vertebrate misunderstandings can lead up to that point regarding this technique, which is able to provide absolutely undeserved guarantees. (Silva, L. 2008). Once again, the human intelligence product, its tool, daringly tries to subdue the rational thought that was its forge. The peer review itself, considered an important extension of the scientific process depends largely on how to deal with interest conflicts. Financial relations -such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, and expert reports- are interest conflicts more easily detected and most likely to undermine the journal, authors and the science self- credibility. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons such as personal and academic competition. Participants in the peer review and the publication process should declare all relationships that could be considered as a potential interest conflict. Editors might well avoid selecting external reviewers with interest conflicts, for example, those working in the same department or institution as any of the authors. The referees, if decent, should disclose to editors any interest conflict that could affect their views on the manuscript, and they should refrain from evaluating manuscripts when these biased factors are present. Therefore, reviewers will be asked to explicitly set out whether or not these conflicts exist. To illustrate it, consider the following example. The author of the manuscript proposed for publication has just broken its link with an institution due to obvious conflict with the director, and it is given to the latter -who shamelessly declares no problem- the arbitration on the manuscript with full powers to veto it. Of course, the former employee, now turned into an ungrateful person and perhaps considered as an opponent by the sordid manager, shall suffer the punishment of seeing his article rejected with the most childish excuses-that automatically transmutes the very well inspired peer review evaluation system in a cheap parody, the basis of which is a dirty vendetta, that suits more to film scripts as The Godfather saga, than the ethical behavior of real scientists.