers were not working A Neither of the computers were not working B One of the computers was not working C Neither of the computers were working B None of the computers were not working 22 She was proud of herself to be able from her parents A to live independent B to live independently C living independent D living independently 23 The word “ WTO” comes from the phrase A World Transport Organization B Work Training Organization C World Trade Organization D Work Trend Organization 24 All the students in my school have to attend the training A militarize B militarism C militarily D military 25 He said to me, ”I’m sorry I was so rude to you.” A He apologized for to be so rude to me B He apologized to be so rude to me C He apologized for being so rude to me D He apologized being so rude to me 26 Have you the “No Smoking” sign? A taken notice of B made use of C kept pace with D put a stop to (32) 27 They have the keenness to go to work to help their Mum out with the money at home A eagerness B happiness C sadness D loneliness 28 Neither Mrs Brown’s friends nor her husband her since last week A see B have seen C has seen D saw 29 They were when they read the result A disappoint B disappointed C disappointing D disappointment 30 He was sacked the spot because he couldn’t finish the work A in B at C on D up 31 Londoners used to travel on horse back A back and to B to and fro C to and back D from and to 32 “He hasn’t smoked a cigarette for a week” A It’s for a week that he hasn’t smoked a cigarette B It’s a week ago that he smoke a cigarette C It’s a week since he last smoked a cigarette D It’s a cigarette that he smoked a week ago 33 Car contains carbon monoxide which is invisible, but dangerous A rubbish B garbage C exhaust D air 34 Medicare is combined from A medicine and care B media and care C medical and care D medicinal and care 35 The surgeons tried to save the man, but unluckily, the was unsuccessful A accept B generation C operation D liberation 36 A good of English will help you find a job more easily A expectation B knowledge C condition D satisfaction 37 Nitric oxide can change into which is more dangerous A oxygen B hydrogen C carbon D nitrogen dioxide 38 Lee, who is Chinese, learns English as a language A native B second C foreign D first 39 Babies like when they are sleepy or ill A care B caress C careless D careless 40 South Viet Nam was on April 30,1975 A liberate B liberation C liberating D liberated 41 His work suffered because of his total in sport A absorption B absorbent C absorptive D absorbed 42 The climate here is hot but A tolerate B tolerant C tolerable D tolerably 43 The museum was very crowded There were too people A many B a number of C a lot of D a great number of 44 We should arrange the furniture to make room for our new piano A pay attention to B give place to C make use of D lose touch of 45 All people woke up because the alarm clock went in the middle of the night A on B off C out D back 46 As time goes , my memory seems to get worse A down B back C off D by 47 It took me a long time to wearing glasses A get used to B used to C be used D be used for 48 I had not got much money from my work, I really liked it A Moreover B However C Although D But 49 “I have tried hard but I cannot earn enough money.” means A Although I have tried hard, I cannot earn enough money B I have tried hard and so I cannot earn enough money (33) C I have tried hard so that I cannot earn enough money D I have tried hard to I cannot earn enough money 50 Don’t let the little boy play with scissors he cuts himself A in case B although C unless D so that B Choose one underlined part which has to be changed to make the sentence correct: I remember (A) that I have something (B) new (C) to told (D) you If (A) forests had not been destroyed, (B) there will have been (C) no floods (D) Had you told (A) me about (B) your troubles, (C) I would have help (D) you Will you see (A) any (B) film directed (C) by (D) Stephen yet? Most of (A) the (B) films made (C) for (D) entertainment Faraday’s father was not (A) rich enough (B) to sending (C) him to (D) school I would (A) rather doing (B) any job than (C) be (D) out of work It is said that (A) a finished (B) motion picture being (C) the result of (D) the collaboration of many individuals What you call (A) a person who (B) job (C) is to edit (D) a film? 10 You have to (A) study harder (B) unless (C) you will fail (D) the exam 11 The police (A) made (B) the robbers telling (C) the truth (D) 12 I wishes (A) you had been (C) at the party yesterday (D) 13 Dr Pike, that (A) lives next door, is willing (B) to help (C) poor patients (D) 14 All (A) the main streets (B) in this city (C) are being widening (D) 15 This (A) room hasn’t been used (B) since (C) a long (D) time 16 Peter usually (A) has (B) his car washing (C) at weekend (D) 17 Do you know (A) the boy who (B) bicycle (C) was stolen (D) last night? 18 The pupil punishing (A) by (B) the teacher yesterday (C) is very lazy (D) 19 My father used to (A) giving (B) me good advice (C) when I had a problem (D) 20 We have been making (A) prepare (B) for our final (C) examination for (D) two months 21 We admired (A) his way (B) of (C) things very much (D) 22 It is (A) very difficult (B) for (C) human beings fighting (D) pollution 23 These trees need (A) to water (B) They look withered (C) because of (D) the lack of water 24 Jim, together (A) with his friends, go (B) fishing (C) at (D) the lake 25 They gave a great deal (A) of thought (B) about (C) their future (D) job 26 When (A) they arrived (B) at (C) the airport, the plane has taken (D) off 27 Finish (A) one exercise, he continued (B) with (C) another (D) 28 He hardly never (A) makes (B) any (C) mistakes in (D) his essays 29 In order that to (A) buy his new car, (B) he had to borrow(C) his friend some (D) money 30 She was too (A) beautiful that I couldn’t (B) stop looking (C) at (D) her 31 Although most smokers (A) know that smoking is bad (B) for their health, (C) but only (D) few of them want to stop smoking 32 It was such (A) a (B) bad weather that (C) we had to cancel (D) the picnic 33 The sea Is not enough warm (A) for me (B) to swim (C) in (D) 34 You needn’t (A) be in a hurry (B) We have time enough (C) to finish (D) our task in time 35 A horse (A) is always mounted (B) to (C) the left side (D) 36 Driving (A) on the left side of the road made (B) Lan very surprising (C) when she first visited (D) London 37 Before (A) to go (B) out, remember (C) to turn off (D) the lights 38 Smoking is (A) harmless (B) not only (C) to smokers but also to nonsmokers (D) 39 Mr Pike stopped (A) his car , got out (B) and looking (C) around (D) (34) 40 It lost (A) me (B) 15 minutes to (C) the exercise (D) 41 I can’t work (A) here (B) There’s(C) too much the noise 42 Fertilizers (A) are used for enriching (B) the soil and to increase(C) produces (D) 43 English is the most (A) wide (B) used language (C) in the world (D) 44 Don't believe (A) what he said (B) In (C) the contrary, everything is (D) all right 45 Neither his parents nor (A) his teacher are (B) satisfied with (C) his result when he was at (D) high school 46 After George had returned (A) to his house, (B) he (C) was reading (D) a book 47 I was such nervous (A) that I didn’t (B) think I would pass (C) the exam (D) 48 Most (A) babies will grow up (B) to be as cleverer (C) as their parents (D) 49 We moved (A) to the front row so as (B) we could (C) hear and see better (D) 50 Four hundred miles are (A) too much (B) for me (C) to drive (D) in a day Phaàn 5: PRACTICE TEST Test 1 Which word has the underlined part pronounced differently from others? A sweet B answer C watch D were A heal B heat C seal D head A than B theatre C theory D thorough Which word has the different stress from others? A company B together C comfortable D business A include B discover C ancestry D provide Find one mistake in the following sentence: After George had returned (A) to his house,(B) he (C) was reading (D) a book I was such nervous (A) that I didn’t (B) think I would pass (C) the exam (D) Most (A) babies will grow up (B) to be as cleverer (C) as their parents.(D) We moved (A) to the front row so as (B) we could (C) hear and see better (D) 10 Four hundred miles are (A) too much (B) for me (C) to drive (D) in a day 11 He was very unhappy his father’s illness A although B in spite of C because D because of 12 This building used to be a library, ? A doesn't it B didn’t it C isn’t it D wasn’t it 13 The orator stopped for a while and then speaking A went on B went up C went off D went through 14 Don’t go anywhere until I back A come B will come C will have come D came 15 The custom was said to be a matter of A convenient B convenience C conveniently D convene 16 Nowadays people may no longer suffer from lifetime physical A abnormal B normal C normally D abnormalities 17 What he said was contrary common sense A for B about C of D to 18 You should ask before you a cigarette if you are in an American house A light off B turn up C light up D turn off 19 She was furious that she was being A make fun of B made fun of C make room for D made funny of (35) 20 I don’t like people lose their tempers easily A who B whom C which D whose 21 For cancer treatment, the diseased cells must be killed while their healthy neighbors are left A harmful B harmfulness C harming D unharmed 22 He is unhappy because of his A deaf B deafen C deafness D deafened 23 She has a for pink A prefer B preferential C preferentially D preference 24 He his homework since o’clock A had done B did C has done D was doing 25 I wish I the party last night A go B have gone C had gone D went 26 All people woke up because the alarm clock went in the middle of the night A on B off C out D back 27 A good of English will help you find a job more easily A expectation B knowledge C condition D satisfaction 28 “ John began playing the piano 10 years ago.” Means A John played the piano 10 years ago B John has played the piano for 10 years C John used to play the piano 10 years ago D John doesn’t play the piano any more 29 “I don’t find it difficult to get up early in the morning” A I am not used to getting up early in the morning B I am used to getting up early in the morning C I used to getting up early in the morning D It is difficult for me to get up early in the morning 30 It is believed that he is the most famous doctor in the city A He was believed to be the most famous doctor in the city B He is believed to be the most famous doctor in the city C He was believed that to be the most famous doctor in the city D They believed that he is the famous doctor in the city 31 I have never seen such beautiful pictures before A These pictures are the most beautiful I have never seen B These pictures are the most beautiful I have ever seen C This is the first time I see beautiful pictures D This is the first time I have seen beautiful pictures 32 “Where did you go last night, Nam?”, said Hoa A Hoa said to Nam where had he gone the night before B Hoa said to Nam where he had gone the night before C Hoa told Nam where he had gone last night D Hoa asked Nam where he had gone the night before 33 She was so busy that she couldn’t answer the phone A She was very busy that she couldn’t answer the phone B She was too busy to answer the phone C She was too busy not to answer the phone D She was very busy so that she could answer the phone 34 She didn’t wear the raincoat so she got a cold A If she wore the raincoat, she wouldn’t get a cold B If she had worn the raincoat, she wouldn’t get a cold C If she had worn the raincoat, she wouldn’t have got a cold D If she has worn the raincoat, she won’t get a cold 35 I whispered I didn’t want anyone to hear our conversation A I whispered so that anyone can hear our conversation B I whispered in order that I didn’t hear our conversation (36) C I whispered so as not to hear our conversation D I whispered so that no one could hear our conversation American women are used to being 36 , they are used to going out 37 themselves, 38 their own money, and often -39 - alone Sometimes they will ask men for help, but usually they don’t want 40 Since the women’s liberation movement started, it’s not always clear whether women expect men -41 - doors 42 help them into their coat American 43 may start conversations -44 - men or even ask them 45 36 A depend B dependently C independent D dependently 37 A by B with C of D in 38 A finding B earning C keeping D holding 39 A to live B life C lives D living 40 A be protected B to protect C being protected D to be protected 41 A open B to open C opening D opened 42 A so B or C and D also 43 A women B woman C female D male 44 A to B on C with D for 45 A dance B to dance C dancing D to dancing Years ago, most parents were very proud and pleased when someone complemented that their children were plump and fat But now, things have changed Doctors now have reached the conclusion that too much fat and sugar in children’s diets are the major factor in the development of heart diseases and another illnesses Obesity have become a problem for children in Western countries Obese children are advised to change their diets However, growing ones also need a wide range of foods So, it is very necessary for parent to supply their children with healthy eating Psychologists say that the solution is not to force children to be on strict diet or to change their eating habits fast, but to it carefully so that children not lose muscle Parents should provide them with enough butter and sugar The most important thing is to have children to take part in sports which make them healthier and well-built 46 Years ago, when someone complemented that their children are plump and fat, most parents A got fat and obese B got angry and proud C prided themselves D got unhappy 47 Doctors now have reached the conclusion that too much fat and sugar in children’s diets A are good B show that their parents are rich C show that they have healthy diets D lead to heart diseases and other illnesses 48 To supply their children with healthy eating is to parents A necessary B unreasonable C careless D careful 49 According to psychologists, A children must be forced to be on strict diet C children should take part in sports B parents have to change their children’s eating habits fast 50 Obesity occurs to children in -A African countries B Western countries C poor countries Test D All are correct D All are correct He gave no explanation for his absence A satisfactionB satisfied C satisfactory D satisfactorily These snakes will not cause you any harm even if they bite you They are A harm B harming C harmful D harmless He is to the hot weather A used B familiar C similar D convenient (37) My mother is always busy her housework A B to C doing D done They grow a lot of trees to reduce soil A rotation B poison C erosion D prevent We tennis together since last May A not play B are not playing C have not played D did not play Tom with his friends made a lot of progress in learning A is B are C has D have He was the last person the room A leave B leaves C to leave D left We see and hear advertising everyday A most of B a large number of C a great deal of D much of 10 We can food and fruit in the refrigerator A prevent B preserve C add D enrich 11 Pick out the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest: A nation B native C nature D natural 12 A teacher B machine C watching D chair 13 Pick out the word that is stressed on the first syllable: A involve B immense C access D attach 14 Pick out the word that is stressed on the second syllable: A atmosphere B disposal C environment D eruption 15 “Listen carefully or you won’t know what to do” This sentence means: A If you listen carefully you won’t know what to B You won’t know what to if you don’t listen carefully C Unless you listen carefully you will know what to D If you didn’t listen carefully you would know what to 16 Pay attention all the traffic signs when you are traveling in the street A with B of C to D for 17 New year day is the day all family members gather and enjoy it together A when B where C which D why 18 Hurry up or you will be late school A on B in C to D for 19 May I introduce you Mrs Brown A for B with C to D of 20 the students in my class enjoy talking part in social activities A Most of B Most C Many D The number of 21 He always busy He has time to relax A much B little C a little D plenty 22 We set off early we wouldn’t get stuck in the traffic A because B so that C although D in case 23 He always wears clothes are too small for him A why B what C which D where 24 He felt with the result of his exam A disappointed B disappointing C disappointedly D disappointment 25 She asked :”How many Japanese students are there in your class, Tom” A She asked Tom how many Japanese students were there in his class B She asked Tom how many Japanese students there were in his class (38) C She asked Tom how many Japanese students are there in his class D She asked Tom how many Japanese students there were in my class 26 “Julia has been working for this company for six years” means: A Julia started working for this company six years ago B Julia started work for this company six years ago C Julia started work for this company six years D Julia started working for this company since six years 27 Barbara cooks better than Mike does A Mike doesn’t cook better than Barbara does B Mike doesn’t cook worse than Barbara does C Mike doesn’t cook as well as Barbara does D Mike doesn’t cook better than Barbara doesn’t 28 The suitcase is so heavy that I can’t carry it A It is such heavy suitcase that I can’t carry it B It is such a heavy suitcase that I can’t carry it C It is such heavy suitcase that I can’t carry D It is such heavy suitcase that I can carry it 29 He was proud his ancestry A in B of C with D from 30 There some apprehension in the office before the new director A had been/came B was/came C had been/had come D was/had come 31 Nitric oxide is poisonous A height B high C highly D to be high 32 “You ‘d better not lend them any more money” A John advised Tom not to lend them any more money B John advised Tom he should lend them any more money C John advised Tom didn’t lend them any more money D John advised Tom to lend them more money 33 Mary is said to be a good girl A People say that Mary is a good girl B It is said that Mary is a good girl C People say Mary is a good girl D all are correct Choose the underline part ( a, b, c, or d ) that is incorrect in English 34 The drug (A) is quickly (B) absorbed to (C) the (D) bloodstream 35 Although (A) she is (B) very popular, but (C) she is not as pretty as (D) her sister English is now the most 36 language in the world The number of English – speaking people has continually been -37 - in the last few years However, -38 - order to master it, learners have to 39 so many difficulties 40 as to overcome them, learners should take -41 - in English – speaking -42 - and listen to 43 speakers of English while 44 films or to 45 English programmers 36 A national B special C popular D native 37 A developing B rising C increasing D raising 38 A as B in C to D so 39 A meet B overcome C pass D keep 40 A Much B Such C But D So 41 A apart B aback C after D part 42 A clubs B parties C lessons D meetings 43 A national B native C homeland D oversea 44 A watching B hearing C understanding D reading 45 A Native B Popular C News D Special Man and most animals need a constant supply of water to live Farmer need water for their crops Hydroelectric dams hold back needed water and provide water for homes and industry Trees, grasses, and other plant life play an important part in the natural circulation of water, and thus help conserve it Without plants most water would run off as soon as it falls, taking away valuable soil Rapid runoff would cause (39) frequent floods, and leave little water during dry seasons Nature has many ways of conserving and controlling water But man often upsets the water balance in his desire to grow more crops He drains ponds, swamps, and wet lands He plows under the natural sods, cuts timber, and dredges and straightens streams These changes reduce natural storage of water and speed runoff Water can be held on the land by planting vegetation Forests and grass should be planted where are no natural growths Dams built across rivers help hold back the water Reservoirs behind the dams store water during wet seasons for use in dry seasons Dams help prevent floods by controlling the flow of water Many town and cities get their water from nearby lakes and rivers Some communities dump sewage and garbage into the water, making it unfit to drink Water pollution is one of our most serious problems Progressive cities have sewage treatment plants These plants return only safe water to the streams or lakes Many states have laws that prohibit companies form dumping raw industrial wastes, such as liquids from a metal – planting factory, into streams These wastes often endanger the supply of drinking water They also kill fish Most industrial wastes can be treated to make them harmless 46 Which of the following is not mentioned as part of the natural circulation of water? A Trees B PlantsC Dams D Grasses 47 According to the passage, what would happen if there were no plants? A Valuable soil would be taken B Man would die C There would be more floods D Both A and C 48 When man drains ponds and swamps, cut timber, and dredges streams, ect, he A increase natural storage of water B speeds runoff C upsets the water balance D Both A and C 49 When sewage and garbage are dumped into rivers, the water may become A very unfit B too pollute to drink C most serious D safe water 50 In many states, companies are too dumps raw industrial wastes into streams A allowed B not allowed C not prohibit D not punished Test Choose the underline part(a,b,c, or d)that is incorrect in English: I would rather (A) to stay (B) at home tonight than (C) go (D) to the cinema This (A) is an (B) excited (C) new family game (D) Mary is busy (A) to (B) her (C) homework now (D) You must leave early to be late for school A so that B in order to C so as not to D without - I have something to worry about, I usually sleep A Even though B If C Unless D Provided that If I in your position, I - her by now A am/will visit B was/would visit C were/would visit D had been/would have visited It is time we to the station The train will leave in thirty minutes A go B have gone C will go D went They are exploring the jungle They take no notice of the mosquitoes, flies and snakes A disregard B dislike C disapprove D dismiss The little boy could not stop at the crocodile’s jaw A look B to look C looking D looked 10 The teacher was very surprised - his memory A on B toward C onto D at 11 Everybody thought that John was unable to encounter the problem A It is thought that John was unable to encounter the problem B It thought that John was unable to encounter the problem (40) C John was thought that he was unable to encounter the problem D John was thought to be unable to encounter the problem 12 as a cleaner He has just got a better job A He works no more B No more he works C No more does he work D Any more does he work 13 Those need help are poor and uneducated A who B whom C which D whose 14 The front door was still locked The thieves - into the house through the window A must break B would have broken C must have broken D should have broken 15 He has a to study abroad so he has learnt English for more than one year A protection B determination C declaration D liberation 16 She shows no in what we are doing A interest B interests C interesting D interested 17 How can people - the value of money A measure B measurement C measuring D to measure 18 He is very good telling jokes A on B in C for D at 19 Better methods of refrigeration depend - engineer A on B in C to D at 20 Microsoft has provided us many soft wares A to B with C for D in 21 Money is used - buying or selling goods A at B to C for D on 22 Neither my sister nor I - going to the party tomorrow A is B are C am D won’t be 23 Fifty minutes - enough to finish this test A are not B is not C were not D have not 24 To my , John is very good at Russian A amaze B amazed C amazing D amazement 25 When I was young, I stay up late to study A used to B was used to C use to D got used to 26 He walked silently wake the other people A to not B in order not to C so as to not D to avoid 27 John’s brother used to let him drive his car at weekends A John’s brother never let him drive his car at weekends B John is no longer allowed to use his brother’s car at weekends C John is allowed to use his brother’s car at weekends D John is used to driving his brother’s car at weekends 28 You should have phoned him when you got the news A It was necessary to phone him then but you didn’t B You should phone him about the news C You phoned him when you heard the news D You didn’t phone him because you didn’t get the news 29 “I wished I had studied harder last night” The speaker of this sentence: A wishes to study harder last night B didn’t study last night C didn’t study hard enough last night D had studied harder than he wished 30 Most of the people in the village prefer the city life A Everyone in the village prefers the city life B Few people in the village prefer living in the city C No one in the village like living here D Not everyone in the village prefer living in the city (41) 31 Jack has stopped writing letters to Jill A Jack has no longer stopped writing to Jill B Jack used to write letters to Jill C Jack has never written letters to Jill before D Jack stopped writing letters when Jill came 32 There were people attending the meeting that there weren’t enough chairs for all of them A so much B so many C too many D so few 33 Pick out the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words: A busy B cooking C enjoy D under 34 A finish B begin C enter D counter 35 A interesting B various C generous D successful Some work places are uncomfortable 36 in they may be dark, dirty, and cold However, 37 of the famous companies have always looked -38 - the welfare of their employees They try to -39 - their good reputation and nowadays 40 firms are following their example They pay reasonable wages and care about the home conditions of the workers -41 - their work place Three aspects that 42 the workforce most are installing new machinery, rebuilding or extending the factory, and reorganizing the work However, some employees are less considerate than -43 -, so employees have to -44 - on the support of their trade union It is the work of the trade union to improve the working conditions and -45 - the rights of their members 36 A to work B work C that working D for working 37 A almost B mostly C most D the most 38 A on B after C in D up 39 A remember B recall C remain D review 40 A more B more and more C most and most D the more 41 A as well as B as much as C as possible as D as soon as 42 A destroy B affect C protest D experiment 43 A each other B one another C other D others 44 A reply B believe C keep D take 45 A depend B comment C protect D provide It was in Britain that the word “smog” was first used to describe a mixture of smoke and fog As the world’s first industrialized country, its cities have been also the first to suffer pollution caused by industry In the 19 th century London’s “pea-soupers”(thick smog) became famous through descriptions in the works of Charles Dickens and in the Sherlock Holmes stories The situation in London reached its worst point in 1952 At the end of that year a very bad smog, which lasted for several days, was estimated to cause between 4000 and 8000 deaths Water pollution was also a problem It was once suggested that the Houses of Parliament should be wrapped in enormous wet sheets to protect the Houses from the awful smell of the Thames River 46 Smog is - A a kind of smoke B a kind of fog C a mixture D a mixture of smoke and fog 47 The result of the developing of industry in Britain A made it become the first to suffer pollution caused by industry B caused no pollution C describe a mixture of smoke and fog D prevented it from pollution 48 “Pea-soupers” means: A a kind of peas B a supper C a kind of soup D thick smog 49 The worst point of thick smog - A led to many deaths B had no effect C was overcome D would never happen 50 The Thames River - A was wrapped by enormous wet papers B was badly polluted C was not polluted D had no relations to industry Test (42) Pick out the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest: A new B few C threw D knew A face B place C surface D case A busy B uniform C united D computer Pick out the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words: A typical B sympathy C interesting D dependent Pick out the word that has stress pattern on the second syllable: A never B begin C broaden D listen You have to study harder to your classmates A keep out ofB take care of C keep up with D put and end to The letters of the word LASER come from “Light implication by Stimulated Emission of “ A Radiation B RadarC radius D Radar He grow up on a farm and he intends to study farming A industry B agriculture C psychology D culture They have to work hard to prepare for the coming examination A get over B get on C get in D get ready 10 He said that he his homework since o’clock A had done B did C has done D was doing 11 One of the government’s plans here is the swamps A drainage B draining C draining of D drained 12 Non-smokers exposed to smoking get lung damage A positive B activeC passive D attractive 13 If you took you doctor’s , you would not be seriously ill A advise B advice C advisor D advising 14 John sometimes loses his temper A ease B easy C easier D easily 15 Computers are called artificial A intelligent B intelligence C intellectual D intellectually 16 She know hundreds of poems heart A in B on C within D by 17 Where the event will be held depends - the weather A in B at C on D into 18 Ken doesn’t play football as well as he used to A Ken used to play football as well as he does B Ken used to play football better than he does C Ken used to play football more well than he does D Ken used to play football worse than he does 19 Susan was very busy, so she couldn’t go to the club A If Susan weren’t busy, she could go to the club B If Susan were busy, she could go to the club C If Susan had been busy, she couldn’t have gone to the club D If Susan hadn’t been busy, she could have gone to the club 20 We spent five hours getting to London A It took us five hours get to London B It took us five hours getting to London C It takes us five hours to get to London D It took us five hours to get to London 21 It’s always best to ask before you light - a cigarette if you are people you don’t know well A up/to B up/ with C on/to D on/ with 22 The car was so rusty that it couldn’t be repaired A The car was very rusty to be repaired B The car was too rusty to be repaired C The car was rusty enough to be repaired D The car was so rusty to be repaired (43) 23 I remember - him said that he would come but he is absent now A hear B to hear C hearing D heard 24 The number of the students in my class - 30 A is B are C have D has 25 Put the raincoat on It A is raining B has rained C had raining D will be raining 26 Nobody knows - A where has he gone B where has gone he C where he has gone D he has gone where 27 Charles Chaplin made many of the funniest and popular films of his time A more B most C the most D the more 28 The boy - at the desk is Mary’s new boyfriend A stand B to stand C stood D standing 29 A postman needs calm under pressure A remain B to remain C remaining D remained 30 This book is - that one A interesting than B more interesting than C more interesting D more interesting as Choose the underline part(a,b,c, or d)that is incorrect in English 31 Early (A) in the nineteenth century, (B) engineers develop (C) iron frames for bridges (D) 32 We must to work (A) to keep (B) your environment (C) healthy (D) 33 The fire (A) which (B) was discovered (C) at about o’clock last night, spread very quick.(D) 34 In the (A) last some years, (B) traveling has become (C) much easier and much comfortable.(D) 35 To live healthily (A) we should stop smoking (B) and drinking and to (C) exercise regularly.(D) Good 36 presentation is very important in the search -37 -a good career Job application forms and the letter should be filled in -38 -and correctly, without grammar -39 - spelling errors -40 - they are asked for personal information, job seeks should describe their abilities and work -41 -in detail, with examples if possible They should try to balance -42 - own abilities with the employer’s needs and to explain why they are interested -43 -a career with the particular company They should also try to show -44 - they have already known something about the company and its -45 36 A person B personal C personally D personality 37 A for B on C at D with 38 A care B careful C carefully D careless 39 A but B or C nor D and 40 A Where B WhenC How D Which 41 A experience B expensive C experiment D expense 42 A they B them C their D theirs 43 A at B for C in D from 44 A which B this C those D that 45 A act B actionC active D activities The earth’s surface is two-thirds water, yet most of this is undrinkable or unusable because it is either seawater or ice Of the 1% that is available as fresh water, most is used for farming or industry Fresh water pollution is the major problem because many rivers and streams are being polluted with pesticides, industrial waste, and sewage In poor and developing countries, the addition of sewage to the sources of water leads to diseases, and even death A United nations’ reported estimates that more than 78% of people drink from polluted water supplies Although people have made efforts to control the supply of fresh water, they are also polluting 46 What is the main idea of the paragraph? A Undrinkable water B Water pollution C No fresh water D seawater and ice (44) 47 Which sentence is true? A There is no fresh water on the earth’s surface B All water is drinkable C Fresh water pollution never happens D Fresh water is being polluted 48 Which make fresh water polluted? A ice B river and streams C seawater D pesticides, industrial waste, and sewage 49 In the poor and developing countries A water pollution may lead to diseases and even deaths B there is no polluted water C people can use as much water as they want D pollution never happens 50 People A will never pollute the water sources B are polluting fresh water C not pour sewage into sources of fresh water D can control the sources of fresh water Test Pick out the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest A money B modern C mother D month A multiply B simply C imply D purify A founded B wounded C prepared D wanted Pick out the word that is stressed differently from other: A dependent B currency C business D recognize A imagine B convenient C industry D security I a book when he came in A was reading B read C am reading D have read The computer the most complicated problems at a lightning speed A is used to solving B used to solve C can e used to solve D used to solving They did every thing for our A comfortable B comfortably C uncomfortable D comfort We are being by next door’s stereo A deafened B deaf C deafen D deafness 10 The cafe was crowded, we found a table A though B but C although D because 11 I gave Roger a map so that he able to find the way A could B could be C would D would be 12 I need money Have you got ? - Yes, but not A some/any/some B much/some/little C some/any/any D some/any/much 13 Computers are used in schools and universities A widely B wide C widen D width 14 “ He spent two hours to his homework “ This sentence means: A It takes him two hours to his homework B It took him two hours to his homework C It took him two hours doing his homework D To his homework took him two hours 15 “ I haven’t seen that woman here before” This sentence can be written: A It’s time to see that woman here before B It’s the first time I have seen that woman here C It’s the first time since I saw that woman here D It’s the first time since I have seen that woman here 16 “ The test we did last time was more difficult than this one” This sentence means: A We did a test last time and a more difficult than this one B The test we have this time is not difficult at all C This test is not as difficult as the one we did last time D We had a more difficult time last week than this (45) 17 ‘ I last heard this song ten years ago’ This sentence means: A It's ten years since I last heard this song B It has been ten years when I have heard this song C It's ten years when I have heard this song D It was ten years since I have heard this song 18 “ They made her hand over her passport” This sentence means: A She was made to hand over her passport B She was handed over to make her passport C She was made hand over her passport D She was handed over for her passport to make 19 Had I been there, I him not to act like that A will advise B would advise C would have advise D advised 20 “Where did you go last night, Nam?”, said Hoa A Hoa said to Nam where had he gone the night before B Hoa said Nam where he had gone the night before C Hoa told Nam where he had gone last night D Hoa asked Nam where he had gone the night before 21 My friend , is very hopeful about her future A whose father is a millionaire B of a millionaire’s daughter C her father whose is a millionaire D a millionaire is whose father 22 This pair of trousers A need cleaning B needs to clean C needs cleaning D need to clean 23 We were rather disappointed the hotel A for B toward C at D after 24 Only after a year to see the results of my work A I began B began I C did I begin D did I began 25 This is the hotel we stayed last mouth A which B in that C in which D in where 26 Their parents to finish their homework before going to bed A said them B said C told D told them 27 “Brunch” combined from the two words A breakfast and lunch B break and lunch C breakfast and bunch D break and bunch 28 Farmers can protect their land by yearly of crops A erosion B distribution C fertilization D rotation 29 Ann has been for two years, so she stays at home and takes care of the children A undergone B under covered C undercharged D unemployed 30 Economics me as much as literature does A interest B not interest C does not interest D have interested 31 Which part is not correct in English? Today a computerized system (A) is used for control (B ) the (C ) telephone network (D ) 32 For cancer treatment (A) the diseased cells must be killed (B ) while (C ) their healthy neighbors are leaving (D) unharmed 33 There is (A ) a great deal of (B ) research to be done (C ) on (D) earthquake 34 The (A) only thing (B) I like is (C) to play (D) a guitar 35 Would you (A) please typed (B) this (C) paper ? I can not read (D) your handwriting More -36 - 70% of the earth surface is water It ‘s impossible -37 - exactly how much energy may be produced 38 water However, it can be estimated 39 four – meter high waves in storms produce up to 700 kilowatts 40 meter Nowadays, machinery can be used -41 - the power of moving water into 42 Hydro electricity is -43 - most common use of water power in Britain The major advance is that it is a clean source of power and it is quite safe 44 , Britain is a comparatively small and overpopulated country, but hydro electric power uses a lot of lands -45 mills and dams (46) 36 A than B as C less than D than most 37 A know B to know C known D knowing 38 A with B within C in C from 39 A which B as C that D of 40 A a B anC the D no article 41 A convert B converting C for converting D converted 42 A electric B electricity C electrical D electrify 43 A a B an C the D no article 44 A If B Although C However D Unless 45 A build B to build C building D built Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas found in high concentration in cigarette smoke, not to mention the stuff which gets out of car exhaust pipes Once inside the lungs, the carbon atoms grab any passing hemoglobin ( the oxygen forming substance found in the blood ) and basically take a joy ride around the body Someone who smokes 20 a day can have a carbon monoxide level which is – 10 times than a smoker does It deprives the body of oxygen, which makes the blood sticky and can cause problems with the growth, repair and exchange of healthy nutrients In particular, any reduction in oxygen levels is a real hazard to unborn babies Pregnant women who smoke run a serious risk of miscarrying or having babies with low birth rate 46 Carbon monoxide is A toxic B non – toxic C polluted D solid 47 Carbon dioxide is from A our lungs B only cigarette smoke C only car exhaust D cigarette smoke and car exhausts 48 carbon dioxide A has no effect on the bloodB has no effect on our lungs C can not gets into our lungs D has bad effects on the blood 49 The word “It” refers to A smoker B non – smoker C carbon monoxide D blood 50 According to the writer, A carbon monoxide does no harm to a foetus B carbon monoxide is dangerous to a foetus C pregnant women can smoke as many cigarettes as possible D carbon monoxide makes smokers feel healthier Test Pick out the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words: A involved B encounter C desire D tolerate Pick out the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest: A unsatisfactory B unreal C unable D united A organization B station C orator D cooperation Pick out the word that has stress pattern on the second syllable: A prepare B tendency C sulphur D section Pick out the word that has stress pattern on the first syllable: A eruption B eardrum C attendance D apprentice Choose the underline part(a,b,c, or d)that is incorrect in English Neither (A)John nor his family (B) members enjoys (C) their life in (D)the city This is the most (A) interesting story (B) I have (C) never (D) read My uncle said (A) me to leave (B) early on (C) my first day of work (D) Remember (A) turning off (B) the (C) television when (D) you leave (47) 10 Our (A) teacher advised (B) to take an English (C) speaking (D) course 11 His father told up late A him to not stay B him not staying C him not to stay D not to stay 12 My brother the guitar since he a little boy A played/was B has played/has been C played/has been D has played/was 13 The teacher said to us “don’t talk in class” A The teacher told us not talk in class B The teacher told us not to talk in class C The teacher said to us not talk in class D The teacher tells us not talk in class 14 Why didn’t you come to the meeting? - Oh, I didn’t know about it If I , I come A knew - would go B had known - would have gone C know- will go D hadn’t known – wouldn’t have gone 15 Which sentence is not correct in English? A Children need having good education B Children should have good education C Children must have good education D Children need to have good education 16 being a boy , Tom often played tennis A Before B After C When D Was 17 “I am sorry that I didn’t go to the party.” means: A I regretted not to go to the party B I regretted not go to the party C I regretted not going to the party D I regretted didn’t go to the party 18 Apples are usually oranges A as cheaper as B more cheap than C cheaper than D the cheapest 19 Nam’s parents are very with his success A please B pleased C pleasing D to please 20 No sooner out of the house than it began to rain A I got B I had got C had I got D got I had 21 Please wait a minute! My boss is busy something A write B to write C writing D wrote 22 She their homework before watching TV A forces her children B makes her children C has her children D makes her children to 23 How many times her since you ? A you called/leave B have you called/have left C have you called/ left D did you call/left 24 She is a careless person herself, so she is very of other’s mistakes A tolerant B tolerate C tolerable D tolerance 25 My younger sister spends time shopping A a great number of B a lots of C a great deal of D a large sum of 26 Last night when we came, Jim TV while his father the kitchen A was watching/was fixing B was watching/fixed C watched/was fixing D watched/fixed 27 He’s In fact, he has been working very hard A determine to succeed B determined to succeed C determined succeeding D determining to succeed 28 Linh has been in Ha Noi for a few months Since she has friends there, she feels really homesick A a few B few C a lot of D a number of 29 Singapore is than Viet Nam A much small B less small C more smaller D much smaller (48) 30 It was such a big meal that we couldn’t finish it A The meal was too very big for us to finish B The meal was too very big for us to finish it C The meal was too big for us to finish D The meal was such big that we couldn’t finish it 31 I whispered to hear our conservation A I whispered so that I wouldn’t want any one to hear our conservation B I whispered so that no one would hear our conservation C I whispered so that no one wouldn’t’ hear our conservation D I whispered so that I wanted to hear our conservation 32 You must lend me the money for the trip ,I won’t be able to go A Consequently B Nevertheless C Even though D Otherwise 33 She didn't reach home until midnight A Not she reached home until midnight B Not until midnight she reached home C Not until midnight she did reach home D Not until midnight did she reach home 34 Most boys are on playing football A keen B interested C excited D good 35 Those need help are poor and uneducated A who B whom C which D whose When I finished school in Germany last year I did not know 36 to next I wanted to travel, but for that you need money That means having a job, and -37 - a university degree it is difficult to get a good one of those My parents agreed I could put off 38 a decision about a university course for a year Then a family in London invited me to live with them, help look 39 the children and a little housework in return for some pocket money I -40 - with this family for five months now My main job is to meet the three children from school, give them their supper and help them with their homework -41 - their parents come home at about six Sometimes I must stay in with the children in the evening I go to English classes three times a week, and at weekends I -42 - different parts of Britain Although my parents are happy that I am studying a foreign language 43 enjoy this chance to see more of the world, they keep -44 - me what I want to study at university I still can’t make up my -45 -! 36 A how B what C when D that 37 A having no B having not C without D not have 38 A doing B making C creating D getting 39 A for B at C of D after 40 A lived B was living C have lived D had lived 41 A until B to when C whenever D when 42 A am visiting B visit C visited D have visited 43 A when B during C while D whereas 44 A asking B to ask C ask D to asking 45 A decision B head C thought D mind Have you ever wanted something crazily, worked and suffered for it, and then, after getting it you found out that it did not make you happy? This is the experience that most of the people who sought gold had got In 1896, gold was discovered in the Klondike area of the Yukon, a remote part of northern Canada, and the great “gold rush” was on Thousands of people came from many other places with one dream which was to get rich quickly Some did Some became millionaires overnight only to lose everything in a card game the next day Others died because temperatures often dropped to – 50, or else were murdered or killed in accidents or fighting The style of life was so rough and hard 46 This passage is about A gold B gold rush C what some one wants D life in Canada 47 According to the writer, A all gold seekers were very happy after they found some gold (49) B gold could not make seekers really happy C gold seekers had no experience D gold seekers suffered nothing 48 Gold A has not been found yet B is some thing that nobody wants C was discovered in the Klondike in 1986 D helped all people become rich in 1896 49 Gold seekers A had the same dream which was to get rich quickly B came from the Klondike C could not find any gold D all became millionaires 50 the Klondike A had no gold B couldn’t offer gold to all gold seekers C made lives easier in 1896 D was extremely cold Test The Korean education system basically consists of primary school ( six years ), schools ( three years), high schools ( three years), and colleges -2 -universities ( four or two years) with graduate courses leading -3 - Ph D degrees education is compulsory for children aged six to eleven The basic primary school curriculum is generally divided -5 - -6 - subjects: Korean language, mathematics, social studies, science, ethics, physical education, music and fine arts students in middle school are required to take a number additional subjects, such as English, and can take electives, -8 - as technical or vocational courses Afterwards, students can choose -9 general educational high school -10 - general, high school tends to be rigorous, as the competition for college admission is notoriously stiff A between B middle C among D half A and B or C withD like A from B for C withD to A Primary B High C College D University A into B for C withD of A five B six C seven D eight A of B with C for D consist A as B such C like D alike A both B or C between D among 10 A On B In C Of D For 11 Five years ago we started to preserve the houses and the landscape A traditional B tradition C traditionally D traditions 12 Before modern likes gas and electricity, the fireplace was used for both heating and cooking A conveniences B convenience C convenient D conveniently 13 The fans when their team scored a goal A shouted B laughed C cheered D called 14 We tried a lot of hotels, but of them had any free rooms A neither B none C no D not 15 I think the teacher as well as his students good A is B are C be D to be 16 He wanted to read the letter, which I last week A am just writing B have just written C had just wrote D had written 17 The house we stayed was over 200 years ago A where B which C when D what (50) 18 The child kept the present that she A has been given B had been given C had given D has given 19 I would rather here A wait B waiting C to wait D waited 20 The reason why I am writing to tell you about a party on Saturday A is B are C was D were 21 Everybody in the wedding party happy A look B looked C are looking D looks 22 Mercury’s low gravity makes you very light in a spaceship A feel B felt C to feel D feeling 23 Psychiatrists and doctors have failed people not to drink A tell B telling C told D to tell 24 Where is the house ? A where they are living B which they are living C where they are living there D where they are living in 25 Doing exercises interesting A is B are B be D to be 26 Which part is in correct in English? We are very (A) interesting (B) in (C) watching films (D) 27 He never (A) allows us (B) smoking (C) in this (D) room 28 Why is (A) she surprising (B) when Buckley does not (C) obey him at first (D)? 29 There was (A) wind and snow outside, but (B) he could not see far (C) at all (D) 30 The manager was honest (A), clean, well dress (B) and clever but (C) he never tried to be polite to (D) us 31 “ He lost his job three months” A They are three months since he lost his job B It is three months since he lost his job C It is three months ago since he lost his job D It has been three months since he lost his job 32 “ She hasn’t played the piano for five years” A the last time she played the piano five years ago B she doesn’t play the piano five years ago C The last time she played the piano was five years ago D She played the piano five years 33 The teacher told them A to talk about the pollution of our environment B talk about the pollution of our environment C to talk about the pollution our environment D to talk about the pollution the our environment 34 If I something that makes you uncomfortable, A please let me know how you feel B please let me know what you feel C please let me to know how you feel D please let me to know what you feel 35 It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car A The man is believed to escaped in a stolen car B The man is believed to have escaped in a stolen car C The man believed to escaped in a stolen car D They believed that the man stole the car 36 Pick out the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest: A cell B cinema C ethical D dental 37 A thought B bought C brought D though 38 A time B climb C win D ride 39 Pick out the word that has stress pattern on the first syllable: A important B difficult C attractive D successful 40 A continent B possession C particular D instruction (51) 41 When you are doing puzzles, always read the questions carefully A through B over C out D in 42 Our classroom needs up A to tidy B tidy C, tidying D tidied 43 The students are used to in the school library A to work B work C working D worked 44 She uses a to work out the square root of seventeen A calculator B calculus C calculated D calculation 45 He turned his dream into through hard work and became a scientist A reality B real C realize D really In May 1966, the Worlds Health Organization was authorized to initiate a globe campaign to eradicate smallpox The goal was to eliminate the disease in one decade Because similar projects for malaria and yellow fever had failed, few believed that smallpox could actually be eradicated, but eleven years after the initial organization of the campaign, no cases were reported in the field The strategy was not only to provide mass vaccinations but also to isolate patients with active smallpox in order to contain the spread of the disease and to break the chain of human transmission Rewards for re[porting smallpox assisted in motivating the public to aid health workers One by one, each smallpox victim was sought out, removed from contact with others, and treated At the same time, the entire village where the victim had lived was vaccinated Today small pox is no longer a threat to humanity Routine vaccinations have been stopped worldwide 46 Which of the following is the best title of the passage? A The World Health Organization B The Eradication of Smallpox C Smallpox Vaccinations D Infectious Disease 47 What was the goal of the campaign against smallpox? A To decrease the spread of smallpox worldwide B To eliminate smallpox worldwide in ten years C To provide mass vaccinations against smallpox worldwide D To initiate worldwide projects for smallpox, malaria, and yellow fever at the same time 48 according to the passage, what was the strategy used to eliminate the spread of smallpox? A Vaccination of entire villages B Treatment of individual victims C Isolation of victims and mass vaccinations D Extensive reporting of outbreaks 49 How was the public motivated to help the health workers? A By educating them B By rewarding them for reporting cases C By isolating them from others D By giving them vaccinations 50 It can be inferred that: A no new cases of smallpox have been reported B malaria and yellow fever have been eliminated C smallpox victims no longer die when they contract the disease D smallpox is not transmitted from one person to another Test The right-hand rule was in those countries by Napoleon Bonaparte A given room for B take for granted C put into force D lost track of His success made him become A fame B famous C famously D famousness Are you familiar the procedures? A for B at C to D with We regret the late arrival of the 12.45 train from London A announce B to announce C announcing D for announcing (52) Poverty prevented him with his studies A to continue B continue C with continuing D from continuing We have to fight against the dirtying and of our air and water A poison B poisonous C poisoning D poisonously They stayed for hours, I was very annoyed A that B which C for which D whenever Plants gain energy from the light of sun A a B an C the D no article Choose the incorrect part in English in the following sentences: The (A) performance has (B) been cancelled (C) in spite of (D) the bad weather 10 Most (A) the students in the class (B) can speak (C) English quite fluently.(D) 11 Pick out the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words: A comfortable B marvelous C pharmacist D responsible 12 Choose the word that has the main stress on the first syllable: A particular B involved C difficult D important 13 Choose the word that has the main stress on the second syllable: A industry B vehicle C erosion D Japanese 14 Pick out the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest: A complain B dangerous C raining D planning 15 A nature B mature C picture D future 16 A report B access C section D respect 17 You should provide every child a chance to go to school A for B of C to D with 18 He is very capable learning and understanding things A with B of C at D about 19 He had to give a good reason being absent several classes A for/at B on/from C on/at D for/from 20 That is quiet silly What you are saying is A reason B reasonable C unreasonable D reasonably 21 Mary her homework when we arrived so we all went out for the evening A had been finished B was being finishing C was finished D had finished 22 Are you with your child’s performance at school? A satisfying B satisfactory C satisfied D dissatisfying 23 When we arrived, a crowd for several hours to greet him A had been waiting B was waited C has been waiting D was waiting 24 If you had worked harder, you A would not be sackedB were not sacked C won’t have been sacked D wouldn’t have been sacked 25 People exercise fit A keeping B being kept C to keep D to be kept 26 There are so many things to that we never get A interesting/boring B interested/bored C interested/boring D interesting/bored 27 No longer clean the floor I have just bought a vacuum cleaner A I have to B I have to C I have to D have I to 28 We must be quick There’s time A little B a little C few D a few 29 I’d rather here A wait B waiting C to wait D waited (53) 30 “He lost his job tree months ago” A They are three months since he lost his job B It’s three months since he lost his job C It’s three months ago since he lost his job D It has been three months since he has lost his job 31 If George keeps studying as he has been, he will have no trouble in passing his exams A George will not pass his exams because he is not studying B George has passed his exams C George has trouble in passing his exams D George is studying hard to pass his exams 32 The film was so boring that I fell asleep A the film was interesting enough, but I fell asleep B I fell asleep because the film was boring C I did not fall asleep even though the film was boring D The film was too long for me to watch 33 I regret lending him money A I did not lend him money B I wish I had lent him money C He did not borrow money from me D I lent him money and I regret now 34 John didn’t attend the class because he was serious ill A John’s class was not serious B John never attended the class C John was absent from class many times D John was too ill to attend the class 35 Because of working hard, she felt ill A She worked so hard that she felt ill B She was too ill to work hard C She did not work, so she felt ill D She was not ill although she worked hard Around the age of sixteen, you must take one of the biggest decisions of your life Do I stay on at school and hopefully go on to university 36 ? Do I leave and start work or beginning a training -37 -? The decision is yours, but it may be 38 remembering two things: there is more unemployment -39 - who haven’t been to university, and people who have the right -40 - will have a big advantage in the competition for jobs If you decide -41 - straight into a job, there are many opportunities for training Getting qualifications will 42 you to get on more quickly in many careers, and evening classes allow you to learn -43 - you earn Starting work and taking a break to study when you are older is -44 - possibility This way, you can save up money for student days as well as -45 - practical work experience 36 A after B then C later D past 37 A course B class C school D term 38 A useful B necessary C important D worth 39 A with B among C between D through 40 A skills B papers C arts D notes 41 A to go B go C going D gone 42 A make B give C let D help 43 A what B while C when D where 44 A always B again C another D also 45 A taking B making C getting D doing In the United States and Canada, it is very important to look a person directly in the eyes when you are having a conversation with him or her If you look down or to the side when the other is talking, that person will think that you are not interested in what he or she is saying This, of course is not polite If you look down or to the side when you are talking, you may appear to be hiding something; that is, it might seem that you are not honest However, people who are speaking will sometimes look away for a few seconds when they are thinking or trying to find the right word But they always turn immediately back to look the listener directly in the eyes These social “rules” are the same for two men, two women, a man and a woman, or an adult and a child (54) 46 In the US and Canada, when you are having a conversation with someone, A not look directly in the eyes B it is impolite to look at the eyes of the speaker or hearer C you should look him or her directly in the eyes D A and B are correct 47 If you look down or to the side when the other is talking, A you are very polite B you are very interested in what is being said C you will be thought to be not interested in the conversation D you are the interesting person 48 If you look down or to the side when you are talking, A you are thought to be dishonest B the Americans are interested in you C you are interested in the conversation D you are very polite 49 The speaker will sometimes look away A because he or she wants to end the conversation B because he or she thinks that the hearer is not honest C because he or she is thinking or finding the right word D because the hearer is interested in what is being said 50 These social “rules” are A the same for everybody B for women only C for children only D for men only Test The result was quite different what I expected A with B as C on D from Feeling sleepy, the driver stopped a coffee A to drink B drank C drinking D drunk Hoi An is famous its old streets A for B at C with D on The city authority bans cars to wipe smoke A in B out C with D at Someone was cleaning the classroom when we arrived A The classroom was cleaned when we arrived B The classroom was be cleaned when we arrived C The classroom was to be cleaned when we arrived D The classroom was being cleaned when we arrived This knife is It doesn’t cut at all A used B useful C useless D usage Sai Gon Giai Phong is published seven days a week It’s a newspaper A daily B weekly C monthly D yearly I used to to the zoo by my father when I in the city A took / had lived B taken / lived C taking / were living D take / are living “ I have seen this film twice, Linda” said Tom A Tom told Linda I had seen this film twice B Tom told Linda she had seen this film twice C Tom told Linda she has seen that film twice D Tom told Linda she had seen that film twice 10 I Miss Linda an advice when I her tomorrow morning A will give/see B would give/gave C was giving/saw D had given/saw 11 Clean air provides us with a supply of oxygen A health B healthy C healthily D healthful 12 Carbon dioxide occurs in the air in form A nature B natural C naturally D nation 13 Pick out the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words A national B engineer C figure D scientist (55) 14 A social B electric C contain D important 15 A gesture B English C conflict D custom 16 Choose the underline part (a,b,c, or d) that is incorrect in English : He invited(A) me to having (B) dinner with (C) him and his family (D) 17 This is (A) the school at which (B) Uncle Ho used to studying (C) when he was young (D) 18 This car is more than that one A fast B modern C faster D fastest 19 “ Have you ever been to France?” – “ Yes, I there last August” A went B had been C have been D were 20 “ I am going to Paris next week,” said Jim A Jim told me to go to Paris next week B Jim invited me to Paris with him the following week C I am going to Paris next week with Jim D Jim said that he was going to Paris the following week 21 Had we left any later, we would have missed the train A We left too late to catch the train, B The train did not arrive late C We almost missed the train D Because the train was late, we missed it 22 He failed the final exam because he didn’t make any for it A prepare B preparation C preparing D prepared 23 English is used by pilots to ask for landing in Cairo A instruct B instructors C instructions D instructive 24 His work suffered because of his total in sport A absorption B absorbent C absorptive D absorbed 25 “I not know English” means A I can speak English B I have some good knowledge of English C I have no knowledge of English D I can speak English fluently 26 Which sentence is correct? A It was so dark for us to see anything B It was such a dark that we couldn’t see anything C It was so dark that we couldn’t see anything D It was so many dark for us to see anything 27 The children laughed a lot because of the funny story A The children laughed a lot because the story is funny B The children laughed a lot because of the story funny C The children laughed a lot because it was funny D The children laughed a lot because the story was funny 28 in the street yesterday was very friendly A the mounted police who I saw B the mounted police I saw whom C who is the mounted police I saw D the mounted police whom I saw 29 “Can I borrow your pen please, Sam?”, said Gillian A Gillian asked Sam if she can borrow his pen B Gillian asked Sam if she could borrow his pen C Gillian asked Sam she can borrow his pen D Gillian asked Sam she could borrow his pen 30 I wish I an English teacher one day A will be B would be C shall be D am 31 She won’t come unless you invite her A She won’t come even if you invite her B She won’t come if you don’t invite her C She will come even if you don’t invite her D She won’t come though you don’t invite her 32 The boy always does his homework before class A so as not to be punished by the teacher B so as to be punished by the teacher C so that not to be punished by the teacher D in order that not to be punished by the teacher (56) 33 Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from others: A warm B earflap C scholarship D particular 34 A seal B treatment C release D deafness 35 A grateful B explanation C conversation D appreciate Society has changed in many ways -36 - the introduction of computer, and people’s lives at home and at the office have been affected Most people are working for fewer hours per week than they 37 to, and manufacturers and advertising agencies are becoming much more interested in how people spend this extra leisure time On recent report state that, -38 - the number of hobbies had not increased, each hobby had become more specialized A second finding is that nowadays , many managers would rather 39 time with their families than stay late in the office every day Home life is seen to be just as important as working Some companies now -40 - managers take their annual holidays even if they don’t want to, because this leads to such an improvement in their performance if they have some rest 41 these changes, some people are working harder than ever before The standard of exams is getting higher, and increased competition is -42 - it harder to get into university than it was 20 years -43 - Schoolchildren and students are now having to work 44 hard that in many cases they work longer hours -45 - their parents 36 A from B since C for D at 37 A have B want C ought D used 38 A because of B as C although D but 39 A spend B to spend C spending D spent 40 A force B make C cause D have 41 A In spite of B Despite C Although D Because 42 A doing B making C causing D working 43 A later B after C ago D now 44 A very B such C too D so 45 A then B than C as D compare with This report looks at the careers of students who have left Barnaby school, and is based on questionnaires received from over 300 former students Over the past few years, the majority of students (63%) have continued with their education after they left school Most of these have gone to universities and the others have done vocational courses at College of Further Education About a quarter of the students have found jobs after leaving school Some of these jobs are with employers in the local area About half of the students said that they were unemployed for several months before finding work About 12% of the students were unable to find work and have been unemployed for over a year Most of these were students who failed their examination although a few had passed with the reasonable grades 46 What is the report based on? A career of students B questionnaires received from 300 former students C A and B are correct D A and B are in correct 47 According to the report, of the students were not able to find work A 63% B 37% C 12% D 1,5% 48 About of the students have found jobs after leaving school A a quarter B half C three quarters D all are correct 49 Which of the students had the most difficulty in finding work? A who have continued their education B who have found jobs after leaving school C who have been unemployed for over a year D who failed their examination 50 In the writer’s opinion, it is for school leavers to find jobs? A easy B difficult C interesting D simple Test 10 (57) Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from others: A meat B great C heat D seat A chemist B changes C churches D chairman A reply B rely C study D apply Have you decided to apply the job yet? A off B for C to D into We are of the long journey A tire b to tire C tiring D tired He to New York three times this year A is B has been C was D had been Each of you a share in the work A to have B have C having D has We need more sugar There is sugar in the pot A little B much C any D many your homework finished last night? A Do B Was C Are D Did 10 We are fond folk music? A with B at C of D in 11 is Oxford from Cambridge? A How long B How far C How often D How long away 12 all my warnings, he tried to fix the computer himself A Because B Instead of C In spite of D Although 13 Mr Brown has many patients he is always busy A so/ that B very/ until C too/ that D such/ that 14 He wanted to know the reason I was late A because B why C for D as 15 Peter wanted to win the race He ran A fast as he can B fast as he could C as fast as he could D so fast as he can 16 She doesn’t understand I am saying A that B where C what D whose 17 She goes a lot She hardly ever spends an evening at home A along B over C out D down 18 The place we spent our holiday was really beautiful A where B what C which D who 19 Sara speaks so that I can’t understand her A fast B fastest C fastly D faster 20 I remember you about this before A told B to tell C telling D tell 21 Susan is looking for something A eat B eating C to eating D to eat 22 Would you mind me a hand with this bag? A give B to give C to giving D giving 23 The children parents work late, are taken home by bus A whose B their C whom D that 24 Some species or rare animals are in of extinction A dangerously B endanger C dangerous D danger 25 He lat the letter onto the floor A fall B fell C falling D falls (58) 26 There are small between British and American English A differences B difference C differently D different 27 Gold, as well as silver, in price A are rising B have risen C has risen D rise 28 We have to start early we won’t be late A so that B because of C because D that 29 I didn’t have an umbrella with me, so I got wet A If I had an umbrella, I would have got wet B If I had an umbrella, I wouldn’t get wet C If I had an umbrella, I would get wet D If I had an umbrella, I wouldn’t have got wet 30 The coffee was too hot for me to drink A The coffee was so hot that I couldn’t drink it B The coffee was so hot that I can’t drink it C The coffee was so hot that I couldn’t drink D The coffee was so hot that I couldn’t drink 31 Learning English is not easy A It is not easy to learn English B It is easy learning English C It is not difficult to learn English D It is not easy to learning English 32 He stopped to smoke (A) because it is (B) harmful for his (C) health(D) 33 My family spent (A) an interested (B) holiday in (C) Europe last summer(D) 34 My uncle lived (A) in Hanoi since (B) 1990 to 1998, but he is now living (C) in (D ) Hue 35 When (A) I came (B) in, everyone were (C) watching (D) a film Approximately 350 million people -36 - English as their first -37 - About the same use it -38 - a second language It is the language -39 -aviation, international sport and world trade 75% of the world’s -40 - is in English, 60% of the world’s radio stations -41 - in English, and more than half of the world’s newspapers are -42 - in English It is an official language in 44 countries In -43 - others, it is the language of business, commerce and technology There are many 44 of English, but Scottish, Australian, Indian and Jamaican speakers of English, in spite of the differences in pronunciation, structure and vocabulary, would -45 - that they are all speaking the same basic language 36 A speak B tell C talk d say 37 A languages B linguistics C linguist D language 38 A in B as C of D with 39 A from B of C on D to 40 A mail B letters C envelopes D parcels 41 A broadcast B travel C show D write 42 A taken B sold C printed D spoken 43 A much B many C an D more 44 A sort B type C varieties D kind 45 A recognize B invent C keep D use I was born in Newcastle, a city in the North East of England Newcastle is on the bank of the River Tyne It is quite big, with a population of about 2000,000 people There is a cathedral and a university There are five bridges over the Rive Tyne, which link Newcastle to the next town, Gateshead, where there is one of the biggest shopping centers in the world A few years ago, the main industries were shipbuilding and coalmining, but now the chemical and soap industries are important I moved to London ten years ago but I often return to Newcastle I miss the people, who are very friendly, and I miss the beautiful countryside near the city, where there are so many hills and streams 46 Newcastle is A a city in the North of England B a city near the North East of England C a city in the North East of England D a small town in England (59) 47 The population of Newcastle is A 200,000 people B about 200,000 people C much less than 200,000 people D much more than 200,00 people 48 Gateshead has one of A the biggest shopping centers B the most beautiful country sides C the largest rivers D the most important shipbuilding industries 49 According to the passage, the writer A doesn’t live in Newcastle any more B has come back to live in Newcastle C is still living in Newcastle D has never returned to Newcastle 50 Which of the following is not true about Newcastle? A It is next to Gatehead B Its main industry now is shipbuilding C It has a cathedral and a university D It people are very friendly Test 11 ( Đề thi tốt nghiệp 2006 – 2007 ) People are not allowed to enter (A) the park after (B) midnight because (C) lack of (D) security I’d (A) rather to stay (B) at home than go out (C) at weekends (D) John’s (A) mother thought that chocolates (B) were bad to (C) him (D) She is (A) tired with (B) being (C) asked (D) the same thing everyday They asked (A) me what did happen (B) last night, but (C) I was unable to tell (D) them Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from others: A gold B grove C chosen D cover A sunrise B shut C business D summer A lose B women C prove D movie A cheap B child C chair D chemist 10 A lift B sign C light D might 11 Glass is usually sand A made from B made of C made by D made with 12 They worked hard they could pass the final examination A since B because C in case D so that 13 The weather was terrible I wish it warmer A were B was C has been D had been 14 The students in this class were made very hard A learning B having learnt C learn D to learn 15 Up to now, I a lot of information about her A will learn B learnt C would learn D have learnt 16 How is your father? A alive B tall C high D single 17 My parents first each other at the Olympic Games in 1982 A had meet B met C have met D meet 18 She has worked as a secretary she graduated from college A since B until C before D while 19 Jim is five centimeters than Tom A higher B taller C tallest D tall 20 If I had time, I to the beach with you this weekend A will go B will have gone C would have gone D would go 21 His pronunciation causes me a lot of A difficulties B difficult C difficulty D difficultly (60) 22 Jack insisted that he didn’t need any help, I helped him anyway A but B besides C however D so 23 My uncle you met yesterday is a lawyer A which B what C whose D whom 24 The old man said all his money to an old people’s home when he died A have left B to leave C to have left D to leaving 25 Don’t waste time that broken vase A mending B mend C for mending D to mend 26 She failed the test, she studied hard A as B in spite of C despite D although 27 Hung: Thank you very much for a lovely party Hoa: A Thanks B Have a good day C You are welcome D Cheers 28 When I came to visit her last night, she a bath A is having B was having C has D had 29 Dien Bien Phu is the place our army won a resounding victory in 1954 A where B that C what D which 30 He had no of selling the clock – it had belonged to his grandfather A interest B intend C intention D meaning 31 I knew they were talking about me they stopped when I entered the room because B so that C despite D therefore 32 I regret you that your application has been denied A inform B to have informed C to inform D informing 33 Neither you nor I responsible for the bad result A are B be C am D is 34 wait here until you.A am going to call B call C will call D am calling 35 The sick man still finds it to stand without support A comforting B discomfort C uncomfortable D comfortable 36 We lived in that on the corner A old house brick small B brick small old house C small old brick house D house brick small old 37 He took his seat quietly A so as not to disturb their conversation B so as to disturb their conversation C in order not disturb their conversation D in order for him not to disturb their conversation 38 If I had enough money, A I will buy that house B I could buy that house C I can buy that house D I am buy that house 39 that no one would ask for tips A The tourists found it strange B The tourist were strange to find C The tourists found strange D I found strange tourists 40 Dr Sales is the person A in that I don’t have much confidence B whom I don’t have much confidence in him C I don’t have much confidence D in whom I don’t have much confidence The world’s first film was shown in 1895 by two French brothers Although it only 41 of short, simple scenes, people loved it, and films have been popular ever since The first films were silent, with titles on the screen to explain the story Soon the public had 42 favorite actors and actresses and, in this way, the first film stars appeared In 1927, the first “talkie”, a film with sound, was shown and from then on, the public would only accept this kind of film Further improvements continued, particular in America, -43 - most of the world’s films were produced With the arrival of television in 1950s, -44 - people went to see films, but in recent years (61) cinema audiences have grown again More countries have started to produce films that influence film making and there are currently -45 - national film industries 41 A considered B consisted C held D belonged 42 A your B their C his D our 43 A who B which C where D when 44 A other B each C any D fewer 45 A much B lots C plenty D many It is very important to have healthy teeth Good teeth help us to chew our food They also help us to look nice How does a tooth go bad? The decay begins in a little crack in the enamel covering of the tooth This happens after the germs and bits of food have collected there Then the decay slowly spreads inside the tooth Eventually, poison goes into the blood, and we may feel quite ill How can we keep our teeth healthy? Firstly, we ought to visit our dentist twice a year he can fill the small holes in our teeth before they destroy the teeth He can examine our teeth to check that they are growing in the right way Unfortunately, many people wait until they have toothache before they see a dentist Secondly, we should brush our teeth with toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day – once after breakfast and once before we go to bed We can also use wooden toothpicks to clean between our teeth after a meal Thirdly, we should eat food that is good for our teeth and our body: milk, cheese, fish, brown bread, potatoes, red rice, raw vegetables and fresh fruit Chocolates, sweets, biscuits and cakes are bad, especially when we eat them between meals They are harmful because they stick to our teeth and cause decay 46 Good teeth mainly help us to A look nice B chew our food C look important D have good eyesight 47 When food and germs collect in a small crack, our teeth A become hard B make us feel quite ill C begin to decay D send poison into the blood 48 A lot of people not visit a dentist until A they have toothache B they have holes in their teeth C they have brushed their teeth D their teeth grow properly 49 What may be most harmful to our teeth? A red rice B raw vegetables C fresh fruit D sweet things 50 The best title for the passage would be A “How to keep our teeth healthy” B “How to make our teeth nicer” C “How to clean our teeth” D “How to keep our teeth ever white” THE END - (62)
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