25 7 0

Tài liệu hạn chế xem trước, để xem đầy đủ mời bạn chọn Tải xuống

Tài liệu liên quan

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 12/10/2021, 18:27

130 CẶP TỪ VÀ CỤM TỪ TIẾNG ANH THƯỜNG BỊ NHẦM LẪN Collected and shared by TRAN MANH TRUNG HONG DUC UNIVERSITY – THANH HOA 2016 130 CẶP TỪ VÀ CỤM TỪ TIẾNG ANH THƯỜNG BỊ NHẦM LẪN Collected and shared by TRAN MANH TRUNG HONG DUC UNIVERSITY – THANH HOA Trên thực tế người học tiếng Anh nói viết bị mắc lỗi dùng từ tiếng Anh sai Việc dùng sai làm câu nói viết bị chuyển sang nghĩa khác trái với ý muốn diễn đạt biến thành câu vô nghĩa Do đó, dùng từ cần thận trọng tả ý nghĩa cho phù hợp Nhiều cặp từ tiếng Anh bị nhầm lẫn lý chủ yếu sau đây: - từ cụm từ khác nên nghĩa khác (ví dụ: in the future in future) - có từ thêm biến tố (tiền tố hậu tố) nghĩa trở nên khác (ví dụ: comprehensible comprehensive) - nhiều từ có chữ viết gần giống phát âm gần giống gây nhầm lẫn (ví dụ: stationary stationery team teem) - nhiều từ chữ viết giống nghĩa lại khác (to lie: nằm – to lie: nói dối ) Xin đơn cử vài ví dụ sau: số bạn thường nhầm lẫn động từ “lie: nằm, nói dối” động từ “lay: đặt , để” lý sau: - Dạng khứ động từ “lie: nằm” lại “lay”: to lie – lay – lain, dạng khứ “lay” “laid”: to lay – laid - laid - Động từ “lie to sbd about smth: nói dối” lại động từ theo qui tắc: to lie – lied – lied Xin trân trọng giới thiệu 130 cặp từ thường gây nhầm lẫn cho người học tiếng Anh Các cặp từ có nghĩa tiếng Việt ví dụ minh họa kèm theo Hy vọng giúp người tránh nhầm lẫn dùng chúng để nói viết tránh nhầm lần đọc hiểu IN FUTURE : từ lần sau, từ trở – IN THE FUTURE: tương lai Examples: - Please be functual in future - Who knows what will happen in the future? SENSITIVE (adj.): nhạy, nhạy cảm – SENSIBLE (adj.): hiểu biết, nhận thức Examples: - Her experiences had made her sensitive TO other people’s troubles - Are you sensible OF the dangers of your action? ENVIABLE (adj.): đáng ghen tị, đáng thèm muốn ENVIOUS (adj.): ghen tị, đố kỵ Examples: - He has received an enviable examination result - I am so envious OF you getting an extra day’s holiday IMAGINATIVE (adj.) : giàu trí tưởng tượng – IMAGINARY (adj.) : tưởng tượng, khơng có thật Examples: - He often has imaginary fears - She is imaginative writer STATIONARY (adj.): đứng im, tĩnh – STATIONERY (n): đồ dùng văn phòng Examples: - His car colided with a stationary lorry - He bought a stationery cupboard LATE (adj.): muộn, chậm – LATELY (adv.): dạo này, gần Examples: - My flight was an hour late - Have you seen her lately? COMPREHENSIVE (adj): bao quát, toàn diện – COMPREHENSIBLE (adj.): hiểu Examples: - She has a comprehensive grasp of the subject - A book that is comprehensible TO specialists MOST OF : hầu hết số (trong tập hợp cụ thể) MOST (pro.): hầu hết (nói chung) Examples: - Most of the students in this class are freshmen - Most people love music RESPECTFUL (adj): lễ phép, kính cẩn – RESPECTIVE (adj): riêng từng, RESPECTABLE (adj): đáng kính trọng, đứng đắn Examples: - They are a respectable couple - They each excel in their respective fields - He is always respectful TO/TOWARDS his parents - They listened to my father in respectful distance 10 RESPONSIBLE (adj.): chịu trách nhiệm - RESPONSIVE (adj.): đáp lại, đáp trả Examples: - All pilots are responsible FOR their passengers’ safety - Whenever I wave my hand to him, he always gives a responsive gesture 11 ENSURE (v.): Đảm bảo, làm cho chắn INSURE (v.): bảo hiểm chống lại thiệt hại rủi ro xảy Examples: - He insured his house against fires - Please ensure that all the lights are switched off at night 12 SOCIABLE (adj.): thích giao du, chan hịa SOCIAL (adj.): (thuộc) xã hội Examples: - We are solving several social problems - He is a sociable man 13 TEMPORARY (adj.): tạm thời, thời COMTEMPORARY (adj.): thời, đương thời Examples: - He has a temporary job in a restaurant - Dickens was comtemporary WITH Thackeray 14 CONSIDERATE (adj.): chu đáo, ân cần CONSIDERABLE (adj.): đáng kể, to tát Examples: - He is very considerate TOWARDS his employees - He spent a considerable sum on clothes 15 PERSONAL (adj.): cá nhân, riêng tư PERSONABLE (adj.): duyên dáng, ưa nhìn Examples: - She made a personal donation to the fund - The saleman was a personable young man 16 SPECIAL (adj.): đặc biệt, dành riêng SPECIFIC (adj.): riêng biệt, đặc trưng Examples: - He came here on a special train - He meets me on special occasions - He was recognized by his specific accent 17 HOSPITAL (n.) bệnh viện HOSPITABLE (adj.): mến khách Examples: - He works as a doctor in a hostpital - Local residents are always hospitable TO / TOWARDS foreigners 18 SPECTACLE (n.): quang cảnh, cảnh tượng - SPECTACLES (n.pl): kính đeo mắt Examples: - The sunrise seen from high in the mountains was fine spectacle - Reading a book, she has to wears her spectacles 19 BETWEEN (prep.): (hai) - AMONG (prep.): (hơn hai) - IN THE MIDDLEE OF : điểm (vị trí, thời gian), dở dang (hành động) Examples: - She is sitting between her mother and her sister - She is standing among her friends - The table is in the middle of the room - The writer was deceased in the middle of the eighteenth century - They were in the middle of the party when he came 20 EACH OTHER (phr.): lần (tương tác hai) – ONE ANOTHER (phr.): lẫn ( tương tác hai) – TOGETHER (adv.): (hợp tác) Examples: - My two brothers help each other in their study - I could see three men fighting one another fiercely - They are going for a walk together 21 ADOPT (v.): chấp nhận, nhận làm nuôi ADAPT (v.): điều chỉnh, trở nên quen với Examples: - My family decided to adopt a puppy to be a companion to our old dog - The puppy adapted TO our family very easily; she loved all other animals 22 ALL TOGETHER: tất cả, thảy ALTOGETHER (adv.): toàn bộ, hoàn toàn Examples: - Our pets, all together, resemble a very zany zoo - My mom is not altogether in agreement that we should now get an ostrich 23 COMPLEMENT /’komplimənt/ (v.): bổ sung vào COMPLIMENT ’komplimənt/ (v.): khen ngợi Examples: - The new puppy complemented our collection of both old and young pets - The veterinarian complimented us ON our amazing menagerie of pets 24 CONTINUOUS (adj.): liên tục, không ngừng – CONTINUAL (adj.): ngắt quãng Examples: - The pets provide continuous joy to all of us; they are so sweet and loving - Trips to the vet are a continual problem; one of the animals always needs care 25 EVERYONE (pro.): người EVERY ONE: Examples: - Everyone in the family shares in the care of the pets - Every one of us has a favourite pet 26 MAYBE (adv.): có thể, có lẽ MAY BE: Examples: - Maybe we have too many pets, but is that even possible? - It may be that once the kids go to college, our parents will want even more pets 27 LIKE (prep.) ; giống (so sánh) AS (prep.): với tư cách Examples: - She is wearing a hat like mine - He works as an interpreter 28 EXPENSIVE (adj.): đắt tiền, tốn tiền VALUABLE (adj.): đáng giá, có giá trị Examples: - We not often go to that restaurant It is very expensive - I found this old painting at a charity shop It was not expensive but I think it could be really valuable 29 COME/BRING: đến/mang đến (movement towards the speaker) GO/TAKE: đi/mang (movement away from the speaker) Examples: - Can I come and ride your horse this evening? / I am going for a ride I will see you later They are bringing their children with them so we will meet them for the first time / His wife went to Australia, taking the children with her 30.DISEASED (adj.): bị bệnh DECEASED (adj.): chết, qua đời Examples: - Both her parents are deceased - We came to see him because he was diseased 31 LOCATE (v.): tìm thấy LOCALIZE (v.): khoanh vùng Examples: - I am trying to locate Shoreline Drive on the map , but I cannot find it - They are trying to localize an outbreak of disease 32 LUXURIOUS (adj.): xa hoa, sang trọng LUXURIANT (adj.): um tùm, sum suê Examples: - Their house was filled with luxurious furnishings - I can see the luxiriant tropical vegetation in his garden 33 EMINENT (adj.): tiếng, bật IMMINENT (adj.): xảy ra, tới Examples: - All the students were nervous about the imminent exams - He is eminent both ÂS a scultor and AS a portrait painter 34 INGENIOUS (adj.): khéo léo, tài tình INGENUOUS (adj.): chân thật, ngây thơ Examples: - Mark has come up with an ingenious plan to make a million dollar - He has an ingenuos smile 35 CAPTURE (v.): bắt giam CAPTIVATE (v.): làm say đắm, quyến rũ Examples: - He is captivated by her beauty - The pirates managed to stop the ship and they captured the captain and the crew 36 REIGN (n.): triều đại REIN (n.): dây cương ngựa Examples: - She led the horse by the rein - The poet lived in the reign of King Alfred 37 COMMENT (v.): bình luận COMMEND (v.): khen ngợi Examples: - Do you want to comment ON the political situation? - I commended the chef ON the excellent meal 38 COMPULSIVE (adj.): hấp dẫn, cưỡng lại COMPULSORY (adj.): bắt buộc Examples: - A vision test is compulsory when you are applying for a driver’s license - I am reading a compulsive novel 39 PLUMP (adj.): béo, mập PLUMBER (n.) thợ lắp đặt nước Example: - Although Sharon is a bit plump she still seems fit and healthy She is a plumber 40 CAPITULATE (v.): đầu hàng RECAPITULATE (v.): tóm tắt lại, thẳng vào vấn đề Examples: - Can you please recapitulate that for me; I am sure I understand - The hijackers finally capitulated TO the police 41 VOW (v.): thề, tuyên thệ AVOW (v.): thừa nhận công khai, thú nhận Examples: - Will you vow to stop smoking if I stop eating chocolate? - He avowed himself (to be) a liar 42 FLAVOUR (n./v.): hương vị / thêm gia vị vào SAVOUR (v.): thưởng thức hương vị Examples: - You could not possibly savour your food when you eat so fast - You should flavour a stew with onions 43 INHIBIT (v.): ngăn ngừa, cản trở, ức chế PROHIBIT (v.): cấm (theo luật, nội quy) Examples: -Shyness inhibited him FROM speaking - His doctor prohibited him from drinking alcohol 44 IMPLICIT (adj.): ngấm ngầm, hàm ẩn EXPLICIT (adj.): rõ ràng, xác Examples: - She did not give you explicit instructions, so she should not be angry with you - Do you understand the obligations which are implicit in the contract? 10 45 SUPERFICIAL (adj.): nông cạn, hời hợt SUPERFLUOUS (adj.): thừa mức cần thiết Examples: - It is superficial to judge people by clothes they wear - Repack all the superfluous cups in the box 46 PATHETIC (adj.): cảm động, thống thiết APATHETIC (adj.): thờ ơ, hờ hững Examples: - Gregory has been apathetic since he lost his job; he dóe not seem to want to anything - They witnessed the pathetic sight of starving children 47 APPREHEND (v.): bắt giữ COMPREHEND (v.) hiểu rõ Examples: - I cannot comprehend what caused her to act that way - The thief was apprehended by the police in the act of stealing a car 48 STATUTE (n.): văn luật, quy chế STATURE (n.): vóc dáng người Examples: - Although Jane is small in stature she has a commanding personality - Everything should be decreed by statute 49 INDUCE (v.): thuyết phục, gây ảnh hưởng DEDUCE (v.): suy ra, suy luận Examples: - Nothing could induce him to move to the city - Detectives deduced FROM the clues who had committed the crime 50 CUTE (adj.): xinh xắn ACUTE (adj.): cấp tính, buốt, sắc bén, tinh tường Examples: - Although their vision is poor, bats have an acute sense of hearing - Isn’t she a cute baby? 51 FIERCE (adj.): mãnh liệt, tợn, khốc liệt PIERCE (v.): chọc thủng Examples: - The battle for the castle was fierce - The arrow pierced his shoulder 52 CONGENITAL (adj.): bẩm sinh CONGENIAL (adj.): ăn ý, hợp Examples: 11 - Jack and Mary had a congenial conversation about their holiday plans - He has congenital blindness 53 CONTAGIOUS (adj.): truyền nhiễm CONTIGUOUS (adj.): kề nhau, tiếp giáp Examples: - Washing your hands frequently is the best way to avoid catching contagiuos illnesses - The garden is contiguous TO/WITH the field 54 SNAG (n.): khó khăn, trở ngại bất ngờ SNUG (adj.): ấm cúng Examples: - The elderly couple lived in a small, snug cottage outside the village - We hit several snags while still at the planning stage 55 OBSCENE (adj.): tục tĩu, đồi trụy OBSCURE (adj): rõ, vô danh Examples: - The museum houses famous paintings by Picasso and Monet as well as works by more obscure artists - He got several obscene messages from a stranger 56 WARY (adj.): thận trọng, cảnh giác WEARY (adj.): mệt lử, rã rời Examples: - He’s been wary OF dogs since he was bitten - They felt weary after all their hard work 57 STINGING (adj.): châm chọc STRINGENT (adj.): nghiêm ngặt, chặt chẽ Examples: - The job advertisement listed many stringent requirements - I cannot stand his stinging remarks 58 RENOVATE (v.): sữa chữa, phục hồi lại INNOVATE (v.): đổi Examples: - It is a great deal of work to renovate a house - They are prepared to innovate in order to make progress 59 STATUS (n.): địa vị xã hội, vị trí nghề nghiệp STATUE (n.): tượng 12 Examples: - Some people feel that a new car can increase their status - The statue of a famous writer has been erected 60 UTILITY (n.): có ích UTILISATION (n.): sử dụng, tận dụng Examples: - The efficient utilisation of time is an important skill to learn - He has an utility bicycle 61 VIRTUAL (adj.): thực sự, thực tế VIRTUOUS (adj.): có đạo đức Examples: - She is the virtual head of the company - She is a virtuous young woman 62 PROPERTY (n.): tài sản, cải PROPRIETY (n.): mực, lễ nghi, phép tắc Examples: - Do not touch these tools! They are not your properties - Mary behaves with perfect propriety 63 PERENNIAL (adj.): lưu niên, sống lâu năm PERPETUAL (adj.): suốt đời Examples: - He lives in perpetual fears of being discovered - Daffodils are perennial plants 64 RELISH (v.): thích thú, thưởng thức CHERISH (v.): yêu dấu, ấp ủ Examples: - He cherishes his rare collections of old coins - The truth is that he relishes the challenge of competition 65 REGRETFUL (adj.): hối tiếc REGRETTABLE (adj.): đáng tiếc Examples: - He was neither happy nor regretful about what happened - His behaviour at the party was most regrettable 66 INDIGENT (adj.): nghèo khổ INDIGENOUS (adj.): xứ, địa Examples: - The pigeon is not indigenous, it was brought here by people - Her husband is very indigent 13 67 DILIGENT (adj.): cần cù, siêng INDOLENT (adj:) lười biếng Example: - He is a diligent student and always starts preparing well before an example while his brother is an indolent student and often fails his exams 68 ADVERSITY (n.): tai họa, vận đen ADVERSARY (n.): kẻ thù, đối thủ Examples: - I hear they had great time cycling across Africa, even though they had to overcome many adversities - He defeated his old adversary 69 AFFLICT (v.): làm đau đớn, làm khổ sở INFLICT (v.): gây ra, bắt phải chịu đựng Examples: - Anna will not be at work this week because she is afflicted WITH measles - He inflicted a severe wound on his friend 70 MASTERLY (adj.): giỏi, bậc thầy MASTERFUL (adj.): hách dịch, oai vệ Examples: - He often speaks in a masterful manner - I admired their masterly handling of a difficult situation 71 ACCOMPLICE (n.): kẻ tòng phạm ACCOMPLISHED (adj.): điêu luyện, thành thục Examples: - He is an accomplished pianist - The police arrested him with two accomplices 72 RUSH (v.): xông lên, đổ xô tới, vội RASH (adj.): hấp tấp, vội vàng Examples: - Do you think it is rash of Jodie to accept the job in China without even visiting first? - The children rushed out of school 14 73 SUBSIDE (v.): hạ thấp xuống, rút bớt SUBSIDIZE (v.): bao cấp, giúp đỡ tài Examples: - It took a long time for his grief to subside after his grandmother died - There are some subsidized industries in our country 74 DOCUMENT (n.): tài liệu DOCUMENTARY (n.): phim tài liệu Examples: - They watched a documentary on the Amazon rain forest - The spy stole all the secret government documents 75 SOOTHE (v.): làm dịu, xoa dịu SEETHE (v.) làm sôi sục, làm giận sôi máu Examples: - Try this cream; it will soothe your sunburn - She is seething AT his remarks 76 CONSTRAIN (v.): bắt ép, ép buộc RESTRAIN (v.): kìm giữ, kiềm chế Examples: - That dog is a hazard and should be restrained - Her parents constrained her to marry him 77 SUCCESSIVE (adj.): liên tục, liên tiếp SUCCESSFUL (adj.): thành công Examples: - Our team has won five successive games - My final attempt to fix it was successful 78 RESERVE (n.): dự trữ, trữ lượng REVERSE (n.): điều bất hạnh, vận rủi Examples: - The USA has great reserves of capital, energy and stock - He suffered many reverses throughout his life 79 EXHAUSTING (adj.): gây kiệt sức, làm cạn kiệt EXHAUSTIVE (adj.): thấu đáo, toàn diện Examples: - The police have conducted exhaustive inquires in their effort to track down the criminal - It is an exhausting game 15 80 ILLICIT (adj.): trái phép, bất hợp pháp ELICIT (v.): khêu ra, gợi ra, moi Examples: - The police have conducted exhaustive inquires in their effort to track down the criminal - At last, we have elicited the truth FROM him 81 ESTIMATE (v.): ước tính (số lượng), ước định - APPRECIATE (v.): đánh giá cao (không dùng với “highly”), hiểu giá trị - EVALUATE (v.): đánh giá, xác định giá trị Examples: - We estimated his income AT/ TO BE $ 28000 a year - She estimates that the work would take three months - You cannot fully appreciate foreign literature in translation - The number of votes cast in each region will be evaluated at the end of the day - We all appreciate a peaceful holiday after a year of hard work - Do you evaluate this business venture to be feasible and lucrative 82 ESTEEM (v.): quý trọng, coi trọng APPRAISE (v.): đánh giá, thẩm định chất lượng Examples: - I esteem his ideas highly - It would be unwise to buy the house before having it appraised 83 USED TO + V: (làm, là) – BE/GET USED/ACCUSTOMED TO + V-ING: quen với Examples: - He used to work for my father in 1980s -After a long time, the child got used to living without his parents 84 HOPEFULLY (adv.): đầy hy vọng IN THE HOPE THAT … / TO BE HOPEFUL THAT … : hy vọng Examples: - He is studying hopefully, and working as hard as he can 16 - He is working hard in the hope that the boss will award him a payrise 85 ROB (v.): cướp, lấy trộm STEAL (v.): lấy cắp Ghi chú: Dùng “Rob” với từ nạn nhân (victim) nơi bị cướp (place) dùng cấu trúc: rob something OF somebody/ rob something/ rob somewhere Examples: - Thieves robbed my uncles - A gang robbed the head office - I was robbed of my watch Dùng với từ vật bị lấy cắp cấu trúc: steal something from somewhere Exampe: - Colonel Blood stole the crown jewels from the Tower of London in 1665 86 RAISE (v.): nâng lên (cái gì), tăng lên (số lượng, tỷ lệ phần trăm) RISE (v.): tăng lên, mọc lên Ghi chú: Sự khác hai động từ động từ có tân ngữ (ngoại động từ): to raise + something động từ khơng có tân ngữ (nội động từ): something + rise Examples: - The government has been urged to raise corporation tax rates to match those in other European Union states Rates are expected to rise by ten percent - They will raise the fares next year - Fares will rise next year 87 BORROW (v.): mượn (sách, đồ vật), vay (tiền) LEND (v.) : cho mượn (sách, đồ vật), cho vay (tiền) Chú ý: Cấu trúc câu “borrow something from somebody” “lend something to somebody” Examples: - “Dad, could we borrow your car?” - “Sorry I have already lent it to Michale” 17 88 BESIDES (prep.): … (= In addition to ) ; BESIDE (prep.): bên cạnh Examples: - I want to learn other language besides my own - He is sitting beside me 89 AT LAST: cuối ; AT LEAST: Examples: - I need at least three days to finish this project - You are here at last 90 AT THE END: đoạn cuối của, phần cuối ; IN THE END: cuối Examples: - There is a really frightening scene at the end of that film - My boss agreed to increase my salary in the end, but I had to ask him several times 91 IN TIME: kịp thời, kịp ; ON TIME: Examples: - We were at the port in time for the first boat - The boat did not leave on time because of engine trouble 92 ASLEEP (adj.): ngủ ; SLEEPY (adj.): buồn ngủ Example: - Be quiet The chieldren are asleep - I felt sleey and went to bed early GHI CHÚ: - “asleep” không dùng trước danh từ, dùng “sleeping” thay Ví dụ: - Entering the room, I saw a sleeping child 93 HAVE GONE TO: đến nơi, tới ; HAVE BEEN TO: đến Ví dụ: - My parents have gone to New York on holiday (= They are there now) - My parents have been to New York (= They have visited it in the past, and have returned home) 94 A LIITLE: chút ít, (với danh từ khơng đếm được) ; LITTLE: ít, không nhiều (với danh từ không đếm được); A FEW: vài (với danh từ 18 đếm số nhiều) ; FEW : ít, khơng nhiều (với danh từ đếm số nhiều) Ví dụ: - Add a little butter to the potatoes - There are a few good restaurants near here - There are few good restaurants near here - He eats little meat everyday 95 ALL THE + danh từ đếm danh từ đếm số nhiều : tất A/THE WHOLE + danh từ đếm số ít: tồn bộ, ngun cả; ALL sau đại từ nhân xưng đại từ tân ngữ Ví dụ: - He has eaten all the bread - Have you finished all the olives? - I have used a whole tank of petrol to the hospital this week - Have you eaten the whole cake? 96 FOR: (bao lâu) ; DURING: thời gian Ghi chú: - “For” dùng với đơn vị đo thời gian - “During” dùng với từ ngầm khoảng thời gian “night: đêm”, “meeting: họp”, “lesson: học”, “July: tháng 7”, “childhood: thời thơ ấu” Ví dụ: - I will try to sleep during the flight - We went away for two weeks during June 97 THE SAME AS: giống nhau, ; SIMILAR TO: tương tự, gần giống Ví dụ: - Mikal’s motorbike is the same as mine We both have Honda 250s - Indian elephants are similar to African elephants, but they are a bit smaller 98 TO BE MADE OF: làm (nguyên liệu, chất liệu ); TO BE MADE FROM: làm từ (nguyên liệu, chất liệu ) - dùng “be made of” nguyên liệu làm thấy sản phẩm khơng bị biến đổi Ví dụ: This dress was made of Thai silk - dùng “be made from” nguyên vật liệu gốc biến đổi (qua chế biến) Ví dụ: 19 - Ice cream is made from strawberries 99 EXTANT (adj.): tồn ; EXTENT (n.): phạm vi, khu vực Ví dụ: - We still found the earliest extant manuscrift of this poem - We have enough to dealing with extant problems regarding the excavation; don’t worry me with things that might go wrong in the future - From the roof we could see the full extent of the park - I was amazed at the extent of his knowledge 100 ALLUDE (v.): ám chỉ, nói bóng gió ; ALLURE (v.): cám dỗ, quyến rũ Ví dụ: - Lilin alluded TO problems WITH her , but she did not say anything directly - Many settlers were allured by promises of easy wealth 101 DISBURSE (v.); chi trả ; DISPERSE (v.); lan tỏa Ví dụ: - Cheques were disbursed for travel expenses - The odour quickly dispersed THROUGH the room , and soon was no longer even noticeable 102 WAIVE /weiv/ (v.): từ bỏ, ; WAVE /weiv/ (v.): vẫy, phất, làm lượn sóng Ví dụ: - He waved to me when he saw me - We will waive the late fee because of your extennuating circumstances 103 PRECEDE /pri’si:d/: đến trước (thời gian), đứng trước (thứ tự, thứ bậc) ; PROCEED /prə’si:d/ (v.): tới, tiến tới; PROCEEDS of /from smth(n.): lợi nhuận, tiền thu Ví dụ: - Please proceed with caution through the construction zone - I think Chapter 12 should precede Chapter 11, because Chapter 12 lays the foundation for what is dicussed in Chapter 11 - They gave a concert and donated the proceeds to charity 20 104 PERSECUTE sbd for smth /’pə:sikju:t/ (v.): ngược đãi, hành hạ ; PROSECUTE sbd for smth/v-ing (v.)/’prosikju:t/: khởi tố, đưa tịa, truy tố Ví dụ: - Jillian met with a lawyer to see if her landlord could be prosecuted FOR his negligence regarding her apartment building - Stop persecuting me just because I often disagree with you 105 ASCENT /ə’sent/ (n.); lên, hành động lên ; ASSENT to smth (n.): đồng ý, tán thành Ví dụ: - It was a grueling six –hour ascent from our camp to the top of the mountain - Jing – Mae gave her assent to the proposal, even though she did not entirely agree with the plan 106 ABOUND in/with smth (v.): có nhiều, tồn nhiều ; TEEM with smth (v.): có nhiều, diện nhiều (thường dùng thời tiếp diễn) Ví dụ: - Oranges abound here all the year - The river abounds in/with fish - The river is teeming with fish - Fish teem in these rivers 107 CENSOR /’sensə:/(v.): kiểm duyệt, lược bỏ chỗ không phù hợp/ CENSURE /’senʃə:/ to sbd for smth (v.): trích, phê bình nghiêm khắc / SENSOR /’sensə:/ (n.): thiết bị cảm biến Ví dụ: - Smoke sensors warn us of the fire - Here is a list of the book the school librarian would like to censor because she feels they are inappropriate for children - You are going to be censured if you make such wild accusations about your colleagues 108 ACCESS to smth: (n.): ddwwongf vào, lối vào, tiếp cận ; EXCESS Ví dụ: - The only access to the farmhouse is across the field - Students should get access to classified information 109 AFFECT (v.): ảnh hưởng, tác động đến; EFFECT on sbd/smth (n.); tác động, tác dụng ; EFFECT (v.); thực hiện, tiến hành 21 Ví dụ: - The tax increase have affected us all - Did the medicine have any effect? - Have they effected a change/ a method? 110 BREATH (n.): thở BREADTH (n.): bề ngang, bề rộng, khổ vải Ví dụ: - You can see people’s breath on a cold day - There is a garden ten metres in breadth near my house 111 ACCEPT (v.): nhận, chấp nhận ; EXCEPT (prep.): trừ Ví dụ: - He has accepted a gift from me - She offered him a lift and he accepted - The restaurant is open everyday except Monday 112 CAPITAL (n.): thủ đô, thủ phủ; tiền vốn, tư ; CAPITAL (adj.): tử hình (án), nghiêm trọng, quan trọng Ví dụ: - capital punishment/ capital offence; án/tội tử hình - a capital error: lỗi nghiêm trọng - He has set up a business with a starting capital of 10 million US dollars 113 DISINTERESTED (adj.): vô tư, không thiên vị, không vụ lợi ; UNINTERESTED (adj.): không quan tâm đến Ví dụ: - Jackson may act as if he is totally uninterested IN you, but believe me, he is very anxious to learn more about you - We need a disinterested third party to mediate thí conflict 114 ENVELOP /in’veləp/ (v.): bao phủ, bao quanh ; ENVELOPE /’envəloup/ (n.): phong bì thư Ví dụ: - The baby was enveloped in a blanket - The mountains in my homevillage are enveloped in cloud - He received an envelope which contained one thousand dollars 115 IMMIGRATE to/into: nhập cư, đến định cư nước khác ; EMIGRATE from … to … : di cư đến 22 - He was prohibited to immigate into the EU - Their parents emigrated from Britain to Australia to find work 116 IMPLY (v.): ngụ ý, ám ; INFER (v.): luận ra, suy Ví dụ: - I not wish to imply you are wrong - It is possible to infer FROM the evidence that you are guilty 117 LOOSE (adj.): lỏng, chùng, lung lay ; LOSE (v.): đánh mất, lạc (đường) Ví dụ: - He has a loose tooth - He lost both his sons in the war 118 OVERDO (v.): làm mức, dùng nhiều, nấu nhừ ; OVERDUE (adj.): hạn, thời gian quy định Ví dụ: - Don’t overdo the garlic in the food - The fish was overdone and very dry - These bills are overdue 119 PRINCIPAL (adj.); , chủ yếu ; PRINCIPAL (n.): người đứng đầu, hiệu trưởng ; PRINCIPLE (n.) nguyên tắc, chuẩn mực Ví dụ: - His parents have met the principal of St James’ College - I have read a textbook which teaches the basic principles of geometry - The principal aim of the policy is to bring peace to the area 120 DEPRECATE (v.): phản đối, phản ứng với ; DEPRECIATE (v.): giảm giá, giá Ví dụ: - The Euro has depreciate, but the dollar is up - A good manager is always careful not to deprecate an employee in front of others 121 FAIN (adv.); vui mừng ; FEIGN (v.): giả vờ (cái gì) Ví dụ: 23 - The boy would fain sleep rather than attend evening piano recital given by his sister - Georgio had to feign excitement when he opened his presents so his parents wouldn’t know 122 FAUX /fou/ (adj.): không thật, giả, giả mạo ; FOE (n.): kẻ thù Ví dụ: - Anita’s faux mink coat looked so real that a group of teenagers accused her of cruelty to animals - In the final scene, the hero defeats his life-long foe in a deadly battle 123 HOARD (v.): đầu cơ, tích trữ ; HORDE (v.): đám đơng Ví dụ: - A horde of angry parents attend the school boarding meeting and demanded that the superintendent step down - When we cleaned out the attic, we discovered that Grandma had a hoard of extra cash hidden in an old trunk 124 INCREDIBLE (adj.): khơng thể tin được, khó tin ; INCREDULOUS (adj.): hồi nghi, khơng tin Ví dụ: - He expressed an incredulous look at her - Although Oscar’s story sounds incredible, I think he is telling the truth 125 PEAK (v.): đạt tới điểm cao nhất, đạt đỉnh ; PEEK at smth (v.): nhìn, nhìn trộm Ví dụ: - Toy sales peaked just before Christmas - I am just going to peek in the baby’s room to make sure she is okay 126 PRESCRIBE (v.): kê đơn thuốc, lệnh, quy định ; PROSCRIBE (v.): nghiêm cấm, đặt ngồi vịng pháp luật Ví dụ: - The law prescribes heavy penalties for this offence - When the children began neglecting their homewwork and chores, Rajita decided to proscribe television veiwing except at weekends 127 RAISE (v.); tăng lên, nâng mức ; RAZE (v.): phá hủy, phá sập Ví dụ: 24 - Tomorrow the city is going to raze the building that I grew up in - Huang decided to raise the stakes by increasing the reward 128 TEAM (v.); làm việc, hợp sức với ; TEEM (v.): có nhiều, đầy rẫy (thường dùng thời tiếp diễn) Ví dụ: - The two companies have teamed up to develop a new racing car - The pond was teeming WITH tadpoles after the frog eggs hatched 129 APPRAISE (v.) đánh giá, thẩm định chất lượng ; APPRISE (v.): báo cho viết, thơng tin cho biết Ví dụ: - I am having the jewlery I inherited from may grandmother appraised to find how much it is worth - As soon as I get off the phone, I will apprise you OF the situation 130 DECENT (adj.): tốt, tươm tất, đứng đắn ; DESCENT (n.): xuống, bờ dốc ; DISSENT (v.): bất đồng ý kiến, quan điểm Ví dụ: - Here there is a gradual descent to the sea - The plane began its descent into Paris - This look like a decent restauran; let’s eat here - Although you all seem to agree, I must dissent; I think this is a bad decision ******************************************************* THE END Collected and shared by TRẦN MẠNH TRUNG - 2016 ================================================== 25 ... her mother and her sister - She is standing among her friends - The table is in the middle of the room - The writer was deceased in the middle of the eighteenth century - They were in the middle... beauty - The pirates managed to stop the ship and they captured the captain and the crew 36 REIGN (n.): triều đại REIN (n.): dây cương ngựa Examples: - She led the horse by the rein - The poet... in the care of the pets - Every one of us has a favourite pet 26 MAYBE (adv.): có thể, có lẽ MAY BE: Examples: - Maybe we have too many pets, but is that even possible? - It may be that once the
- Xem thêm -