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Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi Tiếng Anh THCS (bộ 1)

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Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 1 PHẦN I Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 6+7 TENSES Present simple S + V(s-es) (be): am- is- are S + don’t/ doesn’t +V 1 S+ am not/ isn’t/ aren’t Do/Does + S+V 1 ? Am/Is/Are + S+…? Everyday, usually, after school, never, often, sometimes, always, Present progressive S + am/is/are + V-ing S+am/is/are(not)+V-ing Am / Is/Are +S+V-ing? Now, at the present, at the moment, at this time, Look! Listen, !Be careful!. Hurry up! Give the correct form of these verbs: 1. The sun (set) ……………………………………………………………………………in the West. 2. It usually (rain) ……………………………………………………………………………in the summer. 3. They (build) ……………………………………………………………the buildings at the moment. 4. Bees (make) ……………………………………………………………honey. 5. They (get) ……………………………………………………………………on the scale now. 6. The earth (circle) ………………………………………………………the Sun once every 365 days. 7. Rivers usually (flow) ………………………………………………… to the sea. 8. Don’t worry. I (give) ……………………………him your message when I (see) ………………………… him. 9. Look! Jane (play) ………………………… the guitar. Hurry up! The bus (come) …………………………… . 10. I (not talk) …………………………………………………… to her at present. 11. How often………………………… she (go) ………………………… fishing? - She (go) ……………………………………once a year. 12. your friends (be)………………………… students? -Yes, they (be) 13. the children (play)………………………………………… in the park at the moment? -No, they aren’t. They (learn) to play the piano. 14. …………………….you (go)………………………… to school on Sundays? – Yes, I do. 15. My mother (cook) ………………………………………a meal now. She ( cook)…………………… everyday. 16. What……………………… your mother (do)…………………………. at this time? - She (make)………………………………a dress. 17. she often (go)…………………………… to the cinema every weekend? 18. I don’t know. But she always (go) to the church on Sundays. 19. The students (not be) in class at present. 20. She always (wash) the dishes after meals. (do) an exercise on the present tenses at this moment and I (think) that I (know) how to use it now. 21. My mother sometimes (buy) vegetables at this market. 22. It (rain) much in summer. It (rain) now. 23. Daisy (cook) some food in the kitchen at present. She always (cook) in the morning. Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 2 EXERCISES II 1. Every morning , Linda ( get )……… up at 6 . She ( have ) …………… Breakfast at 6:10 . After breakfast , she ( brush ) ………… her teeth . She ( go ) …………… to school at 6:30 . She ( have ) ……………lunch at 11:30 at school . 2 . We ( watch ) …………….T.V every morning . 3. I (do ) ……………………my homework every afternoon . 4 . Mai and Lan ( play ) ………………….games after school . 5 . Vy ( listen ) ………………to music every night . 6 . Where ( be ) ……………… your father now ? He ( read ) ……………… a newspaper . 7 . What ………….you ( do ) ………………? I ( be ) ……….a student . 8 . Where ………….you ( go ) ……………….now ? I (go ) ………………to the market . 9 . She is cooking and we ( do ) …………………… the housework . 10 . He isn`t in the room . He ( play ) ……………… in the garden . 11. Look ! The birds ( fly ) …………………………. 12 . I ( go ) ………………….to school by bus every day , but today I ( go ) ……………………… to school by bike . 13 . Listen ! Mai ( sing ) …………………………. 14 . They ( play ) ………………………volleyball every afternoon . They ( play ) ……………………volleyball now . 15 . Mai ( brush ) ………………… her teeth every morning . She ( brush ) ……………………her teeth now . 16 . Listen ! Lan ( play ) ……………………….the piano . 17 . Mai ( be ) ………………….tired now . 18 . It is 6:00 p.m . Mary is at home . She ( have ) ………………… dinner with her family around six o` clock . 19 . Where is your father ? He is upstair . He ( watch ) ………………T.V He always ( watch ) ……………………… T.V at night . 20 . Our teacher ( live ) …………………… on Quang Trung street . 21 . §ao and Mai ( do ) ………………………the housework now . 22 . What ………………your mother ( do ) ……………….? She is cooking . 23 . How …………………you ( go ) ……………to school every day ? 24 . Nam ( go ) ……………… to work by car every day but today he ( take ) ………………………a bus . 25 . Where ……………… your father ( work ) …………… ? In the hospital . 26 . Look ! The teacher ( come ) ……………………… 27 . She is very clever . She ( speak ) ………………….4 languagues. 28 . Steve often ( smoke ) ………………….10 cigarettes a day . 29 . We usually ( have ) ……………………dinner at 7: 00 30 . Anne ( wash ) ………………….her hair twice a week . 31 . Jane ( teach ) …………………English to children . 32 . You ( meet ) ………………….a lot of people . 33 . He often ( go ) ………………………….to the cinema . 34 . Food ( cost ) …………………a lot of money . 35 . Listen ! Somebody ( sing ) …………………………… 36 . She is tired . She ( want ) ………………….to go home now . 37 . How often …………you ( read ) …………………a newspaper ? 38 . “ Excuse me , but you ( sit ) ……………………in my place “ “ Oh , I am sorry “ 39 . “ I am sorry “ I ( not understand ) ………………………… Please speak slowly. 40 . What time … she ( finish ) ……………work every day ? Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 3 41 . He ( not usually drive ) ……………………………to work . He usually ( walk ) ………………… 43 . Mozart ( play ) ……………………the piano when he ( be ) ……………three . 44 . Many people prefer ( fly ) …………………to ( go ) ……………… by sea . 45 . My mother ( go ) …………… to the supermarket yesterday evening but she ( not buy ) ……………………. 46 He ( move ) …………………to Paris in 1917 and ( spend ) …………… 6 years in Paris . 47 . Teenagers like ( listen ) ……………to the latest pop music . 48 . What ……………….you ( do ) ………… tomorrow morning . 49 . Children shouldn`t ( drink ) ……………….coffee . It ( not be ) ……… Good for their health . 50 . My family ( watch ) …………….T.V every night . But now we ( listen ) …………………… to pop music . 51 . Yesterday Nga father ( start ) …………………….his new job . 52 . I ( meet ) ………………… her at the movie theater last night . 53 . He ( go ) ………………….to the English club every Sunday . But last Sunday he ( not go ) …………………there , he ( go ) ………………to the City Museum . 54 . My mother ( make ) …………………a dress now . 55 . Two years ago , she ( teach ) ………………at a village school . 56 . We ( travel ) ……………………………to Hue next week . 57 . What …………….you ( do ) …………………yesterday morning . 58 . They usually ( have ) ………………………dinner at home , but they ( have ) ……………dinner in a small restaurant yesterday evening . 59 . The children ( be ) …………………….here ten minutes ago , but at the moment they ( play ) …………………….in the jard . 60 . Could you ( show ) ……………………me the way to the bus stop . 61 . Lan and Hoa ( go ) ……………… to the post office now. 62 . Liz ( need ) ……………….some stamps and envelopes . 63 . Hoa ( mail ) ………………….this letter tomorrow . 64 . I need ( buy ) …………… a phone card . 65 . He ( phone ) …………………….his parents three or four times a week . 66 . Nam wants ( send ) …………………… this postcard to his penpal . 67 . We would like ( visit ) ……………………Ngoc Son Temple . 68 . My hair is dirty . I ( wash ) ……………….it . 69 . We ( have ) ………………………an English test tomorrow. 70 . They usually ( paint ) …………………… their house blue . 71 . My father ( buy ) …………………… a new car 2 months ago . 72 . Nam ( help ) ……………………his father repair the radio at this time . 73 . I ( be ) …………………busy last night , so I ( miss ) …………….a good film on T.V 74 . Mr Robinson ( watch ) …………………… T.V every night . 75 . Mrs Mai ( make ) ………………….all her own clothes . At the moment she ( make ) ………………… a dress for her daughter . 76 . He ( teach ) ………………….math at this school in 1986 . 77 . Every body ( wait ) ……………….for the president in the hall now . 78 . You should ( go ) ……………….to bed early . 79 . Lan ( be ) ………………… very tired when she ( catch ) ………… a bad cold 2 days ago . 80 . She needs ( eat ) ……………… a lot of vegetables and fruit . 81 . I hope you ( feel ) …………………… better soon . 82 . He ( not come ) …………………….to the meeting last week . 83 . My father never ( take ) ………………….medicine . 84 . There ( be ) ……………nobody there when I ( arrive ) …………………yesterday . 85 . Yesterday , Hoa and her aunt ( go ) to the supermarket . Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 4 86 . I would like ( tell ) ……………you about my family . 87 . Vegetables often ( have ) …………….dirt from the farm on it . 88 . Be careful ! The children ( cross ) ……………… the street . 89 . I ( be ) …………….fourteen years old next week , and so will I . 90 . My father ( not watch ) ……………….T.V last night . He ( read ) …………… newspapers and magazines . 91 . You should ( add ) ……………a little salt to the spinach when you boil it . 92 . When ……………you ( buy ) ………this dress ? Two days ago . 93 . I hope you ( visit ) ……………………….Ha Noi soon . 94 . She would like ( buy ) …………………some bananas . 95 . Hoa ( receive ) ………………….a letter from her mother 2 days ago . 96 . It stopped ( hurt ) ……………….afterwards . 97 . I like ( watch ) …………………… baseball . 98 . The children must ( be ) …………….back by six o`clock . 99 . Marconi ( invent ) ……… radio . 100 . The disease ( spread ) ……………… fast now. 101 . You ought ( finish ) ………………………your home work before ( watch ) …………… T.V 102 . Hoa ( have ) ……………….a lot of friends in Hue . 103 . Nam and Trung always ( visit ) ……………their grandparents on Sunday . 104 . My father ( listen ) ……………to the radio everyday . 105 . The children ( like ) ……………….to play in the park . 106 . She ( not live ) …………………….with her parents . 107 . Lan ( brush ) …………………her teeth after meals . 108 . The students ( not go ) ……………………to school on Sunday . 109 . Nga ( talk ) ………………to her friends now . 110 . She ( be ) …………………… 14 on her next birthday . 111 . We ( visit ) …………………… Huong Pogoda next week . 112 . They ( live ) ……………….with their grandparents . 113 . I ( come ) ………………………back tomorrow . 114 . He ( have ) …………………….a lot of friends . 115 . She ( have ) ………………… a meeting tonight . 116 . M y father ( jog ) ……………………………every morning . 117 . We often ( play ) ……………….tennis in the afternoon . 118 . What …………… you ( do ) ……………….next Sunday . 119 . Phong ( watch ) …………….T.V everynight . 120 . They ( go ) …………… to the movies tonight . 121 . Tomorrow , She ( invite ) ………………….all friends to her birthday party . 122 . My brother ( listen ) …………… to music in his free time . 123 . Our friends ( come ) ……………………here soon . 124 . My father never ( drink ) ………………coffee . 125 . I usually ( go ) ……………….to school by bike but tomorrow I ( go ) ………………………to school by bus . 126 . Jane ( play ) ……………… the piano at present . 127 . He ( visit ) ………………… his grandparents next week . 128 . Jane ( play ) …………………… the piano at present . 129 . We ( not invite ) ……………… many friends to the party tonight . 130 . Hurry up ! we ( wait ) …………………….for you . 131 . Lan and Hoa ( read ) …………… in the library at the moment . 132 . We ( not come ) ……………………… here tomorrow morning . 133 . Listen ! The girl ( play ) ………………….the piano . 134 . Nam ( go ) ………………… to the English club every Saturday . 134 . What ……………….you ( do ) …………….now . I ( grow ) …………………some flowers . 135 . My father ( travel ) ……………… to Nha Trang next week . 136 . Students often ( go ) …………………to the school cafeteria at lunch time . Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 5 137 . You can ( find ) ………… math books on the racks in the middle . 138 . Look ! The teacher ( come ) …………………….here . 139 . She ( study ) ………………… maps in Geography . 140 . Ba can ( fix ) …………… the lights . 141 . They ( do ) …………………….some experiments at the moment . 142 . You ( be ) …………….a famous author one day . 143 . He enjoys ( draw ) ………………….pictures . 144 . Mai ( learn ) ………………… to play the piano in her free time . 145 . I ( try ) …………………… to repair the radio now . 146 . The students ( write ) …………………an essay in Literature next Monday . 147 . Let us ( go ) …………………to the English club . 148 . I ( do ) ……………….my math homework at the moment . 149 . Next year , my sister ( be ) ……………… a teacher . 150 . When they ( be ) ……………young , they ( leave ) …………….their family and ( go ) ……………………to Ho Chi Minh city . 151 . When ……………… Thomas Edison ( die ) …………………? In 1931 . PARTS OF SPEECH OF WORD FORMS I. Danh từ (Nouns): 1. Đònh nghóa: Danh từ là những từ dùng để chỉ sự vật, sự việc hoặc con người. 2. Phân loại danh từ: - Danh từ đếm được (countable nouns): book, student, table, - Danh từ không đếm được (uncountable nouns): water, grass, information, - Danh từ đơn (simple nouns): war (chiến tranh), bus (xe buýt), - Danh từ kép (Compound nouns): world peace (hòa bình thế giới), bus station (trạm xe buýt), 3. Chức năng: a. Làm chủ ngữ (Subject-): The children go to school every day. b. Làm tân ngữ động từ và giới từ: (Object): The mother gave a cake to her son c. Làm bổ ngữ cho chủ ngữ (Sau keep / seem/ be/ feel/ look) (Complement): He is my best friend. d. Làm bổ ngữ cho tân ngữ (Sau call/ select/ name/ ) We call him Tom II. Đại từ (Pronouns): 1. Đònh nghóa: Đại từ là những từ dùng thay cho danh từ. 2. Phân loại đại từ: a. Đại từ nhân xưng (Personal pronouns): có 2 loại: - Đại từ làm chủ ngữ: I/ We/ You/ They/ She/ He/ It - Đại từ làm tân ngữ: me/ us/ you/ them/ her/ him/ it b. Đại từ chỉ đònh: This/ that/ these/ those c. Đại từ bất đònh: (Chỉ người) someone, somebody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, everyone (Chỉ vật) something, nothing, anything, everything 3. Chức năng: Giống danh từ III. Tính từ (Adjectives): 1. Đònh nghóa: là từ dùng để miêu tả hoặc cho biết thêm chi tiết về danh từ . 2. Phân loại: a. Tính từ miêu tả: SIZE + SHAPE + AGE + COLOR + NATIONAL + MATERIAL . (kích thước + hình dạng + tuổi + màu + quốc tòch + chất liệu) b. Tính từ sở hữu: my/ our / your / their / her / his/ its c. Tính từ chỉ số lượng: much/ little/ few/ a lot of / plenty of / each/ every/ another 3. Chức năng: Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 6 a. Bổ nghóa cho danh từ: A beautiful girl b. Bổ nghóa cho đại từ: Something new c. Đứng sau keep / seem/ be/ feel/ look vàbổ nghóa cho chủ ngữ; He looks happy. d. Đứng sau keep /make let + O + Adj vàbổ nghóa cho tân ngữ. We make our parents happy. IV. Trạng từ (Adverbs): 1. Đònh nghóa: là những từ dùng để diển tả tính cách, đặc tính, mức độ, và được dùng để bổ nghóa cho động từ, tính từ, trạng từ khác hoặc cho cả câu. 2. Phân loại: a. Trạng từ chỉ thể cách: well, carefully, quickly, hard, fast b. Trạng từ chỉ thời gian: early/ late / yet/ now, today, yesterday, before, after, tomorrow c. Trạng từ chỉ mức độ: too much/ too little/ very / extremely/ a lot / nearly d. Trạng từ chỉ đòa điểm: here/ there/ upstairs/ at home / in the garden e. Trạng từ chỉ sự thường xuyên: always/ often/ usually/ sometimes/ hardly/ once a week 3. Chức năng: a. Bổ nghóa cho tính từ: A very beautiful girl b. Bổ nghóa cho động từ: walk slowly; study hard; play well c. Bổ nghóa cho trạng từ: walk very slowly; study so hard; play quite well WORD FORM 1. NOUN VERB ADJ PARTICIPLE ADV NOTE 2. Anger Angry Angrily Giận 3. Attraction Attract Attractive Attracted Attractively Hấp dẫn 4. Beauty Beautify Beautiful Beautifully Đẹp 5. Business Busy Busily Bận việc 6. Care/ ful/ ness Care Careful/ less Carefully/ lessly Cẩn thận 7. Center Central Centrally Trung tâm 8. Collection Collect Collective Thu thập 9. Curiosity Curious Curiously Tò mò 10. Danger Endanger Dangerous Dangerously Nguy hiểm 11. Death Die Dead Cheat 12. Depth (độ sâu) Deepen (làm) Deep Deeply Sâu 13. Difference Differ Different Differently Khác nhau 14. Difficulty Difficult Difficultly Khó khăn 15. Excitement Excite exciting Excited/ ing Excitingly Hào hứng 16. Friend/ - ship Friendly Bạn bè 17. Fluency Fluent Fluently Trôi chảy 18. Harm Harm (gây hại) Harmful/ less Harmlully/lessly Hại 19. Happiness Happy Happily Hạnh phúc 20. Health Healthy Healthily Mạnh khoẻ 21. Invention Invent Inventory Phát minh 22. Laziness Lazy Lazily Lười biếng 23. Length Lengthen Long Dài 24. Nation/ ality Nationalize National Nước/ qtòch Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 7 25. Nature Naturalize Natural Naturally Tự nhiên 26. Pollution Pollute Polluted Ô nhiễm 27. Practice Practice Practical Practically Thực hành 28. Prevention Prevent Preventable Ngăn cản 29. Reason Reason Reasonable Reasonably Lý do 30. Science/ Scientist Scientific Scientifically Khoa học 31. Strength Strengthen Strong Strongly Mạnh 32. Success Succeed Successful Successfully Thành công 33. Warmth Warn Warm Warmly Ấm áp 34. Width Widen Wide Widely Rộng 35. Wonder Wonder Wonderful Wonderfully Kì diệu IDENTIFICATION OF WORD FORMS I. Chọn danh từ: (đầu câu, sau độïng từ và giới từ) - A , A N , T H E - T H IS / T H A T / T H E S E / T H O S E - M Y / O U R / Y O U R / T H E IR / H E R / H IS / IT S - E A C H / E V E R Y , B O T H , N O - F E W , A F E W , L IT T L E , A L IT T L E , E N O U G H - S O M E / A N Y / M A N Y , M U C H , A L O T O F T H E M O S T /B E S T         −  + N O U N (D a n h tư ø)   II. Chọn tính từ: Trước danh từ, sau linking verbs, 1. ADJ+ NOUN 2. KEEP / SEEM/ BE/ FEEL/ LOOK + ADJ: A happy girl always smiles. (happiness) 3. Linking verbs: He’s heavy. ( heaviness) III. Chọn trạng từ: Giữa chủ ngữ và động từ / sau động từ thường, sau tân ngữ. đầu câu, 4. S + ADV + V(thường): 5. S + V (+ O) + ADV 6. ADV, S + V 1. I have recently received my friend’s letter. 2. The doctor told me to breathe in slowly. 3. Suddenly, he saw an accident. IV. Chọn động từ: đứng ngay sau chủ ngữ: - S + V: 1. My mother bought a new bike yesterday. V. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets. He feels very ………… ……….………so he talks ………… ……….……… Anger She looks………… ……….………in her new coat. Attraction He plays soccer ………… ……….……… Beauty Nam is always ………… ……….………. He is on his …… ……….……… this week. Business Mr. Han is a ………… ……….……… driver. He drives ………… ……….……… Care I live on ………… ……….……… highland in Dalak. Center Hoa has a fine ………… ……….……… of stamp. Collect His ………… ……….……… helps him successful. Curious AIDS is a……… ……….disease Danger Her parents’ ………… ……….……… makes her very sad. Death Mai understands me ………… ……….……… Depth (độ sâu) There is no ………… ……….……… between my answer and his. Differ We have a lot of ………… ……….……… in learning English. Difficult The is an………… ……….……… football match this afternoon. Excite Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 8 We are very proud of our……… ………. Friend He speaks English ………… ……….……… Fluency If you smoke, it is ………… ……….……… to you. Harm She sent her best wishes for my future………… ……….……… Happiness He does exercise every morning, so he is very………… ……….……… Health Exercises ………… ……….………your health. Strong ………… ……….………students don’t often succeed in the tests. Laziness . ……… ……….are trying to find out new stars. Science Nam is very………… ……….……… and heavy. Strength I don’t like hot weather. I like………… ……….……… weather Warmth Ha Long Bay is a ………… ……….……… Bay. Wonder ADVERB CLAUSES OF TIME & REASON A. ADVERD CLAUSES OF TIME: Là mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian bắt đầu các liên từ When, while, after/ before, as (khi), until (đến khi ) S +V+ When/ while/ after/ before/ as/until + S + V Chỉ tương lai: When he comes tomorrow, we will welcome him. Chỉ hiện tại: When it’s hot, I go swimming. / As I come, he is eating. B. ADVERD CLAUSES OF REASON: Là mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ lý do hay nguyên nhân bắt đầu các liên từ: because/ since/ as (bởi vì) S + V + because/ since/ as + S + V Mr. Ba is late because/ since/ as she oversleeps. Because Lan and Ba don’t have a tent, they never go camping. C. Join two sentences into one, use because/ since/ as: 1. Lan and Ba never go camping. , so they don’t have a tent 2. I stay at home. It rains. 3. Tan is late for school. He misses the bus. 4. The weather is fine. We have a picnic on the mountain. 5. I don’t have a bike, so I walk. 6. Nhan is free, so he flies his kites. D. Join two sentences into one, use when/ while/ after/ before/ as/until: 1. It is warm. I go fishing. (when) 2. My father is eating. My mother cooks. (while) 3. I take a bath first. Then I eat. (before) 4. Mr. Quang waits for the farmer. The farmer comes. (until) Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 9 5. He will come tomorrow. We will welcome him. (When) 6. You will go the museum. You will see a lot of valuable pictures. (When) ARTICLES A. Mạo từ không xác đònh: A,AN Examples 1. A An : đứng trước danh từ đếm được số ít để giới thiệu một điều gì chưa được đề cập hoặc lần đầu. A ball is round. I see a boy in the street. 2. An : đứng trước danh từ bắt đầu bằng nguyên âm. A : đứng trước danh từ bắt đầu bằng phụ âm. an apple, an inkpot, an engineer a book, a pen, house, a man, 3. Những danh từ ,luôn dùng với A European, uniform, universal, university, union, eulogy, euphemism 4. Những danh từ ,luôn dùng với AN hour, heir, herbal, honor B. Mạo từ xác đònh: THE Không dùng mạo từ xác đònh: THE Đứng trước danh từ đếm được hoặc không đếm được ở số ít hay nhiều để giới thiệu một điều gì đã được đề cập, được bổ nghóa cụm giới từ with / of + N hay điều mà ai cũng biết. The earth is round. (ai cũng biết) The boy in the corner is my friend. The sugar on the table is sweet. ( nghóa riêng biệt) The tigers in Vietnam are in danger. Trước danh từ không đếm được ở số ít/ đếm được ở số nhiều khi nói đên đặc điểm, chủng loại, giống nòi chung chung. Athletes must follow a well- balanced diet. Sugar is sweet. (nghóa chung chung) Tigers like fresh meat. a. Tên Nhiều hồ: The great Lakes Các đại dương: the Atlantic Ocean Các dòng sông: The red River Các vùng biển: The red Sea Tên hồ số ít: Lake Geneva, Lake Erie Châu lục: Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia b. Tên các dãy núi: the Andes, the rocky mountains Tên một núi: Mount Everest, Mount Pinatubo c. Một vật/ người duy nhất: the earth, the moon, the sun, the Pope, the sky Tên các hành tinh: Venus, Mars, Danh từ trừu tượng: freedom, happiness d. Tên các trường học có: the School of Florida Tên các trường đại học có: the University of Tên các trường cao đẳng có: the College of Tên trường học bắt đầu danh từ riêng: Quang Trung Secondary School Hung Vuong University, Hong Bang College e. Số thứ tự đứng trước danh từ: the first World War Số đếm đi sau danh từ: World war one, chapter two f. Tên các nước gồm nhiều từ: the U.S, the U.K Tên các nước gồm một từ: France, Vietnam g. Tên các nhạc cụ: the guitar, the piano Tên các môn thể thao: baseball, volleyball, soccer h. Tên các cuộc chiến: the Korean war Những từ không bò giới hạn nghóa: breakfast, lunch, dinner, church, school, college, home, work, hospital Supply the correct word form 1. The duty of the police is the ___________of law and order. (MAINTAIN) 2. Our tomatoes are ________nicely; they’ll be ready to eat in about a week. (RIPE) 3. Look at this picture of Bill and his father - you can see the __________clearly, can’t you? (LIKE) 4. He said ‘Good morning’ in a most _______way. (FRIEND) 5. Playing for the national team for the first time was an _______experience for Hong Son. (FORGET) Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 10 6. “This is not a good essay,’ said the lecturer. ‘I find your arguments ________. (CONVINCE) 7. It’s a lovely old house, I agree, but can we afford to_______ it? (MODERN) 8. George and I have been friends since_________ he used to live next door. (CHILD) 9. In winter it is important for farmers to provide food and _______ for their animals. (WARM) 10. Pele ________Ronaldo to take part in 2002 World Cup. (COURAGE) 11. ____________is one of the qualities required of a social worker. (FLEXIBLE) 12. Novelists are among the most _______people in the world.(IMAGINE) 13. Secondary education is ________and free in many countries. (COMPEL) 14. The song has ____________been selected for the Sea Games 22, Vietnam. (OFFICE) 15. _______are doing their best to make people aware of the danger of air pollution. (ENVIRONMENT) o A or An? The general rule is that we use a before a consonant and an before a vowel: a bowl, a car,a dog, but an ant, an elephant, an insect, an orange, an urn But, what is important here is not the way a word is written, but the way it sounds. We choose a or an depending on the sound at the beginning of the word and whether it is a vowel sound or a consonant sound. For example, take the word uniform. Although it begins with a vowel - u - when we write it, when we say it the first sound is /y/ which is a consonant: uniform is pronounced ‘/junfm/ so we say a uniform One word which is often confused is hotel. Some people pronounce this word as /həʊtl/ so they would write: a hotel. But other people pronounce this word as /ʊtl/ and so they would write: an hotel o The Zero Article does not exist. It is a useful term to use when describing how to use articles. Essentially when we talk about the zero article, we mean that we don’t use any article in front of a noun. For example, when we use a noun with a preposition, we often do not use an article (that is, we just use the noun on its own): I went to school but left my books at home. Mother was in church and father at sea; Grandfather came to dinner later by train and Grandmother managed to escape from prison to join us. When we talk about an institution, we use the zero article. – The definite article doesn't change. It is always the whether the noun is masculine, feminine or neuter, singular or plural. We use the definite article - the - when we talk about a singular or plural noun which refers to a particular member of a a group. The woman.The man.The door.The doors. Prior Reference We often use the after the noun has already been mentioned. For example: An Englishman, an Irishman and a Sctosman walk into a pub. The Englishman ordered a bitter; the Irishman ordered a Guiness and the Scotsman ordered a whisky. The first time we mention the noun we use the indefinite article and from then on we use the definite article. Known Reference If both speakers know what they are talking about they can use the even though the noun may not have been mentioned before. In other words, it is implied that the noun has already been mentioned. Excuse me, do you know what the time is? Where's the toilet? In these examples, the speaker assumes that the listener knows what is being talked about. Miscellanous In addition, the is used in the following special circumstances Exceptions include: the Hague; the Matterhorn; the Mall; the White House, the United States of America We use the definite article - the - when we talk about a singular or plural noun which refers to a particular member of a a group. In this example the group is all men; we want to reference a particular man so we say: The man in the hat. Compare this with the indefinite article which refers to any man in the group: A man in a hat. parts of day/night midnight, midday, noon, night days Monday, Tuesday superlatives the highest, the biggest, the oldest festivals Easter ordinals the third man, the sixth wife seasons & months Winter, February oceans, seas the Pacific, the Black Sea [...]... ……………………………………… 4 What does Lan ,s father grow? ………………… ………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………… 5 Where does Mai work? ………………… ………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………… PH N II Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi lớp 8 +9 PART A : PASSIVE- ACTIVE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 He has finished the report The police captured the thief The movie disappointed us She returned the money last night The students... khẳng đònh) D A LITTLE: (một ít, một chút → ý khẳng đònh) + Dùng với danh từ sốâ nhiều đếm được + Dùng với danh từ sốâ ít không đếm được Ex: You can see a few houses on the hill Ex: I need a little help to move these books 7 More, less, fewer: 14 Tài li u b i dư ng h c sinh gi i A FEWER: So sánh hơn của (few - a few) - Dùng kèm với danh từ đếm được số nhiều S + V + fewer + ADJ / Noun + than + S Ex: He... LOTS OF (nhiều) Dùng với danh từ đếm được và không đếm được: Ex: He has plenty of time to play Ex: He has plenty of books * Very/ too/ so/ as + many/ much + noun Ex: There is too much bad news on T.V tonight 6 FEW / A FEW/ LITTLE / A LITTLE: (ít, một ít, một vài) A FEW: (rất ít → ý phủ đònh) C LITTLE: (rất ít → ý phủ đònh) + Dùng với danh từ sốâ nhiều đếm được + Dùng với danh từ sốâ ít không đếm được... 11) The boy said to the woman, “I’ve broken the window of your house.” The boy amitted 12) My parents often said to me, “Good for you! It’s good to be independent.” My parents encouraged _ 13) Mrs Smith said, “I would like to meet the president.” 26 Tài li u b i dư ng h c sinh gi i Mrs Smith looked forward... many students in the yard EXPRESSIONS OF QUALTY (SỰ DIỄN TẢ VỀ SỐ LƯNG) 1 - SOME: Trong câu khẳng đònh/ lời mời: - Dùng với danh từ số ít không đếm được và sốâ nhiều đếm được: Ex: I like some milk Would you like some milk? 2 - ANY: Trong câu phủ đònh và nghi vấn - Dùng với danh từ số ít không đếm được và sốâ nhiều đếm được: Ex: I don’t like any milk Do you like any milk? * Các đại từ someone, somebody,... cách trên Chú ý No = Not + any: nobody = not any body 3 MANY / A LARGE NUMBER OF/ A GREAT NUMBER OF/: (nhiều) Dùng với danh từ sốâ nhiều đếm được: Ex: He has many books Ex: A large number of students in our school are good 4 MUCH / A LARGE AMOUNT OF/ A GREAT DEAL OF /: (nhiều) Dùng với danh từ số ít không đếm được: Ex: He has much time to play Ex: A large amount of * How much/ How many cũng dùng theo cách.. .Tài li u b i dư ng h c sinh gi i the wheel, the internal combustion engine the Queen, the President, the chairperson years 1961, 1995, 2000 inventions buildings Buckingham Palace, number 10 titles streets Acacia... ………………………………………………………………… 3 Andrew hasn’t many friend Clare has lots of friends.(popurlar) Clare………………………………………………………………………… 4 The film lasts two and a half hours, but videotape is only two hours long.(long) 11 Tài li u b i dư ng h c sinh gi i The film ……………………………………………………………………… 5 It takes four hours to go by car and five hours to go by train.(slow) Going by train………………………………………… …………………… 6 Laura’s room has a lot of pictures... + S Ex: He has fewer days off than we B LESS: So sánh hơn của (little - a little) - Dùng kèm với danh từ không đếm được hoặc kèm với tính từ S + V + Less + ADJ / Noun + than + S Ex: He is less scared now Do you have less free time than Hoa? C MORE: So sánh hơn của (a lot of / many /much) - Dùng kèm với danh từ đếm được hoặc không đếm được Ex: Do you have more hours than Hoa? - Dùng kèm với tính từ dài... Linh I am a new student of 7A class in Nguyen Du secondary school I am thirteen and I come from Hoa Binh I have a brother and a sister They are 500 students at a high school in Hoa Binh I 15 Tài li u b i dư ng h c sinh gi i live with my aunt at 20 Le Loi Street She often brings me to school by motorbike every day It is more than two kilometers from my aunt’s house to my school It takes us ten minutes . Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 1 PHẦN I Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 6+7 TENSES Present simple S + V(s-es) (be):. to move these books. 7. More, less, fewer: Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 15 A. FEWER: So sánh hơn của (few - a few) - Dùng kèm với danh từ đếm được số nhiều S + V + fewer + ADJ. ………………………… Please speak slowly. 40 . What time … she ( finish ) ……………work every day ? Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 3 41 . He ( not usually drive ) ……………………………to work . He usually ( walk
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