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I. PRONUNCIATION AND STRESSA. Which word is stressed differently from the others?1. A. interestingB. excitingC. frighteningD. boring2.A. relaxedB. confusedC. tiredD. surprised3.A. obligation B. necessity C. achievement D. stupidity4.A. finish B. reduce C. oven D. paper5.A. description B. umbrella C. jewelry D. creationB. Which underlined part is pronounced differently?6. A. introduceB. promiseC. botherD. popular7.A. arrange B. paper C. say D. stand8.A. lookedB. smiledC. stayedD. listened 9.A. pensB. booksC. tablesD. walls10.A. include B. conclude C. surface D. stupid II. GRAMMAR AND STRUCTUREA. Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence.11. “How was the magic show?”“It was …… .”A. surprising entertainingB. surprisingly entertainedC. surprisingly entertaining D. surprisingly entertainment12. What time do you get through work every day?A. finishB. beginC. go toD. come back from13. I can’t ride my bicycle …… there isn’t any air in one of the tires.A. despiteB. becauseC. althoughD. but 14. It will last for at least a week. So it might be …… than a week.A. moreB. lessC. much lessD. a good deal less15. We have caught …… today.A. as many as fishB. as many as ten fishC. as many as ten fishesD. many as ten fish16. I’m not a tailor and this skirt is too long. If I were you, I should …… .A. shorten itB. have it shortenedC. have shortened itD. have it shorten17. I’m worried …… my final exam in statistics.A. about failingB. to failC. with failingD. to failure18. I regretted …… like that. I was sorry to have done so.A. to answerB. answeringC. answerD. to answering19. “Do you like being married?”“Yes, but I’m not used …… every night.”A. to cookB. to cookingC. cookingD. to have cooked Test I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A interesting B exciting C frightening D boring A relaxed B confused C tired D surprised A obligation B necessity C achievement D stupidity A finish B reduce C oven D paper A description B umbrella C jewelry D creation B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A introduce B promise C bother D popular A arrange B paper C say D stand A looked B smiled C stayed D listened A pens B books C tables D walls 10 A include B conclude C surface D stupid II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE A Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 11 “How was the magic show?” “It was …… ” A surprising entertaining B surprisingly entertained C surprisingly entertaining D surprisingly entertainment 12 What time you get through work every day? A finish B begin C go to D come back from 13 I can’t ride my bicycle …… there isn’t any air in one of the tires A despite B because C although D but 14 It will last for at least a week So it might be …… than a week A more B less C much less D a good deal less 15 We have caught …… today A as many as fish B as many as ten fish C as many as ten fishes D many as ten fish 16 I’m not a tailor and this skirt is too long If I were you, I should …… A shorten it B have it shortened C have shortened it D have it shorten 17 I’m worried …… my final exam in statistics A about failing B to fail C with failing D to failure 18 I regretted …… like that I was sorry to have done so A to answer B answering C answer D to answering 19 “Do you like being married?” “Yes, but I’m not used …… every night.” A to cook B to cooking C cooking D to have cooked 20.These vegetables don’t taste …… to me A well B deliciously C freshly D fresh 21 Please turn off the light We don’t need it now A switch off B extinguish C put out D put off 22 We …… for this seminar since last year A wait B waited C has waited D have waited 23 …… this seminar before? A Do you take B Did you take C Have you taken D Has you taken 24 It was very good, but I …… many things since then A forget B forgot C have forgotten D has forgotten 25 I think she …… right now A studying B studied C is studying D studies 26 When you …… your work, you may leave the room A finishing B have been finishing C have finished D finish 27 Help me …… this letter A translate B translating C translated D with translation 28 Jack made me …… him next week A to promise to call B to promise calling C promise to call D promise calling 29 They forced us …… their invitation A accept B accepting C accepted D to accept 30 A new car cost more than a …… car A using B use C used D useful B Identify one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect 31 Get a builder put in a lift and then you won’t have to climb up all these stairs A B C D 32 A secretary told me important file had been left in the lunch room just the other day A B C D 33 We have interviewed many people who is interested in the job we have been advertising in the trade newsletter that is A B C D distributed so widely 34 An increasing number of companies has changed dress codes, allowing employees to wear casual clothing in the work place A B C D 35 The applicants who meet the requirements for the position they will be contacted in order to schedule an on-site interview A B C D 36 An important factor should be considered is Mrs Lopez’s ability to keep the new restaurant going for several months A B C with limited revenue D 37 Even we had been behind schedule at one point, the proposal was submitted on time A B C D 38 Both cattle or railroads helped build the city of Chicago A B C D 39 We are made learning fifty new words every week A B C D 40 All the information you will need can find in the employees’ manual A B C D III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank “My home is in the air – I an enormous amount of traveling It is a fast life and (41) of work, but I like it and that is the only way (42) me Everything is tiring – music, traveling – but what can I do? I am not (43) to complaining It is hard to imagine now (44) I will ever be very long in one place My home town is on the Caspian Sea There is sea, wind, sun and (45) many tourists and hotels I have my own flat with four or five rooms, but I am seldom there If I am there for a day or two I prefer to (46) with my mother and grandmother They live in a small house, (47) it is very comfortable and my mother cooks for me I like good, simple food I have no wife, no brothers or sisters and my father (48) when I was seven He was an engineer and I don’t (49) him very well He liked music very much and wanted me to (50) a musician.” 41 A most B full C complete D more 42 A for B to C in D by 43 A wanted B taken C used D known 44 A and B so C while D that 45 A far B too C much D more 46 A stay B go C D spend 47 A but B since C even D which 48 A killed B gone C passed D died 49 A know B remember C remind D see 50 A become B turn C develop D grow IV COMPREHENSION READING Read the following passage For questions 51 – 55, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question Let children learn to judge their own work A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s In the same way, children learning to all the other things they learn to without being taught – to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle – compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them We it all for him We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher Let him it himself Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book Let him correct his own papers Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer Let’s end all this nonsense of grades, exams, marks Let us throw them all out, and let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or not know Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible to them, with our help as school teachers if they ask for it The idea that there is a body of knowledge to be learnt at school and used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours Anxious parents and teachers say, ‘But suppose they fail to learn something essential, something they will need to get on in the world?’ Don’t worry! If it is essential, they will go out into the world and learn it 51 What does the other think is the best way for children to learn things? A by copying what other people B by making mistakes and having them corrected C by listening to explanations from skilled people D by asking a great many questions 52 What does the other think teachers which they should not do? A They give children correct answers B They point out children’s mistakes to them C They allow children to mark their own work D They encourage children to copy from one another 53 The passage suggests that learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are A not really important skills B more important than other skills C basically different from learning adult skills D basically the same as learning other skills 54 Exams, grades and marks should be abolished because children’s progress should only be estimated by A educated persons B the children themselves C teachers D parents 55 The author fears that children will grow up into adults who are A too independent of others B too critical of themselves C unable to think for themselves D unable to use basic skills Test I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A accumulate B generation C scientific D economics A industry B variety C modesty D quality A insane B conclude C embrace D bother A conventional B participate C sentimental D economy A indoors B stubborn C obsess D remove B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A liked B bothered C swallowed D earned A participate B microwave C likely D mildly A honesty B hour C honor D hair A remove B wet C below D decide 10 A waste B steam C press D sugar II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 11 The woman was carrying …… plastic carrier bag in her hand A a B an C the D no article is needed 12 Did you leave very early last night, Mr Smith? Yes, but I wish I …… so early A didn’t leave B hadn’t left C haven’t left D couldn’t leave 13 If you have enough time, please …… the chair before you leave A will paint B paint C would paint D painted 14 Mr Green …… a color television set already A buy B buys C has bought D have bought 15 We arrived …… to have some coffee before class A enough early B early enough C too early D early too 16 Do you know ……… a how often the buses run at night? b how often the buses run at night? c how often the buses run at night c how often the buses ran at night? 17 …… you …… the composition yet? A Are – B Will – C Are – doing D Have – done Why are you looking under the bed? Have you lost ……? A something B anything C anywhere D anybody 18 It rained a lot last week but it …… much so far this week A doesn’t rain B didn’t rain C hasn’t rained D won’t rain 19 Have you heard from John this week, ……? A haven’t you B didn’t you C don’t you D won’t you 20 It took weeks to get used to …… someone else around A have B having C had D has 21 Hurry up, there’s …… time left A a little B a few C little D few 22 You and I are busy right now, ……? A aren’t I B aren’t we C we aren’t D aren’t you 23 You must check …… at least one hour before your flight A out B on C at D in 24 He could have bought a new car, ……? A couldn’t he B could he C haven’t he D hasn’t he 25 When a plane takes ……, it leaves the ground A in B on C off D at 26 Everyone is responsible for …… own composition A his B her C A & B are correct D None is correct 27 It …… him over two months to cross the Atlantic Ocean A took B lasted C cost D spent 28 He could nothing He couldn’t …… A something B nothing C anything D everything 29 Everyone thought that Jim …… A would come later B came later C will come later D will have come later 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 It was a great success He succeeded …… everyone work hard A to make B for making C in make D in making …… he comes in half an hour, I shall go alone A If B Unless C Because D When …… in 1963, John F Kennedy was perhaps the most popular post-World War II president a He was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald b His being shot by Lee Harvey Oswald a c Shot by Lee Harvey d Oswald Lee Harvey Oswald shot him How many people …… in ancient myths? A believes B believe C are believing D believing “Did you like the new French movie?” “My wife liked it but I was a little …….” A boring B bored C boredom D bore “Where are the hamburgers?” “Over there And the bowls of fruit …… on the table.” A are being B is C are D have Eventually, everything will turn out fine, ……? A won’t it B will it C won’t they D will they Today, many serious childhood diseases …… by early immunization A are preventing B can prevent C prevent D can be prevented 38 The problem is difficult therefore …… students could answer it A few B little C a few D a little 39 “Are you going by boat?” “If John does, …….” A I so B I too C so will I D will I too III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank Men are lazy in the home, according to an official survey (41) _ today They have about six hours’ a week more free time than wives, but play very little (42) _ in cooking, cleaning, washing, and ironing, according to the Social Trends Survey by the Central (43) _ Office Nearly three quarters of married women (44) _ to all or most of the housework, and among married men the proportion who admitted that their wives did all or most of the housework was only slightly lower The survey (45) _ that washing and ironing was the least popular task among men, with only one per cent (46) _ this duty, compared with 89 per cent of women, and 10 per cent sharing equally Only per cent of men (47) _ the evening meal, per cent carry out household cleaning duties, per cent household shopping, and 17 per cent wash the evening dishes But when household gadgets break down, (48) _ are carried out by 82 per cent of husbands The survey says that, despite our economic problems, the majority of Britons are substantially better (49) _ than a decade ago We’re healthier, too – eating healthier foods and smoking less The (50) _ Briton, not surprisingly, is more widely traveled than a decade ago More people are going abroad for holidays, with Spain the favorite destination 41 A emerged B edited C published D furnished 42 A role B section C work D part 43 A Numerical B Ordinal C Cardinal D Statistical 44 A pronounced B uttered C claimed D emitted 45 A pointed B evolved C planned D showed 46 A forming B formulating C performing D burdening 47 A prepare B process C undertake D fit 48 A repairs B fixings C fittings D amendments 49 A over B off C through D on 50 A medium B average C popular D normal IV COMPREHENSION READING Read the following passage For questions 51 - 55, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question Human memory, formerly believed to be rather inefficient, is really more sophisticated than that of a computer Researchers approaching the problem from a variety of points of view have all concluded that there is a great deal more stored in our minds than has been generally supposed Dr Wilder Penfield, a Canadian neurosurgeon, proved that by stimulating their brains electrically, he could elicit the total recall of specific events in his subjects’ lives Even dreams and other minor events supposedly forgotten for many years suddenly emerged in detail Although the physical basis for memory is not yet understood, one theory is that the fantastic capacity for storage in the brain is the result of an almost unlimited combination of interconnections between brain cells, stimulated by patterns of activity Repeated references to the same information support recall Or, to say that another way, improved performance is the result of strengthening the chemical bonds in the memory 51 With what topic is the passage mainly concerned? A Wilder Penfield B Neurosurgery C Human memory D Chemical reactions 52 According to the passage, researchers have concluded that A the mind has a much greater capacity for memory than was previously believed B the physical basis for memory is clear C different points of view are valuable D human memory is inefficient 53 How did Penfield elicit dreams and other minor events from the past? A By surgery B By electric stimulation C By repetition D By chemical stimulation 54 According to the passage, the capacity for storage in the brain A can be understood by examining the physiology B is stimulated by patterns of activity C has a limited combination of relationships D is not influenced by repetition 55 The word “bonds” in the last line means A promises B agreements C connections D responsibilities Test I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A proceed B penny C profit D housework A contribution B demonstration C generation D participation A appointment B sentiment C arrangement D agreement A enthusiastic B idealistic C unrealistic D optimistic A inspire B embrace C remove D extra B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A manage B garbage C math D fabulous A leisure B translate C costume D nonstop A strength B math C breath D breathe A pure B cure C superb D music 10 A forget B social C donate D toaster II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE 11 We’ve just bought …… table A a big old square B an old big square C a big square old D a square big old 12 I wish you …… smoke so much A don’t B didn’t C shouldn’t D won’t 13 The director …… and now he is visiting the workshop A is arriving B arrived C has arrived D had arrived 14 Have you fed the chickens yet? In the passive voice, this should read: A Has somebody fed the chickens yet? B Have the chickens fed yet? C Have the chickens been fed yet? D Have you had the chickens fed yet? 15 The house is old and it needs …… A to paint B painting C painted D being painted 16 “Have you ever met the man …… over there?” “No Who is he?” A stands B standing C is standing D who he is standing 17 The boys slept comfortably Their sleeping-bags were …… A a comfort B in comfort C comfortable D comfortably 18 Why ……? A you didn’t stay B didn’t you stay C you not stayed D didn’t you stayed 19 The buildings have been designed by Kurt Gunter, so the designs …… A are not complete yet B are now complete C will be complete soon D haven’t been completed yet 20 When he finished, there …… only two pieces of cake left A is B was C are D were 21 He said, “I bring my book every day.” In indirect speech, this should read: A He said that I brought my book every day B He told that he brought my book every day C He said to me to bring my book every day D He said that he brought his book every day 22 Besides being expensive, the food in the cafeteria tastes …… A badly B too badly C too much bad D bad 23 “Did you sell your car yet?” “No, but there’s a woman who is …… in buying it.” A definitely interested B definite interested C definitely interesting D interested definitely 24 It’s a shame that you have …… time in New York on the tour A so few B so little C a few D a little 25 I don’t feel …… smoking now A like B for C as D with 26 Many people pretend that they …… modern art A understood B are understanding C understand D to understand 27 They built the Eiffel Tower in 1889 A The Eiffel Tower were built in 1889 B In 1889 was the Eiffel Tower built C In 1889 the Eiffel Tower be built D The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 28 “Were you pleased with the translation?” “Yes The job was …….” A amazing satisfactory B amazingly satisfactory C amazing satisfactorily D satisfactory amazing 29 “Did you find anything with your metal detector?” “Only …… gold coins.” A a few B a little C a few of D a few number of 30 I thought he …… any money A doesn’t have B didn’t have C hasn’t had D isn’t having 31 How long …… married? A are you B have you been C was you D will you be 32 While Mary was cleaning the flat, her husband …… A sleep B slept C was sleeping D is sleeping 33 For lunch, you may have …… chicken or fish A both B neither C not only D either 34 The manager …… signed the contract has been transferred to another company A whom B who C whose D which 35 That’s the wig …… she was wearing A who B which C that D B&C are correct 36 His father is a very friend of …… A them B their C theirs D themselves 37 I have two horses …… of them run very fast A All B Both C Each D One 38 Nam and his girlfriend look at …… in the mirror A himself B themselves C herself D them 39 He divided the money between you and …… A I B me C my D mine 40 “If a thing isn’t ……,” he said, “I can give it away.” A mine B of mine C to me D my III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank CONCORDE, the world’s fastest and most graceful (41) plane, will soon be 25 years old It first flew on March 1969, from Toulouse in France Concorde was developed by both France and Britain From 1956 these two countries had a (42) of a supersonic passenger plane In 1962 they started to work together on the (43) The plane cost over £1.5 billion to develop It is the most (44) plane in the history of (45) It was given over 5,000 hours of testing Concorde flies at twice the speed of sound This means that it takes only hours 25 minutes to fly between London and New York, compared with – hours in other passenger jets Because of the five-hour time (46) between the USA and Britain, it is possible to travel west on Concorde and arrive in New York before you leave London! You can (47) the 10.30 am flight from London, Heathrow and start work in New York an hour earlier! Concorde is much used by business people and film stars But its oldest passenger was Mrs Ethel Lee from Leicestershire in England She was 99 years old when she (48) from Heathrow on 24 February 1985 Each Concorde is built at a (49) of £55 million Twenty have been built so far Air France and British Airways (50) the most They each have seven planes 41 A transportation B carriage C conveyance D passenger 42 A expectation B dream C hope D imagination 43 A project B plot C structure D development 44 A tested B tried C investigated D experimented 45 A flight B aviation C space D locomotion 46 A separation B division C expansion D difference 47 A run B transport C catch D register 48 A blasted B launched off C took off D flew off 49 A cost B price C expense D expenditure 50 A own B mortgage C hire D master IV COMPREHENSION READING Read the following passage For questions 51 – 55, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question People who travel frequently on business or for pleasure often suffer some form of health problem, yet over half of these problems can easily be prevented The most common ailment, a headache, can be avoided by taking along an ample supply of aspirin or other pain reliever Another common affliction is motion sickness caused by the constant movement of a vehicle Ginger capsules, sold in most health-food stores, have been found effective as a remedy Other familiar problems include sunburn, which can be prevented by using an effective sunscreen, and insect bites, which can be controlled with use of a repellent spray or ointment For everyday cuts and scratches, a first-aid kit containing bandages and antiseptic cream is recommended 51 What is the best title for this passage? A Frequent Travelers B Avoiding Travel Ailments C Common Health Problems D Traveling for Business or Pleasure 52 According to the passage, travelers are most commonly bothered by A sunburn B motion sickness C insect bites D headaches 53 In line 3, the word “affliction” can best be replaced by A result B experience C ailment D supply 54 According to the passage, what can be used to remedy motion sickness? A A moving vehicle B Pain-killers C Ginger capsules D A first-aid kit 55 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a solution to a health problem? A Sunscreen B Cold cream C Repellent spray D Aspirin Test I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A scientific B analysis C conventional D psychology A remind B react C repair D reason A industry B inflation C initial D appointment A corporation B graphology C contradiction D contribution A summarize B analyze C contradict D demonstrate B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A surprising B irony C remind D literacy A able B playful C pass D bake A hour B hectic C highlight D handle A gold B gesture C good D grade 10 A gesture B toaster C material D static II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE A Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 11 “How many books does she have?” “She possesses …… books.” A a great deal of B very much C plenty of D lots 12 Don’t you think that …… are too high for businessmen? A tax B taxes C taxis D taxs 13 I have …… friends and we meet quite often A much B few C a few D a little 14 …… coffee is grown in many countries A the B a C an D none is correct 15 If Bob’s wife doesn’t agree to sign the papers, …… A neither he will B neither won’t he C neither will he D he won’t neither 16 My daughter is …… young to go to school A very B too C so D enough 17 We arrived …… to have some coffee before class A enough early B early enough C too early D early too 18 All …… test tubes must be replaced by chemistry students A to break B break C broken D breaking 19 When James noticed the …… building, he notified the fire department immediately A burn B burning C burnt D burns 20 “During the exam, we are not permitted to talk, walk or smoke.” “That’s right The school authority won’t allow …….” A to smoke B smoke C smoking D smokes 21 Ancient civilizations were not aware that the earth …… a sphere A is B was C has been D had been 22 When …… a dictionary, you need to be able to understand the symbols and abbreviations it contains A having used B use C to use D using 23 The news …… bad last night A were B was C has been D have been 24 When Mr.Kim needs a car, he uses …… A his son’s B that one of his son C car of his son D he son’s own car 25 That umbrella is …… A our B our’s C ours D of us 26 If we leave now for our trip, we can drive half the distance before we stop …… lunch A having B to have C having had D for having 27 Consequently over ninety per cent of the damage …… by fire rather than by the collapse of buildings A caused B was causing C causing D was caused 28 “What can I get my friend for her birthday?” “That depends on how much …… to spend.” A you want B you want C you want D want you 29 He had the artist …… his portrait for him A paint B painted C being painted D painting 30 Some scientists spend most of their lives …… at rocks A looking B look C to look D looked B Identify one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect 31 When the movie was over, John and me went for a quick walk A B C D 32 Mrs Adams was surprise that her son and his friend had gone to the mountains to ski A B C D 33 My counselor suggested that I make my professor to change my grade since I was sick the day of the exam A B C D 34 As soon as I saw the smoke, I called the fire department, but they haven’t arrived already A B C D 35 Jessica is only an amateur, but she sings sweeter than most professionals A B C D 36 The American standard of living is still higher than most of the other countries of the world A B C D 37 If you want a particular book, the person to see is the librarian she is wearing glasses A B C D 38 Although Alice has been to the mountains many times before, she still loves it A B C D 39 This house is more spacious as that white house I bought in Rapid City, South Dakota last year A B C D 40 Gardening, according to recent surveys, it is the eighth most popular American leisure-time activity A B C D III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank The Southwestern States of the United States suffered one of the worst droughts in their history from 1931 to 1938 The drought (41) the entire country Few food crops could be grown Food became (42) , and prices went up (43) the nation Hundreds of families in the Dust Bowl region had to be moved to farms in other areas with the help of the federal government In 1944, drought brought great damage to (44) all Latin America The drought moved to Australia and then to Europe, (45) it continued throughout the summer of 1945 From 1950 to 1954 in the United States, the South and Southwest suffered a (46) drought Hundreds of cattle ranchers had to ship their cattle to other regions because (47) lands had no grass The federal government again (48) an emergency drought-relief program It offered farmers (49) credit and seed grains (50) low prices 41 A pushed B incurred C occurred D affected 42 A scarce B mystified C hidden D uncommon 43 A over B throughout C all D across 44 A near B totally C almost D factually 45 A which B that C where D when 46 A heavy B sharp C strict D severe 47 A pasture B culture C moisture D manure 48 A carried B conducted C convened D conformed 49 A emergency B crisis C tension D disaster 50 A to B in C over D at IV COMPREHENSION READING Read the following passage For questions 51 – 55, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question There are many varieties of spider in the American Southwest, but none receives more respect than the western black widow, Latrodectus Hesperus This poisonous spider, also called the “hour-glass” or “shoe-button” spider for the shape of the red markings on its abdomen, produces a venom 15 times more powerful than that of a rattlesnake However, few deaths can be blamed on this insect because bites are rare and only a small amount of poison enters the body The female adult black widow may reach a length of ¼ inches, while the smaller male averages ¼ inch long The adult female has a shiny black bulb-shaped abdomen, which distinguishes it from the male of the species The male is generally brown with red and white markings on its flat underside The female adult deposits its eggs in specially constructed sacs that hold from 50 to 250 eggs The tiny pale spiderlings hatch within a few months and gradually develop into adults in one to two years Some females live up to three years The male does not fare so well, as it sometimes suffers the fate of being consumed by the female after the summer mating season 51 What does the passage mainly discuss? A Varieties of spider in the southwestern U.S B Characteristics of Latrodectus Hesperus C Poisonous animals of the American Southwest D the abdomens of black widow spiders 52 It can be inferred from the passage that rattlesnakes A cause more deaths than black widows B not have markings on their bodies C are limited in geographical range D have more powerful venom than black widows 53 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a difference between a male and female black widow? A Its body length B The shape of its body C The potency of its venom D Its life span 54 In line 7, the word “underside” refers to A the portion of the head closest to the ground B the legs C the upper back D the abdomen 55 According to the passage, the maturation of baby black widow spiders occurs A very rapidly B over a couple of years C within several months D during the summer mating season Test I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A irrigate B limousine C tremendous D telescope A forbid B technique C permit D mattress A preparation B encouragement C ridiculous D appreciative A decompress B location C embankment D suspension A prefabricated B dictatorial C appreciation D recommendation B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A oasis B capture C compact D span A engine B rely C suspend D tremendous A nuisance B upscale C resist D utensil A official B flip C fitness D flier 10 A utensil B upscale C rub D club II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE A Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 11 “Why didn’t you attend the concert?” “I would have gone if I time” A have had B have C would have D had had 12 I did not see you last night I wish I you last night A met B could meet C could have met D have met 13 It is no use to school if you to work hard A going … not ready B to go … not ready C going … are not ready D go … are not ready 14 Fred was a really silly boy when we were in high school I still remember very stupid questions A his asking B asking him C him to ask D his being asked 15 “Would you like some entertainment?” “I wouldn’t mind having .” A little B a few C a little D few 16 “That will be too late because we by that hour” A have gone B will have gone C will go D went 17 For a while, we consider not with them A to go B going C go D be going 18 The ceremony has just started Look! The flag is now A being raised B being rose C risen D raising 19 I can’t stand to his complaints any longer A listen B to listen C listened D listening 20 John said that no other car could go A so fast like his car B as fast like the car of him C as fast like his car D as fast as his car 21 I had two copies of it originally, but I can’t find one now A another B the other C the others D other 22 “I was late again this morning.” “Well, I think you had better on time.” A to start to be B start being C started being D to be 23 He in this city for exactly two years by next Monday A will live B will have lived C will be living D has lived 24 Don’t leave your clothes about on the bedroom floor A lie B lay C lying D laying 25 She told me her address, I wrote down on a piece of paper A that B which C whose D A and B are correct 26 Tom: “Under what condition will he go?” Bob: “As far as I know, he won’t go unless Jean .” A will go B went C goes D would go 27 John’s score in the test is the highest in the class He last night A should study B should have studied C must have studied D must study 28 He told me that he me at the airport the next time I came A saw B sees C had seen D would see 29 I am going to _ A have tested my eyes B have my eyes testing C have my eyes test D have my eyes tested 30 The little boy _ with his ball in the garden when he suddenly it and lost his balance A played / kicked B was played / kicked C was playing / kicked D played / was kicking B Identify one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect 31 The natives, who were used to get most of their living from the sea, seldom if ever ventured inland to search for food A B C D 32 Each year, tourists from all over the world travel to Poland to visit a birthplace of Frederic Chopin A B C D 33 Sheep have been domesticated for over 5,000 years ago A B C D 34 One of the most beautiful botanical gardens in the United States is the wildly A B C and lovely Magnolia Gardens near Charleston, South Carolina D 35 Studies reveal that people who eat the great amount of salt suffer the most from hypertension A B C D 36 Mr Harris will be divided the biology class into two sections to prevent overcrowding in his classroom A B C D 37 Too many polished rice in one’s diet could cause beriberi, a painful new disease A B C D 38 The cabin is certainly not luxuriously, but it is very practical and comfortable A B C D 39 The letter was sent by special delivery must be important A B C D 40 People tend to become irritate and short-tempered whenever they get overtired A B C D III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank The Great Pyramid of Giza, a monument of wisdom and prophecy, was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Cheops in 2720 B.C (41) its antiquity, certain (42) of its construction make it one of the truly great wonders of the world The four sides of the pyramid are (43) almost on exactly true north, south, east and west – an incredible engineering feat The ancient Egyptians were sun worshippers and great astronomers, so computations for the Great Pyramid were (44) on astronomical observations Explorations and detailed examinations on the base of the structure (45) many intersecting lines Further scientific (46) indicates that these (47) a type of time line of events – past, present, and future Many of the events have been interpreted and found to (48) with known facts of the past Others are prophesied for future generations and are presently under (49) Was this superstructure made by ordinary beings, or (50) _ built by a race far superior to any known today? 41 A Though B In spite C By D Despite 42 A tenets B relics C aspects D properties 43 A lined B aligned C assigned D fathomed 44 A set B based C fitted D founded 45 A reveal B testify C impose D reset 46 A volume B trial C study D text 47 A front B represent C repose D forward 48 A tangle B consort C resort D coincide 49 A inspection B introduction C recommendation D investigation 50 A that B which C such D one IV COMPREHENSION READING Read the following passage For questions 51 – 55, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question Computer programmer David Jones earns £35,000 a year designing new computer games, yet he cannot find a bank prepared to let him have a cheque card Instead he has been told to wait another two years until he is 18 The 16-year-old works for a small firm in Liverpool, where the problem of most young people of his age is finding a job David’s firm releases two new games for the expanding home computer market each month But David’s biggest headache is what to with his money Despite his salary, earned by inventing new programs within tight schedules, with bonus payments and profit-sharing, he cannot drive a car, take out a mortgage or obtain credit cards He lives with his parents in their council house in Liverpool, where his father is a bus-driver His company has to pay £150 a month in taxi fares to get him the five miles to work and back every day because David cannot drive David got his job with the Liverpool-based company four months ago, a year after leaving school with six Olevels and working for a time in a computer shop “I got the job because the people who run the firm knew I had already written some programs,” he said “I suppose £35,000 sounds a lot but actually that’s being pessimistic I hope it will come to more than that this year” He spends some of his money on records and clothes, and gives his mother £20 a week But most of his spare time spent working “Unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school,” he said “but I had been studied it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time I knew what I wanted to and never considered staying on at school Most people in this business are fairly young anyway.” David added: “I would like to earn a million and I suppose early retirement is a possibility You never know when the market might disappear.” 51 Why is David different from other young people of his age? A He earns an extremely high salary B He is not unemployed C He does not go out much D He lives at home with his parents 52 David’s greatest problem is A making the banks treat him as an adult B inventing computer games C spending his salary D learning to drive 53 He was employed by the company because A he had worked in a computer shop B he had written some computer programs C he works very hard D he had learnt to use computers at school 54 He left school after taking O-levels because A he did not enjoy school B he wanted to work with computers and staying at school did not help him C he was afraid of getting too old to start computing D he wanted to earn a lot of money 55 Why does David think he may retire early? A You have to be young to write computer programs B He wants to stop working when he is a millionaire C He thinks computer games might not always sell well D He thinks his firm may go bankrupt Test I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A possible B permission C imagine D enormous A disappearance B expectation C intensity D scientific A originally B mysteriously C elaborately D necessarily A behind B under C above D toward A discover B excavate C terrify D civilize B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A most B know C pose D mosquito A recent B incident C bicycle D function A leave B peace C search D mean A flat B ancient C carry D track 10 A with B thank C the D this II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE A Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 11 Yesterday we did nothing but _ A talk B talking C talked D had talk 12 Sue: “You look tired.” Mary: “Yes, it was _ that I felt like going to bed.” A so long test B very long test C such a long test D a long test 13 I’m sorry I didn’t see my uncle yesterday I wish I _ him A saw B had seen C have seen D see 14 She’d rather stay at home than _ shopping A will go B going C to go D go 15 John: “Are you sorry that you didn’t take any pictures?” Tim: “Yes, I regret _ any.” A not to take B that I not take C not taking D to not taken 16 He seldom goes to the market, _? A does he B doesn’t he C is he D isn’t he 17 _ no time _ all, he had learned to speak English fluently, A On / at B In / at C For / in D From / to 18 John is over two hours late already He _ missed the bus again A should have B must have C will have D can have 19 My sister’s tooth still gives her some pain She _ gone to the dentist yesterday A must be B would have C should have D could be 20 I _ to write the petition on behalf of the youth community A am asking B have been asked C will have been asked D ask 21 The textbook _ to my teacher has just been stolen A belonged B belonging C belongs D belong 22 There’s smoke and I smell something burning There _ be a fire nearby A have B ought to C should D must 23 “It seems he’s driving more carefully now!” “Yes, after _ three times for speeding.” A to be fined B be fined C having been fined D have been fined 24 I can’t find my purse anywhere I _ it at the cinema 10 A have finished B finish C finished D can finish 39 Students from Vietnam are not used …… in cold climate A to living B to live C live D living 40 The problem is easy enough, but …… students could answer it A a lot of B few C a few D a great number of III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank The person I am going to write about is Charlie Chaplin He has always been one of my favorite actors and I really (41) _ his films Charlie was born in London in 1889 Both his parents were music hall performers His father was a drunkard and his mother later (42) mad Life was hard and Charlie and his half brother, Sidney, were sent to a(n) (43) for a time He first appeared on the stage when he was seven and by the time he was ten he was a regular performer When he was 17, he went on a tour of the USA where he was (44) _ and given a part in a Hollywood film His early films were not particularly successful but in 1915 he made his (45) _, “The Tramp”, in which he first appeared in the baggy trousers and with the hat and cane Soon he had had his own (46) _ built and was making his own films which included “The Gold Rush”, “Modern Times” and “The Great Dictator” In the 1940s his reputation in the USA started to (47) _ Silent films were no longer so popular Chaplin went to Europe but was not allowed to return to the USA because he was (48) _ of being a communist The authorities finally let him back in 1972 and he was (49) _ an Oscar, but by this time he had made Switzerland his home Chaplin did not have a very happy personal life and was married four times He only found happiness with his fourth marriage in 1943 When he died on Christmas Day 1977, the world had lost one of the greatest (50) _ comedians 41 A admire B admit C claim D encourage 42 A ended B went C came D began 43 A orphanage B institution C shelter D lodging 44 A spotted B elected C set D drafted 45 A achievement B completion C fiction D masterpiece 46 A factory B workshop C studio D stage 47 A slide B split C decline D discredit 48 A suspected B doubted C considered D abused 49 A prized B awarded C delivered D rewarded 50 A ever B before C previously D present IV COMPREHENSION READING Read the following passage For questions 51 - 55, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question Edwin Forrest, often acknowledged as America’s first national idol of American theater, was born in Philadelphia in 1806 He was only 14 years old when he played Young Norval in Home’s Douglas He gained experience supporting Edmund Kean in Shakespearean roles In 1826 he established himself as one of the great tragedians of the century with his role as Othello in a New York debut His acting was bold and forceful, though he was also criticized for his boasting and loud language His violent temper did not injure his reputation as an actor, though, and his last appearance as Richelieu in Boston in 1871 was greeted with acclaim 51 Which of the following statements is best supported by this passage? A , but was brought down by his uncontrollable temper C Though bold in his acting, in reality Forrest’s life was a tragedy D Forrest became a national idol at age 14, but was ruined later 52 Which of the following roles was NOT one that Forrest played? A Young Norval B Edmund Kean C Othello D Richelieu 53 According to the author Forrest was A angry B temperamental C satisfied D creative 54 The word “injure” in line could best be replaced by which of the following? A support B critique C damage D offend 55 According to the passage, what happened in 1826? A New York produced a new tragedian C Forrest made his first debut B Forrest was in a New York play D Othello became known as a great tragedy Test 11 I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A memorize B urgency C unable A reality B literacy C participant A static B pleasant C foreign A sensation B similar C creative A financial B summarize C realize B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A normal B order C oven A shorthand B symptom C confuse A highlight B unwind C stupid A mood B shoot C food 10 A suppose B sugar C species II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE A Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 11 David was …… anyone else in his class A as clever as B as clever than C cleverer than 12 I want to have my suit …… I’m going to a wedding on Saturday 19 D D D D D violent ironical extreme original lemonade D D D D D origin memorize entire foot surprise D more clever than A cleaned B cleaning C clean D to clean 13 As a result, small fires …… everywhere and quickly spread A were breaking out B would break out C have broken out D broke out 14 …… any wine left? A Is it B Is there C Has there D Is 15 It’s very …… to drive a bus A excited B exciting C excite D excitedly 16 Summer is …… than Autumn A hot B hottest C hotter D more hot 17 He worked …… than his brother A more careful B more carefully C carefully D very carefully 18 He …… fast when a dog crossed the street A is driving B drove C was driven D was driving 19 Do you know …… ? A what his name B what his name is C what is his name D his name is what 20 It is impossible for him to answer He …… answer A might not B could not C cannot D may not 21 The clerk said she was tired …… hearing complaints day after day A with B of C about D for 22 The new Ford is designed to use …… fuel than earlier models A smaller B fewer C less D lesser 23 He …… in the café when she came in A sat B has sat C has been sitting D was sitting 24 “When did your sister arrive?” A Since a week B In five days C For two weeks D Last Monday 25 Big Ben is the …… clock in London A famousest B most famous C more famous D famouser 26 Joe speaks Russian He speaks a little Arabic …… A so well B either C equally D too 27 “Who are these visitors?” “They’re all ……, I think.” A mathematic students B students mathematics C mathematics students D students of the mathematics 28 He …… chemistry for three years and then gave it up A studied B was studying C studies D has studied 29 He drove through the town …… a hundred miles an hour A at B with C in D no word is need 30 I have been trying to contact her …… last Monday A since B for C through D until B Identify one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect 31 Mrs Barnes, who was so proud of her new car, drove to work when the accident happened and damaged her car A B C D 32 The new employees enjoyed their first day at work, although everyone agreed that the lunch was the bad food they had A B C ever eaten D 33 They asked a lot of questions, checked their figures, and came up with a best solution A B C D 34 Were you sleeping when I was walking into your office, or were your eyes just closed because you were thinking? A B C D 35 I can’t leave the office because I expect a fax about transferring some people who are coming from our Atlanta office A B C D 36 When we were talking about relaxing after work, Yafet said he enjoyed listening to music, Carla said she preferred to jog, A B C and I mentioned I was considering to take up tennis D 37 We will be interviewed all job applicants as soon as their papers have been processed A B C D 38 Since the company has been doing so well, the CEO has decided to place less advertisements in newspapers and magazines A B C D 39 Almost everyone has heard the more famous Olympic saying: “Stronger, Higher, Faster.” A B C D 40 This telephone isn’t as cheap the other one, but it works much better A B C D III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank I have always found it difficult to say (41) certain what my memories from my early childhood are Are these memories learnt at a later age from overhearing our parents tell of our exploits? However, there is a particular (42) that I would love to claim as a (43) memory When I was just three years old, I went to the post office with my mother where she was going to buy some stamps While she was being served, I happened to(44) a small stocking which was hanging from the counter It was there to collect (45) for a (46) for the blind While her back was (47) I took the stocking and emptied the (48) into my coat pocket Of course I was too young to know any better When it was realized what I had done, everybody roared with 20 laughter except, that is, for my mother who was a little embarrassed She quickly emptied the money back into the stocking (49) , incidentally, a few pennies of my own One of the clerks was something of an amateur cartoonist and he did a drawing of me robbing an old lady This cartoon was (50) in the post office for the next couple of years 41 A with B for C by D in 42 A activity B accident C item D incident 43 A realistic B right C genuine D distinct 44 A perceive B notice C locate D point 45 A contributions B offerings C givings D sacrifices 46 A charity B pity C sympathy D care 47 A twisted B shown C turned D covered 48 A inside B internals C containers D contents 49 A not knowing B unexpecting C unsuspecting D including 50 A paraded B performed C projected D displayed IV COMPREHENSION READING Read the following passage For questions 51-55, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question Traditionally, mental tests have been divided into two types Achievement tests are designed to measure acquired skills and knowledge, particularly those that have been explicitly taught The proficiency exams required by some states for high school graduation are achievement tests Aptitude tests are designed to measure a person’s ability to acquire new skills or knowledge For example, vocational aptitude tests can help you decide whether you would better as a mechanic or musician However, all mental tests are in some sense achievement tests because they assume some sort of past learning or experience with certain objects, words, or situations The difference between achievement and aptitude tests is one of degree and intended use 51 The author’s main purpose in this passage is to A show importance of testing B relate a story about aptitude and achievement tests C compare and contrast achievement and aptitude tests D criticize the use of testing to measure a person’s ability 52 This passage would most likely appear in A an art journal B a novel C a psychology book D a medical journal 53 Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from this passage? A Aptitude and achievement tests are interchangeable B An aptitude test might be helpful to a person contemplating a career move C All high school students should take proficiency exams D Tests are a means of acquiring skills and knowledge 54 From the passage: A All mental tests are achievement tests B All mental tests are partly achievement tests C Achievement tests are completely different from aptitude tests D No ideas above are drawn from the passage 55 The author’s attitude toward the subject of testing is A indifferent B critical C objective D emotional Test 12 I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A millennium B disappointed C investigate D department A hospital B evidence C computer D newspaper A criminal B employee C pioneer D volunteer A someone B guilty C sentence D success A diamond B uniform C robbery D suspicion B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A could B would C tourist D rough A situation B detective C investigate D witness A informal B problem C college D probably A family B advertise C cartoonist D banister 10 A advise B finish C design D child II GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE Choose the word (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 11 Would you mind if I had you Peter off at the airport tomorrow? A seen B seeing C see D to see 12 He _ cautiously into the room A stepped B wandered C strolled D headed 13 Police have brought a charge of dangerous driving _ the man A for B against C on D of 14 His son will go to school this fall A five – year old B five – yeared old C five years old D five years’ old 15 She admitted _ the money from her employers A robbing B stealing C burgling D mugging 16 Why don’t you _ for coffee some time? A drop around B drop in C drop by D all are correct 17 I don’t care you go or not A where B when C why D whether 18 Greg _ slowly toward her, smiling A moved B walked C wandered D strolled 19 He was casually dressed _ jeans and a T-shirt A with B by C in D none of them 21 20 Jane to the hospital yesterday but nobody took her there A could go B would go C should have gone D must have gone 21 The tomb had been _ of its treasures A robbed B stole C burgled D mugged 22 Sally is me _ for the weekend A putting … up B giving … up C letting … up D making … up 23 He’d just finished doing his homework when you arrived, ? A hadn’t he B didn’t he C wasn’t he D wouldn’t he 24 The thief was _ to six months’ imprisonment A charged B accused C fined D sentenced 25 We haven’t found a cure yet – but we are the right track A in B on C under D along 26 Kim had forgotten to his watch _ A put … up B put … on C put … off D put … out 27 We need to work _ the total cost of the project A in B out C on D off 28 “Mark wasn’t there last night How about you?” “No, ” A I wasn’t either B either was I C I wasn’t so D neither I was 29 I’m depending on you to help me Please don’t me _ A put up me B put me up C give up me D give me up 30 If it keeps on raining, the basket-ball game ought A to postpone B to be postponed C be postponed D postponed 31 The necklace is interesting but not very _ A priceless B valuable C invaluable D all are correct 32 you run quickly you are likely to be late A When B Unless C Since D Because 33 “Why didn’t you attend the concert?” “I would have gone if I time.” A have had B have C would have D had had 34 He said, “I won’t it next week.” A He said I wouldn’t it next week B He said I wouldn’t it the following week C He said he wouldn’t it the following week D He said he won’t it next week 35 It was _ they were there A at times B at the time C at a time D all the time 36 When they got back from their holiday, they found that their house had been _ A robbed B stole C burgled D hacked 37 My friend predicted receive a lot of praise for my work A that I would B that I C what I would D what I 38 He was caught _ by a store detective A blackmailing B burglarizing C shoplifting D hacking 39 You would not be able to this exercise if your English _ good A is not B was not C were not D hadn’t been 40 Will you keep _ on things here until I get back? A an eye B eyes C your eyes D the eye 41 Oh, I’m too sleepy to study Well, if you _ that late movie last night, you wouldn’t be sleepy A didn’t watch B wouldn’t have watched C haven’t watched D hadn’t watched 42 Tracey is _ a simple black T-shirt A wearing B putting on C both of them D none of them 43.You _ more careful Then you could have avoided this accident A should be B must be C should have been D would be 44 We’ve applied a charitable organization a grant for the project A Ø – for B for – Ø C to – for D for – to 45 The army, _ by the capable general, won the battle easily A led B lead C leading D leads B Identify one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect 46 Families who are enough fortunate to own a historic home may be able to get restoration funds from the government A B C D 47 The first things a new international student must include renting an A B apartment, registering for classes, and to get to know the city C D 48 When parents allow his children to spend many hours watching television,the children are not likely to be physically fit A B C D 49 Christianity has become a worldwide religion since it has begun almost two thousand years ago A B C D 22 50 As the population of Africa continues to grow, animals will continue to lose theirs natural habitat A B C D 51 Actually, by the time Columbus arrived to America in 1492, other Europeans had already reached the New World A B C D 52 The most Americans were killed in World War II than in any other war since the birth of the nation A B C D 53 Antartica, which is largely covered by ice, receive hardly any rainfall A B C D 54 Jessica is only an amateur, but she sings sweeter than most professionals A B C D 55 Mrs Adams was surprising that her son and his friend had gone to the mountains to ski A B C D III CLOZE PASSAGE Read the following passage and then choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each blank Drugs are one of the (56) profession’s most valuable tools Doctors prescribe drugs to (57) or prevent many diseases Every year, penicillin and other (58) drugs save the lives of countless victims of pneumonia and other dangerous infectious diseases Vaccines prevent attacks by such diseases as (59) , polio, and smallpox The use of these and many other drugs (60) helped millions of people live longer, healthier lives than would (61) have been possible Almost all our most important drugs, however, were unknown before the 1900’s For example, the sulfa drugs and antibiotics did not come into use (62) the late 1930’s and early 1940’s Before that time, about 25 percent of all pneumonia victims in the United States died of the disease The new drugs quickly reduced the (63) rate from pneumonia to less than percent Polio vaccine was introduced in 1955 At that time, polio struck about 30,000 to 50,000 Americans each year (64) 1960, the use of the vaccine has reduced the number of new polio cases to about 3,000 a year In 1900, most Americans did not live (65) the age of 47 Today, Americans live an average of more than 70 years, in great part because of the use of modern drugs 56 A medical B medicine 57 A solve B settle 58 A germ-killing B helping 59 A AIDS B measles 60 A would have B have 61 A only B even 62 A until B to 63 A end B ruin 64 A About B By 65 A past B passing IV COMPREHENSION READING C health C ruin C saving C influenza C has C also C onto C death C To C well D medic D treat D rescuing D hiccups D did D otherwise D upon D termination D Prior D through Read the following passage For questions 66 /70, you are to choose one best answer (A, B, C or D) to each question In 1752, Benjamin Franklin made his textbook experiment with a brass key and a silk kite that he flew in a thunderstorm to prove that lightning and electricity are the same thing In 1920, a kite-flying championship for families and individuals was held in London These two seemingly unrelated events underscore the fact that kites can be flown for both pleasure and scientific purposes For example, in the 1800s weather bureaus flew kites to record temperature and humidity at certain altitudes On one occasion, ten kites were strung together and flown at a height of four miles to lift men and carry cameras aloft The kite's ability to fly depends on its construction and the way that its line is attached The familiar diamond - shaped kite flies when its covered face is aligned against the wind flow The line attached to the nose of the kite pulls it into the wind, thus creating the necessary angle for the lift force If the kite's construction and the angle of the air stream are correct, the kite will encounter greater pressure against its face and lower pressure against its back The difference in the pressure creates a lift that causes the kite to rise until it hangs level from its bridle Its angle against the wind should be sufficiently large or small to create maximum lift to overcome both drag and gravity The towing point to which the line is attached is important because it sets the kite's angle relative to the airflow Although the kite must be headed up and into the wind with a velocity of to 20 miles per hour, it can maintain its position through a tail, a rudder, a keel, vents, or tassels 66 What is the main topic of the passage? A How kites can be used C What parts kites consist of B Why kites are flown D What makes kites stay up in the air 23 67 According to the passage, the kite flies when its nose is A pointed away from the ground B pointed into the wind flow C pointed to the ground D pointed downwards 68 What is the necessary condition for the kites to fly? A The kite must be sufficiently strong to withstand great pressure B The kite must be diamond-shaped, and the wind of a certain velocity C The pressure against its back must be lower than the pressure against its face D The pressure of the airflow must be lower than the weight of the kite 69 According to the passage, the line of the kites is important because it _ A lifts the kite's cover arid frame into the air space B contributes to the shape of the kite and extends it C determines the angle between the kite and the air flow D conveys the direction of the wind and the air flow 70 The word "velocity" in line 21 most nearly means A force B span C speed measure Test 13 I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS A Which word is stressed differently from the others? A cartoon B prison C basic D mileage A violence B dinosaur C gorilla D pharmacy A vegetarian B prefabricated C satisfactory D hypothetical A decompress B location C depressing D complaint A disappear B monument C irrigate D generate A combination B violation C politician D excavator A executive B millennium C gasoline D publicity A statue B rely C nuisance D wagon B Which underlined part is pronounced differently? A challenge B mammal C traffic D canal 10 A fossil B successful C passionate D depressing 11 A chocolate B classmate C negotiate D violate 12 A drop B joke C top D confidence 13 A executive B successful C commute D utensil 14 A ground B found C though D sound 15 A client B resist C confidence D disease II VOCABULARY Choose the letter (A, B, C, or D) that best completes each sentence 16 Without the patronage _ several large firms, the festival could not take place A for B from C of D in 17 Studies show that if a working environment is pleasant, increases A productivity B product C crop D harvest 18 They my contract in October A draw B terminated C entered D finished 19 He was appointed as a _ priest in the diocese of York A waged B salaried C earned D stipendiary 20 I couldn't have managed at college if I hadn't had an from my parents A grant B allowance C stipend D all are correct 21 He plays a melancholy _ of music A piece B part C portion D segment 22 Their ostensible goal was to clean up government corruption, was to the government A remove B unseat C eliminate but their real aim D abolish 23 Tintagel Castle, the reputed birthplace of King Arthur, is being _ professionally for the first time in more than 50 years A exploded B exceeded C excavated D expected 24 The company director was from his car by terrorists A abducted B removed C abandoned 25 The area is still very _ and undeveloped A urban B remote C rural D dismissed D municipal Her whereabouts have been shrouded in since she received the death threat 24 26 A veil B excavation C conscious D secrecy Disagreements about defence cuts have opened up deep within the military 27 A divisions B relations C association D connections 28 He _ of the race after two laps A out B dropped out C let out D dropped off 29 The is highly contagious, so don't let anyone else use your towel A symptom B bruise C contusion D infection 30 They were making the most _ amount of noise last night A advanced B complicated C tremendous D sophisticated 31 Much of the coast has been by nuclear waste A fertilized B irrigated C nourished D contaminated A relieved B irritated C ridiculous D terrified 32 The treatment has so far done little to the spread of the cancer A capture B catch C arrest D keep 33 In the square in front of the hotel stands a monument to all the people killed in the war A landmark B monument C spot D destination 34 He was to see Jeannie reach the other side of the river safely 35 This year the farmers were just able to gather in the before the fine weather came to an end A collection B seed C plant D harvest III GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE Choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes each sentence 36 Do you know _ ? A who how many people go on Sundays to church B who go to church on Sundays how many people C how many people who go on Sundays to church D how many people who go to church on Sundays 37 We watch the cat the tree A climbed B climb C had climbed D was climbing 38 If we had known your new address, we to see you A came B will come C would come D would have come 39 You may borrow as many books as you like, provided you show them to is at the desk A whoever B who C whom D which 40 He looked forward to his first pay packet A receive B have received C be receiving D receiving 41 Carol refused; , her answer was “no” A in other words B otherwise C words for words D however 42 If you see Tom _ you mind _ him to get in touch with me? A will / reminding B will / to remind C would / reminding D would / to remind 43 _ I hear that song, I think of you A Whatever B Forever C Whenever D However 44 “Let’s go dancing, _?” – “Yes, let’s.” A will we B don’t we C we D shall we 45 I wish I _ all about this matter a week ago A knew B know C had known D B & C are correct 46 He was _ he could not wake up A very tired that B such tired that C too tired that D so tired that 47 Joan asked _ A if there was coffee B there was coffee C was there coffee D where was the coffee 48 She didn’t know _ to have fish or chicken for lunch A both B whether C neither D as 49 For lunch, you may have _ fish or chicken A both B neither C not only D either 50 I suppose there’s a lot _ between now and the first show A to be done B done C we D to have done 51 I my house That is why there is all this mess A had – paint B have – paint C am having – painted D had had - paint 52 I warned him _ A to be not late B don’t be late C not to be late D he is not late 53 I should have _ my hair cut weeks ago, but just don’t seem to have had time A let B made C had D gotten 54 I could not cut the grass because the machine _ a few days previously A broke down B has been broken C had broken down D breaks down 55 If you want to develop inner tranquility, you have to stop _ by every little thing that happens 25 A bothering B being bothered C to bother D to be bothered 56 He was made _ for two hours A to wait B wait C waiting D waited 57 My boss is angry with me I didn’t all the work that I _ last week A should B should have done C must have done D might have done 58 Ann is not at home She’s to dinner A been B gone C went D being 59 “Where are my jeans?” “They _ at the moment Sorry.” A are washing B were washed C are washed D are being washed 60 The film was There was so much blood in it A horrify B horrified C horrifying D being horrified Keys to 1 B 16 B 31 B 46 A C 17 A 32 B 47 A A 18 B 33 B 48 D B 19 B 34 B 49 B C 20 D 35 C 50 A A 21 A 36 A 51 A D 22 D 37 A 52 B A 23 B 38 B 53 D B 24 C 39 C 54 B 10 C 25 C 40 C 55 C 11 C 26 D 41 B 56 12 A 27 A 42 A 57 13 B 28 C 43 C 58 14 A 29 D 44 D 59 15 B 30 C 45 B 60 Keys to A 16 A 31 D 46 C B 17 D 32 B 47 A D 18 B 33 C 48 A C 19 C 34 B 49 B B 20 A 35 B 50 B A 21 B 36 C 51 C A 22 C 37 A 52 A D 23 B 38 D 53 B B 24 D 39 A 54 B 10 D 25 A 40 C 55 C 26 11 A 26 C 41 C 56 12 B 27 C 42 D 57 13 B 28 A 43 D 58 14 C 29 C 44 C 59 15 B 30 A 45 D 60 Keys to 16 A 31 B 46 B 61 D 17 D 32 C 47 C 62 C 18 B 33 B 48 D 63 C 19 A 34 B 49 B 64 A 20 D 35 D 50 D 65 A 21 B 36 D 51 C 66 B 22 A 37 D 52 B 67 D 23 D 38 A 53 B 68 C 24 C 39 B 54 B 69 C 25 A 40 A 55 A 70 B 26 A 41 C 56 D 71 27 B 42 D 57 B 72 28 C 43 B 58 A 73 29 C 44 A 59 A 74 30 B 45 B 60 B 75 Keys to A 16 B 31 C 46 D D 17 B 32 A 47 A A 18 C 33 B 48 B B 19 B 34 C 49 A C 20 C 35 C 50 D D 21 A 36 C 51 B C 22 D 37 D 52 A A 23 B 38 D 53 C B 24 A 39 B 54 D 10 A 25 C 40 B 55 B 11 C 26 B 41 D 56 27 12 B 27 D 42 A 57 13 C 28 B 43 B 58 14 D 29 A 44 C 59 15 C 30 A 45 C 60 Keys to A 31 B 46 B 61 D 16 B 32 B 47 B 62 B 17 C 33 D 48 C 63 A 18 A 34 A 49 A 64 A 19 D 35 D 50 A 65 B 20 A 36 B 51 B 66 D 21 B 37 C 52 C 67 B 22 C 38 C 53 C 68 C 23 C 39 D 54 B 69 24 A 40 A 55 A 70 25 B 41 C 56 C 71 26 A 42 D 57 D 72 27 B 43 C 58 B 73 Keys to A 16 A 31 B 46 C C 17 B 32 B 47 B D 18 B 33 A 48 C B 19 C 34 C 49 B A 20 B 35 C 50 A D 21 B 36 A 51 B D 22 D 37 C 52 A C 23 C 38 B 53 B B 24 A 39 A 54 D 10 B 25 B 40 B 55 C 11 B 26 C 41 A 56 12 C 27 A 42 C 57 13 B 28 D 43 D 58 14 D 29 B 44 B 59 28 15 C 30 A 45 D 60 Keys to 16 D 31 C 46 B 61 A 17 C 32 C 47 D 62 A 18 A 33 A 48 A 63 C 19 B 34 A 49 D 64 D 20 D 35 B 50 B 65 D 21 D 36 D 51 B 66 B 22 A 37 A 52 D 67 D 23 C 38 D 53 C 68 C 24 A 39 A 54 B 69 C 25 D 40 A 55 B 70 B 26 C 41 B 56 A 71 27 A 42 D 57 A 72 28 C 43 C 58 D 73 29 B 44 B 59 C 74 30 A 45 D 60 D 75 Keys to 31 D 46 A 61 D 76 C 32 B 47 D 62 A 77 B 33 A 48 C 63 D 78 A 34 C 49 D 64 A 79 B 35 D 50 B 65 C 80 C 36 A 51 C 66 C 81 A 37 D 52 B 67 D 82 B 38 A 53 A 68 B 83 D 39 D 54 B 69 B 84 A 40 A 55 B 70 C 85 A 41 B 56 C 71 A 86 42 A 57 A 72 B 87 43 B 58 B 73 B 88 44 D 59 B 74 A 89 45 B 60 D 75 D 90 Keys to 29 46 A 61 D 76 C 91 B 47 B 62 B 77 A 92 A 48 D 63 C 78 C 93 D 49 D 64 C 79 B 94 D 50 B 65 D 80 C 95 C 51 B 66 B 81 B 96 C 52 A 67 A 82 B 97 A 53 D 68 D 83 C 98 B 54 C 69 A 84 C 99 C 55 D 70 A 85 B 100 B 56 A 71 C 86 C 101 57 C 72 D 87 D 102 58 A 73 D 88 B 103 59 A 74 D 89 D 104 60 A 75 C 90 C 105 Keys to 10 31 D 46 C 61 A 76 C 32 A 47 A 62 B 77 C 33 C 48 C 63 B 78 A 34 A 49 A 64 A 79 B 35 B 50 A 65 A 80 A 36 D 51 D 66 B 81 A 37 C 52 A 67 C 82 B 38 C 53 D 68 C 83 B 39 B 54 A 69 A 84 C 40 C 55 B 70 B 85 B 41 A 56 D 71 A 86 42 A 57 D 72 B 87 43 B 58 A 73 A 88 44 C 59 C 74 A 89 45 D 60 B 75 D 90 46 C 16 C 31 B 46 A 47 B 17 B 32 C 47 C Keys to 11 30 48 D 18 D 33 D 48 D 49 B 19 B 34 B 49 D 50 A 20 C 35 B 50 D 51 C 21 B 36 D 51 C 52 A 22 C 37 A 52 C 53 C 23 D 38 D 53 B 54 D 24 D 39 A 54 B 55 B 25 B 40 A 55 C 56 C 26 D 41 B 56 57 A 27 C 42 D 57 58 D 28 A 43 C 58 59 B 29 A 44 B 59 60 B 30 A 45 A 60 KEYS to 12 61 B 76 D 91 D 106 B 61 D 62 C 77 D 92 B 107 D 62 A 63 A 78 B 93 D 108 A 63 C 64 D 79 C 94 C 109 C 64 B 65 D 80 C 95 D 110 D 65 A 66 D 81 A 96 C 111 C 66 D 67 A 82 A 97 A 112 A 67 B 68 A 83 A 98 C 113 B 68 C 69 C 84 D 99 C 114 C 69 C 70 B 85 B 100 A 115 A 70 C 71 C 86 B 101 D 116 A 71 72 A 87 B 102 C 117 D 72 73 B 88 A 103 C 118 A 73 74 A 89 D 104 C 119 B 74 75 B 90 B 105 A 120 C 75 31 32 33 [...]... proficiency exams D Tests are a means of acquiring skills and knowledge 54 From the passage: A All mental tests are achievement tests B All mental tests are partly achievement tests C Achievement tests are completely different from aptitude tests D No ideas above are drawn from the passage 55 The author’s attitude toward the subject of testing is A indifferent B critical C objective D emotional Test 12 I PRONUNCIATION... compare and contrast achievement and aptitude tests D criticize the use of testing to measure a person’s ability 52 This passage would most likely appear in A an art journal B a novel C a psychology book D a medical journal 53 Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from this passage? A Aptitude and achievement tests are interchangeable B An aptitude test might be helpful to a person contemplating... However, all mental tests are in some sense achievement tests because they assume some sort of past learning or experience with certain objects, words, or situations The difference between achievement and aptitude tests is one of degree and intended use 51 The author’s main purpose in this passage is to A show importance of testing B relate a story about aptitude and achievement tests C compare and... Traditionally, mental tests have been divided into two types Achievement tests are designed to measure acquired skills and knowledge, particularly those that have been explicitly taught The proficiency exams required by some states for high school graduation are achievement tests Aptitude tests are designed to measure a person’s ability to acquire new skills or knowledge For example, vocational aptitude tests can... capabilities of his car, there is nothing he can do The outcome is anger Many people live in (45) of losing control This is true of many situations but driving is a good example People think that the car might not start, it might break (46) or, someone might run into it Before anything even happens, people have worked themselves up into a (47) of anxiety And when something does happen, they are... been B haven’t been C hadn’t been D weren’t 20 I spend half a year this boat A to build B building C on building D B&C 21 Come round and see me you like A whatever B whenever C whoever D wherever 22 Hurry up if you want to buy something because there is left A hardly anything B a great deal C hardly little D hardly something 23 “When can you come?” “I’ll come as soon as my work” A I... speaker A B C D 33 We had better to review this chapter carefully because we will have some questions on it on our test tomorrow A B C D 34 The little boy’s mother bought him a five-speeds racing bicycle for his birthday A B C D 35 Despite the time of the year, yesterday’s temperature was enough hot to turn on the air conditioning A B C D 36 I have to depositing this money in my checking account or else... anger ‘You wicked boy!’ she shouted ‘How (49) you say such a thing! I (50) into his daughter in the supermarket this morning She told me that the poor old chap had passed away in his sleep last Friday.’ 41 A set B put C fixed D programmed 42 A bodies B minds C spirits D phantoms 43 A points B indicates C states D shows 44 A on B in C within D with 45 A frequent B common C often D usual 46 A rise... (48) to explode In fact, it’s their anxiety about losing control that makes them lose control This isn’t to say that all offenders have psychological problems or drive powerful sports cars In fact, most of them are (49) ordinary human beings who have no history of violence There is (50) something deep in our nature that awakens when we start up a car engine 41 A found B thought C treated... authorities finally let him back in 1972 and he was (49) _ an Oscar, but by this time he had made Switzerland his home Chaplin did not have a very happy personal life and was married four times He only found happiness with his fourth marriage in 1943 When he died on Christmas Day 1977, the world had lost one of the greatest (50) _ comedians 41 A admire B admit C claim D encourage 42 A ended B ... combination of relationships D is not influenced by repetition 55 The word “bonds” in the last line means A promises B agreements C connections D responsibilities Test I PRONUNCIATION AND STRESS... conventional D psychology A remind B react C repair D reason A industry B inflation C initial D appointment A corporation B graphology C contradiction D contribution A summarize B analyze C contradict... to travel west on Concorde and arrive in New York before you leave London! You can (47) the 10 .30 am flight from London, Heathrow and start work in New York an hour earlier! Concorde is much
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